Philippines



Philippines

(Republic of the Philippines) is a country located in Southeast Asia and comprising a huge number of islands. They are comfortably located in the Pacific waters between Indonesia and Taiwan. The length of the coastline is 36.3 thousand kilometers. The capital of the state is the city of Manila.

The state structure of the Philippines is a presidential republic. The judicial system is independent. The province is the main unit of the administrative division of the country. The territory of the Philippines is divided into 80 provinces. A larger administrative unit is the region. The provinces of the state are united in 17 regions. The Republic of the Philippines belongs to multinational states. Tagaly is the largest ethnic group in the country. But its number is only 28% of the population.


83% of the population profess Catholicism. Protestants in the Philippines 9% of the total population, Muslims – 5%. Two languages ​​are officially fixed in the Philippines. These include: English and Pilipino (based on Tagalog). The monetary unit accepted in the Philippines is the Philippine peso.

In the Philippines, the tropical climate is dominant.

In the south of the archipelago, it passes into the subequatorial. The average temperature on the coast of the Philippines is from 24 to 28 ° C, although in the mountainous areas a little cooler. In the northern regions of the state, typhoons are often inflicted. Tsunami, in principle, here, too, are not surprised.

In the Philippines, the rainy season lasts for six months.

Namely: from May to November. The rainy season is directly connected with the summer monsoon. But from December to April the dry season continues, its current is connected with the “Trading wind”. Tourists can be advised to visit the Philippines from September to early May. The average annual amount of precipitation varies from 1000 to 4000 mm.

Philippines is one of the largest archipelagos in the world.

The Philippines includes more than 7,000 islands. To be more precise, 7107 islands. Their total area is a little less than 300 thousand square kilometers (299764 square kilometers). The main groups of islands of the archipelago are Mindanao, Lusonic and Vizavas. And the 2 largest islands – this is Luzon and Mindanao – accounts for about 2/3 of the entire territory of the state. Luzon is in the northern part of the archipelago, and Mindanao is in the southern part. The Philippine Islands stretched for 1850 kilometers from north to south and 750 kilometers from east to west.

Philippines attract tourists even with its name.

And this is the absolute truth. But under the name “disguises” such opportunities for a newcomer here that at first it’s even hard for yourself to imagine it all. Nature created amazing masterpieces here, which are represented by quaint rocks and coral reefs, a rich underwater world with snow-white beaches. On the islands grow tropical jungle and mangrove forests, which are represented by exotic flora and fauna. The tourist will certainly enjoy numerous carnivals and festivals arranged on the islands, active day and night life, affordable prices in shops, etc. In a word, a tourist can choose for himself exactly what he really likes.

The Philippines got its name in honor of the king.

This is indeed so. True to the emergence of this name is preceded by several important historical events. It is about the opening of the Philippine islands by Magellan – the Spanish navigator. This happened in the spring of 1521. Fernand Magellan, arriving on these lands, did not find on them any characteristic features of the existence of the state. 1521 is officially the year of the European opening of the Philippine Islands. Actually the name of the Philippines exists since the sixteenth century (since 1543). The fact is that for a long time these islands were a colony of Spain. And their name was received in honor of King Philip II.The Philippines was dependent on Spain until the end of the nineteenth century, but also freed from it did not gain independence (no matter how strange it sounded). Just the Philippines began to depend on the United States. New owners – Americans – settled on these lands. The Philippines became a completely independent state only in 1943.

Ifugao is the most famous nationality of the state.

This people is proud and independent. He honors the old traditions and even turns his prayers to his ancient gods. In addition, ifugao in the Philippines is home to several more ethnic groups, each of which has its own customs and traditions.

Correchidor Island is a monument of the Second World War.

It is located in the throat of the Manila Bay. For the right to possess this island during the war years were bloody battles. A tourist interested in history will be interested to get acquainted with the ruins of the fortress of the war years, the network of Malinta tunnels, the local museum and the Memorial of the Fallen. In the tunnels of Manila during the Second World War, the temporary headquarters of MacArthur was located.

Relief of the Philippine islands is predominantly mountainous.

The highest mountain in the Philippines is the Apo volcano. The height of this mountain is about 3 thousand meters. Vulan Apo is on the island of Mindanao. In general, the Philippines is characterized by the presence of volcanic islands and deep-sea gutters. One of the deepest gutters in the world is off the coast of the above-mentioned island of Mindanao and is called Philippine. Its depth is 10830 meters.

The Philippines is part of the Pacific “ring of fire.”

Along with Hawaii, New Zealand and Japan. In the Philippines, there are currently nineteen asleep and eighteen active volcanoes. Many tourists come to see them from different parts of the world.

The mountain ranges of the Philippines are of volcanic origin.

This is explained by the fact that the archipelago is located right at the junction of the oceanic and continental lithospheric plates. As a result, volcanism and high seismicity are justified.

The smallest active volcano on Earth is in the Philippines.

This is indeed so. It’s about the Taal volcano, which lies within the limits of the Tagaytai mountain range. This ridge is located 70 kilometers from the capital of the Philippines – the city of Manila. In addition to the Taal volcano, the national park of the Philippines – Quezon – is comfortably located within the mountain range. The Taal volcano is on the island of Luzon – right in the center of Lake Taal. Its height is 305 meters. It is interesting that the lake itself was formed many centuries ago as a result of volcanic eruptions – the volcano caldera was flooded. Subsequent activity was the reason for the formation of a new volcano among the island of Taal. The area of ​​the island, on which the volcano is located, covers an area of ​​23 square kilometers.

The economy of the Philippines is based on light industry.

And also on agriculture and, of course, on fishing. In the Philippines, rice, corn, mango, coconut, pineapple are grown. Some islands of the archipelago are rich in minerals: copper, cobalt, iron, nickel and some others.

Manila – the door to the fairy tale.

The door that opens the tourist to the extraordinary Philippine islands. The contrast between the ancient Catholic cathedrals, from which the old times are blowing, and the Spanish forts, which are characterized by modern commercial and business centers, will immediately strike a man here. In general, the capital of the Philippines perfectly combines the sophistication of the West and the unique flavor of the exotic East. The tourist will be very informative to visit the old part of the city. Here remains of the fortification wall, which was erected by the Spaniards in the eighteenth century, are preserved. At the same time, visitors who came here on a tour are invited to visit art galleries, museums, aquarium, which are located inside the former defenses. The tourist will be struck by the beauty of the Cathedral of St. Augustine, which was erected in the sixteenth century, and Fort Santiago.Among the attractions of the area are the Caisson City Coliseum, the Capitol and the Zoo. Each corner of this wonderful city will undoubtedly please the eye of the tourist.

The largest coconut plantations are not far from Manila.

Only half an hour’s drive from the Philippine capital. This is actually an impressionable picture. And if we add to this the entrepreneurial spirit of the inhabitants of the Philippines, in general, a real masterpiece is obtained. Among coke plantations on a small river this amazing people built a national park. Tour of this park will not give boredom to children or adults. Travel itself begins with tourists in a cart, in which a mule is harnessed. Then follows a whole series of interesting things: a tourist gets acquainted with a Filipino open-air museum, sees a Filipino show, can ride a raft. Children will have fun while swimming in pools with water slides. At the end of a fascinating day, the holidaymaker will be treated at a restaurant on the waterfall.

Visayan is the “heart of the Philippines”.

It is an island group that includes many large and small islands. To the large are Leyte, Negros, Masbate, Cebu and others. All these islands collectively occupy the central part of the state between Mindanao and Luzon, Palawan and the Philippine Trench. It is here that the best resorts in the Philippines are concentrated. Here live a large number of original ethnic groups. The animal and plant world is rich here.

Cebu is one of the largest tourist centers in the Philippines.

Cebu is located in the center of the Visayan Archipelago. The capital of the island is the city of Cebu, which is ranked among the oldest city in the Philippines – the city of Cebu was founded in 1565. In addition, this city is the second largest among all the Filipino cities. It was to this land in 1521 that F. Magellan stepped in. Tourists are attracted here by the warm climate, which is so throughout the year, the most beautiful nature, and also a large number of interesting sights. The latter include the Basilica of Minoré del Santo Ninh, Fort San Pedro, the cross at the site of the landing of Magellan, the University of San Carlos, the monument of Datu Lapu-Lapu. The Basilica of Minoré del Santo Ninh is considered the oldest church in the state – it was built in 1521. Fort San Pedro is also noteworthy for being the smallest and oldest Spanish fort in the Philippines. The island sheltered a huge number of buildings of the architecture of the colonial period of the country. Glory to this island, of course, add the surrounding resorts.

Boracay is one of the best resorts in the world.

This tiny island is one of the five best resort areas around the world. It is located north of the island of Panay. What makes it different is its smallest white coral sand. The beach of the island of Boracay is rightly attributed to the best in the Philippines. Naturally, along the coast of the island are scattered many resort towns, which are always happy to receive tourists. Interest of tourists can attract small caves in Ilig-Iligan, a local bazaar (which is very colorful), as well as the village of Din-Ivid.


The island of Palawan is a cave region.

This island is located in the south-western part of the archipelago. Its main attractions are an extensive network of many caves. They are connected to each other by an underground river, the length of which is eight kilometers. This cave complex is surrounded by a wonderful tropical forest, and all together is a part of the National Park. The name of the park is “Saint-Pols-Subterranian River”. Very beautiful is the Bay of Honda Bay, interesting is the Rodriguez Butterfly Farm, the Crocodile Institute. Palawan is surrounded by more than 1,700 small islands and reefs. Therefore this edge is an ideal place for diving.

Baguio is a mountain resort.

It is located 50 kilometers from Manila and is part of the province of Bengeth. This resort can also be called the summer capital of the Philippines. The city is famous for its mild climate and clean air – Baguio lies at an altitude of more than 1500 meters above sea level.Among the attractions of Baguio Mansion, Bell Church, as well as zhivilpisnye masterpieces of nature – crystalline rock massifs. Mansion is a summer residence of the Philippine government. And Bell Church is literally translated as “Temple of the Bell”. Near the resort is Lingen Bay. It is called the “hundred islands” bay. It is not known why the hundred, if all the islands are about four hundred. The bay is framed by amazing white sandy beaches. It is also characterized by extended coral reefs.

Zambale is a mountainous region of the Philippines.

Tourists will be interested to see the Sagada caves, rice terraces, the serpentine Zigzag Road and the Ma-Cho temple. The cave of Sagada is the burial place of the Ifuago tribe. And the beautiful rice terraces have a length of about 22 thousand kilometers. It is widely believed that their history dates back more than three thousand years. Arriving here on vacation will enjoy the nature of the resorts of the island of Capones and Camara, beaches in the areas of Tambobong, Iba, La Union, Amungan, etc.

The Lost Valley is a famous place in the Philippines.

The Lost Valley – Hidden Valley – is located in the vicinity of the small town of Alaminos, which is one hour’s drive from Manila. Among the tropical greenery are mineral springs. There are several of them, each has a different temperature (which varies from 25 to 43 degrees Celsius) and different mineral composition – each is unique. In the Lost Valley there is a pool of love, a well of desires. You can swim under the streams of a waterfall. Masterpieces, created by nature for a long time. Many centuries ago in frozen lava appeared pools with mineral water. This water drained from the mountains. After a while, a tropical forest formed here, which still exists today. Tourists can stay at the hotel. The healing properties of the local basins are noted by physicians. Here, many people get rid of their diseases. As an excursion you can get acquainted with the tropical flora and fauna, see the oldest trees and get from them an energy charge. And the silence here is just amazing.

Holidays in the Philippines imagine the best combination of price and quality.

After all, the tourism industry is really very developed in the state. Service is presented at the highest level. Hotels on the islands are comfortable. The choice of restaurants, bars, nightclubs is huge. Entertainment and sports centers in the Philippines are well-equipped.

In the Philippines, there are various opportunities for outdoor activities.

Starting from hiking and ending with parachuting. In the Philippines, there are opportunities for climbing, diving, surfing, cycling (including mountain biking), golf, horse riding, etc.

Philippines is a collection of entertainment and cognitive programs.

That’s for sure. It has developed fascinating excursion routes and there are wonderful opportunities for recreation on the beaches (the most famous resorts are: Bohol, El Nido, Boracay, Palawan). And who can leave indifferent cruises to these uninhabited islands? Or a trip to the mysterious and unusual for us the jungle? Or visiting active volcanoes and marine reserves?

Philippines is an ideal place for diving.

It’s about diving for professionals in this business, and for beginners. The area of ​​the most famous coral reefs is about 30 thousand square kilometers. Among the underwater sights (except for the amazing reefs): wrecks, unusual underwater islands and a unique underwater life. In the coastal waters you can see many beautiful fish, here are found turtles, rays, dolphins. It is possible to sink into the underwater world both at the shore itself and with special ships. Popular among tourists are Sulu-Si and Visayas. These places are preserved in their original form. There are opportunities for photography and diving training for experienced instructors. There are bases for renting equipment for scuba diving.A rich underwater world can be observed near the island of Mindoro. Reefs encircling the island are a protected national reserve. And what beautiful colorful fields of water lilies are here! Sometimes you can see a water snake. The kitten can be creepy (by ignorance), but practically not dangerous, since the mouth of the water snake is very small.

Philippines – the eighth wonder of the world.

The contrast that exists between modern cities of the state and small towns (such as, for example, Manila) is striking, many of which are on small islands on the shore with amazingly clean sea water and stunning white (coral) sand. The eighth wonder of the world can be called the man-made rice terraces. They are rice fields, stairs located on the slopes of the mountains. They were created by the hands of man. When – is unknown. But the fact is that the rice terraces already existed before the Spaniards came to these lands.

Low tide in the Philippines is common.

They are pretty strong. Starting at 4 pm, the water drifts a few meters. In this case, naturally, not a narrow strip of the seabed is exposed. For the local residents ebb is a great opportunity to collect seafood, not plunging into its waters. Tourists with this commonplace for the Filipinos phenomenon must be extremely accurate. Ebb can well play with anything unaware of them people unkind joke. If the tourist gathers in the evening to look into the sea waters and swim among them for an hour or two, he risks suddenly discover that he will not have to swim over beautifully beautiful corals, but on foot and straight on them. In this case, abrasions on the body will also be common.

Before heading to a desert island, check out the prices.

The fact is that not often there are tourists who, having arrived to the Philippines, do not want to see the wild uninhabited island. The opportunity for this is, of course. And for many boatmen – people who offer their services for transfer to the respective islands – to rip off extra money from those who are not yet accustomed people – additional salary. These boatmen as a kind of victims choose newly arrived people (until they figured out how much). Identify those more than just – for lack of sunburn. Interesting is the fact that the Filipinos themselves called these boats “banks.” And both large and small boats have their own wings – from bamboo sticks. What are they for? It is possible for the boat not to roll over on the side when the tide is low. Or maybe for some more convoluted reason.

The festive calendar in the Philippines is designed for the whole year.

The Spanish, American and Malay cultures interact with each other on the islands of the archipelago. The January month is characterized by the celebration of the Christmas holidays. February is marked by flower festivals. An interesting holiday of coconut palms is celebrated in August, as well as a festival in honor of tuna. The last holiday is accompanied by a tasting of seafood dishes.

Filipinos are slow.

This feature of their character, unusual for many Russians, can cause them (the Russians) some discontent. Even the attendants at the hotels, promising to bring something or to find out, rarely when they can do it right away. For a period of time between a request and its execution it is quite possible to have a bite, go back to the room for a forgotten thing, etc.

Filipinos are a calm people.

They are reliable and not dangerous. Moreover, Filipinos are unusually sympathetic and friendly.

Filipinos respect the Spaniards.

Although Spain has for a long time deprived the Philippines of its independence, the people of the Philippines are grateful to the Spaniards for the cultural heritage they left behind. But the Americans are a bit disliked by the Filipinos. They say that only hamburgers remained from Americans.



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