Personal illusions, perhaps, are the most complex variety of erroneous or imaginary perceptions of a person’s reality. This can be explained by the subjectivity of evaluating the objective reality, which is associated, first of all, with personal experiences and impressions (that is, something like a worn-out proverb “for taste and color …”).
Personal illusions can include the emerging affective illusions created by a person under the influence of mood swings (even in cases provoked by weather, seasons), anxious expectations, stormy joy and fear. Psychologists very hard distinguish illusion from non-standard thinking and extraordinary perception of the world around, too much depends on the character of a person and his attitude to the world.
All personal illusions have a direct relation to the level of development of the personality to the degrees of mental protection of a person from stressful situations, egocentrism, including “illusory perception” include “pink” dreams, “wandering in the clouds,” a non-perception of others’ and own experience, up to its complete negation.
The physical world surrounding each person is a reality, an absolute reality, which everyone feels, perceives, registers with the help of five senses. Theoretically, when faced with the same event of the outside world, any person through the specific bodies receives the same information. But at the same time an unlimited (innumerable) set of interpretations of this event arises.
There can only be one explanation to all this: all reactions to events recorded by the senses are determined by the person’s “personal program”, his special perception, simply speaking, any reaction is the result of the product of the personal image and real perception of the “tools” of registration.
And since there are as many personal programs as there are people, then opinions, interpretations of the same phenomenon or event are countless. Therefore, it is simply impossible to say exactly which interpretation will be correct and real, and which is a personal illusion.
All illusions, from the point of view of psychology, refer to deceptions or errors of perception, arising both on the basis of pathological disease, and on the basis of erroneous perception in a healthy person. Illusion is just this error, error, that is an inadequate reflection of the perceived phenomenon or object and its qualities. Personal illusion is a fraud of personal (under the influence of character and the prevailing attitude to life) influence on the event.
People with a mobile, bright and imaginative imagery, more literate, well-read and educated, cause in their imagination illusions as unconscious projections of their fantasies into an objectively existing reality. The illusory distortion of perception of reality is influenced by personal attitudes, prejudices (even religion) or semantic entities, in the light of which a person perceives, registers, processes and interprets, as a result, the world around him.
According to the type of personality illusory preferences, psychologists determine the character of a person, the state of his social status and self-esteem. Personal illusions determine a person’s mental state (a state of fatigue, excitement, character traits – narcissism, active enthusiasm).
An important role in the emergence of autosuggestion or the possibility of subordination to someone else’s opinion (suggestion) belongs to personal illusions, since they are an essential part of a person’s mental activity, and not secondary mental effects. To dispel in some way completely illusions is almost impossible.
Personal erroneous opinions about something are part of the human spirit world, and always remain his constant personal illusions. Sometimes illusions can be a hindrance in the perception of reality, sometimes contribute to the reconciliation of man with reality (in case of trouble, deception, resentment, etc.).
In any case, illusions are diverted from awareness of reality, lubricating the real picture with subjective personal representations. In order to free oneself from illusions, a healthy person needs to rely on clear and clear, dialectical thinking (the ability to think in opposites), which makes it possible to distinguish genuine reality. The difference between dogmatism and dialectics, that is, one-sidedness of thinking, consists not only in generating illusions of consciousness, but in the fact that it relies on them, which is almost always fraught with the product of utopias.
From this point of view, it becomes understandable the harm that fanatics or dogmatists can bring, not only being captives of their personal illusions, but also seeking to impose their opinions on others. Any manifestation of the struggle for power and the influence of people “possessed” by their personal illusions can turn into a huge tragedy for others, so in a social environment the illusions of one fanatic can become the main component of the consciousness of many people. That is, in other words, personal illusions are not as harmless to others as, for example, illusions of sight, etc.
The most insidious part of the personal illusion lies in half-truth, that is, the phenomenon or object, the object exists in reality, but its perception depends from illusory distortion in the mind of man. If you build a proper building on all the calculations for a poorly laid foundation, it can fall down, and a built-up perception on the wrong signal of consciousness, you can get an absolutely distorted picture of reality. And in such cases, a person can prove his rightness with foam at the mouth, and completely do not understand the reason for disagreement with others around him.
His unrealistic picture is taken by him as a dogma and creates a new imaginary reality. Moreover, the more his emotionality at certain moments, the stronger will be the personal illusion. In such cases, your own emotional state will become a “catalyst” for the illusory perception of reality. In this regard, there is always a danger for emotionally unstable people, who tend to move and uncontrollable imagination, to be captivated by their own illusions, and create their own imaginary and fictitious world.
There is a difference between personal illusions and the bright imagination of a creative person. Imagination, as a rule, is limited to the presence in the subjective perception of consciousness, and the person is fully able to realize his subjectivity, since the imagination is directly connected with the representation of a figurative character, it can create what is not in reality. However, a person, at the same time, can accurately be aware of the fact that an imaginary object (its image) exists exclusively in its internal consciousness.
The personal illusion creates a projection outside, on an object, object, phenomenon, simply distorting a person’s perception, but in such a way that he is sure in reality of his vision and perception of the object or phenomenon. Illusion can be compared to a curved reflecting mirror, which, when reflected, distorts an object that in reality is not so.
An interesting moment is a person’s recollection of an illusory picture that has taken place – in most cases it is no different from the usual memories of real events.
The most unpleasant effect is the possibility of a mobile imagination, and the personal illusion of perception and the illusion of consciousness to completely master the psychic apparatus, after which the person is completely in their captivity. Personal illusions are peculiar pink or dark glasses, through which the events that occur in the person’s consciousness are refracted and, looking through which, he perceives the surrounding correctly.
In principle, psychologists believe that personal illusions go through every person’s life, the only factor that does not allow many to turn themselves into a person immersed in their own world, far from reality is a rational attitude to themselves and their illusory perceptions.
Some examples from life confirm a great danger for a person, immersed in illusion. For example, the perception of such qualities as an extraordinary mind can be refracted into “genius” in an illusory consciousness, the ability to think sensibly and clearly, sometimes turns into the perception of one’s own “I” as perfection.
Such a mistaken self-appraisal easily turns a person into a self-centered egoist who completely disregards someone else’s opinion. Attractive externally, a woman easily imagines herself to be an unsurpassed beauty and demands from the surrounding an appropriate relationship. Personal illusions of one’s own “perfection” very often lead to the fact that a person turns out to be funny, silly, and more often – in a miserable position.
психологи Psychologists call the most common personal illusions the despotism accepted for the principled attitude, vulgarity betrayed for wit, increased sexuality, taking the form of a “false london”. How often a greedy person is absolutely sure that he is simply saving, and a debauchee or a drunky poses as an active cheerleader . The saddest thing is that people who are subject to personal illusion are just such themselves.
Such concepts as self-justification and self-aggrandizement, according to psychologists, are inherently illusory. Typically, this applies to alcoholics or novice drug addicts. Due to the illusory reassessment of their willpower by them, they start themselves into lethal drug or alcohol addiction, because they are sure that they can stop at any minute, which prevents them just to turn in time to the doctor.
A serious illusion of a personal character is a person’s confidence that he can do everything, charging himself with a heavy burden of responsibility (incidentally, this applies to gravity in the literal sense), he illusory believes that he has enough strength to cope with it. Usually this leads a person to undermine their strength, both moral and physical.
Responsibility for everything that happens around a person leads to another personal illusion – a hypertrophied sense of guilt, in those cases (and they are frequent enough) when a person does not manage to solve another’s problem. The illusory state of constant guilt can lead to harmful consequences and develop into a mental illness – a “guilt complex.”
In essence, all the complexes that a person can suffer throughout his life can have origins in children’s personal illusions that a person could not dispel “grow” in adulthood. More often such cases can be, when to children’s illusions external unfavorable circumstances (death of relatives, insults of schoolmates, unsuccessful first love) are connected.
Illusions can be, as with a plus sign, and with a minus sign, that is the person perceives itself as the constant “sufferer”, an eternal victim, the loser, such people constantly need consolation, support. Many people perceive and, as usual “whiners”, constantly grumbling “pestered.” But in fact, the problem of such a person is much deeper, and lies in the plane of personal illusions.
When perceiving oneself incorrectly, a person constantly reminds himself of others, if he considers himself a “great politician,” he demands that everyone take his position. If he is sure that he is a connoisseur and an unusually perceptive person, then being in captivity to his delusions, he illusory believes that communicating with someone brings great happiness to another person.
Illusions of a personal nature are innumerable, and most importantly, not everyone agrees to break out of captivity.In such cases, going to the psychologist will not bring anything, except deep disappointment and confidence that the expert is mistaken. Sometimes a person simply does not want to know the truth, because people tend to be afraid of truth or responsibility
Some people are quite happy with self-deception and try to make this perception of life not disappear. Most often, false ideas about oneself, personal illusions help to live in peace, especially when reality is impartial.
All this concerns exclusively personal illusions that arise in absolutely healthy people, a split personality, the perception of oneself as a person of another person, and other similar phenomena already belong to the field of psychiatry, and require special treatment from a specialist.