Pablo Ruiz Picasso
(1881 – 1973) – Spanish artist, sculptor, graphic artist, ceramist, designer. The founder of cubism (the voluminous body was portrayed in the original manner as a series of combined planes) together with Georges Braque (the French artist).
Picasso is recognized by experts as the most expensive artist. In 2008, the sales from his paintings amounted to 262 million dollars. The painting “Nude, green leaves and bust” was sold at Christie’s auction on May 4, 2010 for $ 106.482 million and became the most expensive work of art ever sold in the world.
According to the poll conducted by the newspaper “The Times” Picasso was named the best artist among those who lived in the last century. His paintings occupy the first place in “popularity” among the kidnappers.
Picasso was born dead.
Not exactly. The birth was heavy, and the baby was born so weak that the midwife found him dead. She left him on the table and went to tell her mother the bad news. His nephew saved his uncle, Don Salvado. When he saw the motionless child on the table, he blew cigarette smoke into the boy’s face. The newborn began to cry.
Full name of the artist Pablo Ruiz Picasso.
Not exactly. According to the Spanish tradition, he received two names, according to the first names of his parents: his father Ruiz and his mother Picasso. The full name that the artist received at baptism: Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Maria de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santisima Trinidad Martir Patricio Ruiz and Picasso.
Picasso started painting very early.
Yes, it is. At the age of 9 he painted his first serious oil painting, “Picador”, with which he did not part for the rest of his life. The painting depicted a horse rider who took part in the bullfight. In 15 years, Picasso created his first “academic picture” – it depicted his family at the altar. The boy had no other talents. Even at the end of school, he read and considered it bad. But the drawings of the young artist delighted everyone.
Picasso was a terrible student.
Yes it is. Father gave Pablo to study at the Madrid Royal Academy of San Fernando. Picasso excelled in the talent of his fellow students and even undergraduates. But he was irritable, did not tolerate decrees from the teachers. For that, he was often punished and was sitting in a special insulator “calaboose”. It was absolutely white room, that nothing distracted the guilty from reflections on his behavior. Pablo really liked to be there, because in this room nobody prevented him from drawing. However, he dropped the academy at a speed and went to conquer Paris.
Picasso stole the Mona Lisa.
No, it’s not. In 1911, the famous painting “Mona Lisa”, belonging to the brush of Leonardo da Vinci, was stolen from the Louvre. The police arrested the poet and friend of Picasso, Guillaume Apollinaire (French poet, real name Wilhelm Albert Vladimir Alexander Apollinary Wonzh-Kostrovitsky). And he pointed at Pablo. Picasso was interrogated. But since the information was not confirmed, he was released. In fact, Gioconda was stolen by the carpenter Vincenzo Perugia, who worked in the museum. He took the picture, hiding it under the clothes. Cloth found in 1913. The work was stored in a suitcase with a double bottom, the kidnapper could not sell it.
The artist was afraid to get a haircut.
Yes, it is. In adulthood, Pablo did not like to get a haircut and talking about a haircut caused him to panic. The longer the hair grew, the more difficult it was for Picasso to go to the hairdresser’s. It ended in the fact that he locked himself in a room and cut his hair himself. Shaved hair and nails never threw away, but kept, as he considered it to be a divine part of himself.
Picasso was a coward.
To avoid going into the army, he begged his father to bribe the official. When the uprising began in Cuba, the artist fled to the mountains to sit there until everything subsided. Most of all Pablo was afraid of getting cancer.And Francoise Gilot, one of his close companions, had to dissuade him every day. He was afraid to be ridiculed (the figure was disproportionate), because he was afraid to go to tailors, and clothes often wore to holes.
Pablo Picasso was superstitious.
Yes, it is. Here are some of the signs in which the master of the brush believed. He never gave his things to anyone, believing that he could turn into the person who gave it to them. Believed that the open umbrella in the house brings trouble. And if someone opened an umbrella, the artist forced the poor creature to walk around the room with his fingers clasped and shout “Lagarto! Lagarto!”. A hat on Picasso’s bed was a sure sign that someone in the house would soon die.
The artist led a promiscuous sexual life.
Visit the brothel Picasso began with 14let. Not shining with external data, he enjoyed success with the ladies. He had a kind of sexual magnetism and always used it. In the brothels “lupoglazy shorty” (height 158cm), so he was called there, he knew all kinds of depraved love. This way of life led to the fact that in 20 years Pablo got syphilis and problems with potency. A long treatment followed, the artist began to work until exhaustion. The venereal disease left its imprint on the artist’s worldview. Pablo began to write in the margins of his drawings depicting “nu” the phrase (“Cuando tengas ganas a joder, jode” (“When you want to … be”)), which many biographers interpret as the life principle of the sexually anxious Pablo Picasso.
“Sacred Monster” – the so-called Picasso.
Yes it is true. His love for women was cruel with sadistic inclinations. Many of Picasso’s loved ones committed suicide, or they went mad. Maria-Teresa Walter – hanged herself, Jacqueline Rock – went to the monastery, and shot herself in speed, Olga Khokhlova – went crazy. He loved passionately, but his love killed women. When one of the last mistresses of Genevieve Laporte left the genius, Jean Cocteau told her that she had made such a decision on time and this decision, perhaps even saved her life. For Picasso, there were two kinds of women: goddesses and rags for wiping their feet. At first they were all goddesses, but not for long. Once a woman was pregnant or ill, the “monster” immediately lost interest in her. For example, Françoise Gilot, who bore him two children – Claude’s son and Palom’s daughter, Pablo constantly treated. When she fell ill, the artist kept repeating that he hated sick women. He easily crossed out wives and mistresses from his life. And he believed that every time changing his wife, you need to “burn” the previous one.
Picasso invented cubism.
In 1906 – 1907, Pablo Picasso, along with his friend Georges Braque (artist, graphic artist, stage designer, sculptor and decorator) create a new avant-garde trend in painting – “cubism” (pictured objects are represented as combinations of regular geometric volumes: cube, ball, cylinder , the cone). The first painting by Picasso in this style was “Avignon girls” (1907). The term “cubism” arose and was firmly entrenched thanks to the art critic Louis Vaussel (1908), after he called the paintings of Braque “cubic quirks” (fr. Bizarreries cubiques).
The artist was richly fabulous during his lifetime.
Pablo Picasso said that he does not care whether he will ever become rich or not. The main thing for him was to live like a millionaire. Picasso earned millions of dollars every year. He was a workaholic, for his life he created 1 885 paintings, 1228 sculptures, 7 089 drawings, 30 000 graphic works, 150 albums with sketches and 3 222 products from ceramics. After his death (1973), he left a property that was valued at $ 1.1 billion. Almost all his creative life (and success came to him as early as 13 years) Picasso enjoyed luxury and celebrity. His paintings are priceless now.
Pablo Picasso was distinguished by unusual avarice.
His artist did not want to share his wealth and glory with anyone.He never loaned anyone, did not do charity. Rarely he managed to persuade to help very close people. Marina Picasso, the artist’s granddaughter (the memoirs of “Picasso, My Grandfather”) recalled how once, when she was nine years old, she was taken to a doctor. Marina was then sick from exhaustion. The doctor was surprised that the granddaughter of such a wealthy grandfather was exhausted and sent her to a medical center. For treatment, the grandfather paid, but he had to persuade him for a very long time. Picasso parted ways with his first wife Olga Khokhlova in 1935, but before her death (1955), the marriage did not dissolve. So that as a result of the divorce, he will not transfer to his wife half of the property acquired jointly since 1918. Picasso did not leave a will.
Picasso did not like to sell his paintings.
Picasso bought himself a house where he lived and worked, until he filled it completely with works. Then the house was closed to the castle and moved to a new one. He turned his houses into warehouses that were not guarded. No one has ever tried to steal these houses. There were about ten such houses. From his sketches, he often made bottles for bottles. After the death, the team of appraisers roamed the country for two years, opening abandoned dwellings, and describing works of art. When the attorney Pierre Zecri was given a column of armored trucks and all the work for the first time, they were put together (in the National Bank depository), the present people were horrified. The mountains are priceless creations, and all this is created by one person.
Picasso had many wives, four children.
Not exactly. There were two official marriages. The first time the artist married in 1918 on a Russian dancer Olga Khokhlova. The only legitimate son from his first marriage is Paulo. The second legitimate wife – Jacqueline Roque from 1961 to 1973 (the year of the death of the artist). From the second marriage of children was not. Romanov had a lot of Picasso. One of the first serious hobbies of Picasso was an affair with laundress Fernanda Olivier. In the creative work came a new period – “pink”. The artist admired his muse and demanded from her that she did nothing, but created a sensual atmosphere in the studio. With it, he lived for 9 years. The next mistress was Marcel Umber. They met in 1911 in the Paris cafe Hermitage. In 1915 Marcel fell ill and died. She is married to Olga Khokhlova, Pablo Picasso is having an affair with the young Maria Theresa Walter. Maria Walter is his companion until 1939. The novel becomes known after the birth of her daughter Maya. With Dora Maar Pablo Picasso met in 1935godu. She became a co-author of the famous canvas “Guernica”. This is evidenced by hundreds of negatives and contact prints found in her personal archive. Their romance lasted seven years. Francoise Gillo is his official illegal wife from 1943 to 1953. She gave birth to the artist’s son Claude and daughter Palomu. The history of Francoise Gilot is unique in that after 10 years living with Picasso, she left him and lived a bright life.
Picasso was particularly attached to Russia.
Yes, Russia connected a lot of things to Russia. It was a fruitful union. The beginning of this was the meeting with Shchukin (a Moscow merchant and collector). He was the first and main buyer of master paintings. Sergei Ivanovich Schukin immediately bought two canvases of the then still unknown to any artist, paying a decent for those times the amount. Thanks to this Picasso was able to rent a new workshop in Montparnasse, near the renowned cafe “Rotonda”. In total, in the collection of Schukin, there were more than fifty paintings by the famous master. Sergei Ivanovich became a kind of “godfather” of Picasso. Therefore, the artist began to feel a special affection for the Russian patron, as well as everything that concerned Russia. Touched pride of the master and approving statements in his address of Russian art critics and philosophers. The popularity of Pablo Picasso found after the scandalous premiere of the Diaghilev play “Parade”, which took place in 1917. For the play Diaghilev (critic, theater and art figure) for the first time ordered a special curtain, which Pablo Picasso painted.The name of the artist began to appear on all programs and posters of the “Russian Ballet”. Picasso began to work on other sets for performances of “Pulcinella”, “Triangle”, etc. The artist is interested in exhibitions of Russian art in Paris, reads works by Russian playwrights (Leo Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, Gogol, Lermontov, etc.), visits Russian troupes Paris. Pablo Picasso spoke good Russian. The artist’s first wife was also Russian.