Norway



Norway

(or the Kingdom of Norway) is located in Northern Europe. Norway borders on Russia, Finland and Sweden; It is washed by the North, Norwegian and Barents Seas. The name of the Kingdom comes from the Old Norse word, which in translation means “the way to the north.”

According to data for 2009, the Kingdom of Norway was the first in the world list of the most prosperous countries.


Oslo is the capital of the Kingdom of Norway. The government residence is in Oslo. Norway is a constitutional monarchy. The form of the state system of Norway is unitary.

Norwegian is the official language of the state. Evangelical Lutheranism is the state religion of the Norwegian Kingdom, and according to the law it must be professed by at least half of the ministers and the King of Norway.

Norway

The Kingdom of Norway is inextricably linked with seafood and seafood. In the coastal towns of the country you can taste so delicious seafood, which is difficult to find all over the world.

Norway – “the way to the north.”

This translates the word “Norway”, although not everyone knows about it. The country received its name due to the fact that in ancient times its territory was completely covered with snow and ice.

Norway has a harsh climate.

This is misleading, because at present the climate in this country is very favorable. Winter in Norway is mild, and summer is warm. Even in winter, the sea off the coast of Norway does not freeze (largely due to the warm Gulf Stream), and in the summer the fruit gardens are in full bloom in the Kingdom.

Norway is a densely populated state.

On the contrary, the Kingdom of Norway is the least populated European state – the population is distributed with a density of twelve people per square kilometer. However, the population is very uneven across Norway – more than one fifth of the population lives in the southern part of the country, and over eighty percent of the population is located in Eastern, Western and Southern Norway, with almost half of the population in eastern Norway. The urban population of Norway is 78%.

Norway is a mono-national country.

In the total population, the Norwegians are 95%. Among the national minorities: the Saami (the largest minority is about forty thousand people), Russians, Jews, Gypsies, Swedes, and Kven. The number of immigrants to Norway (among them Russian) has been increasing since the 1990s.

Nature is the most important Norwegian landmark.

Indeed, not all countries of the world can be proud of such an amazing nature, which in its large areas has preserved its primordial nature. One second territory of the state is occupied by mountains, which represent the most untouched part of the environment. Thanks to its natural beauties, Norway presents an opportunity for a variety of recreation. This is the descent of rivers on rafts, and visits to caves, and hiking through glaciers, and much, much more. Fans of extreme can go on an air trip on hang-gliders, thereby watching the beauty of the scenery from above. All the cities of Norway are surrounded by stunningly beautiful nature.

Norway is a country of active winter recreation.

His adherents come here from all over Europe. And of course, first and foremost it’s about skiing – Norway gives you the opportunity to try yourself in completely different ski styles. Fans of freestyle, snowboarding, cross country racing, etc. will feel a deep satisfaction from their arrival in Norway. It should be noted that the Kingdom is the birthplace of skiing, this country can be called a country of winter sports. The first competition in the downhill skiing from the mountain took place in Norway in 1897 at some distance from the current Norwegian capital.Currently, there are a lot of well-equipped ski resorts in the country, and in 1994 in one of the Norwegian cities (Lillehammer) winter Olympic games were held. The most famous ski resorts are the following: Hemsedal, Quifiel, Gausdal, Geilo, Gala, etc.

Norway is inseparable from the sea.

In whatever corner of this country you are located, the presence of the sea is felt everywhere. “Resort paradise” – so Norwegians tenderly called the territory of the coast. A tourist who wants to eat a piece of this paradise, it is preferable to go to the southern part of the country – in Sørlandet. This territory has earned the reputation of a magnificent archipelago. There is everything: seagulls hovering over heated water and excellent beaches, steep cliffs, the opportunity to swim on the wooden bridge between the islands cruising among the reefs and bays. If you decide to recover on a sea voyage, the best departure point is Bergen. Your path can go to the northern Norwegian border – Kirkenes. The fjords that cut the coastline will for a long time retain the Bergen-Kirkenes-Bergen route in the memory of the traveler, and, having gone on a similar trip, everyone can see elements of the life of the population of the Norwegian coast with their own eyes.

Kirkenes is a city of two languages.

Of course, not exactly. But the signs prescribe the names of city streets in both Norwegian and Russian. This is not surprising, because one resident of Kirkenes of ten is from the Russian Federation (Russian speech in this city is a common thing).

Fjords are the pride of Norway.

Fjords are the first thing that remains in memory after visiting Norway. Fjords are high cliffs. Especially beautiful are the landscapes of the west coast. Fjords stand out sharply against the background of sea waters and create unforgettable impressions. Moreover, the fjords of the Kingdom have earned the status of the most beautiful fjords of the world, and this is no coincidence, because many of them also have branches that increase their picturesqueness. The largest fjord in the world lies north of the Norwegian city of Bergen – the Sognefjord.

Geiranger Fjord is a wonderful place on Earth.

So beautiful that the popularity of tourists around the world has gained popularity. The landscapes of this narrow fjord are unusually beautiful: the northern nature, the turquoise color of the waters filling the fjord. The desire to get pictures of these places attracts to the fjord of professional photographers and fans from different corners of the planet.

Nerejfjord will give tourists the opportunity to feel themselves in the tunnel.

The tour will be remembered by tourists for the close location of the rocks that form the fjord’s banks, in relation to each other. It is this circumstance that gives the feeling of being in the tunnel. It rocks from the rocks, and the sun’s rays penetrate here in very small numbers even on a cloudless day. Picturesque places are given to these places by small mountain villages that cover the shores of this fjord. They are like in the palm of your hand. Spring time is the most successful, because the beauty of the flowering gardens in these villages evokes the most positive emotions. Nature has awarded this region with numerous water cascades and waterfalls.

“Road trolls” – one of the tourist routes of Norway.

It is possible to get there by crossing the Geiranger fjord to the other side of the fjord. The name of the route is due to the fact that all the tourist attractions of Norway, appearing before the eyes of the tourist on this route, received the names of trolls – characters from the fairy tale. On the way along the “Road of trolls” you can admire the picturesque waterfall, called Stigfossen (or Steppen), and also on the horizon to hold your eyes on the Trolltindan mountains. The legend says that in these mountains trolls go in search of brides. Far mountains keep from prying eyes more than one secret.

Norway is the owner of the largest fjord in the world.

The rocks of the Sognefjord are more than six hundred meters rising above the sea waters and immersed in their depths for one thousand three hundred meters. The bay has an unusual shape.Its length exceeds two hundred kilometers, and the width varies from one and a half to six kilometers. The Sognefjord is a miracle of nature.

Norway


Norway is the owner of Europe’s largest glacier.

It is a glacier of стеstedalsbreen, located between the Nordfjord and the world famous Sognefjord. Excursion to this glacier is very exciting. Its length is one hundred kilometers, width – fifteen kilometers, and in times far from us it was also connected with the glacier Justefonne. 2083 meters above sea level is the highest point of the Ystedalsbreen glacier.

Norway – the owner of coral reefs.

This is proof that reefs are not a distinguishing feature of warm seas. Although thirty to fifty percent of coral reefs were destroyed by fishermen (they are destroyed by deep nets), reefs still stretch along the entire Norwegian coast. Currently, environmentalists are trying to find the best solution to the above problem.

Norway is a country of waterfalls.

There are no such waterfalls, as in the Kingdom, throughout Europe. The most famous Norwegian waterfalls are “Twinfossen”, “Küssfossen”, “Vooringsfossen”, “Groom”, “Veil of the bride”, “Brixdalsfossen”, “Stigfossen”, “Seven Sisters”. More than a hundred waterfalls delight the eyes of locals and tourists. The highest waterfall is the waterfall “Vooringsfossen”. The height of the fall of his water is one hundred and eighty-three meters.

Oslo is an industrial Norwegian center.

The capital of the Kingdom in the eyes of a person, the first time it saw, can be reflected as a deep province. Such an impression is rendered by the absence of land-based highways. But if they are not on the ground, this does not mean that they are not at all – the roads are underground. But on the streets of the city you can see their owners – roller skaters and cyclists. Oslo is not only the industrial center of Norway, but also commercial and port. In this city there are the main concert halls of the country, operas, theaters, museums and the main art collections. In Oslo, there is something to see. Firstly, it is Arkeshus – the fortress of the Middle Ages, which was built around 1300. This castle impresses its visitors – Arkeshus is endowed with a gloomy dungeon and luxurious upper floors. Small dungeon chambers were meant for keeping the medieval nobility under lock and key. Secondly, it is the Vigeland Park. Here you can relax by the shady trees and ponds with ducks, which are directly buried in the surrounding green vegetation. In the immediate vicinity of this park is the Vigelian Museum. It’s worth to visit the National Theater.

Oslo is a city of museums.

“Kon-Tiki” – in this museum, the visitor can look at the finds that are reckoned with the expeditions of Tour Heyerdahl. A ten-meter whale shark has a Kon-Tiki raft, there is a papyrus boat Ra, sculptures made of stone, Easter Island and much more. The museum of the ship “Fram” will present the view of the ship “Fram”. This ship was built in 1982. Its history includes a journey to the southernmost point of the earth and three polar expeditions. As an exhibit, the ship retained all the equipment in it, the interior spaces were also presented in its original form. Under the open sky of the Kingdom is an ethnographic museum. It is one of the largest museums of its kind in Europe. The Norwegian Ethnographic Museum represents more than one hundred and fifty different buildings from different parts of the Kingdom. The exhibits of the museum of Viking ships are the wagons, sledges, boats and boats preserved from the Viking Age. Some exhibits date back to the ninth century.

Norway has its own Paris.

“Northern Paris” is the name of the city of Tromsø, which is the capital of Northern Norway. “Northern Paris” is located on the coast of the Arctic Ocean. In Tromsø there is the most northerly university in the whole world.The sights of this wonderful city include the Arctic Cathedral, the Polar Museum, the Marine Aquarium, the Museum of Tromsø, in the city there are a lot of all kinds of bars and restaurants. Lovers of nightlife can visit one of the city clubs. The city center is an ideal place for catching large fish – on the streets it is difficult not to notice a large number of fishing shacks and small boats.

Oslo is the only Norwegian capital.

The ancient capital of the kingdom is the city of Trondheim. By Norwegian standards, this city belongs to large cities and among them it is the most northern. G. Trondheim is very unlike other cities, in the first place it is a question of low building of the city and its wide streets. A special spirit is attached to the “white nights” – they are much stronger than in the official Norwegian capital and St. Petersburg. The city of Trondheim has a long history, therefore it has a rich cultural heritage – the cathedral of the twelfth century amazes with its size, to the same age the Ringve Musical Museum and the Archbishop’s Palace belong.

The Norwegian Aquarium of the southern part of Cape Nornes is the pride of the Kingdom.

Located near the city of Bergen, the Aquarium is the oldest and largest in the country. It includes a huge collection of marine fauna, which, undoubtedly, has the right to be proud (not for nothing about it is known throughout Europe). The aquarium contains forty-two small aquariums and nine large ones. There are three open aquariums with sea water, in which you can see even crocodiles and penguins.

Norway is a country with distinctive traditions.

However, like any other country. However, Norway, in fact, is very special. For example, in the manner of building dwellings. Required elements of the interior of the Norwegian dwelling are amazingly decorated forks, sticks, cauldrons, etc. In every house there are beautiful metal candlesticks, artfully decorated cuttings of knives. Since the eighteenth century, painting on wood was widespread in Norway – on the walls of chests, doors were painted with biblical scenes, fruits and flowers. The family and social life, folklore of Norway are also unique. A large number of utensils (mugs, ladles, spoons, plates), as well as furniture were made of wood. Since the medieval era, Norway has developed an art craft, pieces of jewelry and blacksmith art, made in the past centuries, still cause admiration.

Prouds are Norwegian rural settlements.

A more precise definition connects the proud with the complex of buildings of economic and residential significance. The number of such buildings in one pride, as a rule, does not exceed twenty. Similar rural settlements are unique, because of what they are interested in ethnographers. The latter are buying up pride to create open-air museums.

For a long time, Norwegians have built log buildings.

The apartment building includes several rooms that are located on two or three floors. The well-to-do peasants have a living room with a fireplace. The first floor of the house is occupied by a living room and a winter kitchen, on the next there are sleeping rooms. Nearby svodoemy constructed sheds, which are installed on vertical logs of low altitude. These sheds serve as storage for boats and fishing equipment, as well as for drying and subsequent storage of fish. Similar Norwegian dwellings look unusually picturesque and at the present time. They are painted in traditional colors: blue, green or red; have white trim.

Bunad is the national dress of Norwegians.

There are several variations of its cut and a rich palette of colors. The latter is particularly characteristic of the female costume. Currently, these traditional clothes are worn only at weddings or on big holidays.

Wedding is the most important ceremony in Norway.

Marriage is prescribed by mutual disposition to each other, with the average marriageable age of women being twenty-two to twenty-three years, and the average matrimonial age of men is twenty-five years. The bride and groom become officially young only after the ceremony of betrothal, but the wedding is played when the groom will be able to support the family. The birth of children is a big event in the life of a young couple; a few days after the birth of a child baptized in a pickaxe. In Norway, the tradition of giving a child the name of one of the most beloved relatives is widespread.

Norwegian cuisine is typical of northern countries.

In the diet of Norwegians, the following products predominate: fish, porridge, dairy products, meat. Norwegians very often prepare fish and meat soups, almost always there is dried, salted or fried fish on their dining tables. Norwegians often eat cottage cheese and different hard cheeses. In Norwegian cuisine, usually a few fresh products. Food of Norwegians, as a rule, is quite heavy. For a very long period of time, practically no vegetable oil was used in Norway, and all cooking was based on butter. Traditional European cuisine came to Norway in the nineteenth to twentieth centuries. Currently, Norwegians are actively using a variety of spices.

The Norwegians are a patriotic people.

That is why, both in rural areas and in the city, you can often see a developing Norwegian flag. And the Norwegians are very hospitable, many of them know English, which eliminates some difficulties in communicating with this people. Before you come to Norway, you should take time to learn the rules of conduct and etiquette. For example, even at three o’clock in the morning it is necessary to cross the road in a strictly established place.

Norway is a country that respects the ecology.

In any public place, including on the streets, the use of alcoholic beverages and smoking is prohibited. Norwegians generally do not accept the situation when garbage is thrown directly onto the road, so a considerable penalty is foreseen for such violation. And in the period from the fifteenth of April to the fifteenth of September in Norway it is impossible to breed bonfires. That’s the way Norwegians are fighting for their ecology.

Norway is a country that recognizes the family as a very large value.

After the birth of a son or daughter, even the father goes on maternity leave, the duration of which is limited to four weeks. Women and men are equal in their rights. Family traditions are so important in Norway that at 18.00 it is almost impossible to meet someone on the streets of the city. At this time, all the houses light up, and the whole family starts dinner. Husbands are very caring, they are excellent family men.

Norway appreciates its holidays very much.

On holidays, even the embassy does not work. On the streets of Norwegian cities you can see crowds of people in traditional folk costumes. With special respect in this country belong to the celebration of Christmas. On this day, the Norwegian flag is hoisted to the top of the festive Christmas tree! This is another holiday that is very much appreciated in the Kingdom of Norway – this is July 23 – Mid-Summer Eve.

Norway

The car is the cheapest form of transport.

This is not true. For Norway, one of the cheapest modes of transport is an airplane. Paradoxically, this mode of transport is not the fastest, which is explained by the fact that for landing of passengers the aircraft is forced to do more than one landing. Traveling by plane from one part of the country to another is much more convenient than on other vehicles, because Norway, figuratively speaking, is mountains and waters. The main means of transportation (absolutely inexpensive) for this country is a bicycle (in any weather).

Norway is a country of disciplined drivers.

A possible reason for this is high fines, even for a slight excess of speed (for example, if the driver has exceeded the speed by five kilometers per hour, he will have to pay at least a hundred dollars). It is worth noting that the cameras tracking the speed of motion are not hidden from the drivers – special signs warn them about it. In Norway, drivers should always keep the lights on – these are the rules of the road. The death rate from an accident in this country is minimal.



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