Height – 2,3-3,0 cm, weight – 2-4 gr.
Your baby becomes more and more like a man – even a small tail disappears, which makes the fetus look like a small animal. On ultrasound it is already easy to distinguish between the head, trunk, limbs, hands, elbows, feet, fingers.
The length of the head and the length of the trunk are approximately the same in size. And for now the baby keeps his chin almost pressed against his tummy. But very soon he will begin to straighten his neck. The baby’s face is formed – the future eyes, mouth and nose are clearly visible.
The skeleton of the child continues to strengthen, and its small bones begin to grow and acquire joints. Even it’s hard to imagine that after 30 weeks your child will grow to half a meter! Now it is only 3 centimeters.
The digestive system continues to be prepared. This week, special enzymes appear in the intestines that will help break down the proteins that are in any food, up to amino acids. Another acquisition will be the rudiments of sweat glands – on the palms and soles.
The brain acquires a cerebellum. This is a very important part of our body, responsible for coordination in space. It is the cerebellum that allows us to correctly perform a well-known test: put your finger to your nose with your eyes closed. Some scientists who study the brain believe that the cerebellum also performs the function of a kind of computer: it somehow processes and codes incoming information to us.
In addition, there is a bookmark of the adrenal medulla. It is in them that the hormone adrenaline is developed, which helps us to adapt in stressful and dangerous situations. The baby’s face continues to form. The head begins to look more and more like a ball, the eyes already almost covered with eyelids, move from the temples to the nose, the mouth gradually acquires lips.
The child learns to flex and unbend limbs. It can already bend them at an angle of 90 °. On the pens and legs surprisingly formed nails. They arise not at the place where we are accustomed to seeing them, but completely on the opposite – from the inside of the hands and feet.
But then the nails will move to the place where they will grow, and on the inside, sensitive tactile pads are formed. The respiratory system continues to form: the pulmonary horns are divided into five bronchi.
Your weight gain is unlikely to be more than a kilogram. If you passed the tests last week, then the results should be ready now. Of course, it is very curious to figure out what is written there. Here are the most basic markers.
HCG level in serum (mU / ml):
Healthy non-pregnant: 0-15. Pregnant women: 1-2 weeks 19-145; 2-3 weeks 111-3 640; 3-4 weeks 1 090-17 600; 4-5 week 2 740-59 600; 5-6 weeks 23,500-137,000; 6-7 week 29 900-222 000; 7-8 weeks 30,500-266,000; 8-9 week 54 700-268 000; 9-10 week 25 900-234 000; 10-11 weeks 46 200-238 000; 11-18 week 16 500-92 700; More than 18 weeks 8 540-58 500.
The highest level of hCG at 7-9 weeks of pregnancy. After 18 weeks, this level stabilizes and practically does not change more. If your pregnancy is 7-8 weeks, and according to HCG 2-3, it is a sign of problems with the development of the fetus and a signal about a possible miscarriage. If the level of hCG is much higher than normal, this is a sign of a multiple pregnancy.
The blood group is designated as follows: A (first), B (second), AB (third) and 0 (fourth). Rhesus factor – plus or minus next to the blood group. There may be problems if the mother has a negative Rh, and her father is positive. Special attention and health control is required.
Rubella. Indicators of 10 or more ME mean that – you already had rubella in childhood and can no longer catch it yourself and infect your unborn child. The analysis should indicate something like Rubella virus IgG +, Rubella virus IgM -.
Less than 10 IU – you have not yet contracted rubella and potentially can get it.It is necessary to closely monitor the content of antibodies in the blood (repeat analysis). In the analysis is Rubella virus IgG, Rubella virus IgM. If you get this variant: Rubella virus IgG +, Rubella virus IgM +, or such: Rubella virus IgG -, Rubella virus IgM + this means that you had contact with a person with rubella and there is a primary infection, an acute form or an asymptomatic course of the disease. This can threaten the development of your child. However, the baby will not necessarily be infected by you. He will be given a special analysis of blood taken from the umbilical cord. If necessary, treatment is carried out.
Syphilis (RV, RW, Wasserman reaction) is currently difficult to meet, however, if you suddenly find it, then timely treatment will not harm the future child.
If a blood test for hepatitis B and C showed that you are a carrier of the virus (although you might not even know about it), then a treatment should be performed that will reduce the likelihood of infection of the child. And after childbirth he will be introduced a special vaccine, which will exclude the possibility of postpartum infection.
At the general or common analysis of a blood it is necessary to pay attention to quantity or amount of a hemoglobin, erythrocytes, leukocytes and thrombocytes. The norm is indicated on the form. If erythrocytes and hemoglobin are below normal, then you may have anemia. It is necessary to treat it, otherwise the child will receive less oxygen and may have hypoxia, which adversely affects the development of the fetus.
If the number of white blood cells is increased, then perhaps you have some kind of infection. It often happens if you donate blood after a cold or flu, but if you do not get sick, you should look for other reasons, perhaps more serious ones.
Platelets show how well you have blood clots. If coagulability is increased, there are problems with blood supply to the placenta and, accordingly, the calf, as well as complications of veins and thrombophlebia. If the platelets are lowered, the blood is too “liquid”, can not stop for a long time even with a small wound, therefore, complications associated with increased bleeding may occur during childbirth.
You should try to balance the blood balance. There are a number of drugs that help to do this. But they should be used only after consulting with the doctor, because the wrong choice can deplorably affect your child, wholly and entirely dependent on your blood.
Urine analysis shows the work of your kidneys. For a pregnant woman, a small amount of protein is allowed, but not more than 300 mg, and bacteria, but if their content is too high, you can talk about pyelonephritis, nephropathy and other unpleasant kidney complications. Leukocytes indicate an infectious inflammation, most often pyelonephritis. Muddy urine and salt increase, also a sign of malfunctions in the body. Bilirubin, erythrocytes, Epithelium, Cylinders in urine should be absent.
You now have increased fatigue, drowsiness, irritability. Nausea and dizziness are still rolling with regularity. Do not forget to use the recommendations by the fifth week. You have a little – toxicosis will end by 12 week.
You can gradually stop worrying about a miscarriage – usually all miscarriages in the early stages occur by the eighth week, and you have already passed this critical line. Your baby is well entrenched within you and will grow further. Do not forget about vitamins and folic acid. Folic influences the formation and functioning of the placenta, vitamin C on the formation of a fetal sac and amniotic fluid, critical for your child.
Pay attention to your veins (and now and in the future). Many women during pregnancy face this problem, which can sometimes go into very unhealthy forms. How can it look like?
1 option – blue stripes on the chest and abdomen, the so-called venous grid.This is not a disease, but the normal state of the vessels, which need to be transported more blood. Of course, not very nice, but what can you do.
2 option – red lines on the hips, telangectasia. Appear as a result of hormonal changes, not dangerous, after pregnancy disappear.
3 option – swollen veins, varicose enlargement. Particularly noticeable on the legs. The veins swell and bulge, often unevenly. Any excesses of blood vessels, improper distribution of blood pressure or blood flow in them can already become dangerous if you do not take any measures. If your legs become numb, dumb, or, God forbid, covered with black and blue bruises and hurt, then you should immediately go to the doctor.
Measures to prevent the expansion of veins:
– do not lift weights, it is not so useful during pregnancy;
– do not sit and stand all the time, it is better to warm up periodically and walk;
– Sit or lie better with raised legs;
– help special elastic stockings on the legs (ugly, but effective) and the correct selection of a bra;
– Do not smoke!
Week 8 – Week 9 – Week 10