is a neurological disease accompanied by painful bouts of headache (episodic or regular) in one of the halves of the head. In this case, there is no obvious damage to the head or brain, and the origin of pulsating pains is explained by a vascular headache, not by tension.
Thus, migraine attacks are not associated with pressure. The very origin of the word migraine is associated with the Greek word hemicranium, which means literally “half of the head”.
Concerning migraine, there are several established errors that interfere with the proper treatment and contact of the patient with the doctor. Consider the most revealing myths about this disease.
Migraine occurs due to spasm of cerebral vessels.
In fact, with migraine, the cerebral vessels expand, and the sensation of painful pulsations in the head is caused by a decrease in the threshold of pain.
Migraine is caused by psychological factors.
It would be incorrect to consider that stress, general emotional instability can cause this disease. Migraine is an organic disease of neurology. And psychological signs can only influence its course. For example, stress can cause an attack, and depression can foster the development of chronic migraine.
Migraine is not dangerous.
But this is the truth. The course of the disease in the majority is quite favorable. Only complications from migraines are dangerous, mainly migraine stroke. There is no direct threat from the disease, although it is certainly exhausting. Danger may be the abuse of pain medication, which can lead to disruption of the internal organs.
If a person has severe headaches, then this is one of the signs of a dangerous brain disease.
Undoubtedly, it is worth paying attention to headaches, it may well be a disease. However, not always. Intensive pain in the head is usually a normal migraine. But dangerous brain tumors can generally not be accompanied by pain or proceed with moderate pain.
Migraine is a continuous simulation.
For many, an association with the word migraine is a cutesy ladies who do not know what to do with themselves. It seems that a normal person who leads a healthy lifestyle can not be. But it turns out that migraine is one of the most common depressing diseases, entering the top ten most frequent. Among women, this disease is one of the five diseases most affecting life.
Migraine is a woman’s disease.
Indeed, it is proven that women suffer from migraines 2-3 times more often than men. However, 6% of the strong half suffer from this disease, and in absolute terms this is a very large figure.
A patient always knows about his migraine.
In fact, migraine is still very poorly understood, doctors do not really know its nature and methods of diagnosis. In the United States, a study was conducted in which it was found that half of people with migraine did not even suspect their diagnosis. So the absence of headaches does not mean anything.
Symptoms of migraines are simple, anyone can determine it at home.
In fact, even a doctor can not immediately diagnose this disease. The specialist needs some experience. To make sure that the patient really migraines need to exclude many other possible diseases with similar signs.
Headache is pain directly in the brain.
It turns out that the brain does not have pain receptors, so it basically can not hurt. Pain occurs in the vessels of the hard shell of the brain and on the endings of the trigeminal nerve.
Migraine is just a headache.
This disease has several manifestations, and the headache is only one of them. Today, migraine is seen as a neurological disorder, which is generally favorable, but can be complicated, and therefore requires the supervision of a specialist.
Migraine is one of the signs of autonomic dystonia.
Actually, on the contrary, it is the syndrome of vegetative dystonia that is a sign of migraine. The symptom of dystonia is palpitations, heavy breathing, sweating, disorders of weight and sleep, as well as emotional disturbances. All of them can quite coexist with migraine, as the frequency of her attacks increases, these disorders of the body can even progress.
Triptans are harmful to the heart.
Tryptane is the most effective anti-migraine drug. Their release is accompanied by a severe security control. In normal doses, there is no harm to the heart from their use. But in the case of severe cardiac pathologies, with insufficient kidney and liver work, as well as with arterial hypertension, it is not recommended to apply tryptanes.
If the headache is not removed with triptans, then the disease is not a migraine.
The drugs of the triptane group have different efficacy. In addition, do not forget about the individual characteristics of the body. There are no universal medicines, what is suitable for you, can not help another patient.
The cause of headaches with migraines is a jump in blood pressure.
Headache can cause only a sharp and pronounced jump in blood pressure. A slight increase in pressure will hardly cause an attack. However, the presence of hypertension during migraine is most likely indicative of the activation of the autonomic nervous system.
The cause of headaches with migraines may be an increase in intracranial pressure, for example, after a head injury.
It is often believed that concussion can cause migraines. However, the characteristics of headaches that appear due to increased intracranial pressure (this may be, for example, the consequence of hydrocephalus) are significantly different from migraine. To diagnose intracranial hypertension, it is necessary to perform magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography, and also to undergo an examination with the oculist and perform a spinal (lumbar) puncture. Craniocerebral injuries can actually be accompanied by headaches, but doctors attribute them to psychological reasons, rather than to damage to some organs and structures.
Headaches with migraine may be associated with arachnoiditis.
Arachnoiditis is a disease accompanied by inflammation of the spider web of the brain. But the facts proving the relationship of arachnoiditis and emerging headaches have not yet been revealed.
For the treatment of migraine attacks, it is effective to use antispasmodics, which relieve vasospasm.
Many patients take a no-shpa as a medicine. However, as mentioned above, non-vasospasms are the cause of migraine. The same no-shpa has an effect on the gastrointestinal tract and on the urinary tract, but not on the vessels of the brain. The effectiveness of antispasmodics is based on improving the work of the digestive organs.
“Vascular” drugs make pauses between attacks longer.
Scientific studies have not identified a link between the course of migraine and “vascular” drugs.
With migraine it is impossible to fight, it is necessary to get used to it, to accept.
There are many medicinal and non-medicinal means of struggle and prevention of this disease in the world. It is possible that one of them will suit you.