Medicine

Medicine

(Latin medicina, from medicus – medical, medical, medeor – treat, heal) – a system of scientific knowledge and practical measures united by the goal of recognition, treatment and prevention of diseases, preservation and promotion of health and work capacity of people, prolongation of life.

Modern medicine has developed as a result of a long historical process; the state of medicine has always been determined by the degree of development of society, the socio-economic system, the achievements of natural science and technology, the general level of culture.

The more I pay, the better cured.

It should be remembered that in medicine, almost nothing can not be guaranteed “one hundred percent”. Much depends on individual, often unpredictable, features of the human body. For example: the doctor has prescribed absolutely correct treatment, the most expensive medicines have been purchased, and the patient has an individual intolerance or insensitivity to one of the drugs. The payment for treatment is taken for time, strength, erudition, professional skills, as well as analyzes and procedures. The result of the application of the above measures and funds most often depends on the state of the human body. Health can not be bought.

By results of analyzes can not diagnose, means, delivery of these is useless.

This is not true. First, the absence of deviations from the norm is also a result. Secondly, the doctor can not always put the correct diagnosis, based only on examination and collection of anamnesis. Sometimes more research is needed. Thirdly, some hardly diagnosed diseases are detected by the method of elimination (if there is not this and this, then this is something). And, finally, good tests are control, i.e. when comparing the same analyzes in dynamics, it is possible to calculate the duration of the onset of the disease, and this sometimes is very important.

Modern diagnostics are carried out very quickly.

Indeed, the results of some tests can be obtained fairly quickly (for example, general blood and urine tests, x-rays or ultrasound are ready on the day of the study or the next day). However, there are studies that are very important for a correct diagnosis, the results of which need to wait a week or more. These are microbiological studies related to the sowing of the material. Some pathogenic microorganisms on artificial media grow slowly, therefore, if we start to study the results too early, it is possible to draw incorrect conclusions about the qualitative and quantitative state of the microflora of the material under study. In our time, rapid methods of microbiological analysis (detection of antibodies in the blood, biochemical examination of metabolites of microbes, etc.) are widely spread, but they are less reliable and reliable than classical crops.

Good treatment is a quick recovery, and vice versa.

Of course, in some cases (sepsis, fever, acute intoxication, rapidly increasing negative dynamics), strongly and rapidly acting drugs are prescribed, where high efficiency is directly related to the toxic effect (the more effective the drug, the more side effects it has, is the law) . After such treatment, prolonged restorative therapy is most often performed. Some treatment schemes are aimed at stimulating the body’s own defense mechanisms (for example, treating dysbacteriosis using a complex immunoglobulin preparation and preparations containing live bacteria – eubiotics). In order for the body to become self-healing, it takes time, and different for each patient (taking into account age, immunity, etc.). Some drugs give an effect only when they accumulate in the body a sufficient amount (for example, ketotifen, vitamin D, some antibiotics). In addition, it should be remembered that acute diseases are treated much faster than chronic ones.

After visiting different doctors, I will choose how I should be treated.

With the same disease, different schemes of diagnostic examination and therapy can be used. In this case, the specialist focuses on his experience, intuition, professional skills, erudition, takes into account the feasibility of expensive and unsafe research, possible combinations of various drugs, suggesting what effect and side effects of the drugs may be. If you have visited different doctors for reinsurance, do not choose any of their recommendations for “pieces” on your own. The best way is to choose the most competent and convincing, in your opinion, specialist, tell him about the opinion of other doctors and unquestioningly follow his recommendations. Otherwise, you risk either to cause the opposite effect, or become a victim of side effects of some drugs.

Infected must fall ill.

This is only true if the number of pathogens is sufficiently large and exceeds the immunity immunity threshold. In other cases, a protective mechanism will work and the infection will be neutralized by the body. The weaker the immunity, the lower the threshold of resistance, and, accordingly, the development of the disease requires a smaller number of pathogens. In addition, there is an asymptomatic carriage of some microorganisms (staphylococcus, fungi, salmonella, rotavirus, lamblia), which often results in the spontaneous release of the organism from the pathogen.

I am informed better than the doctor.

This myth is born of the fact that in our time there is a lot of accessible medical and popular literature that creates the illusion of good awareness in medicine. However, it should be remembered that the specialist’s knowledge is much more profound, systematized and backed by many years of practice. In addition, textbooks, reference books, articles give a classic description of the symptoms of the disease. In real life, many diseases occur atypically (non-standard), and not to make mistakes when diagnosing and determining methods of treatment can only a doctor.

I have a hereditary predisposition to this disease, so it is useless to treat it.

Before making such a decision, you should still contact a specialist. Science does not stand still, as a result of several studies it was found out that, for example, gastritis, peptic ulcer, bronchial asthma, considered hereditary, in fact are infectious diseases transmitted by prolonged close contact with other family members. In addition, in the process of examination and treatment of all members of the family in which a predisposition to certain diseases can be traced, pathology does not develop, and in the following generations the predisposition disappears.

I once was examined – there was no disease.

Where would he be from now? People, like their organisms, change, sometimes very quickly. Some changes (aging, aging, etc.), stress, stay in the foci of infection, can lead to the onset of the disease. Therefore, the results of some analyzes, examinations, studies conducted a month, a year, a week ago may not correspond to the state of affairs at this time. It should also be noted that some diseases in the early stages are very difficult to identify. Because of repeated tests should not be discarded.

It is best to be treated and examined in the hospital.

This statement is true only if the disease is infectious or it requires urgent surgical intervention or constant observation of specialists. Acute diseases that do not require emergency care, i.e. occurring in a mild or moderate form without complications, and also some chronic diseases, it is better to treat out-patient (ie, without hospitalization).

Head hurts from pressure.

Only in very rare cases. Hypertension usually does not have any symptoms at all.

High pressure causes dizziness.

Wrong. Most often, dizziness is a side effect of treatment.

Diabetics are very fond of sugar.

This is not true. Diabetics in fact have to reduce the amount of sugar consumed, because sometimes they urgently need a dose of sugar, when the blood glucose level is too low. However, it is wrong to think that the need for sugar is the same as diabetes.

Diabetics should only buy special foods and drinks that are low in sugar.

No, it’s just enough to stick to a healthy diet.

To reduce blood cholesterol, a diet is enough.

This is not true. If the cholesterol level really exceeds the norm, one diet is not enough. Treatment of high cholesterol is usually done with statins.

Headaches are a symptom of a brain tumor.

Clarify – this is just one of the symptoms. The brain tumor is more often characterized by other signs: seizures, personality changes or anxiety.

Antibiotics should not be taken concomitantly with alcohol.

Alcohol interacts with antibiotics very little, except for metronidazole, used to treat various infections, which, when mixed with even small doses of alcohol, it causes nausea.

Acquired antibiotics – be sure to treat the entire course, and not a day less!

Most often, it is not decisive how far the course of treatment has been completed.

Anemia causes fatigue.

It should be remembered that fatigue is a common occurrence, and in the absence of other symptoms, it is most often explained by more stress and lack of physical activity. Because a mild form of anemia caused by a lack of iron is a common thing, especially in women, then, taking the blood for analysis and discovering anemia, it is mistakenly considered a cause of fatigue. And yet – vitamins from fatigue will not help.

I took a flu shot and got infected.

This is an erroneous opinion. A person after vaccination can slightly rise temperature – but only. The fact is that in the vaccine there are no living bacteria, so it can not cause flu.

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