Marijuana is a narcotic substance derived from a variety of cannabis with the highest content of psychoactive substances. Versions of the origin of the name is pretty much, the main one can be considered a kinship with the Portuguese mariguango (intoxicating).
The use of marijuana as a psychoactive substance has been around for 5 thousand years. In ancient India and in the countries of the East, the use of this remedy as a curative, as an anesthetic, anticonvulsant and antiemetic was common. Nowadays, marijuana has become widespread, becoming part of the hippie movement in the 60’s.
This substance, although considered a drug, is one of the “lungs”. Today, calls are increasingly being made that marijuana should be legalized, which, by the way, has been done in some countries. However, there are opponents of this substance, which base their “attack” on many myths.
Marijuana is harmful and it is scientifically proven.
This was earlier, in the 70’s it was believed that marijuana is harmless, but today there is another point of view. Back in 1972, the National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Addiction concluded that although this substance can not be called completely safe, its danger is too high. Since then, thousands of studies have been conducted, in which both humans and animals participated, as well as simple cellular structures. And there were no new differences from the results set out at that time. In 1995, the editors of the English medical journal Lancet came to conclusions based on thirty years of scientific observations – smoking marijuana can not cause harm to health even in the long term.
Marijuana from a medical point of view is absolutely useless.
There are many more effective medicines, for example, a synthetic variant of THC sold in the US under the name Marinol. Studies have shown that marijuana is an effective way to reduce nausea as a result of chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer. In patients with AIDS, appetite is stimulated, and in patients with glaucoma, the pressure decreases. There is evidence that marijuana can reduce muscle spasms in patients with neurological disorders. As a result, the doctor may even write out a synthetic capsule, although the patients themselves note that this remedy is not as effective as smoking marijuana. As a result, pure THC may cause side effects, which will not be observed if a natural product is consumed. So it turns out that many people today use marijuana for medical purposes, despite its illegality. Although there is a risk – for this there is the possibility of arrest or a fine.
Marijuana leads a person to physical dependence, this is evidenced by long-term user experience.
Often they need professional narcological help to get rid of addiction. In fact, most people smoke marijuana only occasionally. In America, for example, this grass is smoked daily by a small minority – less than 1%. Dependence on such a habit is produced in an even smaller number. Therefore, we can safely say that many people can quit smoking at any time without any difficulties. Yes, someone also calls for help in drug treatment facilities. There is no physical dependence on marijuana, but if some symptoms are experienced and experienced, they are rather mild.
Marijuana – a kind of “lock”, after it quickly come to the use of heavier drugs (cocaine, LSD, heroin, etc.).
This is not true, the use of marijuana does not attract people to use strong drugs. To date, it is marijuana that is most popular among drugs in the US. It is she, and not other, strong means. Therefore, people who use less popular and strong drugs, can also use marijuana. But most of the marijuana lovers have never used other illegal drugs.For them, marijuana is the end product of use.
Liberal regime does not bear any responsibility for the presence of marijuana its use.
Penalties are conditional, so no one gets to prison, which only contributes to the popularity of the facility. Between 1991 and 1995, the number of arrests for marijuana doubled. In 1995, more than 1.5 million people were arrested for such violations. Of these, 85% were arrested for possession of a prohibited means. Currently, tens of thousands of people are in prison for this. Penalties, seized property and privations of driver’s licenses are even greater, there are also dismissed from work. However, despite this fight with it, marijuana remains readily available and widely used.
Legalization of marijuana in Holland is caused simply by the fact that the government simply could not cope with it.
Local legislation allows this means to purchase, sell and use, which has led to an increase in the rate of growth of its use, especially in the youth environment. The country’s policy towards this substance is one of the most liberal in Europe. For more than twenty years, cannabis (marijuana and hashish) can be bought and used by all persons over the age of eighteen, but only in state-regulated cafeterias. It turned out that such a policy did not lead to a sharp increase in the use of marijuana. As a result, for most age groups, the dynamics of the use of funds in the Netherlands is comparable to the United States. Only here teenagers in a European country to use marijuana are more responsible than in America. The overwhelming majority of the population of the Netherlands supports the policy of its current government, which is aimed at normalizing consumption. There is no drama in the society from legalization. Although the authorities periodically review and revise the existing policy on light drugs, the main emphasis is placed on the decriminalization of the distribution and use of such drugs.
Marijuana destroys the cells of the brain.
Using this tool can permanently disrupt the structure of the brain and its functions over time – memory dips, cognitive failures, impaired personality and reduced productivity will appear. To determine the effect of marijuana on the brain, many tests were carried out. But none of them showed any harm from this remedy, even in the long run and when using high doses. Thus, studies of early brain damage in rhesus monkeys after six months of exposure to high concentrations of marijuana smoke were conducted. Later, additional research was conducted – monkeys were given daily inhalation of the equivalent of four to five marijuana cigarettes throughout the year. No signs of abnormality in the brain of animals were found. The same myth was born from one speculative report, voiced back in the 70’s, but no scientific evidence was supported by the statement.
Marijuana is the cause of the Amotivational syndrome.
The user becomes passive, apathetic and loses interest in the future. Students who use marijuana lose their academic performance, reducing their productivity. For another twenty-five years, researchers were trying to find amotivational syndrome, but they could not find it. If people are in a state of intoxication, then regardless of whether they use any drugs or not, they will lose productivity and motivation. But concerning marijuana of such proofs – about loss of energy and purposefulness simply is not present. Laboratory studies were conducted in which even higher doses of the agent were used, but no signs of a decrease in efficiency, productivity or motivation were found. There are many adults who use marijuana, but cope with their tasks and receive high salaries. Similarly, students of colleges using marijuana are no different from their peers.In the middle classes, there has even been an increase in academic performance from “dating” with this easy drug.
Marijuana breaks memory and leads to loss of knowledge.
Under the influence of a substance, people lose rationality of judgments. Continuing use of marijuana leads to a mental disorder. It is indisputable that marijuana generates immediate, but temporary changes in thinking, presenting and processing information. This has a marked effect on the whole process of cognition. However, in the course of laboratory experiments it was proved that subjects under the influence of marijuana can easily recall everything that they knew before. But with the perception of new information and the memory of it later there are problems. But this action is observed only for a short period of intoxication. As a result, there is no conclusive evidence that long-term use of the drug will lead to a general decline in memory or cognitive impairment.
Marijuana is fraught with the occurrence of irreversible mental illness.
In intoxication, people behave inadequately and inconsistently. And in this issue there is no scientific evidence that marijuana causes psychological trauma and leads to diseases of this kind in adolescents or adults. Some people develop frustration, during which they can experience feelings of punk, anxiety and paranoia. Although this experience can be quite frightening, it is temporary. With the use of very large doses, the onset of a temporary toxic psychosis is also possible. But such cases are rare, and even then – when you use marijuana for food. No marijuana leads to any profound changes in people’s behavior.
Marijuana is the cause of crime.
Under its influence, many crimes are committed, people in general only from consumption become violent and aggressive. The connection between crimes and marijuana was studied not only by scientists, but also by governmental commissions. The conclusions were unequivocal – marijuana is not the cause of crime. The vast majority of users of this easy drug do not commit any crimes, except, perhaps, its storage. For the same people who are prone to commit crimes, marijuana does not play a causal role. In addition, studies on animals and humans have shown that marijuana rather reduces aggression than it causes.
Marijuana affects male and female sexual hormones. Therefore, for women this is fraught with infertility. In adolescents, a sexual development disorder is possible. Men can acquire feminine traits, and women can acquire masculine features. Again, it should be said that there is no evidence to support this myth. In studies carried out on laboratory animals using high doses, indeed, some sex hormones were produced less, the reproduction was disturbed. But when researching in humans it was proved that marijuana does not affect sexual hormones. Failures are possible, but studies prove that they are temporary and not systematic, and there are no negative consequences for reproduction. There is also no evidence of how marijuana can delay sexual development or turn men into women and vice versa.
The use of marijuana during pregnancy can seriously harm the fetus.
The prenatal impact of the drug leads to the development of developmental malformations in children, the problems with growing up will only worsen. As a result, the health and well-being of the next generation is threatened, as many pregnant women use marijuana. Of course, a pregnant woman should take care of her and future baby’s health as carefully as possible. However, studies of both newborns and infants and children have shown that there is no correlation between their activities and development associated with prenatal exposure to marijuana.Marijuana does not have any significant influence on birth, duration of pregnancy and neurological development, and the appearance of physical abnormalities. Hundreds of tests were conducted on older children, which revealed no differences. There are only a couple of unconfirmed cases associated with a violation in the endocrine system in children. However, the overwhelming truth on the side of statistics, and medicine has nothing to hide.
The use of marijuana undermines the immune system.
As a result, users are at greater risk of infection, including AIDS. Especially susceptible to HIV is lovers of marijuana, because they already have a weakened immune system. There is no evidence of greater susceptibility to infections of users of this drug in this case. Also, nothing is known about the fact that marijuana reduces resistance to sexually transmitted diseases. The first studies did show that the users of marijuana in the cells reduced the immune function, but these data were later refuted. Although it is true that animals under the influence of excessively large portions of marijuana are susceptible to the AIDS disease, this statement has not been proved for a person. Even for people who already have weakened immunity or AIDS, marijuana is relatively safe. However, not so long ago, a link was found between smoking tobacco and general lung infections in AIDS patients, which requires further study. But in this case, the suppression of the human immune system is not associated with the use of marijuana.
Marijuana for smoking is more harmful than tobacco.
Smokers are more likely to be at risk for lung cancer, bronchitis and emphysema. Smoking of such a drug in medium volumes for the lung represents minimal danger. In this smoke, as in tobacco, contains a number of carcinogens and irritants. However, marijuana smokers do this much, much less than cigarette lovers, as a result, and smoke is much less inhaled. Consequently, the risks of lung disease are much lower. There was not a single case of lung cancer associated exclusively with marijuana. The American Thoracic Society conducted research in 2006 that showed that even large amounts of marijuana smoking do not increase the risk of lung cancer. As a result, heavy smokers of marijuana, in contrast to their tobacco “colleagues,” do not show any susceptibility to lung disease. Consequently, and emphysema can not develop in this case.
Marijuana, along with its active ingredients, enters the fat deposits.
Since these substances leave the body slowly, their psychoactive effects can continue for days and even weeks after use. A special stability of the preservation of substances is observed in the brain. Many active drugs enter the body through fat cells. THC, the narcotic component of cannabis leaves the body slowly. As a result, traces of marijuana can be found in a person for several days or weeks after taking the substance. But only a few hours after smoking, the amount of THC in the brain drops to such a concentration that it does not affect the human psyche any more. The presence of THC does not suffer from fat, brain, or any other organs. The most important consequence of slow excretion is that THC can be detected in the urine, tissues and blood of a person within a few days after administration, but there is no harm in this.
The use of marijuana can lead to major car accidents.
As with alcohol, this drug reduces the psychomotor function, reducing the ability to drive. Marijuana inevitably leads to an increase in the number of deaths in road accidents. There is no convincing statistics in proving how marijuana contributes to the number of accidents and fatalities.Sometimes the use of this drug can affect the perception and psychomotor characteristics, which will affect the ability to drive a vehicle. However, unlike alcohol, which pushes to a risky driving style, marijuana makes you drive more cautiously and slowly. Surveys of mortally wounded drivers showed that if there is THC in the blood, alcohol is always present. For a small number of people, marijuana can really become the means that will lead to an accident, but among the common causes of an accident, marijuana plays a very minor role.
Accidents are often the cause of marijuana.
This suggests that this substance is much more dangerous than people imagine. Marijuana is not an occasion for deaths because of her overdose. Simply in hospitals, the number of people mentioning their addiction to marijuana increased. Based on this, statistics are also being constructed on the connection of patients with the substance, however, the previous medical history is discarded. In addition, many teenagers who use marijuana do not use other, heavier drugs – heroin and cocaine. Yes, and among drug addicts, hospitals clients are usually referred to that they still use “only” marijuana, rather than more difficult means. Speaking of the number of crimes, we can name the figure – only 2% of the total number of accidents involving drugs in 1994 are related to marijuana.
The use of marijuana can be limited.
Anti-drug programs and education led to a drop in use in the 1980s. Since then, efforts have been weakened and the use of marijuana has increased again. If you change and tighten the laws, you can stop human experiments with marijuana. And who precisely guarantees that anti-drug slogans reduce the interest of young people in the forbidden fruit? As a result, such a fight against drugs in schools through the media can make banned substances even more attractive. Indeed, in the 80 years there was a drop in interest in marijuana, and in the 90 years a new growth began. This happened despite the youth protest in the US against anti-drug programs. In some other countries, educational programs are aimed at reducing the harm associated with marijuana among young people experimenting with drugs.