John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States. In the history of the country, this is a remarkable person. Idol of millions, a handsome man was killed in a mysterious way, having stayed at his post for less than three years. However, during this period, he managed to do a lot – with him there was a Caribbean crisis, the space program “Apollo” was launched, a shift of public consciousness on the issue of improving the rights of blacks.
Today Kennedy is the most popular President of America for Russians. However, do not forget that a person at such a post can not consist entirely of positive features. A significant part of its merits is the work of PR services. Today, archives of those times become available, which allow to debunk some myths about John Kennedy.
John Kennedy enjoyed the frenzied popularity of Americans.
Today, after more than half a century, the love of Americans for their president seems boundless. In fact, by the time of Kennedy’s death only 58 percent of voters supported. Even with Bill Clinton or Ronald Reagan, the rating at the time of leaving the post was higher. However, it should be said that all the same Kennedy was more popular than all the rulers of the country since 1937, when such surveys began. On average, seven out of ten Americans noted that they were satisfied with the work of their president.
During the Cold War, Kennedy proved himself to be a peace-loving politician.
Negative features of this president are related to his amorous adventures. But in politics he is considered a model of peace and the main opponent of the supporters of the war. It is said that it was Kennedy who was able to resolve the Caribbean crisis, to redirect resources from the army to outer space, creating the Peace Corps. Fans of politics believe that with him, America would not get involved in the war in Vietnam. Indeed, a few days after the Kennedy assassination, Lyndon Johnson signed NSAM 273, which initiated the invasion of a distant Asian country. Yes, and Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara stated that Kennedy could smooth the conflict, rather than resolve it with weapons, as his follower did. In fact, all this is a beautiful myth. Kennedy himself, along with his administration, was constantly intriguing against the governments of other countries. In particular, the Cuban project, which turned into the Caribbean crisis, originally provided for the murder of Castro. The CIA undertook a number of attempts on the Cuban leader, naturally, with the knowledge of the head of the country. Concerning Vietnam, Kennedy spoke in an interview in September 1963. The president said that withdrawing troops from Vietnam would be a mistake. After all, then the communists will immediately come to the country, who would then aim at Burma and India. The next 10 years, American politicians vengefully referred to this phrase. And Kennedy not only supported the war in Vietnam, he in fact prepared it. It was the US authorities that sanctioned the overthrow, and also the assassination of President Ngo Dinh Ziem. So not so Kennedy was a nice peace-loving guy.
In the Kennedy family, all were successful politicians.
It is believed that the sons of Kennedy to a great policy prepared by the father. He himself actively supported Roosevelt, entering his inner circle. But the seemingly successful political career went “down the drain” because of beliefs. Joseph considered it necessary to adhere to American isolationism during the Second World War. But his father’s hopes and ambitions were supported by his sons John, Robert and Edward, who fought for the presidency. During the struggle for John’s post, the whole family worked to win, investing huge amounts of money into this project. Even the mother of the politician, Rosa, became a participant in the telecast “For a cup of coffee with Kennedy”, answering the questions of viewers. So John’s victory in the election meant the success of the whole family. Robert Kennedy visited the General Prosecutor in the administration of his brother, and then a senator. In 1968, he ran for president, but was killed five months before the election.The younger brother, Edward Kennedy, became a senator from Massachusetts, having served in this post from 1962 to 2009.
The Kennedy family was happy.
On the one hand, men have achieved considerable, but on the other hand, too many tragedies had to survive Kennedy. They even talked about the curse of the family. It is difficult to assert for certain such intangible things. The researchers found evidence of Kennedy’s assassination in Nostradamus’s predictions. Not only was John killed, so Robert suffered such a fate in just 5 years. And the older brother, Joseph, died in 1944, being a pilot. His plane, stuffed with explosives, never reached the target, exploding in the sky. Thus from four brothers a full life managed to live only one. And Kennedy’s sisters had a hard time. Kathleen died in a car accident at the age of 28, and Rosemary, who was mentally retarded since childhood, essentially ceased to be a human being during the unsuccessful operation. She spent the rest of her life in a monastery. This series of tragedies within a single family really makes you think about a curse. And the next generation Kennedy pursued rock – the death of overdoses, accidents, charges of rape.
Kennedy was happy in marriage.
In May 1952, John met 23-year-old Jacqueline Bouvier. A year later, the engagement took place, and September 12 and the wedding. At the time of John’s assumption of office, Jacqueline became the youngest first lady in the US, she was only 31 years old. The wife was able to become a fairy princess for the White House. She created a new image of the first lady of the country. Jacqueline communicated with the press, influenced fashion. And although her husband was constantly surrounded by scandals, both in politics and public life, she constantly supported John. America could not admire this couple. In addition, two children out of four died, which aroused the sympathy of the whole nation. Tears in front of the first lady left no one indifferent. As soon as John’s ratings were in jeopardy, the PR people immediately brought Jacqueline to the fore, which returned popular love. That’s just a family life overshadowed by constant betrayals of John, that a secret in general that was not. After the death of her husband Jacqueline in 1968 married a Greek millionaire Aristotle Onassis, which caused resentment and misunderstanding among Americans. After all, the first lady continued to live, and not to mourn. And only after her death from cancer in 1994, the Americans forgave their Jackie Kennedy.
Kennedy was a successful politician.
The main idea of Kennedy’s presidency is embodied in his legendary phrase: “Do not ask what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country.” The media have created the image of a charismatic president, talented, tough and energetic, defending the interests of the country. In addition, Kennedy was an excellent speaker, subduing his listeners at press conferences. Excellent it was possible for him to explain his failures in foreign and domestic policy, placing everything on his predecessors. But in the eyes of millions of fellow citizens, Kennedy remained a kind of knight fighting bravely for America. Then it became clear that Lyndon Johnson had reformed the health care system, and he had also granted civil rights to the blacks.
Kennedy was killed in the prime of life.
In November 2002, medical reports on the state of health of the 35th president of the country were disclosed and published. It turned out that John Kennedy was not at all as big as he seemed. He had a number of serious illnesses. Kennedy suffered from pains in the damaged spine, that no medical procedures could not be fixed. Also, the president had problems with digestion and suffered from Addison’s disease (problems with the adrenal glands). It is known that Kennedy often made injections of painkillers before appearances to make him look energetic and healthy.
John Kennedy became president of a new type.
Kennedy became in many ways the “first” for this post.This is the first head of the country, born in the XX century, the first president is a Catholic and the youngest. At the time of taking office John Kennedy was only 43 years old. I must say that the president really differed dramatically from his predecessors. Eisenhower in general directly said that this is no longer a politician, but a playboy, as if from Hollywood. But it was this man that America needed in the 1960s. She was tired of the step-fathers-presidents, she needed freshness, youth, president-lover. In this regard, Kennedy was an excellent candidate. He smiled from the covers of magazines and TV screens, ordinary Americans believed his charm, not listening attentively to the pre-election speech. Kennedy just looked more impressive than his rivals. And in the confrontation with the USSR, the young president successfully opposed Nikita Khrushchev. American Kennedy seemed like a simple, straightforward guy. The environment of the politician was also young, the average age of the team was only 45 years.
John Kennedy has always dreamed of being president.
When Joseph was born, the first heir, his grandfather said that his parents would try to make him the president of the United States. That’s only in the war intervened. The father of the Joseph-senior family stood up to the last for America’s non-interference, which turned out to be a mistake. Political short-sightedness cost a career, for the errors of his father had to pay to his eldest son. He fought, but died while performing a dangerous task. And it was Joseph who was to bring the family clan to the White House. Suddenly, a new hope for his father was John. This witty handsome intellectual did not even think about a career politician, planning to devote himself to journalism. To his friends, John confessed that now his father decided to bet on him and there is nothing left to do but obey. Even the wedding of Jacqueline Bouvier, held in 1953, was a successful step for a career. An educated, intelligent and beautiful wife was an excellent candidate for the First Lady. It is said that the useful marriage was blessed by Joseph the elder.
Kennedy’s victory was won on TV debates with Nixon.
A series of four TV debates became an innovation for the presidential race in 1960. It immediately became apparent how Senator Kennedy, with his appearance and energy, was superior to his competitor. However, after the first performance on September 26, Nixon drew conclusions from his mistakes and became more active. He made a special emphasis on foreign policy, which was stronger. A few polls, which were then held, show that the small dividends Kennedy received after the first speech, by the election day, disappeared. In addition, popular President Eisenhower supported Nixon until the end of the race. The vote showed that Kennedy received 49.72 percent of the vote against 49.55 percent of his competitor. The difference was miserable, only 119 thousand votes. So the debate was an unforgettable precedent, but they did not influence the alignment of forces.
Kennedy was a liberal president.
This is a fairly popular myth, because Kennedy is associated with the civil rights movement, and his political heirs called the much more liberal brothers Robert and Edward. In fact, the president led a cautious and conservative policy, planning to be re-elected in 1964. Kennedy behaved similarly in the economy, limiting spending and deficit. And after the Caribbean crisis, Kennedy expressed himself so unequivocally against communism that he was even quoted by Reagan and other Republicans. In his views on civil rights, the president was shy and insecure, beginning to disappoint the leaders of the movement. And it was not until 1963 that Kennedy openly opposed discrimination against black and equal rights. His indecisiveness led to the fact that the blacks chose provocative tactics and began to act more radically.
Thanks to Kennedy Americans landed on the moon.
In May 1961, it became clear that America was losing the space race.The president himself allowed himself a number of blatantly inappropriate statements. However, the administration immediately began to consider alternative ways of the program development. At first it was decided to send astronauts to Mars, but it turned out to be very impractical. Then NASA turned its gaze to the Moon, but in September 1963 Kennedy was still interested in what it would give the country. The president even turned to Khrushchev with a proposal to stop the space race and establish a Soviet-American partnership for man’s joint flight to the moon. The Secretary-General replied in the affirmative, as Kennedy reported in his speech to the United Nations in the autumn of 1963. However, the plans were foiled by the new administration. Thus it is obvious that Kennedy represented a different development of the space program, rather than it eventually happened.
After the assassination of Kennedy, his case was continued by Lyndon Johnson.
Johnson was using the good reputation of his predecessor. His name was mentioned by the 36th president in public speeches more than 500 times, more than anyone else. However, do not think that Johnson was a less charismatic clone of Kennedy. For example, the different approaches of the presidents were in the fight against poverty. Before the trip to Dallas, Kennedy reviewed the program proposed by his assistant Heller, but agreed to try it only in several cities. He did not want to spend a budget overrun. The day after the Kennedy assassination, Heller met Johnson. Tom really liked the “people’s” program. Johnson ordered the project to give the highest priority and run it at full speed. Another example is the war in Vietnam. It is not known if Kennedy would withdraw the troops from there, but he obviously would not have driven a half-million army to Asia, as Johnson did.
Half a century after the Kennedy assassination, everything is already known about this case.
In fact, even half a century later, the complete picture of the incident is unknown. Many government documents remain closed. Authoritative persons counted that there were 1,171 unreleased CIA documents concerning November 22, 1963. And this is only the visible part of the iceberg. It is impossible to close that history, without considering these documents. In 1992, President George HW Bush signed a decree according to which on 26 October 2017 all secret documents should be published. However, it is worth waiting for the next rulers to undergo pressure from the CIA to keep the secret. In addition, new technologies are emerging that can give a fresh look at those events. So, an analysis of the audio recordings of the Dallas police allowed to prove that two people were shooting.
Kennedy’s assassin was …
Hundreds of articles, books, and many films have been written on this subject. On September 24, 1964, a commission led by Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, Earl Warren, presented a report to the White House. According to him, the only performer was Lee Harvey Oswald, who had no accomplices. In 1966, the investigation began the district attorney of New Orleans, Jim Garrison. He believed that the murder was organized by ultra-right activists associated with the CIA and Cuban emigres. Suspected former pilot David Ferry and banker Shaw. The first before the trial and did not live, and the second accused jury found innocent. In 1975, the Rockefeller Commission examined the misuse of the CIA, including the Kennedy assassination. Evidence of involvement of the special services was not found. There are many alternative versions of Kennedy’s assassination. Customers are called the government, bankers, the Soviet Union, the Mafia, Cubans and even aliens. However, it seems that nobody will ever know the truth.
Kennedy is an example of a modern democrat.
For Kennedy, communism was not just an alien ideology, it was outraged by godlessness. In his speeches, the president paid a lot of attention to religion, which in modern America is inherent only to the most conservative Republicans. In his speech in 1955, Kennedy stated that religion is not just a weapon, it is the essence of the struggle.Faith in God exalts a person and makes him responsible. Modern democrats have somewhat different approaches.
Kennedy was a pioneer in the implementation of civil rights.
This is one of the main myths about Kennedy. It is no accident that Martin Luther King described the president and his brother Robert as cautious and defensive politicians. Kennedy did not allow to conduct a March in Washington in 1963. The president up to the last held back the abolition of segregation, fearing losing the support of the southern democrats in future elections. And the law on civil rights, abolished segregation, was adopted by Lyndon Johnson in 1964.
Kennedy had many mistresses.
But this is true. Today, there are many memories of the rich sexual life of politics. Actresses, models, secretaries tell how they were romancing with Kennedy before his wedding, and after. Intimate letters are even exhibited at auctions. And the most famous mistress of the president, Marilyn Monroe, is likely to have lost her life because of her love for John. They say that she was going to reveal to the public a secret about her romance with the politician. The special services, fearing a scandal, silently removed the unnecessary witness. It is no accident because the room of the actress was larded with listening devices. For the public, John was an exemplary family man, appearing with Jacqueline. For the sake of her husband’s husband’s career, she supported the illusion of a happy loving family.