Jamaica is located one hundred and forty-four kilometers south of Cuba – in the western part of the Caribbean Sea. The island of Jamaica is washed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea. Jamaica is the third largest island in the region, the total area of the island is slightly less than eleven thousand square kilometers. The capital of Jamaica is the city of Kingston.
The island population is approximately 2.6 million people. The political state of Jamaica can be defined as an independent republic. Jamaica is part of the British Commonwealth. Nominally, Jamaica is headed by the Queen of Great Britain. Her face is represented by the Governor-General, in which the Privy Council, consisting of six members, operates. The Privy Council is an advisory body.
Legislative power is in the hands of the House of Representatives and the Senate – a bicameral parliament. The Prime Minister heads the Government of Jamaica. In administrative terms, Jamaica is divided into fourteen districts. A significant part of the population professes Christianity. English is a state language.
The tropical trade climate dominates Jamaica.
There are four seasons, of which two are dry and two are rainy. Dry seasons are periods from December to April and from July to August. Rainy seasons are periods from September to October and from May to June. On the coast of Jamaica, throughout the year, the air temperature is almost in the same range: from twenty-four to thirty-five degrees Celsius with a plus sign. July, August and all autumn months can be a time when tropical hurricanes hit Jamaica. Hurricane weather reaches its peak in late summer – early autumn.
The official language in Jamaica is English.
It should be noted that the local version of English is quite different from the literary English. This is due to the fact that a huge number of words are of African or Spanish origin.
The traditions of Jamaican cuisine are very peculiar.
This is due to the fact that its formation was influenced by African, Spanish, Indian and English traditions. Local cuisine is based on the use of vegetables and fruits, seafood, poultry, pork and a variety of seasonings. For breakfast, locals often prepare toasts, a fruit called “Akki”, which is served with pickled fish, or fried eggs and bacon. The following dishes are popular: “picadillo” – beef with rice, specially cooked bananas (of a certain sort), braised chicken with rice, pork in Creole, “jerk” – meat that is first marinated, and then roasted on coals, etc. Indispensable for local residents, the dishes are prepared from seafood. Recipes such dishes in Jamaica there is a huge variety.
Jamaican cuisine is very fond of fruit.
Fruit can serve as a light snack, which can also be sandwiches, pies, etc. As for fruits, in Jamaica they are served almost to any meal. They are not only part of many dishes. A lot of independent dishes are prepared from fruits. Among the latter, fruit cocktails and salads (many of which are served in freshly chopped coconut), freshly prepared juices, bananas in sauce, fried pineapples, etc. In Jamaica, you can try and exotic fruits such as guava, “sop” (sour and sweet), apple-star, avocado, papaya, “akki”, “coals”, “oranik”, etc. Of these fruits, and prepare excellent drinks. A special place among drinks is occupied by “skajjus”.
Jamaican rum is the pride of Jamaica.
Meyers and Appleton are very popular. Based on the rum, excellent liqueurs are made.
Coffee is a subject of Jamaica’s national pride.
“Blue Mountain” is the best variety and is successfully exported. Coffee in Jamaica, as a rule, brews strong, and often add cardamom or rum.Local residents can drink coffee at any time of the day, thus consuming this drink in large quantities. As for tea, its name can carry almost any hot drink. In the menu under the tea can be understood as black tea, and infusion of petals of flowers or some local herbs. In black tea, usually add a decent amount of milk.
Jamaica is one of the most original resort areas of the Caribbean.
The main trump cards of the island lying in the heart of the Caribbean are the first-class beaches, dozens of magnificent waterfalls, amazing mountain landscapes, reggae music, rasta culture, original culture of local people. The coastal waters of Jamaica are literally teeming with life. The tourist will not regret if he makes a visit to the southern coast of Jamaica. In addition to the excellent beach of Tresche Beach, the south coast of the island is famous for its ostrich cache park. No less interesting for the visitors of Jamaica will be the bay of St. Anne, Port Royal (formerly the capital of the pirates of the Caribbean), the wild coast near the Black River, the northeastern part of Jamaica, the gorgeous Bay of Long Bay, the Find-Miles (birthplace of Bob Marley ). An excellent pastime will be classes in water sports, as well as horse (or walking) tour of the Blue Mountains. As for water sports, the opportunity to devote time to their employment is available in almost every part of Jamaica, but to a large extent they are cultivated on the north coast of the island. Kingston is a city with a rich history.
The current capital of Jamaica was founded in 1692. The status of the capital of Jamaica Kingston was adopted in 1872. Currently, the city has the appearance of not very well-groomed and poor. From the outside, it seems that Kingston knew much better times. Once Kingston was a large port. Now he, rather, represents an area of ramshackle buildings than the capital of the famous pirate Henry Morgan. In a large number of new buildings are available only in the relatively modern quarters of Kingston, located in the north of the city. With regard to the south of the modern business city of the old part of the Jamaican capital, it is fully built up buildings of the colonial era. The latter in a large part create an impression of groomed and dilapidated. The Kingston attractions include the National Gallery in Roy West Building, the Jamaica Institute, the Zoological Museum, the African Museum, the National Dance Theater, the Caymanas Park, the Arawak Museum, the Museum of Natural History, the Archeology Museum, the Geology Museum, the National History Museum, the Armed Forces Museum Botanical Garden of Casletton, Green Boone Oesis, Devon House shopping district, Fort Charles-Maritime Museum, St. Catherine’s Cathedral erected in the 17th century, the former governor’s residence – the Royal House (now in its possession Museum), Conference Center, Bob Marley Museum, Rockford mineral springs. Noisy street markets and folk street orchestras deserve special attention, which undoubtedly bring variety to Kingston’s life.
Buses are the main mode of transport in Jamaica.
Bus service though established between the cities of the island, but buses shuttle buses literally without observing any kind of schedule. They often look very worn out. However, the fact remains that buses are the main vehicle for most locals. But a foreign citizen is not recommended for traveling by bus. For them, a much more preferable option is to be organized by hotel complexes special flights. There is a conductor in the buses who takes money for the trip.
On the Jamaican roads you need to travel with the utmost care.
Many locals prefer an almost extreme ride.And in the provinces, moreover, on the roadway you can see both locals chatting serenely with each other, and children playing in a simple game, as well as quietly roaming pets. A common phenomenon is trade in handicrafts, which is carried out directly on the roadside. Often in cars owned by local residents, not everything is in order m lighting equipment. In general, a significant part of the machines of the Jamaicans is almost in a deplorable state. Drivers understand each other, usually with the help of gestures. Putting out his hand from the window, they thus show where, for example, they want to reorganize. Speed within the city should be in the range of thirty-five to fifty kilometers per hour. On the highway it is allowed to speed up to eighty kilometers per hour. The movement of the left-hand, road signs is practically nonexistent, which is especially characteristic of the inner regions of Jamaica. The main roads of Jamaica are in an acceptable state. However, dilapidated or blurred trails are also not uncommon. As for the provincial roads, they are often represented by more or less well-rolled ruts.
In order to enter Jamaica, citizens of the Russian Federation should take care of the visa in advance.
This is not required if a citizen of the Russian Federation visits Jamaica for tourist purposes and the duration of his tour does not exceed thirty days. This procedure has been adopted for citizens of the CIS countries. In the case of transit to a third country, a visa is also not required to be issued in advance. In these cases, a visa is issued by the Immigration Department offices immediately after arriving in Jamaica, the following documents must be submitted for its receipt. First, a foreign passport. The term of its validity must not end earlier than you expect to leave the country. Secondly, return tickets. Thirdly, a travel company voucher or hotel reservation confirmation. In the event that you are going to a third country, you need to show the visa (if it is required) to the country of final destination and tickets. The visa fee, which is charged for the issuance of a visa, is equal to twenty dollars of the United States of America. Visa fees are paid at the exchange rate on the day of payment.