The Republic of Iran is in the south-west of Asia. The history of statehood here is more than five thousand years. Iran is a very important state in the Islamic world and Asia. It is one of the most developed countries in the region, with rich oil and natural gas reserves. The population of Iran is about 78 million people, according to this indicator, as well as the area, the country’s GDP level is 17th in the world. During the Islamic Revolution in 1979, the monarchy was overthrown and the republic was proclaimed.
Today, Iran does not give peace to the world community. After all, in this historically unstable region there was a country that decided to introduce nuclear energy, there were rumors about the development of nuclear weapons. In the results, Iran has turned into an evil rogue, and most of the information about it is myths. The press does everything to make an ordinary person hate this country, and in the future has approved a military campaign against it. But with these myths an educated person is simply obliged to fight.
In Iran, women are required to hide their face and body.
When our tourists fly to Iran, they are warned that the cabin of the liner will be divided into two halves. Women take with themselves hijabs and long cloaks. But in Iran, they have long been out of fashion, and the burqa is worn quite rarely – in state institutions or mosques. On the streets, most girls generally get by with a light scarf covering their hair, because the head must be covered. The Iranians themselves wear hats from habit. Many women in general have abandoned chadur. And in the airplanes women take places next to men, while the beautiful half calmly flaunts in European-style clothes. Iranians wear high heels, fashionable clothes, dye their hair and use cosmetics. Women of all ages have jeans. Calling clothes are not welcome in public places.
Iran is a very closed country.
Once in this country, it is enough to take a look at street advertising in order to debunk this myth. On buildings, along roads and on transport there are huge billboards. They say that in the local market there are large and world-famous companies from Japan, China, South Korea, France and Poland. Even the American giants Microsoft and Hewlett Packard are represented in Iran. As you can see, this country is open to the whole world. And most major tour operators provide tours to Iran. After all, this country with a rich history, which will be interesting for travelers.
Iran is a backward country in computer terms.
This is not true, the computerization of Iran is at a fairly high level. Many foreign-language programs even support the Persian language. And the prices for computer components are not at all sky-high, they are comparable to those in Moscow. The country is rapidly developing the Internet, in large cities there is a lot of Internet cafes where young people sit for hours. Providers are “famous” for their overlapping of access to some resources, but it is mostly about open pornography. A regular site is available to all users.
Iran is a wild Arab country in which civilized life began only with the arrival of Europeans.
Why this is exactly what Europeans think, who perceive the countries of the Near and Middle East as former French or English colonies. But Iran is quite a unique country. Not only is it four times bigger than France, so Iran is still among the 7 non-European countries that have never been anyone’s colonies. The name of the state literally means “land of Aryans”. It was this name that Shah Reza Pahlavi gave in 1935 to the Persian territories that he had left after the crushing of the great empire. And the French and Germans found on the territory of the ancient city of Persepolis and the monuments of a great state that existed for another three thousand years.It was in the Persian Empire that I was able to invent and then distribute the cuneiform script, the Great Silk Road ran here, the tales of “Thousand and One Nights” were written. The Persians learned irrigation through channels, invented chess and air conditioners. They discovered methyl alcohol, created a part of algebra and geometry, invented zero. And the date of December 25, considered the birthday of Zarathustra Christians was chosen as the Nativity of Christ. Apparently, the developed civilization here existed long before the European one. In Iran itself they speak not in Arabic, but in Persian. This language belongs to the same Indo-European group as the French.
Iran is closely connected with Al Qaeda and has to do with the September 11 attacks.
Al-Qaeda is a Sunni grouping of the Salafist orientation. It originated in Saudi Arabia among Wahhabis. This ideology defends the Arab tribal character of Islam, which in principle contradicts the Shiite Islam spread in Iran. Religion in the country united the Imamites, who at the heart of their faith took jafarism, the Sufi philosophy of Jafar al-Sadiq. This direction is confirmed by the family vision of Islam. At the heart of this approach is the veneration of the family and descendants, as well as the historical predecessors of Islam. This explains the rather tolerant attitude of the Shiites to Christians and to the Jews. Salafism, like Saudi Arabia, has traditionally already become the enemies of those authorities that have ruled Iran since the appearance of the Shiite trend of Islam there.
The dictatorship rules in Iran.
At present, Iran is a theocratic republic. The country became the heir to the Persian Empire. Over time, the natural transition from absolute monarchy to traditional, and in 1951 to democracy, naturally took place. But the government of Mohammed Mossadegh lasted only until 1953, it was overthrown by the putschists with the support of the CIA. The fact is that the Iranian government decided to nationalize the oil industry. The next oil crisis in 1979 led to the second revolution, which spawned the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1981. It has the Senate, the Legislative Assembly and the Supreme Religious Council. Over time, the country’s constitution was changed in such a way that the power of the leader, the head of the Supreme Religious Council, was strengthened. The new theocratic regime retained all the rights of citizens inherent in democracy. People have the right to vote, access to education and health care, freedom of movement and universal suffrage. Although the key institutions of the republic have remained (the Senate and the Parliament), the role of the President has diminished. Political parties should have a certain religious sense, approved by the clergy. Personal freedoms slightly decreased, and the dress code appeared. But all the same and dictatorship in the country and it can not be.
Iran is an aggressive and barbaric country, dangerous for its neighbors.
After studying the history of Iran, you can see that the country has not attacked anyone for the past two hundred years. But it is surrounded by numerous American and French military bases. It’s true that we should not forget that in the past 30 years Iran has been conducting quite an active military policy in the region, rendering assistance to those countries that suffered from Israel. We are talking about Syria, Jordan, Palestine and Lebanon. That is why it is believed that an invisible psychological and propaganda war is being waged between Iran and the West. One side is using its president’s taunts and alliances in the Middle East, and on the other hand the US is advocating with its Hollywood propaganda machine and economic sanctions. So, America impedes Iran’s access to financial instruments MasterCard and Visa, does not allow joining the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. It does not lag behind the United States and Europe, where rumors of terrible executions in wild Iran are spread through hanging or beating with stones. So the aggressive image of Iran in the eyes of the public is largely fabricated.It seems that in this country the same America does not look peaceful.
Iran lives in isolation.
It should be noted that in recent years the attitude of the world community has changed gradually. And in part, George W. Bush played a part in this. After all, it was thanks to his actions and military campaigns that Iraq and Afghanistan became Shiite states, which eventually became allies of Iran. Yes, and the “Arab Spring”, swept through the region contributed to the coming to power friendly Tehran regimes. It should also be remembered that Iran is the world’s second largest producer of gas and the third – for oil exports. This fact willy-nilly forces to respect this country, because too many depend on it. Also, Iran is a member of the “Non-Aligned Movement”, in addition to which there are about 80 other countries. This association does not recognize the hegemony of the US and Europe, which is expressed in respect for China and Russia. They prefer to have a strong and powerful neighbor in the form of Iran, than the presence at their borders of another ally of the United States and Israel.
Iran dreams of destroying Israel.
President Ahmadinejad is credited with such words, translated then into French: “Israel had to be erased from the map of the world”. But in fact, a representative of Iran never says that. Simply speaking at the anti-Zionist conference, it is quite appropriate for such a meeting that “it is necessary to rid the planet of such a disaster as Zionism”. But this is quite another matter. There are really extremist parties in the country who are in favor of a war with Israel. But only their opinion is not shared by the Iranian authorities, and such views are not popular in the public and political life of the state. Everyone understands that the war will not bring anything good.
President Ahmadinejad, who is at the head of the state, is practically a sectarian.
Do not take this politician as a rabid religious fanatic. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is a doctor of science at the prestigious Tehran University. From 2003 to 2005, he served as mayor of a multimillion-dollar capital. This is not at all a fool, which he is exposed by the media. Rumors about his closeness to the Hojatie sect, similar to Scientologists, are spread by Western intelligence agencies, as well as data on the involvement of the Iranian authorities in some terrorist attacks. There is no real evidence for this.
Iran wants to create an atomic bomb.
To date, there is no evidence to prove this statement. At one time, Iran signed the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and even under the protocol, where he alone left his signature under Western pressure. In 2006, the spiritual leader of the country, Ayatollah Khamenei, in one of his speeches said that the use of nuclear weapons would contradict the ideology of the Islamic Republic. In Iran, there are constant inspections of the IAEA commission, which can not in any way connect the peaceful nuclear program with military objectives. Most likely, the problem is of an economic nature, because neither Europe nor the US wants a competitor to compete with uranium enrichment technologies. After all, then this substance will be sold to China and India at a lower price than currently accepted. But Iran is developing dynamically, and most of the population is under 45 years old. So energy issues are very important for this country. The Iranian nuclear program should not frighten anyone, because the same West is supplying Israel with nuclear missiles, and technology was once provided to the Gaddafi regime, which was then overthrown by Europeans. There is another interesting, but little-known fact. In the 1970s, Iran lent Europe and France in particular a sum of 1 billion francs. The money was intended for the construction of the Piertall complex, which became the basis of the European nuclear project. Without an Iran loan, France might never have become a nuclear state. Actually, Iran already owns 10% of European nuclear technologies, which the country has never used. And the loan in the end was never returned.
Iran wants to attack Europe and has the opportunity to do so.
Iran is indeed one of the world leaders in the development and production of medium- and long-range missiles. But there is simply no reason to attack Europe. The Iranian government has a powerful diplomatic service, which is an alternative to military intervention. Once again, the fears of the Europeans were confirmed when a myth appeared about a missile that flies three thousand kilometers to France, and no one can detect and shoot it down.
If Iran is attacked, it will have nothing to defend.
Among all the land professional armies of the world, Iran is one of the largest. In addition to 500,000 trained soldiers, another number of militiamen can stand under the gun. This makes it possible to invoke up to a million people in Iran’s defense only in the land forces. But there are reservists, air force, fleet. Iran also belongs to a small number of countries that produce weapons. With all this, about 30% of GDP is allocated to the needs of the army. This allows the country to develop its own missile weapons. The Shahab and Kowsar anti-ship land-based anti-ship missiles are of special interest, in the production of which Russia, China and North Korea participated. Iran produces its own tanks Zulfikar and uses Russian T-72S, the country has its own combat aircraft (Shafagh and Azarakhsh attack aircraft), transport vehicles and helicopters. In addition, the army is equipped with modern electronic equipment. The most important thing is that Iran has a very strong fleet, the largest in the Persian Gulf. It includes frigates class Mowj, patrol boats MIG, modern submarines classes Noor and Tondar. Iranian missiles have already put their own satellites into orbit. In addition, an entire army of educated engineers has been created in the country. In Iran, a very good education, every year 150,000 scientists leave it. All this makes the country very strong. To enter into an open military conflict with Iran means a large number of victims and destruction, to which the West is not ready to go.
In Iran, the autocracy of President Ahmadinejad was created, which is constantly sought to overthrow progressives.
We must remember that in fact the president is the second most important person in the country. His primacy is formal, in fact it belongs to lifelong rahbar, a spiritual leader who has both powers and material resources. It is chosen by the Council of Experts, which is himself hired by direct vote. Ayatollah Khamenei has been in the post-rahbara for the last 20 years. Ahmadinejad is often called his protege, although the relationship between them is complex.
In Iran, the autocracy Khamenei, who decides who to be president and who does not.
The practice in the country has become such that Khamenei does not make decisions unilaterally. The spiritual leader is forced to constantly maneuver between clans, factions and coalitions. All that can rahbat – block candidates who are not suitable to him, which he periodically does. But to monitor the course of the elections, and even more so to adjust their results can not rahbat any.
Ayatollakratia is installed in Iran.
According to this myth, there is a collective oligarchy of the Shiite clergy in the country, it controls all spheres of life. But in reality, the local political elite and that same oligarchic elite consist not only of clerics, but also of secular ones. At the same time this environment is not monolithic, inside it conflicts are constantly inflaming. Speeches about purely religious or secular associations can not be. In the country there is neither a party of power, nor a single ruling party. And internal political enmity here is of a public nature. At one time Khamene supported Ahmadinejad, but other high-ranking politicians and spiritual leaders supported his opponent. They are trying to organize protest actions in Tehran. So there is no talk of a monopoly on power.
In Iran, there is a dictatorial regime, even if it is not clear whose.
In the West, it is customary to blame Iran in the presence of a dictatorship. But there are no repressions in the country, no political police with its arbitrariness, no emergency regime. It’s just that there is an Islamic regime in Iran that is very different from the usual liberal democracies. Yes, there are certain restrictions, domestic and socio-political, based on Islamic rules. But recently, the authorities no longer strictly control their citizens on this issue. Even in the harsh times of the Ayatollah Khomeini rule and the Iran-Iraq war (1979 – 1989), competitive elections were held in the country. And in the last 10-15 years there is a developed modern democracy, even if of an Islamic kind. It is enough to study election campaigns in the country to see this. In Iran, as in the West, the most zealous reformists and radicals are imprisoned and restricted in rights. This is a natural measure of preserving the liberal-democratic regime, so that Islamic democracy is not very different in this issue from the Western one.
In Iran, Islam aggressively suppressed all other religions. Christians are afraid to visit this country, because it seems that there are very bad attitude towards people of other faiths.
Meanwhile, right in the center of Teheran, you can find the golden domes of the Orthodox church. People pray here openly, and not secretly in the cellars. There is even a shelter for the elderly in the church. It turned out that in the city streets there are temples of other Christian faiths. This is not about the basement, but about large spacious churches with beautiful architecture. Christians at the same time openly wear crosses, in the country they are loyal to representatives of other religions. It’s hard to believe, but in Teheran there was a place for synagogues, despite Iran’s heavy relations with Israel. The Iranians themselves say that they have complex feelings for Zionism, and not as a Jewish people. Its representatives have been living here for several centuries. National and religious minorities receive not only freedom of their religion, but also seats in parliament. There are also Zoroastrian temples in the country, once this religion was the main one in Iran.