are subjectively perceived images (visual, auditory) and sensations (taste, tactile, etc.) that arise in the consciousness of the sleeper, and at this time a person most often does not know what he is asleep, and considers sleep an objective reality .
In ancient times, people believed that a dream is nothing other than the message of Higher beings (spirits, angels, gods, etc.), ciphered in the form of symbols and containing information about the future of the dreamer or his relatives or friends. In some cases, information received in a dream concerned the fate of an entire community, state or people.
Because the interpretation of dreams was a rather complex affair, the interpretation of dreams was most often dealt with by shamans, priests, or specially trained people. They used information received from the dreamer’s information not only for predicting events in his life (or the lives of others), but also for curing various physical or mental disorders of a person.
Nowadays, scientists actively explore various aspects of sleep, both physiological and psychological. These studies not only form an idea of the true nature of dreams, but also help to combat various sleep disorders (insomnia – lack of sleep, hypersomnia – pathological drowsiness, etc.).
Interpretation of dreams today is not only engaged in mysticism and esotericism, but also scientists.
This is indeed so. Especially actively to explore the dream began in the late XIX – early XX centuries. (at the same time, rapidly developed philosophy, psychology and physiology). Most experts were inclined to believe that a dream is an incoherent collection of images generated by impressions received in a waking state. The same images also emerge as a result of the weakening of consciousness control (occupied during the sleep by processing and sorting the information received per day). From all of the above, the conclusion was that: since the pictures of dreams are chaotic, trying to interpret them in some way is meaningless.
However, some researchers took a different view. They believed that the appearance of certain dream images is due to certain causes. For example, Henri Bergson (France) argued that dreams, although they are the result of exposure to the optic nerve, are of a deeper nature, and are closely related to the mechanism of memory. Thomas Hobbes (England) believed that dreams are the product of various processes occurring in the human body (digestion, circulation, etc.) affecting the sense organs and causing the appearance of certain sensations (the so-called somatic theory).
Sigmund Freud came to the conclusion that the main function of the dream is the fulfillment of desires (mostly sexual and, most often, unconscious), which during waking are suppressed by the mind. Moreover, according to the conclusions of the scientist, the sexual nature of human aspirations is not always clearly revealed in dreams – dreams most often have completely innocent content (for example, playing with a child, contemplating objects of a strange form, etc.).
Freud’s pupil Carl Gustav Jung did not share the teacher’s views on the content and implications of dreams, and offered his own concept of dream interpretation. He suggested that in dreams, a person directly connects with the unconscious. But, since he does not know the language of symbols with which the subconscious usually speaks, the information obtained in a dream is most often outside the understanding of the individual.
The theory that dreams – the manifestation of hidden desires – was first expressed by Sigmund Freud.
Yes, Freud is the first Western scientist to substantiate this theory. However, long before him, the opinion that dreams are manifested in desires, suppressed during wakefulness by reason, was common to many peoples. For example, the Iroquois (North American Indians) believe that in the depths of the soul hidden desires, manifested during sleep.
Modern therapists argue that suppressing the hidden desires manifested in dreams can be detrimental to human health.
This is indeed so. However, this statement is by no means new. And in antiquity, and nowadays, many people (Iroquois in North America, the people of the hay in Malaysia, the African tribe Ashanti, etc.) had a point of view that dreams should not only be remembered, but also properly interpreted, so that in the future to fulfill the desires of the soul, in the suppression of which a person may have various kinds of mental disorders or physical illnesses. And dreams, in which deserving people are transferred to the will of deities, must be interpreted with special diligence, since a misunderstanding or failure to comply with the decrees of higher beings can entail not only the illness or death of the dreamer himself, but also considerable trouble for all members of the tribe, and then the whole planet.
In order to avoid the fulfillment of certain desires (often aggressive ones), other members of society did not suffer, various methods of revealing hidden spiritual aspirations were sought. For example, the Iroquois during the holiday of Onoharoya showed one another their dreams in the form of a pantomime, which should be solved and, if possible, performed (also in the form of pantomime). And representatives of the people of the hay tried to solve the arising problems at the unconscious level, i.e. directly during sleep.
Dreams do not affect the position of a person in society.
In antiquity, there was a different situation: a dream seen by a shaman, a seer, and in some cases a mere mortal, could either elevate a person or lead to the loss of a high position in society. And even in our days there are peoples and tribes that are assigned people to this or that post. guided by information received in a dream (for example, the Ojibwe (America) Indians do not appoint a person to the position of doctor if he does not see the appropriate dream).
Dreams only appear during “fast sleep”. For a long time it was believed that dreams are characteristic only of the stage of rapid (or paradoxical) sleep, during which the sleeper’s eyes move quickly, the pulse and breathing becomes faster, and the skeletal muscles relax. In addition, the phase of BDG (rapid eye movement) is characterized by high activity of the brain regions performing regulatory and conductive function (for example, the variolium bridge). However, according to modern scientists, dreams can also occur during slow sleep (orthodox or slow wave). Their only difference from the dreams experienced during the BDG phase is a shorter duration and a lower level of emotionality.
People are emotional, active, they see dreams bright and interesting.
Most often it is not. According to statistics, the more emotional and rich everyday life of a person is, the more peaceful his dreams (in some cases the above-mentioned active citizen does not see any dreams at all). Specialists explain this by the fact that the type of dreams is closely related to the activity of the human hormonal system. And if in the everyday life, because of the frequent experience of various kinds of emotions and events, the endocrine system works very actively, allocating a lot of various substances, during the night rest, braking processes are most likely to start, and, as a result, there can be no dreams. If a person leads a measured, monotonous life, is in an oppressed state of mind or in depression – his hormonal system works much less, supplying the body with not all the substances necessary for normal life activity. To compensate for the shortage, the brain produces bright dreams that cause strong emotional reactions, and as a result – the release of certain hormones. But there are exceptions to this rule (for example, erotic dreams, generated by hormonal activity during puberty).
One person dreams of black and white, the other – colored.
This is not quite true. The fact that in a dream a person perceives the image of an object, and how bright and rich the color will be, depends on the state of health, character and temperament of the dreamer, and also on the mood of the sleeping person. If a person is an optimist, healthy and full of energy, his dreams are likely to be bright and colorful. Dreams of an exhausted and tired person are painted in faded, almost black and white tones.
If an adult sees colored dreams – most likely, he has some sort of mental disorder.
Absolutely mistaken opinion. According to the researchers, color dreams are about 20% of the world’s population, and contemplation of this kind of dreams is not related to the state of the human psyche (sex, age and profession are also not significant). And people involved in the interpretation of dreams, advise to pay attention to what kind of color is most often seen a person, because each of the shades has its significance and can help in the interpretation of dreams. After analyzing the color range of dreams, you can get information about the nature, temperament and various abilities of a person (for example, beige means indifference, brown – secrecy and alienation, light blue – passivity (while bright blue symbolizes wisdom), yellow – mental strength, pink – love, etc.). You can also learn about the state of health of the dreamer (green color, seen in a dream, indicates balance and health, lavender – signals about possible problems with the respiratory system (for example, about asthma), etc.).
Dreaming is a source of inspiration.
This is indeed so. Moreover, according to the representatives of some nationalities (for example, the people of Gola (Africa), Tukuler (Senegal), Mystassini Cree (Northern Quebec), etc.), dreams can not only give help to shamans and healers, but also indicate new tricks and patterns artisans (carvers, weavers or embroiderers), as well as inspire musicians and singers to create and perform new melodies or songs. And Africans believe that to contemplate dreams that have a positive effect on their art, masters need to establish a connection with patron spirits, while residents of Quebec or Senegal need just to wait patiently for inspiration to come to one of their dreams. Dreams became assistants and some European scientists. For example, Friedrich August Kekule (an organic chemist from Germany) saw in his dream a formula of benzene (and she appeared before him in the form of a flaming snake biting her own tail), and Mendeleev dreamed the final version of the table of periodic elements over which the scientist worked for a long time.
In order to interpret the dream, you just need to look in one of the dream books the meaning of this or that dream image.
Actually, the interpretation of dreams is much more complicated, because the dream book can only give some or other variants of interpretation of dream symbols, and to interpret them and choose the most precisely describing one or another manifestation of the unconscious will most likely be for the person himself. It should be noted that there is no single common for all people interpretation of a symbol – for each person the image of the dream is filled with a special, individual meaning.
A dreamer can fully interpret his own dreams.
Yes, if a person has developed intuition or if he spent a lot of time and energy comparing images from dreams with his state of health before and after the dream, with subsequent events in his life, the lives of relatives and friends, with those or other incidents in the life of society, etc. Otherwise, it is very likely that the dream is misinterpreted by being tempted by the opportunity to simply gather information about the meaning of a symbol from the dream book (so-called “false interpretation”). Therefore, it is best to ask for help from an experienced interpreter of dreams.
To correctly interpret the dream, you should restore the dream images as much as possible in memory.
In some cases, what is important is not what it was, but what feelings and sensations caused this or that dream. Therefore, one should pay attention not only to the smallest details of the image, but also to one’s own soul reaction to the dream.
If in a dream a person experiences a feeling of heaviness and fear, while losing the opportunity to move – the house chokes, tells about the misfortune.
This phenomenon (sometimes referred to as the “old witch syndrome”), often accompanied by a whole set of rather unpleasant sensations (suffocation, complete or partial paralysis of the body, a sense of someone else’s hostile presence (which can either be visualized – the person sees ghostly silhouettes or is heard ( steps), or just feel intuitively) and heaviness in the chest, unpleasant sounds, etc.), our ancestors explained the impact of mythical creatures hostile to man. In Russia everything was blamed for the brownie; Muslims claimed that all of the above is the tricks of the jinn; Chuvash believed that such a state sends people to a hostile mythical creature Vubar, etc.
However, modern scientists have established that a sense of heaviness and fear, accompanied in some cases by loss of opportunity to move – one of the sleep disorders, called “sleep paralysis.” This condition occurs most often during sleep on the back most often in people 10-12 years old (with age, seizures of this kind usually pass), and at risk includes uncommunicative people (introverts), with weak psyche, unusual thinking and high level of suggestibility. People with a strong psyche in a state of extreme fatigue can also experience an attack of carotid paralysis. According to the findings of experts, this condition experienced at least once in life from 20 to 40% of the world’s population. This condition, although very unpleasant, does no harm to the human body.
A dream about falling teeth promises illness or death of friends or relatives.
Most often, the above dream is interpreted as follows: if the tooth is dropped without blood, a friend (friend) will die or die if the blood is a relative. According to Freud, this dream is a reflection of the latent or obvious desire for masturbation, which causes shame in a person. However, interpreting the aforementioned dream, one should also take into account the physical state of the dreamer’s oral cavity. After all, in some cases, the subconscious signals to us about the problems in our physical body, because if a person often has tooth decay – you should consult a dentist and check the condition of your teeth and gums.
War is a dream – to quarrel.
This dream can be interpreted in different ways. First, in some cases, dreams of military action are prophetic (for example, Jung’s dreams of World War II). Secondly, according to the conclusions of the dream researchers, battle scenes and acts of violence often appear to men before a heart attack (while women before the next exacerbation of the disease of the heart see dreams of parting with their loved one). Thirdly, there are a lot of people who say that the scenes of battles and destruction symbolize getting rid of something that is outdated and obsolete, either in their worldview or in the way they exist.
Car in the dream to see – to the trip.
Most often, dreams related to vehicles (car, train, plane) are interpreted either as foreshadowing a long journey, or as promising pleasant (or unpleasant if the vehicles mentioned break, fall, etc.) changes in life. However, dream researchers claim that the machine symbolizes the physical body, because if you dreamed that the car does not start, falls apart on the move, can not continue moving, etc. pay close attention to your health.