In the modern world, it is difficult for an active person to live without knowledge of English. Lucky for whom he is a native. The rest have to study it, hoping for a positive result. Knowledge, imparted in school, soon remains forgotten and unsuitable. And in the independent study of English already in adulthood is found many pitfalls.
It turns out that not everyone succeeds. Some years bite into English, but can not remember even words. Usually training begins as a fascinating hobby. But many stop halfway. And is it not insulting to spend a lot of time and not even to understand the basic principles? Is not it better to listen to simple but effective advice that will help you quickly learn the basics of English?
You need to learn certain words.
People who quit studying English halfway complain about their bad memory. Many people think that familiarizing with the language consists in memorizing a lot of new words, literally cramming them. In fact, in reality, everything is much simpler. In English, 300 words form 65% of all written. It’s about the most commonly used words. And now it’s necessary to know them already. They will help you to immerse yourself in English. Now the task no longer seems impossible. Is it hard to learn 300 words? And now it’s time to call for help didactic cards in their new guise. They can be done using the Anki program, which is available not only for PCs, but also for mobile devices. When creating virtual cards, you can prepare text, photo, video and audio material, as well as exercises for a particular lesson. A set of such cards will form a whole course of language learning. Tens of thousands of such sets have been created by the craftsmen, many of them are aimed at repeating and studying the most common words. Those who are lazy to make cards themselves, you can advise to go to the sites cram.com and quizlet.com, where many professional materials have already been prepared.
Use the mnemonics.
The art of remembering, mnemonics, was invented even in Ancient Greece. Thanks to him there were no words that a man could not learn. In complex cases it is necessary to create memes that are ridiculous phrases or tongue twisters. So “trolley” can be remembered as trolling on trolleys. “Shoot” is a shooting jester, and “sing” is singing in Singapore. Those who experience difficulties in creating such pairs will help the multilingual resources of memrise or Russian-English zapominalki.
Find the cognates.
Do not be afraid of an unfamiliar word – it’s about words with a common origin. It turns out that before we start learning the language, we already know some of his words. Of course, we are not talking about exotic Swahili or dialects of Australian aborigines. Cognates are found in different languages, but they are united by their common origin. In the languages of the Romance group, which include French, Portuguese, Spanish, Italian and others, there are many single-root words that sound similar. There are many cognates in the German group (German, English). And even in our Slavic languages, in Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Czech and others there are a lot of words borrowed from Western languages. Our sister in English is sister, in Norwegian – søster, for Germans – schwester, for Italians – sorella, and for French – for soeur. The night in Ukrainian is read as nich, in English this word is night, in German – nacht, in Spanish – noche, in italian – notte, for Celts and Bretons – noz. To get a list of similar words, it is enough to type the phrase “similar words in English and Russian” in the search engine. The result can be very surprising.
Those who have formed a good vocabulary and revised a bunch of original videos, eventually it is time to speak with a native speaker.And then the best assistant will be the Skype program, which gives you the opportunity to interact with media from different corners of the planet. And do not be afraid that the interlocutor will be difficult to find – on the Internet there are many communities of people who are ready to communicate with a stranger. You, in turn, can pull up another language, the same Russian. Yes, and learning the language from scratch or preparing to work in a certain area will still need to work with professionals.
Are there fears that you will have to spend time on pairs as a student?
Online language schools offer communication with a teacher with a pedagogical background. He will offer those teaching methods that will be most acceptable. The main feature of Skype is that you will immediately have to start talking. And the sooner this happens, even with mistakes, the sooner the language becomes closer and clearer, and the speech is more confident. Using Skype to learn the language allows you not only to hear the interlocutor, but also to see him. As a result, one can get acquainted with articulation, compare the manner of speech and dynamics with the inherent facial expression. Yes, and when talking, you can keep a number of dictionaries and a list of the most frequently used words. This will provide an opportunity to check with them during the conversation. Communication via Skype will help you to play the standard situations: telephone conversations, speeches at meetings, interviews. The conversation can be recorded, and then, together with the mentor, analyze the errors.
Dive in without getting up from the couch.
Many complain about the inability to learn the language, as there is no money to travel and immersion in the language environment. Yes, and the time to go somewhere to go. But who said that the result can be achieved only with the help of a full immersion? Some of our immigrants living in America have not really learned a language for decades. They are content with several phrases that help explain in the store. It is worthwhile to understand that it is possible to create a language environment at home, it would be a desire. Modern technology allows you to do this without getting up from the couch, and besides, it’s absolutely free. Those who want to constantly listen to native speakers, it is worth looking at the site tunein.com. There are collected online channels for broadcasting various radio stations from around the world. You can even see how people behave when talking – in this section will help Trend on “YouTube.” It remains only to select the desired country from the list and start diving. There is another way of getting involved in the language – usually on news portals of the country of interest after the video content there is always room for comments. You can look and read. It remains only to choose the top site and dive into the environment with its help.
Save on training.
It seems that quality English training is always expensive. Meanwhile, there are a lot of interesting and free resources that allow you to join the language. And many of them in general can be used directly on the go, on the screen of a tablet or phone. For example, Duolingo turns learning into a game. Picking up points in it you can move from simple levels to difficult ones. Resource Babbel can boast of two thousand words for each language with pictures. There is also built-in speech recognition to practice the correct pronunciation. The world’s largest database of voiced phrases and words is posted on Forvo. Users here help each other. You can ask someone to say a new word, and in response to do voice acting in their native language. The Lang-8 community will correct mistakes in the text. It will be enough to write a couple of paragraphs in the language you are studying, and then give the text for verification to the native speakers. Do not forget that you should try on the role of the teacher yourself.
Compete with children.
Adults sometimes feel embarrassed that they have to learn on a par with children. Many even for this reason refuse the new language, considering themselves already too old.This must be forgotten once and for all! According to the latest research, it became clear that adults understand the logic of language rules better than children. The fact that at an early age we perceive intuitively, in mature we comprehend already with the mind and use such a tool at the right time. The only problem is the slower learning of the language by adults. But this can not be connected with the stiffness of the brain, but with the presence of more time in children, and less of the factors distract from learning.
Use the system of “smart” purposes.
Each of us probably promised himself that on Monday (the beginning of the month, the year) will certainly begin a new life. It also concerns the English language. But only a few have achieved the result. And if language learning is a vague goal, then it is easier to achieve sporting goals – there is a specific benchmark in the form of numerical indicators. Why not set “smart” goals in language classes? The process is hampered in many ways precisely because of the lack of specifics in setting goals. In this situation, the smart target system S.M.A.R.T. The abbreviation stands for Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant and Time-Bound, or specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and time-limited. The system suggests that you need to set a specific goal – why not study several hundred words for a certain number of months? And then with the help of them make up a story. And suppose that the carrier discovers no more than a certain number of errors. So the study began to be characterized by numbers. So the probability of achieving the goal and learning the language will be much higher than in the case with the obligation to start the business from a certain date.
Complete the immersion.
It was mentioned that it is important not only to hear what the carriers say, but also to see it. For the perception of speech, it is important to pay attention to the accent, intonation and body language. An accent is the specific reproduction of the sounds of certain letters or their combinations. If a person speaking Spanish does not growl, then immediately recognize a foreigner. A similar fate awaits those who will not say “in the nose” in French. Intonation is the embodiment of the rhythm of the language and its musicality. And here there are special features. So, in English the interrogative sentence with the help of intonation extends upwards, and in Russian, on the contrary, downwards. With the help of sign language, you can accompany the spoken text with gestures, postures and movements. It is believed that the most expressive are the Italians, who literally talk with their own hands. But the British are traditionally calm, on the part they may even seem arrogant. Scandinavians look thoughtful and slow. But the Japanese and the Chinese seem to be devoid of all sorts of emotions. And the sooner we learn how to simulate such behavior, the earlier we will be able to establish mutual contact with native speakers.
Do not be afraid of making mistakes on the road to success.
Do not be afraid of defeats. The main thing is to convey your thoughts to the interlocutor. You can speak floridly, having built a long sentence, and you can ask directly, using a couple of words. Both phrases ultimately have the same meaning. But if you try to talk always using the maximum of your luggage, you can never start talking. And the solution of the problem will be delayed. Do not be afraid to make mistakes and talk to the speakers in their language. They will understand the foreigner, smile and help him. And this will help to become more confident.