Gymnastics



Rhythmic gymnastics

– various gymnastic exercises (dynamic and plastic) performed to music. For performing some exercises, athletes use various objects (a tape about 6 meters in length, a ball 18-20 cm in diameter, a rope (color and without handles), a hoop with a diameter of 80-90 cm and maces, the length of which is 40-50 cm).

The gymnast spends 57 to 90 seconds performing the exercise, and the completion of the performance should coincide with the end of the music (if the athlete uses the projectile – she must touch it at the final note). The evaluation is carried out on a 20-point scale.


The First Higher School of Rhythmic Gymnastics appeared in Russia, in Leningrad, at the Institute of Physical Culture named after P.F. Lesgaft, in 1913. As a sport, the discipline was formed in the middle of the last century.

Since 1984, rhythmic gymnastics is listed in the Olympic sports, and since 1986 both individual and group competitions are included in the program of all Olympics.

The range of exercises in rhythmic gymnastics is quite extensive.

This is indeed so. After all, except for exercises without subjects (jumps, waves, swings, balance, etc.) and exercises with gymnasts subjects are performed by elements of classical, folk, historical and modern dances, pantomimes, as well as elements of basic gymnastics, acrobatics, rhythmics and exercises from other sports.

Only women are engaged in artistic gymnastics.

Wrong opinion. In parallel with the artistic development of men’s rhythmic gymnastics. This sport was born in Japan, where at the end of the last century group exercises of male gymnasts performed to music became very popular. From shells are used male maces, a skipping rope and two small hoops. In our days groups of gymnasts have appeared in many countries of the world, including in Russia (they are trained by a Japanese coach specially invited for this purpose).

You can start rhythmic gymnastics at any age.

This is not quite true. It is best to begin to engage in this sport from 4-6 years, until the locomotor system has lost its flexibility. However, there are exceptions. For example, six-time world champion Amina Zaripova came to artistic gymnastics at the age of 11, but this did not prevent her from winning victories in many competitions.

Rhythmic gymnastics is one of the branches of gymnastics.

Wrong opinion. In the school of the artistic movement (the so-called first school of rhythmic gymnastics, opened in 1913 in the Leningrad Institute of Physical Culture named after PF Lesgaft), talented teachers of rhythmic gymnastics (Emil Jacques del Croz), dance gymnastics (Georges Demini), aesthetic gymnastics (Francois Delsart) and free dance (Isadora Duncan). It was as a result of the merger of these directions that a kind of sport, known today as “rhythmic gymnastics”, arose.

Competitions in rhythmic gymnastics are held from the 60s of the last century.

Yes, the first official international meeting took place in 1960 in Sofia. In December 1963, Budapest hosted the first international competitions in this sport, which were named first in the European Cup, but, during the summing up, renamed the World Cup (as it turned out that not only athletes from European countries took part in the competition). However, competitions in rhythmic gymnastics were held earlier – at first only in Leningrad (in April 1941), later – in the entire Soviet Union. Since 1949, the USSR championships have been held annually, and since 1965 the sportswomen competed for the USSR Cup.

Nowadays, the World and European Rhythmic Gymnastics Championships are held annually.

This state of affairs has been taking place since 1992. Previously, the world championships were held for odd years, i.e. every 2 years (from 1963 to 1991).), and European championships – for even-numbered years, also every 2 years (from 1978 to 1992).

The decision to include rhythmic gymnastics in the number of Olympic sports was made in 1984.

The Olympic history of this sport really begins with 1984, when at the XXIII Olympic Games in Los Angeles (USA) one set of medals in individual all-around was played. However, the decision to assign rhythmic gymnastics to the Olympic sports was made at the IOC Congress after the Olympics in Moscow, in 1980.

At the end of the last century the strongest gymnasts were Canadians – in fact the athlete from this country won the gold medal at the 1984 Olympics.

No, at that time the best results were shown by the sportswomen of the USSR and Bulgaria (and almost all the time, except for the period from 1973 to 1977, the championship was held by Bulgaria). But because the Moscow Olympics was boycotted by some capitalist countries, many socialist countries did not send their representatives to the 1984 Olympic Games that were held in the United States. As a result, athletes competed for the Olympic medals, which did not show the best results at other competitions. For example, the owner of the gold medal Canadian Laurie Fang at the World Championships in 1985 took only 9th place.

The system for evaluating the performances of gymnasts varied several times.

This is indeed so. The change in the technical regulations was intended to emphasize the technical elements and minimize the possibility of subjectivity of rating. Up to 2001, athletes’ performances were evaluated on a 10-point scale, in 2003 a 30-point scale was introduced, replaced in 2005 with a 20-point scale.

Gymnasts do not take dope – they can not increase muscle mass.

Yes, you do not need to build muscle for this sport. But the doping control athletes still pass. The fact is that in order to quickly lose weight before the competition, gymnasts often take diuretics (diuretics), considered doping and banned by the Anti-Doping Committee.

Classes with young gymnasts begin with stretch marks, often very hard and painful.

Stretch marks do take place, but, firstly, each coach determines the level of flexibility of a small athlete and recommends some exercises to improve stretching. Secondly, work with young gymnasts from hard painful stretch marks never begins – the increase in flexibility occurs gradually. However, from the very beginning, it is necessary to prepare the child for the fact that in the trainings it will be necessary to exert some efforts, without which serious achievements in this sport (as in any other) are simply impossible.

It is best to give the child to a serious school of rhythmic gymnastics, the trainers of which have prepared many champions in this sport.

Much depends on the goal. If parents dream of a sports career for their child and are confident in the abilities of a future gymnast (without having even the most experienced coach to achieve outstanding results), indeed, a serious school with experienced coaches should be preferred. And at the same time to prepare for the fact that to achieve this goal will require a long painstaking work of the coach, parents and, of course, the youngest female athlete. If the focus is only on the development of plasticity, coordination of movements, flexibility, finding a beautiful posture, and the desire for victory is pushed into the background – any section, for example, at the regional palace of culture and sports, where the requirements and loads and payment less.

If a young gymnast is trained in a non-prestigious section of rhythmic gymnastics – she has no chance of getting into a big sport.

Wrong opinion.If a young athlete demonstrates good results at competitions, trainers from serious schools of rhythmic gymnastics or schools preparing future Olympic champions can pay attention to it.

Shells and equipment for artistic gymnastics are worth a lot of money.

Yes, if we are talking about swimsuits for performances, embroidered with rhinestones, and quality balls, maces, ribbons, hoops, etc. However, at first, it is not necessary to acquire the above-mentioned things. It is enough to buy a usual comfortable swimsuit and Czechs, and the school of rhythmic gymnastics most often supplies its shells.

In the rhythmic gymnastics section, you can develop flexibility and plasticity, and also develop a beautiful posture.

This is indeed so. In addition, young athletes develop a sense of rhythm, coordination of movements, which easily allows them, for example, to go on to dance. During classes and especially performances in rhythmic gymnastics (as in all spectacular sports), girls learn to present themselves in the most favorable light, practicing confident and beautiful gestures, postures and facial expressions. These skills are necessary for every woman and not only in competitions, but in everyday life.

The national variant of rhythmic gymnastics is the most promising.

No, according to the trainers, in order to achieve great success at the competitions, one should not only develop the national features of this sport, but also learn from rivals, enriching performances with various new elements and techniques. In addition, for a more profound exchange of experience, serious schools of rhythmic gymnastics sometimes invite coaches from other countries. For example, coaches from Bulgaria (trained gymnasts for some peculiarities of working with objects) and Japan came to Russia, and Russian coaches conducted classes in England, the USA, etc.


Gymnasts try to be as slimmer and slimmer as possible, they are always not enough to eat.

Because of hungry fainting in this sport – not uncommon. Yes, the slenderness and grace of the figure in this sport is extremely important. But there can be no question of malnutrition – after all, the schedule for training athletes is quite tense, at this level of physical activity, an overly moderate diet can harm the body. Therefore, for gymnasts (as well as for all athletes), a diet is developed that allows you to keep body weight within normal limits and easily transfer large physical loads in training and performances.

Even in everyday life gymnasts have to comply with a number of restrictions and prohibitions.

Yes, some prohibitions do take place. For example, you can not walk on high heels, be too close to the air conditioner, immediately after going to the pool to go out into the street, etc. These restrictions are dictated solely by the care of the health and sports career of young gymnasts – in fact if an athlete catches a cold or tucks her leg, she will not be able to attend training sessions, and there can be no talk about speeches.

With a high intensity of training, gymnasts simply do not have time for personal life.

Yes, and coaches are against the time and thought of athletes was engaged in something that is not relevant to the sport. Wrong opinion. Trainers try to give their wards the opportunity to visit theaters, cinemas, various evenings, etc. And against love have nothing – because mutual feelings make girls more emotional, open, bright.

The more often and the longer the training – the higher the results.

According to experts, the best results can be achieved if the young gymnast will attend training 3 times a week. The duration of the classes varies according to the age category: pre-school children do not spend more than 45 minutes, schoolchildren – 1.5 hours. The maximum permissible loads are 1,5 hours a week 5 times a week.

At the competitions gymnasts perform exercises with or without objects.

Yes, if it is a match for the championship of the region or country. However, in world-class competitions, there have been no performances without items in the recent past.



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