The domestic guinea pig
(from the Latin Cavia porcellus) is a mammal from the order of rodents and belongs to the family of guinea pigs. These animals were domesticated in ancient times by the Inca tribes. Today, more than 20 guinea pigs are kept at home: Angora (long hair), rosette (Abyssinian) (hair grows in the form of rosettes on the head), English shorthair, etc. The growth of animals does not exceed 35 cm, and the body is covered with wool. On the front paws, they have four fingers, and on the back – three. The life expectancy of animals is six to eight years. Sexual maturation in males occurs in two months, in females – at five. Pregnancy varies from 60 to 65 days. In one litter there can be from one to seven pups, depending on the breed (multi-fruit and small-bodied).
Guinea pigs received this name because they live in the sea.
Actually, they were so nicknamed because these animals came to Europe from South America, which is known to be located overseas. Incidentally, these animals live there to this day, moreover, in the form of wild animals. Once in Europe, the animals were called overseas pigs, and a little later the prefix “for” was cut off and the name “marine” was obtained.
Home guinea pigs should live in an aquarium with water.
Well, this is utter absurdity! In such a “house” they will not last long, they will drown. The guinea pig is kept in ordinary cages specially designed for domesticated rodents (hamsters, mice, etc.).
These animals were nicknamed “mumps” for being unclean.
In fact, these animals produce a sound very similar to the grunting of a real pig. That is why animals are called “mumps”. Also, there is a version that they were so nicknamed because of the special structure of the head.
From guinea pigs there is an unpleasant smell and a lot of dirt.
If, say, a month does not bring order to the animal’s cage, then of course it will smell bad of it. If you periodically clean and clean the cage, then there will be no unpleasant smell. The only thing that animals can smell is sawdust (which serve as a litter) and hay (feed). In addition, mumps daily wash their front paws, which indicates their cleanliness.
Pigs can bite.
In most cases, these animals are not aggressive and treat others peacefully. Guinea pig prefers to escape and hide from danger, rather than defend. If she has nowhere to hide, she clings to the far corner and you can hear her teeth chattering. To bite this animal, you need to get it very hard.
Guinea pigs do not create much noise.
Controversial statement. At the slightest rustle, the animal can produce a completely non-quiet sound, which he tries to say about his condition (joy, greeting, fright …). And, sounds can be in the form of whistling, squealing, gurgling, grunting, etc.
Guinea pigs can not drink water, the required amount of liquid they receive from fruits and vegetables.
On our land without water can not live any living thing, including guinea pig. Therefore, in the cage must be present a drinking bowl with water. Especially in water requires a pregnant guinea pig, since in such an “interesting” position it requires twice as much fluid as it always does.
Somewhere a week before the birth of a pregnant guinea pig, you need to reduce food intake, otherwise it will not be able to breed.
Do not feed enough animals, especially pregnant – this is a real mockery! Such an approach can adversely affect the health of the female and her offspring. On the contrary, during this period the female needs double care and tripled nutrition, because it needs so much useful substances and vitamins.
Gilts tend to give birth early in the morning, until quiet.
Not a fact. With the same success they can give birth and at lunch, and in the evening, and at night.As for silence, at the time of delivery the female is focused on the process itself, so the surrounding situation is of little interest to her.
These animals feed on scraps from the “bar table” and food waste.
This “menu” will quickly bring the animal “to the grave.” Guinea pigs are very delicate creatures that need a balanced diet. In their diet must be present different vegetables, grain mixture and hay.
These are uninteresting animals, since they can not be taught anything, and therefore they do not know how to do anything except eat and sleep.
You can argue with this. Guinea pigs are very easy to learn. They are quite capable of distinguishing their bowl by color, ringing the bell, responding to their name, guessing the melody, and many more things. The main thing here is to have patience (however, as with any other animal) and the result will not take long to wait.
Guinea pigs can not be overfeeded with carrots.
That’s what you can not, you can not. And this is due to the fact that the beta-carotene contained in carrots is processed by the liver of the animal into vitamin A, which in pigs is more than enough. As a result, an “overdose” may occur, which will adversely affect the liver of the animal.