(French, Republique francaise), the official name of the French Republic is the state in Western Europe. the capital city is Paris. It is washed by the Atlantic Ocean from the north and west, by the Mediterranean Sea – from the south. It borders with Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco in the east, with Spain and Andorra – in the south.
In addition, France has overseas territories in the Americas, Antarctica, the West Indies, the Pacific and the Indian Oceans. The area is 551 thousand square meters. km. (with islands). The population is 60.2 million people. Over 76% of the living population are Catholics. Legislative body – bicameral parliament (national society and the Senate).
France is an atomic country.
This expression is true, but not from the point of view of atomic weapons. Just the share of electricity produced by nuclear power plants in France is 77% of the total. For comparison, let’s say that in Sweden this share is 47%, in Korea – 38%, in the USA – 19%, and in Russia – 13%.
The French eat frogs.
Although the French are called “frogs”, but not all of them like to feast on these amphibians. Strangely enough, but the reason for the French “fondness” for frogs, according to some researchers, has quite clear historical roots. In many respects, this is the influence of the Hundred Years War between France and England, which caused a severe shortage of food. As a result, the French began to eat frogs, snails and invented the now famous onion soup. For gourmet frog legs are served in some restaurants.
Alsace and Lorraine are not French territories.
For centuries, Alsace and Lorraine have been a stumbling block in the relationship between Germany and France. Throughout history, German and French rulers were in power here. The land there is fertile, rich in iron, coal. In our time, the chemical industry, electronics and textiles are thriving. In addition, there are magnificent vineyards in Alsace. Therefore it is not surprising that these lands were a tasty morsel for the two great powers. Initially, the land was part of Roman Gaul, later the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation. In the XVII-XVIII centuries. they were conquered by France. However, after the Franco-Prussian War, part of the lands again went to Germany. In 1919 the Peace of Versailles returned them to France. But in the Second World War these lands were again occupied by Germany, after which people were glad to be back under the protection of France. As a result of such vicissitudes, the population there became bilingual, in addition, the French and German traditions were mixed up.
France is a “cheese” country.
In France, about 400 varieties of cheese are produced. In prestigious restaurants at the end of lunch a dish with several sorts of cheese is served, moreover, the more varieties, the better.
All the French are gourmets.
I must say that the culture of eating in this country has always been at a very high level. There is always a place for the cult of food. The French can travel a hundred kilometers to visit a small restaurant with a favorite cuisine. They are particularly relevant to serving the table and serving dishes. By the way, they have their own order. For example, for dinner, first aperitif is served (it is an alcoholic drink – whiskey, gin and tonic, etc. with some snacks), and you can not drink it at the table, then 1-2 dishes, which are introductory to the main ones and are called antre . Then 1-2 main courses are served, followed by salad, cheeses, fruit and sweet dessert. For the French, dinner plays a much more significant role than breakfast and lunch. They often eat late in the evening (after 21 hours), than they refute the theory that eating at night is harmful.
France was originally populated by the Celts.
Man inhabited the territory of present-day France about 100 thousand years ago. The first settlers were Gauls, who in fact were mostly of Celtic origin. They migrated there from the Rhine valley around 1200 BC. Around 50 BC. they were conquered by the Romans.
Guiana was a French prison.
Guiana is a French island.It was assigned to France in 1817 and was indeed turned into a place of exile and hard labor. From 1852 to 1932, more than 70,000 prisoners were sent there. In 1946, Guiana received the status of the overseas department, and in 1968 it became the launch pad for Arion launch vehicles.
France lost land because of partisans.
The guerrilla war in Indochina (1946-1954) deprived France of Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia, and in 1962, after six years of war, Algeria gained independence.
In France there is a labyrinth of repentance.
France has always been very supportive of labyrinths. In Versailles, the labyrinth in the form of hedges was not only one of the most beautiful ornaments, but also his business card. However, some labyrinths had a mysterious meaning. So the labyrinth of the Chartres Cathedral actually served for the faithful as a road of repentance. Repentants barefoot or on their knees should have walked 150 m to the center of the circle, while continuing their prayers.
July 14, 1789 the French destroyed the Bastille.
One of the most impregnable fortress-prisons of France, the Bastille, fell on July 14, 1789. According to legend, it was destroyed on that day to the ground. In fact, the Bastille was not destroyed, the decision on its demolition was taken on July 16 by the city’s mayor. To dismantle this impregnable abode of evil it took three years, with about 800 workers working on it. Some of the stones were used to build the Bridge of Concord, and some were sold to a certain Palua, who put together a good fortune – cut out the paperweight and put them out for sale. Now on the site of the old prison there is a transport roundabout with the Bastille column in the center. Today, July 14 – the great national holiday of the French. As a rule, a series of balls is held on this day: a big ball in the Tuileries, a firefighters’ ball, etc. In addition, a solemn military parade takes place on the Champs Elysees, and in the evening on the Champ de Mars – a large firework display.
Palace Bagatel in the Bois de Boulogne was built in two weeks.
The Boulogne Forest is one of the historical attractions of France. The Bagatelle was built by Count d’Artois, brother of Louis XVI. The construction of the palace is connected with the wager, which the count concluded with Marie Antoinette. According to the condition of the bet, the Count undertook to build a palace in two months, in which it is possible to receive the queen with dignity. For the construction of the palace was hired architect Belanger. The palace was built in 64 days and named Bagatel (bauble). A magnificent park was created around the palace. Nowadays the main feature of the park is flowers. Every year the International Rose Competition is held here.
The guillotine is a French invention.
Actually, the instrument for separating the head from the body was known before, it was used in Europe in the 12th century, in Italy, Germany and England. The creation of the guillotine is attributed to Joseph Inias Guillotin, but in fact he only proposed a project for its use. The very same guillotine was invented by Dr. Louis. At first it was called “Louisette”, but this name was soon forgotten. Hugo wrote about this confusion: “There are unhappy people in the world.” Christopher Columbus could not give his name to the continent he discovered, Guillotin could not separate his own from the machine he invented. ”
Paris Disneyland is the largest amusement park in Europe.
Disneyland of France is really big, it is impossible to get around in one day. Therefore, tickets can be bought here for 1, 2 or 3 days at once. The park consists of 5 parts:
– “Main street U.S.A” – 5 attractions;
– “Adventureland” – 6 attractions;
– “Discoveryland” – 9 attractions;
– “Fantasyland” – 13 attractions;
– “Frontierland” – 10 attractions.
A total of 43 attractions. And this is not including all kinds of shops and restaurants.
Parisians do not like the Eiffel Tower.
The tower was erected in 1889 to mark the 100th anniversary of the Great French Revolution. At that time, it aroused the indignation of a large part of the French.Many great figures were against this seemingly absurd, at first glance, structure. Maupassant and Hugo wrote letters asking them to remove this monstrous building from the streets of the city. For the assembly of the openwork tower, 12,000 elements were needed, and, if the foundation laying was spent a year and a half, then the construction of the tower took only 8 months. Nowadays the tower plays the role of a TV tower. Let us note that the views on this miracle have changed with the years. Now no man can imagine France without the peak of the Eiffel Tower.
The French do not like English speech.
Maybe because of the long hostility between England and France, maybe for some other reason, but many French people really do not like English speech. Even a Frenchman who knows English can refuse to speak this language, or pretend that he does not know it.
When choosing the wines of Bordeaux, you need to pay attention to the name of the castle.
In the Bordeaux districts there are individual wineries – castles – chateau (chateau). Therefore, when choosing a wine, pay attention to the name of the castle. Even if the farms are located in the neighborhood and grow one kind of grapes, the wine they have a different taste. Each chateau maintains its secrets, creates its own unique bouquet. In contrast to Bordeaux in the famous Burgundy are wine companies – appellation. They can belong to several manufacturers.