Height – 14-16 cm, weight – 100-110 gr.
From the fourth month, the active growth of the child begins, continuing until the end of the sixth month (24 weeks) of pregnancy. By the end of the month the child will reach the size of the ball for handball, his body will become more proportional: the head, which used to grow faster than the rest of the body, will make up about one third of the total length of the child.
The baby’s handles have already become shorter than the legs, fingernails have formed. The child’s eyes are still completely closed for centuries, but the mouth already has rudiments of all 20 milk teeth and taste buds.
All functions of the baby’s nutrition are now taken over by the placenta. It transfers the baby oxygen, nutrients, and also provides immune protection. Through the umbilical cord, the mother’s blood passes to the child, and in the opposite direction the waste of vital activity is expelled to the unwanted child.
It happens that the placenta at this time sometimes closes the cervix, but by the time of birth the placenta will necessarily move and the child will be able to exit correctly.
The heart of a child is capable of pumping up to 23 liters of blood per day. In the intestine are formed a special villi – they will help the baby in the future to digest food. Pancreas and thyroid gland begin to produce hormones, and the kidneys – urine.
The kid develops muscles, he actively rotates his head, moves the handles, jostles, sometimes even depicts something that looks like a smile. Sucking and swallowing reflexes are fully developed. On the head grows the first hairs, and on the fingers a unique skin pattern is formed.
Developed and the genitals of the baby: the boy formed a penis and prostate, the girl has a clitoris, and the ovaries occupy their proper place in the hip area. The sex of the child can already be determined by ultrasound, but there is some probability of inaccuracy.
The most pleasant time begins – the second trimester of pregnancy. Morning toxicosis and poor health, as a rule, are a thing of the past.
The gain in weight by the end of 4 months is about 3 kg, but in fact you can add 2 and 7 kg, it all depends on the individual constitution of the woman. The tummy has already become apparent.
By the end of the month you will no longer be able to hide your pregnancy, especially if you are on the beach or in the pool. If there is tension, discomfort and pain in the area of the uterus, call the doctor. Just in case, have No-shp or Magne6 at your fingertips.
Remember that now is not the time to think about diets. Food should be useful and nutritious for you and the baby. It is better to eat several times a day for a little bit (fruits, vegetables, salads, curds).
Prepare yourself in advance and put in the fridge cleaned carrots, cucumbers, apples and other fruit-vegetables to taste. You can eat them all the time. Try to drink more water and kefir.
Remember that it is harmful for you to overwork, it is harmful to wear tight clothes, it is harmful to use caffeine-containing products and carry out X-rays, tomography and MRI.
You may suffer from headaches, a sharp increase in heart rate, bleeding from the nose and pre-stupor conditions. The cause of these phenomena can be hormonal changes in the body, stress, anemia and a drop in blood sugar levels.
Try to avoid everything that causes your fatigue and irritation, have a piece of chocolate on hand, snack on more often, walk and breathe fresh air. Do not forget to consult a doctor and take a blood test for hemoglobin to rule out the possibility of anemia.
At 15-16 weeks, it is necessary to take an analysis for AFP-hCG-Estriol (or triple test) and smears for infection. The triple test data speak about genetic malformations and are in addition to the double test done on the 11-12th week of pregnancy.
The values of the triple test are considered only in relation to each other and previous analyzes. Therefore, if you have one indicator that goes beyond the norm, you should not worry, but you should retake the test. According to statistics, 5% of the analyzes show abnormal results.
In this case, in 90% of cases of these anomalous 5% of women give birth to healthy children. In any case, the result obtained, even outside the norm, is only an indicator of the degree of risk, and not an accurate diagnosis.
It’s time to tell the boss that you are pregnant, however, you are free and do not report it. Remember that pregnancy is not an excuse for dismissal. You can not be dismissed at all, while you are pregnant, if you do not want it.
The only exception in this matter is the complete liquidation of the enterprise, when everyone is fired. You also can not be transferred to a lower position or to reduce your salary.
3 month – 4 month – 5 month