is one of the non-surgical ways of treating varicose veins, which involves the introduction of a special drug into the enlarged veins with the help of injections, which causes them to “glue together”. How effective and safe is this method of treatment? Obtaining a correct answer to this question is often hampered by a considerable number of myths about phlebosclerotherapy, which we will try to discredit.
Phlebosclerotherapy is advisable to use only at the initial stage of the disease.
Today, a skilled specialist successfully cures 90% of patients with phlebosclerotherapy.
The veins, “glued together” with phlebosclerotherapy, can reopen after a while.
After all, with sclerotherapy, there is a chemical burn that destroys the endothelium of the veins. The veins turn into cicatricial cords, which in time can only resolve, and not recanalize.
Surgical removal of veins provides a more lasting effect.
No, the clinical efficacy of phlebosclerotherapy and surgical phlebectomy is absolutely identical.
Varicose veins occur if the valves of deep veins do not work well.
Wrong opinion. At first, the superficial veins increase in diameter, as a result of which the closing function of the valves in them is disturbed. The cause of stretching of the venous wall of superficial veins is the hereditary deficiency of elastic fibers. This is the cause of varicose veins. Deep veins located in the muscles, with the usual course of varicose veins are not affected. Only with post-thrombophlebitic syndrome, failure of the valves of the deep veins can develop, leading to the development of permanent swelling of the lower extremities (elephantiasis).
Flebosclerotherapy is not recommended for certain diseases (diabetes, obliterating atherosclerosis), as well as during pregnancy and during lactation.
Wrong opinion. It should be noted that phlebosclerotherapy, unlike usual surgery, is carried out not in a hospital at a time but in outpatient conditions in parts, therefore, this kind of treatment is not a stress factor for the body and can not worsen the condition of patients with severe concomitant diseases. Also, phlebosclerotherapy is not contraindicated in pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers.
“Thrombovar” and “Fibrovein”, used for phlebosclerotherapy – completely different drugs.
The fact is that both drugs are sodium tetradecyl sulfate with the addition of 5% alcohol, and therefore are completely identical.
Laser treatment is much easier and better tolerated by the body.
It should be taken into account that the removal of veins by the laser includes elements of the usual operation: anesthesia and incisions on the legs, followed by insertion into the veins of the laser, by means of which a thermal action is effected on the inner wall of the veins. This operation leads to the fact that the veins become fused and the blood flow over them stops. Laser treatment is technically much more traumatic and more complex than phlebosclerotherapy, and for cosmetic effects is at the level of a routine operation. In addition, with laser removal (as with any operation) complications may develop, with phleboskleroscopy virtually absent.
After phlebosclerotherapy, you can eat anything.
Absolutely wrong opinion. A person prone to varicose veins needs a special diet. First of all, avoid foods that contribute to stagnant blood in the pelvic area and in the intestines. It will also be necessary to limit the consumption of salt and sugar, flour products, canned food, smoked products, alcoholic beverages.
People who suffer from edema of the legs do not get varicose veins.
Quite the opposite, it happens. Most often, it is the varicose veins that cause swelling of the legs, it’s just that when swelling, varicose veins are often not noticeable.
After the course of phlebosclerotherapy, do not go to the gym, sauna, bath, take a too hot bath.
This opinion is not entirely correct.From moderate physical activity and sports, you should not refuse. You just need to properly distribute the load, preferring athletics, cycling or exercising on exercise bicycles, and the ideal option for patients with varicose veins will be swimming. But visiting the sauna, sauna and taking hot baths really should not be abused. Much more benefit can be brought by the contrast shower, especially during the hot season.
Varicose is a disease of athletes.
No, athletes are very rarely subject to this disease. The exception – basketball players and football players.