In our country, flat feet in general was considered a non-serious disease for a long time, allowing us to cut off from the army. In fact, this problem is common, inherent in 25-40 percent of people. Interestingly, the very concept of the wrong – the leg can never become completely flat, as the arch of the foot disappears.
This platypodia is a rare congenital disease, often it is simply a leg with a low arch of the foot. The deviation itself is manifested in the flattening of the arch of the foot. Usually people think of this form of foot as an unfortunate cosmetic effect, without taking it seriously.
However, in a neglected state, flat feet can turn into a clumsy and lameness, and provoke other problems with the musculoskeletal system. It is no coincidence that such a disease is overgrown with many myths, which should be discussed in more detail.
Flat only in children.
There are congenital forms of flat feet, which were formed due to problems with human development in the womb of the mother. But most often this deviation is still acquired. And there are many reasons for the appearance of flat feet. The main ones are trauma to the foot, long static tension of the legs, bad shoes and soles, excessive weight and weak foot muscles. Such features are acquired and can entail flat feet and in adulthood, and not only in the young. A flat foot in a child generally can not talk about the disease, but be normal for this age and be associated with loose ligaments and moving joints.
Flattening is inherited.
It is believed that parents with flat feet will pass the deviation by inheritance. Genetically this disease can not be transmitted, but the features of the structure of connective tissue are quite. And after all, it consists of ligaments and tendons of the muscles of the foot, supporting its vaults. In other words, there is no disease initially, just a ligament slightly weaker than that of other people. But this does not mean that flat feet will certainly come. With regular exercise of preventive exercises for the feet, when you wear the right shoes and watch for the condition of the feet and their health, flatfoot will certainly be avoided.
Platypodia appears only in obese people.
Excess weight is indeed a common cause of foot disruption. And this is not surprising, given the increased burden on the legs, sometimes several times higher than normal. But even slender people are not immune from flat feet, because there are many other factors in the development of the disease. Often, thin people begin to abuse narrow shoes and high heels. But these factors also entail flat feet.
Flattening, developed during pregnancy, will pass after childbirth.
During the gestation period, the woman experiences a change in the center of gravity. This is a serious factor in the development of flat feet. But after the weight returns to normal again, the changes already made in the foot will not disappear by themselves. To return to the normal state of the ligament apparatus, complex treatment should be performed, as well as to prevent possible complications.
In flatfoot in general, there is nothing terrible.
Actually, flat feet is dangerous not only by the changed shape of the foot. First, letting you know about yourself symptoms associated with your legs. They will ache, fatigue, heaviness, swelling, and thumbs can be deformed. If the flatfoot is not detected in time and does not start to fight it, the results will be varicose veins on the legs, different joints of the legs will begin to change, problems will appear in the spine until the appearance of osteochondrosis in the lumbar region. A person can get back, legs, joints, swelling. Without proper attention, flat feet will progress, and in a neglected form it will generally lead to serious changes in the quality of life and disability.In other words, we must consider flat feet, as a serious disease is not just a foot, but the whole musculoskeletal system. Hence, we need a corresponding attitude to the problem, including timely and comprehensive treatment.
If the problems appeared above the foot, then the flat feet have nothing to do with it.
Earlier it was said that flat feet causes changes in the entire leg, even affecting the spine. So the appearance of a feeling of fatigue, pain, swelling, heaviness and numbness in the legs and back can spread from the foot. But such symptoms may well indicate other diseases. So in case of occurrence of such problems it is necessary to apply for research and diagnostics to doctors.
Flat foot does not allow to go in for sports.
Not always flat feet – a verdict that hinders the exercise of sports. It is necessary to take into account the stage of the disease, its manifestations and how pronounced the deformation of the foot. At the initial stages of flatfoot, physical exertion is even useful, since they can strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the foot and allow the development of changes to be stopped. In any case, the type of loads, as well as their volume, must be agreed with the doctor for each specific case. If the flatfoot is already in the late stages, then physical exertion will have to be limited to strictly recommended exercises of physical therapy, and it will have to be done under the supervision of the doctor.
For the prevention of flat feet, you have to run a lot.
This statement seems reasonable, because running will be a good training for the muscles of the feet and the entire leg. But in order for the effect to be, it is necessary to use the correct sports shoes with an instep support, a cushioning thick sole. Sneakers should not be tight, but they should sit tight. If you select the wrong shoes when running on the arch of the foot will have an increased load, which can injure the leg.
To avoid flat feet, you must wear a wide shoe.
Too narrow shoes do not really allow blood to circulate normally in the legs. But also to choose a wide footwear follows with caution. In it, the leg will be poorly fixed, it will become dangling during walking. Such shoes will not perform its softening function and will result in rubbing the foot. So pick up the shoes should be strictly in size. That’s why it is not recommended to save on children’s shoes and buy it “for growth”. The benefit of the wallet will turn into problems with leg health.
After 17 years, flat feet can be successfully treated.
In this case, it is necessary to take into account the stage of the disease. If the flatfoot is just beginning to form, then complex conservative treatment can defeat the disease and restore the function of the foot and its shape. But usually at the age of 17 years, such measures are already of little relevance – in fact the foot is practically formed. In the most extreme cases, it is possible to carry out the operation on the foot, but there are no guarantees for the result either. It is only about eliminating the symptoms, and the cause of the disease is not eliminated. So timely diagnosis of flatfoot and its prevention in childhood is really important – at the age of treatment it will be difficult.
With flat feet, the foot is flat.
In fact, the stop really looks flat only in 5-8% of all people. The rest of the “arch” is elegant, tall and tall. Only from the point of view of the load on the foot does not make sense. With this design, the front section of the foot and heel is overstrained, which is the cause of transverse flatfoot. Symptoms of it are deformed fingers, ossicles, burrs. The foot for any flat feet loses its most important function – it ceases to be depreciated.
Roller skates can cause flat feet.
As soon as this new hobby appeared, he was immediately suspected of causing damage to the foot. But flat feet or a tendency to it are usually innate, there’s nothing to do with videos. And those children who already have such a disease, you can skate on rollers.Nevertheless, before buying skates, it is better to consult with an orthopedist.
With flat shoes or orthopedic liners, you can fix flat feet.
In the past, it was really believed that the foot needs support, and the vault will ask, if nothing is put under it. Now this opinion is recognized as erroneous. In fact, rigid footwear promotes the development of flat feet. It limits the movement of the foot and weakens it. As a result, the dynamic component of keeping the arch in the flattened foot disappears.