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The first and second weeks of pregnancy are very conditional concepts. It should be remembered about the difference between obstetric and embryonic periods of pregnancy. What do these terms mean?
Obstetrical pregnancy is counted from the day of the last menstrual period. That is, in the first week of obstetrical pregnancy the expectant mother is not actually pregnant yet, conception can occur in about two weeks, when the egg will be ready and ovulation will occur (the egg is released from the ovary for fertilization).
The embryonic period of pregnancy is determined by the midwives on ultrasound by the size of the fetal egg and differs from the obstetric period in just these two or three weeks. This is the term of the actual pregnancy of the future mother.
Most often, doctors use the count from the first day of the last month. When the future mother will be called the period of her pregnancy in weeks, it will be exactly the term of obstetric pregnancy. So much more convenient. After all, the time of ovulation in different women can vary, and the date of the last monthly period is difficult to confuse.
So, in the first week of midwifery your child is not yet. He will only be conceived in 1-3 weeks, depending on the cycle of the future mother. The estimated date of birth is determined by the formula: 1 day of the last menstruation + 14 days (from the first day of the last month to ovulation) + 266 days (38 weeks – the average duration of pregnancy from the moment of conception).
It is because the timing of ovulation is different in each case, the actual date of birth can differ in one direction or another for 2 weeks. Someone will give birth in 38 obstetric weeks, someone in 42, all this will be considered normal. At the planned date of delivery, only one woman of 20. gives birth.
For those who plan their pregnancy, we recall the simplest rules.
1) Future mum and dad should give up bad habits if they have not done so yet. Do not smoke and drink. Alcohol can have a very negative impact on the subsequent intrauterine development of your child. To conceive a child in a drunken state means putting his health and the health of a future mother at great risk. The situation with drugs is even more serious. Under no circumstances can drug use be justified at the time of conception and pregnancy. The risk of fetal defects increases in comparison with the influence of alcohol and smoking hundreds of times. Among the most frequently occurring consequences of drug addiction of parents are congenital malformations of the future child’s cardiovascular activity, mental retardation, premature separation of the placenta from the fetus, stillbirth or miscarriage at any period of pregnancy.
2) Try to keep yourself in good physical shape, do not overdo it, beforehand go through a general examination with a doctor. It will be fine if, three to four months before the planned conception, both parents will be vaccinated against rubella. Treat diseases that you may have, especially if you need to use antibiotics or other drugs that are not recommended for pregnant women, and also undergo X-ray examinations. The future mother should pay attention to the back (spine), blood vessels (varicose veins), breast (mastitis), diseases of the reproductive system, as these parts of the body will undergo the greatest load in the next 40 weeks. It is best to visit doctors and go through all the procedures before conception, because then you may not have enough time or energy.
3) A future mother can start taking vitamins for pregnant women, despite the fact that she is not yet pregnant. 4 mg of folic acid a day will help prepare your body for future conception, and also preparations like Prenatal or Materna are good.
4) Contraceptive hormonal tablets should be dropped two to three months before the alleged conception. If you did not, it might be worthwhile to postpone the conception in this month, since such pills are dangerous to the fetus.To protect, you can use condoms.
5) Once again, analyze your life schedule for the next 9 months. If you work in a hazardous industry related to chemistry, radiation, infections, or in a position where there is often stress or too much physical activity, you should consider whether you can work if you become pregnant. It should be borne in mind that miscarriages in the early stages of pregnancy (4-8 weeks) are encountered too often and every effort should be made to ensure that your work does not exacerbate the situation.
6) Review the power menu. Enter into the diet more useful products, herbs, vegetables, fruits. Limit coffee and tea, exclude drinks like Coca-Cola, gradually switch to kefir, green tea and freshly squeezed juices (especially carrots and green (not red!) Apples).
7) Take care of your pets. However you are attached to your animal, you must understand that it can be contagious. So, for example, many cats are infected with toxoplasma, and this microbe, if it gets into the mother, can cause genetic defects in a future child. The vast majority of animals that are often on the street are infected with worms. Show your pet to the veterinarian. To cure them now costs nothing, it is much easier, than then to treat the future mum and its or her child.
8) The main thing is that both parents should try to receive only good emotions. Walk more, read, watch good movies, just stay close to each other. Soon you will become participants and creators of the most real miracle. Your baby is already preparing to appear in this world – call him, invite him to come to you, and he will surely hear you.
Conception – 1 week – 2 weeks