Height – 24-25 cm, weight – 300-350 gr.
This month, moms begin to feel the first movements of the baby. Someone feels them already on the 17-18th week, someone waits until 20-21. The child moves 4-8 times an hour (20-60 tremors). Sometimes my mother feels rhythmic light shocks – this is most likely a hiccup (the baby swallows up to 14 ml of amniotic fluid per day).
The central nervous system is actively developing. The brain of the baby is fully formed and functions. Millions of neurons make a connection between the brain and the muscles of the body.
The child’s movements become fully conscious, he reacts to visual, auditory, tactile stimuli, even he has sense of smell, despite the fact that the nose is embedded in a mucous plug that the obstetrician will only clean after birth.
There are also taste buds in the baby’s mouth, so if the mother eats something that the child does not like, she can feel the baby moving restlessly or hiccuping.
In the endocrine system, almost all the major glands are formed: the pituitary gland, the thyroid gland, the pancreas and the sex glands, the adrenal glands. The immune system produces lymphocytes and monocytes with the help of the spleen.
The baby’s cardiovascular system is also quite ready for work. The child’s heart beats with a frequency of 130-150 beats per minute and is audible through a simple stethoscope.
The intestines and kidneys of the kid actively work. On the day of his formation of 7-14 ml of urine, and in the intestine appears meconium (first-born feces).
The skeleton of the baby is strengthened. Now he holds his head straight, not pressed to his chest, and can even rotate it. Developed limbs.
The baby’s body builds up muscles, fat and skin. The baby is rounded and very soon he will turn into a charming plump baby. At 5 months, his skin consists of 2 layers: the epidermis and dermis, and on the body appears white-cream primordial grease, protecting the baby’s skin from damage and microbes.
Women often say that 5 months of pregnancy is the most pleasant. The state of health really improves, even hair and skin look good. Toxicosis has gone completely, a woman experiences a surge of strength and positive emotions, especially after she feels the first movements of her baby.
There is a fairly rapid increase in weight. By the end of the month, your tummy will become noticeable, and you’ll be replenished by about 5 kg, or even more. If you have not bought your special clothes yet, then do shopping.
Please note that you need a bandage for pregnant women that will support your tummy. It should be comfortable and lighten the load on your back.
The uterus grows, grows upwards and takes an oval shape. But while it is still not large enough to put pressure on the surrounding organs.
At 5 months, you are waiting for regular examinations at the doctor. It is necessary to pass the general analysis of a blood, the analysis of urine and, probably, a hemostasiogram with D-Dimer to estimate your blood on coagulability.
At the time of 20 weeks (in the interval 18-10 week of the week), ultrasound is performed. It is possible to diagnose such malformations as hydrocephalus, congenital heart defects and cardiovascular system. Most defects can be surgically treated after birth, so that such babies can develop more or less normally.
Usually, dopplerography is also done at once – the study of blood flow in the vessels of the uterus, umbilical cord, placenta and baby. Ultrasound also easily and accurately determines the sex of the child and the approximate date of delivery. So do not miss this survey.
In the fifth month of pregnancy, you may encounter the following problems:
– increased heart strain, possible bleeding from the nose or gums;
– kidneys: manifestations of nephritis, pyelonephritis, urolithiasis are possible;
– vaginal discharge (leucorrhoea) is normal if it does not get yellow or green and itching does not occur;
– increased sweating;
– appearance of pigment spots on the skin as a result of hormonal changes;
– heartburn, intestinal problems, constipation;
– varicose veins or hemorrhoids;
– increased appetite.
If you have high blood pressure, sugar in the urine, signs of anemia, swelling, then consult with your doctor and take additional tests.
Remember that during pregnancy you can take only those medications in the description of which it is said that there are no contraindications for pregnant women. It is necessary to refrain from perm and hair dyeing.
Do everything to avoid falling: wear comfortable shoes without a heel, do not run on the stairs. To maintain yourself in good physical condition, visit the pool and make a special exercise set for pregnant women.
Large loads are not recommended, as they can lead to miscarriage or premature birth. It’s time to choose courses for pregnant women.
Remember that now this activity is not licensed, so there are many courses conducted by people who have not the slightest relation to medicine, and are not responsible for what they recommend. Before they visit, try to learn more in detail who and what offers there.
4 month – 5 month – 6 month