Height – 12-14 cm, weight – 90-60 gr.
Your baby has already reached the size of the ball for handball and continues to grow rapidly. The heart of a child is capable of pumping up to 23 liters of blood per day.
Bones of the skeleton get stronger day by day. If you now conduct an X-ray study (which is absolutely unnecessary and extremely undesirable, except that there will be some emergency circumstances), you can see the inside of the mother’s skeleton. The spectacle is amazing!
On the head of the child appear the first hairs, provoking the mother extra heartburn. The skin of the baby is still very thin and red. His face acquires more and more human features – the ears are already in place, the eyes are not so widely planted, the mouth and lips are clearly marked.
Smell creation completed. Now your baby is able to distinguish smells, by the way, not one or two, but several hundred! So after giving birth, do not be surprised that your child will know exactly when you are next to him in the room, and when you “run off” on your business. With an impatient cry, he will demand his mother back to himself!
Many women use a cunning maneuver – they leave their robe or nightdress next to the baby’s bed, in general, any thing that smells like mommy and her milk. Then the kid is much more loyal to the lack of a mother in the room. After all, in the first month of life, he still sees badly and is guided by the smell.
The Kid continues to train in “breathing”. Through the mouth, he “breathes” and “exhales” the amniotic fluid. Thus, he prepares the muscles responsible for breathing, to the first real inhalation.
The placenta at this stage is often semicircular, it is attached near the cervix and sometimes even closes it. After five months, the placenta must move, so do not worry that the child will not be able to get out right.
The amniotic fluid reaches a volume of 100 ml and is updated 8-10 times a day, that is, approximately every three hours. Its temperature is 37 ° C, that is, just above body temperature. For a baby it is a pleasant warm bath and at the same time a valuable nutrient medium.
The liquid is absolutely sterile for the baby, despite the fact that the urine is periodically released into the amniotic fluid. They are arranged in such a cunning way that all the chemicals in them are specially processed into the most useful composition for the child.
In addition, the amniotic fluid protects the child from possible damage (for example, impacts that the mother’s abdomen may suffer from the pressure of the uterus and in general from contact with it), it massages the baby’s body and allows him to move freely, creating conditions similar to cosmic weightlessness.
Japanese scientists conducted an experiment and produced a special camera, getting into which a person could feel all the conditions of staying inside the womb of the mother. It turns out that the child experiences a surprisingly comfortable feeling in this clean and warm bath, in conditions of weightlessness, dim lighting, and even distinguishing external sounds. The adult participants in the experiment noted that they experienced amazing relaxation and a sense of security.
The uterus (upper margin) is located 6-7 cm below the navel. If the outer clothing is still covering your growing tummy, then on the beach, when you put on a swimsuit, your pregnancy is noticeable to everyone.
Heart rate and blood pressure may increase, and suddenly suddenly blood begins to flow from the nose. Often, a cold occurs as suddenly. The cause of such bleeding and runny nose is an increased level of hormones – progesterone and estrogen. They cause increased blood flow through the nasal mucosa.
It is particularly bad in winter, when the air in the premises – usually very warm and dry – even more irritates the nasal mucosa. Special air humidifiers and ionizers can help. Try also to smear the nose with Vaseline and drink extra vitamin C.
One of the most common complaints is headache, dizziness and pre-stupor conditions. The headache is acute (at some particular point of the head), pulsating, compressing, like a hoop, migraine.
The cause of the increase in headaches and dizziness during pregnancy, scientists believe hormonal and physical changes in the body of a woman, experienced by her increased stress and stress. It is necessary to inform the doctor if the headaches become strong and permanent, and also accompanied by a deterioration of vision.
It is worth trying to determine what exactly causes your headache, what situations or, perhaps, people. Try to avoid in the future everything that causes your increased fatigue and irritation.
If you change the position of the body, do not do it abruptly, especially if you sit down or bend down. After all, all the efforts of your circulatory system are now directed to the care of the baby and the placenta, so the brain remains, almost on a starvation diet. You will rise or stoop sharply – you risk fainting.
Sometimes the pain and dizziness causes a drop in blood sugar. You should monitor the sugar and do not deny yourself a piece of chocolate (or any other carbohydrate-rich product) if you feel sudden seizures. Have a snack more often. Be sure to walk and breathe fresh air.
Monitor the hemoglobin and iron levels in the blood to exclude the possibility of anemia. The head massage also helps. First, vigorously massage the area where it hurts the most, then massage your temples and neck. We remind you that next week you need to visit your doctor, do an analysis on AFP and give smears for infection.
Week 14 – Week 15 – Week 16