Will each of us be able to say exactly which book he read last? Many have read so long ago, and do not remember already that they have learned something useful from this lesson. And now even the names of the read are blurred in the memory. Practice shows that very few people can read correctly. And we do not take into account school lessons. Already after graduation, many have not progressed further in the ability to comprehend information.
But this is the most valuable commodity in the modern world. In order to receive information, one must learn to read qualitatively. It is no coincidence that there are even speed courses that allow you to quickly master the text and understand its meaning. We will give some tips that can teach you to read otherwise, using interesting techniques to do it more effectively.
Accustom to reading.
It is necessary to let as many of the most diverse literature as possible into your life. This will make it easier and faster to learn effective reading. It starts with at least a habit of reading at least half an hour a day. And in this matter, attention should be paid not only to the documents necessary for the work. Let the literature be useful for self-development, you can just read works of art. The more there is in the life of the most diverse literature, the better will eventually be perceived by both workers and teaching materials. Sometimes it so happens that finding a convenient time for reading is hard. We are always in public, in noisy places. But the chosen schedule should still be followed. This will allow you to learn to focus on the material regardless of external factors.
You need to choose the right posture.
The position in which the person is at the time of reading is very important. An uncomfortable position of the body can make it difficult to understand the material, making the process ineffective. A classic example is lying down reading. When the body is in a horizontal position, the body perceives this as a signal to rest. The brain begins to relax gradually. This directly affects the memorization of the text and its assimilation. So it’s best to read, either standing or sitting, with a straight back. So the maximum amount of oxygen enters the brain. This will make the text processing intensive. The optimal distance from the eyes to the text should be 30-40 centimeters. From such a distance, the eye has to make minimal movements. As a result, the eyes will be less tired. This approach will also reduce the risk of deterioration of vision from constant reading.
When mastering the material, you need to stock up on energy.
It is worth preparing for the fact that understanding complex material will require maximum concentration and intense mental work. However, four to five hours to be constantly in a tone is not so simple. Solve the problem by making regular pauses – once in half an hour or an hour. These breaks should be devoted to physical exercises or easy gymnastics. They will allow to stimulate the flow of blood to the brain, which turns into a charge of vivacity. After that it’s easier to work on the book further. A good way to improve efficiency, and overall well-being, will be push-ups and sit-ups. There is another way to keep your strength during your mental activities – to take your gymnastics. The simplest is to simply rub your palms as if they were soaping. Do this before the feeling of warmth. You can even see that some are already doing this involuntarily, rubbing their hands before signing important papers.
Select a specific target for reading.
Many people read books without even understanding why they do it and what they want to find out. It is worth forgetting about the school assignment “to read all the books from the list for the summer.” Here, as in any case, specific goals and actions for their implementation are good. If you do not understand for yourself why an intelligent book fell into your hands, then after ten readings of it you will not be able to get anything useful out of it. The goal should be constructive – one must understand how it will be possible to apply practically acquired knowledge.Sometimes this will help to get rid of the need to absorb a bunch of unnecessary material. If you quickly get acquainted with the content of the book and its main parts, it can turn out that the necessary information is only a couple of pages from hundreds. How much time you can save!
You need to preview the material beforehand.
Our memory has an interesting property. Thanks to him, even the most superficial acquaintance with the information helps in the future to perceive and remember it. Any experienced tourist before going to a country unfamiliar to him, is stocked with a maximum of information and maps about his route. An approximate plan of action and preparation for force majeure is an important part of a successful journey. When reading books, the same principles work. After reading the table of contents and scrolling through potentially important pages, remembering the contents will be much easier, unnecessary data will be discarded. And all thanks to this amazing property of memory.
Take breaks to comprehend and memorize the information read.
When reading a book, you should not try to swallow paragraphs and pages as quickly as possible, even if the text is very entertaining and useful. Reading in this mode will lead to the fact that in a few days it will not be possible to reproduce any thoughts of the author. Remains only a memory that the book is interesting. But why – it already does not remember. And that the information is postponed in our long-term memory, it is necessary to apply the technique called “Harvesting”. There are several important steps in it. First you need to learn to pause after each semantic piece or paragraph. It’s enough just to look at the text for a couple of seconds. The read passage should be presented in the form of some kind of image or life situation. The received information about yourself or out loud should be retold. With the help of a pause, it will be possible to emphasize the meaning of the pieces, the image will help memorize the information, and retelling will consolidate the result. To qualitatively comprehend information, the following steps should be taken. First you need to ask yourself how the read can be applied in practice. With the help of visualization it is necessary to imagine the situation of applying the acquired knowledge. If there is an opportunity to immediately implement this experience, then you need to immediately do it. But if time is still more, then it is worthwhile to apply another technique, “Sheet for implementation.” To do this, take a sheet of paper and write on it an idea that seemed to us when reading interesting. In this case, it is necessary to note from which page or place it was taken. In many books in the end leave empty pages just for notes. And when reading from electronic media, you can leave notes with different services.
Read the text carefully.
Often, reading the text, we catch ourselves thinking that we do not think about it at all. Before my eyes, the book on the subtleties of taxation, which is the basis of the upcoming report, and in my head are spinning ideas about a possible home repair, on vacation. There is nothing surprising in this. We perceive the text much more slowly than our thinking works. That is why so far the information from words and sentences comes to the brain, it needs to occupy itself with something. But for a better understanding of the text, you should take care of getting rid of unnecessary thoughts and full concentration. The following technique will help in this. First you need to stop, take three deep breaths in a row without exhaling. This will help the brain to purify itself and help it to be saturated with oxygen. At the second stage, you need to exhale sharply. This will help to tune in to commit an action, allow you to concentrate your attention and gather your strength. At the third, final stage, you must say aloud the goal, which is to be achieved by reading the text. It will load into the brain an understanding of what is happening. Now when reading the distraction, although it happens, it will still be much less. With this practice it will be possible to learn how to work with maximum performance.And this has to do not only with reading, but with other activities.
Outline the material.
If the book you read is your own, then do not hesitate to emphasize the necessary phrases. Strict reproaches of librarians and teachers no longer play any role, the book does not spoil it. And in order to better remember the material and effectively use it further, it is necessary to outline the main points of the text. First it is worth highlighting an important idea, and then write it down in your own words. It will not hurt to read the content before reading it and write it down on paper, and then add the most valuable data from each section to the list. So all on a pair of leaves will be able to place the main materials of the book. A collection of such abstracts will become a kind of repository of knowledge drawn from books.
Learn wisdom from acquaintances.
Each of us has among our friends successful people who have achieved tangible results. Do not miss the chance to take advantage of their knowledge and experience. And you can start with a list of those areas where these friends are more successful than us. Next we need to ask them how they managed to achieve this. It is likely that they were helped by some books or courses. Perhaps, it is there that the answers to important questions, solutions to professional or family problems are hidden. But just read the book a little, you still have to do it as carefully as possible, putting this knowledge into practice.
Compile a list of useful books for rereading.
In order to effectively realize its goals and simply develop, it is necessary at times to re-read the special books. After all, they gave us many intelligent and useful thoughts. It is worth assembling your own library of books on self-development and do not forget to replenish it. There is a possibility that next time the book will give something new, which will prove to be in demand taking into account already accumulated experience. No wonder they say that a good book is akin to a wise person, communication with it will never get bored.