All the inhabitants of Qatar, being under the steadfast protectorate of the British authorities, for a long time fought for their independence. Since English companies, since the time they found oil in Qatar, have been holding trades on an ongoing basis, but did not want to share their profits. And only after the end of World War II, national self-realization and the consciousness of all the inhabitants of Qatar separated into the liberation movement.
In all likelihood, if at the very heart of this movement there were no diverse disagreements, the residents of Qatar would have reached a final victory in this so-called “struggle” for survival much earlier. But its final independence, Qatar achieved only in 1971.
In just a short time, having bought all the oil companies from Great Britain, Qatar became quite a very rich state. Only thanks to revenues of billions of US dollars, in the city of Doha, the capital of Qatar, modern neighborhoods were built, and air conditioners were installed in every available apartment.
In Qatar, women also feel much freer, compared to neighboring Arab countries – they are not only allowed to drive a car, but also engage in public public activities. For example, the wife of the richest sheik in Qatar, Moza Nasser al-Misnad, still quite actively breaks all stereotypes of Europeans about what really should be a real eastern woman.
She became UNESCO’s Special Envoy for Primary, Secondary, and Higher Education. She also created a television channel exclusively for children, entitled “Al-Jazeera for Children.”
Until the middle of the twentieth century, all the local people of Qatar mainly engaged in pearl production, cattle breeding and fishing. The point that became a turning point in the development and prosperity of the state of Qatar was the direct discovery of oil deposits in 1939.
With the beginning of oil exports to other countries in the world in 1949, the country is experiencing significant economic growth, and the global nature of changes in both the cultural and social life of the country is on a continuing basis. To date, 90 percent of the total population in Qatar lives in small towns and works directly in the oil industry.
Almost all the income from exports to other countries of the oil the government of the country invests in the direct development of other industries. The availability of vacant jobs and quite a very high salary attract a large number of workers to Qatar from other near-lying Arab countries.
Due to the significant increase in the living standards of local residents in Qatar, this led to an increase in the population of the state from 30 thousand in 1950 to 700 thousand today, which in turn immediately led to the development of various education systems (which all stages is absolutely free), as well as health systems, and led Qatar to the number of absolute leaders in the Arab world in terms of living standards.
The fundamental of all public policy in Qatar is the development of a fairly free economy with the already guaranteed rights of the entire population to labor, capital and private property.
All citizens of Qatar enjoy free medical care and education. Sources of water for drinking in Qatar, as a rule, were wells and springs, but in our modern times in the country are built quite large factories for cleaning the salt of sea water.
Fresh water enters the houses through pipelines and is also used for irrigation of fields and meadows. The government on an ongoing basis helps all farmers increase yields of fruits, vegetables, as well as cereals, while providing them with fertilizers, pesticides and seeds.
The main income of the country, as we said earlier, is the export of oil and oil products to other countries, as well as of steel and liquefied gas. But today the tourism industry has also started to develop very actively: billions of dollars are invested here to build luxury hotels, and wonderful entertainment centers, a new magnificent airport, “very large towns”, in which everything that is most needed for tourists, including sports facilities for tournament facilities at the international level.
Qatar plans to turn its country into a tourist Mecca – and it was for this reason that the visa regime was significantly simplified, the taboo on the sale of alcoholic beverages was lifted, and very favorable conditions were created for the development of normal tourist business by all foreign entrepreneurs. And it can even more significantly raise the country to a high level, and enrich all the indigenous people even more.
All this for several reasons was done. Despite the fact that the gas reserves in Qatar for a long time will suffice, the oil reserve is still depleted, and its production can stop in about fifteen years, and also having a rich history, Qatar is not able to boast of a huge number of historical monuments and ancient buildings. Therefore, the plan was also invented, for the arrangement of the tourist business.