Despite the fact that Pakistan is a young people, but it has a very ancient history. Here, the very diverse and distinctive Buddhist, Islamic and Hindu traditions, elements of a social and cultural organization, the beginning of which is more than five thousand years old, were mixed together.
For the most part, the Pakistani people profess Islam, which plays a major role in the political and public life of the country. In fact, the traditions of Muslims have been permeated throughout the life of a Pakistani man since his birth and to death, which is mainly reflected in the behavior and traditions of the people. Even state laws are built on the basis of Sharia, and the Koran is the fundamental point of all existing social relations.
The education system is based on the dominant Islamic values, where theology, in turn, is the main discipline along with languages and academic subjects. In large cities and large settlements there are many specialized schools, but you can enter them only after the completion of the secondary school.
Sufficiently close to Hindi Urdu, which is the official Pakistani language, but Punjabi, Hindi, Pashto, Baloch, Farsi, Pact and other Oriental languages are still widely used in everyday life. More than 20% of the population in large cities understand English, and this is primarily a very educated and educated social strata of citizens.
But in a remote province English is almost not used, but all road signs and signs are usually duplicated on it. Also English is used in tourism, international trade, government and business correspondence.
Pakistanis are a religious people. Everywhere you can contemplate the praying people, some drivers of minibuses and buses stop right on their route, get out of the transport and along with all the passengers make prayer (prayer).
Pakistanis are able to meet and receive a guest, if their house does not shine with prosperity. With all this, unlike the huge number in the near-lying region, the Pakistanis are sufficiently very friendly to all foreigners without exception.
Pakistanis are very kind to those who do not violate their customs and traditions, but are sympathetic to other people’s mistakes, as a result of which it is sufficient to simply observe all the decorum.
Refuse to invite or make an offer to contribute to the banquet, which is not intended – it will be easier to offer small presents to the owners of the house – sweets, flowers, souvenirs or tobacco, but not by any means alcohol.
Respect for elders occupies a very important place in the local culture and etiquette. With the oldest man on every serious matter are consulted, which directly concerns family interests, and the opinion of the elder is taken into account on a par with such respected and revered people as the qadi or the mullah.
Older people tend to live with their adult children and enjoy the strongest authority, both women and men. Necessarily the whole family celebrates all important events, often it happens with all friends and relatives, and according to the traditions of holiday etiquette, and what is very important, it is the elders who determine it.
All marriages, as a rule, are arranged by kinship relations or within the same clan, that is, the community. Children in Pakistani families are considered to be gifts of Allah himself, and therefore they are treated with the most outrageous attitude (but sons are much more pampered than daughters, since the latter, when married, require a huge dowry, which in turn causes parents to get into debt for a long time ).
In the local society, the situation of all women is very peculiar.On one hand, Pakistan is one of the most “Europeanized” countries in the Islamic world, where a large number of women have simply broad access to education and social activities, as well as to politics.
But within the community or family, the status of a woman is determined by all the values and traditions of Islam, which are precisely in this respect at the highest level and have extraordinary strength.
In many areas in southern Pakistan where the influence of Hinduism is large enough, the situation of all women is not different from that of Southeast Asian countries, and at the same time in the northwest provinces and mountainous regions the norms are very strict.
Paranja is a very rare wardrobe item in Pakistan. A huge veil is called “chandra” used only for visiting mosques and other places of worship. Both women and men wear “shalvar-kamiz” – this is a national dress, which consists of loose trousers gathered at the waist and ankles combined with a very long shirt, but the clothes for Pakistani women are more colorful and necessarily complemented by all kinds of scarves and very long scarves.
имеет In each separate Pakistan province, “shalvar-kamiz” has its own peculiarities: in the north-west of the country, in general, wear a “tailcoat” (a long fitted dress and a rather wide skirt-trousers), in Balochistan shalvar is much longer and wider , in Sindh instead of “shalvar” is used quite a wide version of the skirt, and the shirt has a short sleeve.
мужчины In Punjab instead of “shalwar” men usually wear a “dhoti” skirt, a “pugry” turban and a double-breasted jacket, and women of the “lunga” type, which resembles a sarong. On holidays, women are mostly wearing a colorful sari, and men complement their clothes with a beautifully embroidered vest and turban or wear European-style clothes.
Women give special attention to jewelry, and first of all bracelets “churiyya” (for unmarried girls bracelets are made of glass or plastic, well, married – gold, and their quality, quantity and shape are able to indicate the degree of consistency of their mistress) pendants “nat” and rings, as well as massive character earrings “dzhumke.” The national shoes of Pakistan are “Khussa” – natural leather shoes with a curved upward toe.
Smoking is prohibited in most public places, and it is therefore very polite to ask permission before smoking in front of other people. But at the same time the Pakistanis themselves smoke a lot, but they try to do it outside the public eye.