Families of Mongolia



In every nation, any important event in the life of a person passes with the application of any of their customs and traditions. Observance of all these customs and traditions assumes that our life will become better and more beautiful.

However, at the present time, many national traditions have changed, they have lost their original meanings and forms and are now executed only in the form of formalities.


Mongols have long been a nomadic way of life, constantly being in difficult living conditions. Being in constant movement and difficult conditions, the Mongols developed such traits of character as modesty, friendliness, and they completely lack the feeling of anger. The families of the Mongols are very strong, because the very conditions of their life dictate to them the rules of constant support of each other.

The Mongolians are very hospitable to the guests they meet very warmly, and if a person comes to them after a long journey, they accept it with special honors, as the Mongols understand what a long and difficult road means. The long history of the Mongolian nomads has laid down its principles of social behavior and rules among the population.

It is this way of life that supports most all national and religious traditions in the family. Mongols live in cities, but most can not abandon the nomadic way of life and continue the traditions of their ancestors.

Mongolian wedding ceremony is very interesting. By tradition, if the rite is performed correctly, then the life of the young will be long and happy. Moreover, young people should approach each other in the Eastern calendar, the years of their birth should be appropriate.

Parents agree on when the wedding ceremony will take place, and what exactly will happen on that day. In many countries, the principles of weddings are similar.

At the Mongols, the groom’s parents look for a bride for him, and, finding a suitable girl, they send her to the matchmakers’ house. Having asked consent of the parents of the girl and the youngest, the parents already agree on the further conduct of the wedding.

Although nomadic families living side by side in the same territory are not at all opposed to their children meeting and communicating and if both sides arrange the relations of their children, then everything happens in the same order when the girl is sent to the house of matchmakers.

When everything is decided by the groom’s parents, they must put a new yurt for the young, and the parents of the bride completely furnish it with furniture and necessary utensils. The groom’s mother dresses her son in new beautiful clothes, the same happens in the house of the bride.

The bride’s farewell with her home is the same evening. On the morning of the next day, the groom comes to the bride’s house, accompanied by matchmakers who play the role of witnesses.

The bride must bring the guests a treat, which is prepared very much, despite the fact that the guests can be only a few people. At Mongols it is accepted even in the very early morning to regale guests with abundant food. After the meal, the bride is asked to leave the parental yurt, help her to sit on her horse, then ride around the yurt of her parents and after that go to the new honeymoon house.

In the yurt, the young bride braids her hair, as married women do, and she must prepare her first tea, after which she will be considered a wife. Next, the girl is taken to the yurt of her father-in-law, where she will have to bow to the hearth, and the father-in-law and her mother-in-law, and the young groom becomes a husband only after she cuts into regular even pieces of lamb.

Only after all this there is a wedding feast, on which songs are sung, many happy words say wishes of happiness. At the end of the feast, the young husband escorts the mother of the spouse, who gives her daughter last instructions as parting. Three days a young wife has no right to leave the house and show herself in public, at the end of this time the bride’s father comes and raises the canopy of the yurt, lifting the ban.

However, only a month later the bride can visit her parents, they give their blessing, giving the young people the right to leave their place and begin their independent nomadic life of the traditional Mongolian family. Sometimes young people go so far that they can not see their parents for a very long time, that’s why rare meetings are very warm and last for several days.

The life of young people is indeed somewhat facilitated by the fact that parents immediately equip them with separate housing. Mongolian yurts are not adapted to the fact that they were inhabited by a large number of people.

Even when taking guests in a yurt, the owners themselves have to huddle in order to make the guests comfortable. On the table, or rather, even on the floor of the yurta, all the food that the hosts can offer to their guests is always exposed.

In Mongolian families, it is customary for visitors to exhibit all their supplies, despite the fact that the owners themselves always manage small, and if guests also come with gifts, they get an even higher status of welcome guests. Favorite gifts for Mongols can be matches and tobacco, which are always missing.

Weddings of Mongols are held only in those days that are most favorable for this event. These days are determined by the religious calendar, and it is believed that a wedding held on a strictly fixed day will bring happiness and longevity to the family and their children.

By leading an independent life, children can not rely on the help of parents because of too long distances and can only provide themselves. At present, children born in a nomadic family often continue their way of life.


True, some people go to cities, get a good education and get a job for a promising, well paid job, and already living in the city, children tend to always help their parents whenever possible.

Most of all, the desire of children who want to leave their parents for the sake of moving to the city is due precisely to the desire, to render all possible assistance to their parents, knowing in what difficult conditions they have to live.



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