When people talk about dwarf states, they usually keep in mind the minds of Monaco, Andorra or Luxembourg. In fact, these places are simply huge compared to others, unknown to the general public, micro-countries scattered all over the world.
Such mini-states, whose area is measured literally by acres, were formed in due time for various reasons – from political protest, ending with banal tax evasion and economic gain.
Even though their legitimate neighbors do not recognize them as sovereign entities, some dwarfs have reached such a level of self-determination that they mint their own coins, create their own constitution and hold elections. Here are the ten most famous of them.
The size of this country is only 0.386 square miles. In 1980, Swedish artist Lars Vilks began to build a series of sculptures from stone and wood in the Swedish county of Skåne. The works looked like bizarre castles, there is nothing surprising in that they eventually became a tourist attraction. However, the authorities considered that these buildings were created illegally. The court declared the sculptor a criminal, demanding to demolish what had been created. Vilks made an unexpected and courageous step, he announced in 1996 about the independence of these territories and disobedience to the laws of Sweden. The new country was named the Kingdom of Ladonia, while Vilks himself created the flag and the manifesto of the country. The tax policy invented by him says that citizens should give only their creative abilities. The following year, after the declaration of independence, the Queen and the President were elected. By 2001, about 14 thousand unofficial citizens were registered in the country (of them about 300 Russians), in fact, virtually no one lives there. The 2000s were held under the sign of the permanent courts of the state with Vilks on the demolition of old and new sculptures and reimbursement of court expenses. In 2003, Ladonia managed to declare war on Sweden, the United States and San Marino. At the moment, Sweden has not recognized Ladony, trying to destroy it in the courts.
The Kingdom of Redond,
an area of 0.78 square miles, has a colorful history. Most likely this is just a mixture of facts and fiction, developed by writers and scholars alike. According to legend, in 1865, a banker Matthew Sciell, a resident of the island of Montserrat, in the Caribbean, applied for ownership of the rocky and uninhabited islands of Redond, proclaiming himself king. Opened this remains of an extinct volcano still Christopher Columbus in 193, the island rises over the ocean for 300 meters. But on the desert island is almost a wasteland, Shiell himself never lived there, but in 1880 he transferred the crown to his son. Legend has it that an enterprising banker even wrote a letter to England, and Queen Victoria herself recognized him as the king of the island as long as he submits to Britain. The new ruler, also, by the way, Matthew Shiell became a famous science fiction writer and reigned Redonda until 1947. It was he who first told the story of this mini-country, creating most of its customs, a flag and a form of government (absolute monarchy). Then the crown passed to the friend of the writer, John Guosworth, who began to call himself King Juan I. With the coming to power of this monarch, the country plunges into chaos. Because of bankruptcies, John constantly resells his island or just gives it to someone else. Today, the island has 3 serious contenders – King Leo, self-defeated in 1998, Robert Bald and Canadian Bob Williamson. He lives and writes novels in Antigua, visiting his “own” kingdom on a yacht. A curious story is connected with the mini-country: the English owner of the pub Bob Beach decided to make his establishment an embassy in Redonda, so that visitors could smoke there. Officially, Redonda is part of the island state of Antigua.
The Republic of Minerva
has an area of 4 square miles. The state was proclaimed in 1972 by the American millionaire of Lithuanian origin Michael Oliver.It was assumed libertarian principles for a new country (without taxes, subsidies). In 1971, two barges with sand arrived from Australia, which created an entire artificial island on a pair of reefs. Soon began the construction of the capital – the Sea City. All work to create a new island cost 200 thousand dollars. In January 1972, a small tower was built, the flag of a new, independent country was raised. The state received a flag, anthem and currency, and Morris Davis, a former engineer from California, became a temporary president. But the state of Tonga immediately announced the reefs as its territory, the island was visited by 100 military men who removed the flag of Minerva by hoisting their own. The Pacific Forum recognized the accession of reefs to Tonga. Oliver had no choice but to remove Davis from the post of president. However, in 1982, he tried to restore freedom to Minerva, but three weeks later was expelled by local military. At the moment, not everyone recognizes the right of Tonga to Minerva. Davis still continues to consider himself president, and there is a government in exile. In 2005, the Republic of Fiji also claimed claims to the island.
Dominion of Melchizedek.
Small countries were often used for tax evasion, and even for fraud, as with the Melchizedek Dominion, with an area of 14 square miles. In 1986, US citizens David Pedley and his son Mark created a new state. His name is associated with the high priest Melchizedek, whom many consider the predecessor of Jesus. It was announced that the dominion possesses ecclesiastical sovereignty, like the Vatican. However, there is no official religion in the country, and the flag depicts symbols of the faith of Christianity, Judaism and Islam. The first area that entered the Dominion was the Clipperton reef, the possession of France. Later, several islands, shoals, parts of the Carpathian region, and even Antarctica were declared part of the state. Naturally, such claims have never been confirmed by anyone. The country has its own constitution, it is announced about the current legislative and executive power. Only here all citizens live outside the dominion – in Israel and the United States. Sovereignty of the same state was used as an offshore shelter for counterfeit banks and a variety of fraud. Dominion even sold his country’s passports for 10 thousand dollars. According to some sources, the country was even recognized by a number of African states, as well as by the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia and a number of American states. The Dominion has been repeatedly seen in an attempt to cash out funds from the state bank account (which naturally exists on paper), in attempts to commit fraud with weapons. For conducting nuclear tests near its territories, the Dominion declared a spiritual war against France, later the same “punishment” overtook Serbia for actions in Kosovo. During this conflict, the Dominion threatened even with its nuclear weapons, which was in Rusinia (western Ukraine). However, at that time in Ukraine it was no longer there, and in Transcarpathia it never was. As a result, most experts agree that the true purpose of the organization without any legal basis is exclusively fraud on the scale of the planet.
of the Baldoni Principality
is only 0.00626 square miles. The state was proclaimed a publicist and eccentric Russell Arundel. During sport fishing near the coast of Nova Scotia in Canada, he spotted the island and purchased it. There was built a small fishing lodge, where Russell retired with his friends for the weekend. During one of these male drinking was invented the Constitution (the main articles are devoted to fishing and rum) and the Declaration of Independence. All members of the company received posts in the government, who caught the largest tuna was declared a prince and had the right to a fee in his own, of course, currency. Later, the Charter was issued, which banned the emergence of women in the country and the abolition of all taxes.The main export item was empty beer bottles. Arundel developed a joke, telling that his country was offered to join the UN. Was released and own brand, which quickly became a rarity among philatelists. Baldoni even managed to declare war on the USSR and withdrew her fleet from fishing vessels into the sea. But most likely the fishermen went to amuse themselves, and not to fight.
In the late 1970s, the small abandoned island of Freestone in the London area, Notting Hill, gained worldwide fame after it declared its independence from the rest of the UK. The area of the new state was only 0.0028 square miles, and the population – 120 people. The local city council was going to evict the settlers, who in the course of the referendum and declared themselves a separate state on Halloween night. Applications for accession to the EU and the UN were filed with a warning about the possible entry of “blue” helmets in the event of forced eviction of residents. Public opinion in London sided with unexpected education, thus micronation was given the right to exist. Residents of Fresonia joyfully seized the opportunity to create their own people – there were own newspapers and stamps and as many as 3 anthems. His own institute of cinematography regularly showed footage from the concerts Sex Pistols. The country adopted the Bill of Rights and ratified the UN Declaration on Human Rights. There even existed a minister of the state (its head) and a minister of foreign affairs. Frestonia even acquired a dozen embassies. It’s curious, but all the locals bear the middle name of Brumley as a sign of unity. The country became one of the sights of London, tourists were taken with a 10-minute excursion along the borders, offering to purchase passports. However, as a result, the destroyed district had to be restored, it was necessary to reach an agreement with London. Thus, Freestonia had to give up part of his freedom. So the organization of a small country failed, but until now the local community is extremely united.
The Taloss country
has an undefined size, because it includes most of the state of Milwaukee, some French islands and even Antarctica. In 1979, 13-year-old Robert Ben Madison announced his children’s room independent of the United States. The very word “Talossa” comes from the Finnish “inside the house.” In 1981, the country expanded considerably – it included five childhood friends Robert, as well as some of his relatives. The first elections were held, and a language of 25,000 words was developed. For a long time, Talossa was considered a joke, but with the advent of the Internet much has changed. In 1996, a website appeared in the country, which contributed to the recruitment of cyber citizens. Madison declared Talossa the first micronation in the world. In 1997, some dissatisfied citizens decided to secede and created their own micronation – the Penguin. However, it quickly sunk into oblivion. Madison himself was declared by many or tyrant or simply crazy. In 1998, Kirish Nava, who started actively fighting the king, emigrated to the country via the Internet. As a result of internal squabbles in 2004, the country was again divided in two. King Robert I handed over power to his young successor and the new ruler of Thalossa in 2005 became Louis I. However, a year later he was removed from the throne by decrees of the State Council of the country. The era of change ended in 2007 with the accession to the throne of King John. The country is a constitutional monarchy. Today, by the way, there is also the Republic of Talossa, headed by the distance Nava.
Hutt River Province
self-proclaimed in 1970, separating from Australia. Then the farmer Leonard Kasli, who lived near Perth, in view of the imposed quotas for the cultivation of wheat, was in a difficult economic situation. The prolonged dispute with the authorities led to the fact that the farmer’s family decided to simply separate from Australia. For this, a loophole in British law was found.When authorities who had been inactive for a long time tried to arrest Kasli, he declared himself “His Royal Highness, Prince Leonard Hutt”, using the ancient law according to which monarchs are immune to arrest. Since then, the province, later renamed the Principality, exists in the “gray” legal field. Local residents do not pay taxes, but the Australian government has not recognized neoplasms. Kasli embarked on actions to strengthen independence. In his country, an area of 28.9 square miles, the Bill of Rights was developed. Flag, the monetary reform was carried out and its own brand was issued. The Principality is very popular with tourists who can buy local coins and even take pictures with the prince, even if they are old. As early as the 1980s, the Province began to conduct commercial operations. Her business dealt with businessman Kevin Gale, who promoted the coins of an exotic country in the numismatic US market. But the authorities covered the wide company, the last time came the jubilee gold $ 100, marking the 30th anniversary of the state.
The history of the state of Seborga, an area of 4 square miles, begins from the 10th century, when a small plot in Northern Italy was granted independence so that local monks could build a monastery quietly. After 700 years, this land was included in the Kingdom of Sardinia. However, historians Seborgi argue that officially their principality in Italy was never included. In fact, Seborga became a member of modern Italy in 1946, but in 1960 the authorities of the unrecognized principality began the struggle for their independence. The local florist Giorgio Carbone began to prove that Seborga had never formally lost her autonomy. He was able to win over many townspeople who elected him as the unofficial head of the country, Prince Giorgio I. However, despite the announcement of his independence, little changed until the mid-1990s, when 300 residents of the city voted for the final separation from Italy. Carbonet became the official ruler, remaining to their death in 2009. He managed to create a flag of the state, his own money, stamps and even a motto that sounds like “sitting in the shade.” At the moment there is also Seborgi’s own army, consisting, of course, of one single person – Lieutenant Antonello Lacalo. The Italian government did not recognize the sovereignty of Seborgi, and the conflict moved to the legal plane. Meanwhile, local residents pay taxes, like everyone else, and go to ordinary public schools.
Principality of Sealand.
Of all the tiny nations in the world, the most famous is the principality of Siland, a mere 0.0002 square miles in size. The state is “stretched” on a sea platform, that in the North Sea near the coast of Great Britain. The Rafs Tower platform appeared here in 1942, when anti-aircraft guns and a garrison of 200 men were mounted on it. After the end of the war, the place was abandoned. In 1966, retired Major Paddy Roy Bates and his friend Ronan O’Reilly decided to build an amusement park on the platform. However, soon as a result of the quarrel Bates remained the sole owner. A year later, Ronan tried to fight off the place, but the brave soldier managed to fight off with weapons. Bates planned to create a pirate radio station here, but this project never materialized. But on September 2, 1967, it was announced the creation of an independent state with Prince Roy I at the head. In 1968, the British attempted to occupy the platform, but they were given an armed rebuff. As a result, the court issued an important decision – this is a matter outside of British jurisdiction. By 1975, there already appeared its own flag, anthem and currency, as well as passports and the church. In contrast to other micronations, Sealand is relatively quoted in the international community, thanks to the very fateful decision of the authorities. However, the state has not yet been recognized as such by anyone, although all the signs of a full-fledged state are formally present.In 1978 there was a coup, during which the power in the country was seized by the prince’s comrade-in-arms, Prime Minister Alexander Achenbach. But the deposed monarch managed to return to power. With the rebels acted according to the norms of international law, but the fate of the chief conspirator, a citizen of Germany, interested in the FRG. Since the British Foreign Ministry only shrugged off, the German diplomats had to negotiate directly with Siland. This became the pinnacle of the actual recognition of Silenda by other countries. In 1990, the mini-country announced the expansion of its territorial waters. At the same time, residents were not afraid to shell British ships that violated borders. Recently, Sealand is increasingly becoming a business project, and not always clean at hand. So, in 1997, Interpol arrested about 150 thousand false passports of this country, sold in Hong Kong. After this incident, the authorities of Silenda, who assisted the investigation, generally canceled their passports. From 2008 to 2008, HavenCo, an Internet hosting company, was posted here, seeking to evade English laws. In 2006, a strong fire broke out on the platform, which destroyed almost all the buildings. But within a year hard-working citizens have already restored everything. In 2007, the sale of Siland was announced, and a figure of about 750 million euros was soon announced. Now, Sealand is a tourist site, a feature film has even been shot about the country.