Who does not like dried fruits? This common product seems quite understandable. Shriveled dried slices of apricots and plums perfectly suited, as the basis of compotes. This is a useful food, especially in demand in the fall and winter, when it is very difficult to find fresh fruit.
It is said that in dried fruits there are all necessary nutrients for a person and they are almost more in products than in fresh ones. This can be explained, because drying removes water, leaving calories.
Nevertheless, it is worth finally squeezing out the dried fruit from the dried fruit and learning the whole truth about them. After all, there are a lot of myths about these food products, which are not so simple as it may seem.
Dried fruits are extraordinarily useful.
This myth, unfortunately, is the most important thing about dried fruits. Dry fruit can be in the sun, it makes them hard, in the shade, and also by chemical and temperature treatment. It is the latter option that is most often offered to consumers. Such a product looks prettier, longer stored and uninteresting to pests. Improvement of external properties (color and gloss) is achieved due to the abundant use of chemistry. It is worth knowing that properly cooked dried fruits always become gray and dark. So industrial processing not only deprives the product of valuable properties, but also makes it even harmful in something.
The dried fruit contains less sugar, which means less calories than fresh fruit. This is an ideal food for those wishing to keep their figure.
The fact that dried fruits and weigh less fresh fruit does not mean that they have fewer calories. When drying, moisture really disappears. If in fresh fruit it is 90%, then in dried fruit – only 19%. But sugar with calories does not evaporate anywhere. As a result, dried fruits are much more calories than fresh plums and apricots, because the concentration is much higher. For example, a 50-gram apricot contains only 14 calories. The same amount after drying will be in 10 grams of dried fruit.
Dried fruits, like muesli with nuts, can be an excellent substitute for breakfast, lunch or dinner.
In healthy nutrition, good and bad foods are not distinguished. Each of them can take its place in the human diet. Just consider the number and combination with other products. For example, dried fruits will look great together with oatmeal. However, they should not be considered a full replacement for any other products. It is necessary to eat dried fruits moderately, it is best only in one meal during the day.
Dried fruits make almost manual work out of the best products.
To many people, the production of dried fruits appears from a romantic point of view – people collect the most beautiful, delicious and ripe fruits, then carefully place them and dry them under gentle sun rays. In fact, reality is different. The technology of dried fruits was originally invented in order to minimize the loss of fruit products. The far from the best fruits are selected and the long-term sun drying is no longer applied.
There are no chemical additives in dried fruits.
In the Russian GOST there are norms for chemical treatment of fruits, because it is possible to increase the shelf life and kill bacteria. So, dried apricots and figs are treated with a solution of sulfuric acid, and grapes for the production of raisins are generally soaked in alkalis. Naturally, the concentrations of toxic substances are strictly regulated, in theory these doses for humans are harmless. But can you trust an unfamiliar producer and his cheap products? The same light raisin gets its color due to non-natural properties, and sulfur dioxide. After all, dried in a natural way grapes, even from light varieties still turns light brown. Manufacturers do not hesitate to add dyes and raisins to dried apricots, raisins, figs. And for giving shine, cheap vegetable oil can be used.
It’s best to make compote from dried fruits.
If the dried fruits prove to be substandard, then the damage may be great.So, the excess sulfuric acid, which turns out to be in the production with wrong drying, will get to us in the stomach. For children this is doubly dangerous. In addition, the traditional recipes for preparing such compotes recommend adding almost a glass of sugar to the pan. The number of calories in the end just zashkalit!
All dried fruits are produced in the same way.
There are eco-dried fruits, which are grown in ecologically clean areas, and created without the use of chemicals. In any case, it is worth looking at the label. Those products that contain chemical substances, such as sulfur dioxide E220, certainly not worth taking. Dangerous may be the purchase of dried fruit from an unknown producer or by weight.
It is more useful to eat fresh fruits generally than dried ones.
In fact, you should not give preference to this or that variant. The most useful are generally frozen fruits, which were subjected to temperature treatment a few hours after collection. Fresh fruit is difficult to consider unconditionally useful, after all it is not absolutely clear, when exactly they have collected.
Dried fruits can replace sweet.
Nutritionists sometimes recommend eating dried fruit. This is a salad of dried pears, apples, a small amount of dried apricots and raisins. However, such a mixture can not be eaten without looking back, because there are no fats in it and very few carbohydrates. But individually raisins, prunes and sweet dried apricots are very caloric. After all, 100 grams of prunes contain 242 kcal, in dried apricots – 234 kcal, and in a suit – 262 kcal, then in a sweet with a fruit filling – 357 kcal, and in chocolate candy in general – 569 kcal. That’s why replacing the candy with dried fruit will not affect the figure. But it is worthwhile to understand that excessive food with dried fruits will just spoil the waist.
For a figure, it’s more useful to eat dried fruits than bread.
Dry fruits can not become fat by themselves, but they contribute to this process. That’s why strawberries with cream or prunes in sour cream are not helping to lose weight. A complex carbohydrate foods, in which the fat is small (it’s just about bread) belong to the group of non-fatty. They just protect against a set of excess weight.
Candied fruits and dried fruits are one and the same.
So sometimes people who blame dried fruit for damaging their figure are considered. In fact, dried fruits, which include prunes, figs, dates, raisins, themselves sweet. Their natural sugar is an excellent preservative. The same fruits, which are cooked in syrup, and then also poured into sugar powder, are called candied fruits. They are comparable in nutrition to jam or candy. They can be, but the amount should be strictly dose.