is an inborn developmental disorder manifested by mental retardation, bone growth disorder and other physical anomalies. This is one of the most common forms of mental retardation; it suffers about 10% of patients entering psychiatric hospitals.
For patients with Down’s syndrome, the physical features characteristic of the early stage of fetal development, including narrow slanted eyes, which give patients an external resemblance to the people of the Mongoloid race, were characteristic, which gave L.Daun reason to call this disease “Mongolism” in 1866 “and suggest an erroneous theory of racial regression, or evolutionary recoil. In fact, Down syndrome is not related to racial features and is found in representatives of all races.
In addition to the already mentioned features of the eye structure, other characteristic features are revealed in patients with Down’s syndrome: a small round head, smooth wet edematous skin, dry thinned hair, small rounded ears, a small nose, thick lips, transverse grooves in the tongue, which are often stuck out out, as it does not fit in the mouth. The fingers are short and thick, the little finger is relatively small and usually curved inwards. The distance between the first and second fingers on the hands and feet is increased. The limbs are short, the growth is usually well below the norm. Sexual signs are poorly developed, and probably in most cases the ability to reproduce is absent.
Intellect patients are usually reduced to a level of moderate mental retardation. The coefficient of intellectual development of IQ varies between 20-49, although in some cases it may be higher or lower than these limits. Even in adult patients, mental development does not exceed the level of a normal seven-year-old child. The manuals traditionally describe such features of patients with Down’s syndrome as obedience allowing them to adapt well to hospital life, affection accompanied by stubbornness, lack of flexibility, a propensity for imitation, as well as a sense of rhythm and a love of dancing. However, systematic studies conducted in England and the United States do not confirm this image.
People with Down’s syndrome are sick and, possibly, infectious to others.
There is no danger of infection. Down syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by the presence of an additional chromosome in human cells. Superfluous, 47 chromosomes causes the appearance of a number of physiological features, as a result of which the child passes the stages of development common to all children a little later than their peers. People with Down’s syndrome are not sick, they are more likely to be people with disabilities or people with special needs.
Children with Down’s syndrome can not be helped.
It should be remembered that Down’s syndrome is a set of attributes that are amenable to competent pedagogical correction. The success of this correction depends on how early and comprehensively it is begun.
A child who has Down syndrome is not trained.
Wrong opinion. Such children only differ in some developmental delay, and their learning abilities are the same as those of other children. Most effectively, children with Down’s syndrome develop in the family, surrounded by parental love and attention, which are the main stimuli for the baby.
Children with Down’s syndrome are born to those who lead an immoral lifestyle.
This is not true. Of the 700 newborns, one is born with Down syndrome. This ratio takes place in different countries, climatic zones, social strata. It is exactly the same everywhere and does not depend on the parents’ way of life, their habits, skin color or nationality (and parents usually have a normal set of chromosomes). Boys and girls are born with the same frequency.
Because of a child with Down’s syndrome, families often break up.
Not at all. Much more often, different reasons lead to the disintegration of families.
People with Down’s syndrome are aggressive, inadequate, and generally dangerous to society.
On the contrary, people with Down’s Syndrome are capable of sincere love and true friendship, they are generous and affectionate. At the same time, each of them has its own character, and the mood, like that of ordinary people, is changeable.
In the CIS countries, people with Down syndrome are fewer than in Europe.
This impression is made because in Europe people with Down syndrome live in families, are included in the state aid program, and society treats them as equal members. And in the CIS countries, many families refuse a child with Down’s syndrome in the maternity hospital, as a result of which such a person enters a specialized orphanage, where he most often spends his whole life.
In our family, a child with Down syndrome can not be born – we all are healthy.
Unfortunately, the appearance of such a child is a genetic accident that can take place in any family.
Children with Down syndrome are best placed in a specialized institution where qualified specialists will observe it.
It should be remembered that the syndrome of hospitalization quite often develops in specialized and non-specialized boarding schools and children’s homes. This is a violation of children’s mental and personal development, caused by the separation of the infant from the mother and stay in a special institution. As a result, intellectual, emotional and physical development is inhibited, which in no way improves the condition of a child with Down syndrome.
From the family in which a child with Down’s syndrome is brought up, all friends and acquaintances turn away.
This is completely untrue. Of course, some people may not respond adequately to “special” children, but most are sympathetic and offer effective help to parents. It should be remembered that others will treat this child exactly the way parents treat him, and build their attitude to the baby accordingly.