Diving (dive from dive to dive) is sub-divided into two types:

1. Actually


, in the public sense – is swimming under water with devices that provide an autonomous air supply ( or other gas mixture) for breathing under water from a few minutes to 12 hours or more, depending on the depth, type of breathing apparatus and consumption of the gas mixture by the diver.

Diving can be divided into three classes:

a) recreational – scuba diving for recreation, pleasure (limited to a depth of 40 meters);
b) professional – diving work;
c) technical diving – IANTD defines this term as any immersion in the “headroom” outside the daylight area, any dive deeper than 40 meters and any dive requiring decompression stops.
Types of technical diving are cave diving (the type of diving performed in caves) and marsh diving (scuba diving in flooded quarries, neglected ponds).



(apnea) – snorkeling on breathing delay. Allows you to stay under water for several minutes (world record – 17 minutes 4 seconds).

In English, where the word was taken, diving means, in addition to diving, jumping into the water.

Diving is a hobby for old people and old women.

This myth is widely spread due to the fact that we are too little aware of this sport. Many people think that diving is immersion in calm and pleasant water in order to enjoy, admiring the fish. However, after completing a course of study and acquiring suitable equipment, you will definitely learn a completely different aspect of diving. Have you tried swimming in the surf zone in Southern California? Have you tried feeding the sharks from your hand? Have you ever tried to explore underwater caves? Did you try to swim among the rusty corridors of the sunken ship? But this is just a small list of what a diver can experience. In a word, to begin with, drop your ego and take the first step to getting an entry-level certificate (Open Water).

Only people living in the tropics can deal with diving.

It does not matter where you live! Of course, in the tropics we can immerse ourselves in warm waters, where you, feeling weightless, drift between coral reefs … However, diving does not end here. Everywhere there are careers, rivers, lakes, in some places flooded mines – and everywhere you will see divers. In other words, the geography of diving is extremely extensive, and the tropics do not end there.

This is too dangerous. The ocean is full of sharks, and they will eat us.

These are fictions of Hollywood producers. In reality, sharks do not have the habit of attacking divers, often these animals do not even swirl around when a person dives into the water. Their first reaction at the sight of a person is to turn around and swim away! It is worth saying that often divers live all their lives, never meeting with this majestic animal near.

To start learning, I have to get a lot of things.

In diving, a lot depends on the equipment, but in order to start learning, you only need three things: a pair of fins, a tube and a mask. The main thing is that these items of equipment fit you in size, so that you would be comfortable with them. All other equipment can be rented, and often the use of equipment is included in the cost of diving.

In order to practice this sport, you have to be a trained athlete.

Without any doubt, if you are in good physical shape – this is only a plus. However, following this logic, it can be assumed that only cyclists of the Tour de France can ride a bicycle. It should be noted that at the beginning of any diving courses you need to swim about 180 meters without stopping. Insanely difficult? No, because you are not limited in time, no one is chasing you, the endurance is checked.It is important for the instructor to understand that you can stay on the water and will not experience discomfort when you immerse your face in water.

Diving is a men’s sport.

At present, the ratio between women and men in diving is 40 to 60. Many manufacturers of equipment, tour operators offer products specifically for the weaker sex, so diving is a sport for both men and women.

My ears ache!

Almost the first thing that is taught to beginners is the reception of Valsalva, which is very simple: squeeze your nose and try to exhale through it until you feel that the pressure on your hearing organs has weakened. As you can see, it’s easy.

You need a whole state to get a certificate.

Not at all. Compare the price of diving lessons with anything, and you will find that this is an incredibly successful transaction, especially if you compare the price of a diving course with the cost of a home simulator that is now gathering dust in the living room.

I have a disease, I can not dive.

You probably got this from an ordinary doctor. You need to know a third-party opinion! Doctors are cautious people who often do not understand the specifics of diving, and in response to the question “Can I dive?” doctors are likely to answer “No”, because this option is the most secure. Do not refuse diving, first consult with medical experts familiar with the specifics of diving.

It’s equally pleasant to dive with a pipe or scuba diving.

True! And all because these are two completely different occupations. Diving with a tube – as if watching a football match from above, scuba diving – become a full-fledged player.

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