Digital library



Today books from subjects of almost the first necessity turn into a certain antiques. More and more people are choosing electronic means of obtaining information, there are electronic readers, libraries on the Internet. It is interesting that the first electronic library was created in fact back in 1971.

Such a sharp transition to new forms of information storage entailed a lot of questions, in particular, about copyright. It is not surprising that in the wave of discussions a group of myths about electronic libraries appeared. It is not clear who the authors of such rumors are those who deliberately steal author’s texts or those who simply do not realize the full depth of the process. In addition, there were paid resources, which further fogged the issue.


Digital library

Today, in the literature environment on the Russian Internet, processes similar to those that occurred in time with paper publishers have been observed. In the 1990s everything was published in a pirated way, then people settled down and went over to civilized methods of book publishing. Debunk some of the myths about popular electronic libraries now.

Readers will soon be banned from reading books for free, only electronic libraries will remain.

This will never happen. In contracts with the Agency for the Protection of Copyright on the Internet, the non-exclusive rights to publish and distribute works on the Web are clearly spelled out. Namely, this document is usually signed by the authors, in particular, publishing their work on the resource Liters. What does non-exclusivity mean? It is the author’s right to distribute his own texts, for example, to sell them to other online libraries or shops. Nobody will forbid the author and distribute his work for free. That is, the author can not only sell the agency a non-exclusive right, but simultaneously, and maybe sooner or later post their materials either on their website or on free resources.

If the book goes on sale, it means it will not be available for free in the electronic library.

Allegedly, to blame for paid resources like Liters. In fact, such libraries are doing everything possible, so that an increasing number of books appear in online libraries. Lil├ęs also unites several large and free online libraries. Even if the author agrees to place his text in a pool of several such free libraries, he will still receive income. Money will come from advertising on the pages of such resources. It’s a paradox, but it’s advantageous for the author to post his creations on free resources, signing relevant agreements, and on paid ones, all the more. Moreover, such an action is absolutely legal in accordance with the Copyright Law. Now the author will be able to get a return on his work, on which electronic libraries are made profit.

Pirate libraries earn only advertising, such income is enough only to maintain the existence of the resource.

Even when the site is visited by 500 people a day, you can actually receive advertising revenue, that is, real profit, which does not include spending on hosting, domain leasing, etc. Usually, electronic libraries have a high attendance, and hence their profitability is higher. Even the newly created resource for 1-2 years is gaining its own audience, which starts to make a profit. If you want and activity, a site of this kind can begin to bring money within six months of starting work. It is not necessary to consider pirates as kind people, who deal with this solely because of good motives. Usually, after the promotion of the project comes a time when there is a reasonable desire to earn money on this.

Libraries should not pay authors at all, because the resource simply gives the opportunity to read the author’s works, these writers must pay!

At the core of the myth, again, the assurances of pirates that they are donating authors and their books for free, are absolutely unselfish.This is not true, because a pirate library takes a popular book (usually by simple scanning with the appropriate quality) and places it on its resource. This is done to ensure that those who wish to download the text came to the site, thereby the library earns attendance. And the higher it is, the more people will see the advertising, and hence the income from it will be higher. It is obvious that the author is profiting from the work of the author, while they do not want to pay anything, stating that he also has something for the propaganda of the writer’s work.

To increase the sale of paper books, the text must be placed on the Internet.

This myth is spread by pirates who allegedly do free advertising. In fact, there is not a single statistical study that would prove that the person who read the book in the electronic version will hurry to buy a paper original, even if the reader liked it. But statistics implicitly says that the annual average circulation of printed matter in Russia is inexorably decreasing. In the 90’s it was about 30 thousand copies, later 10 thousand, then 5. Currently, the average print run of the printed book is only 3 thousand, which corresponds to the small print. But the forums are full of announcements that the reader is looking for the author’s text, while wanting to download it for free.

Pirate harassment is initiated by rich and greedy publishers, who are encouraging authors.

Are there so many rich publishing houses in our country? In fact, the major players are two – AST and Exmo. Behind them are located smaller ones – Amphora, Alphabet, etc. For them, it is important that the number of copies sold by them is sold out, since several failures can easily lead to bankruptcy. For even smaller publishers, the failures are even more critical. The very publication of the book – the process is not cheap, requiring great effort, to scan the book and print it then how much easier. The retail price is formed from the cost price, the mark-up of the publisher, the wrapping up of stores and suppliers. Not surprisingly, taking into account all the expenditure, the net income of the publishing house is not so great. The authors, while concluding a contract with the same Littres, actually deprive part of the income of book publishers. The book publisher, in fact, does not care – whether to read its author on the Internet on a pirated site or on the site of Litres, or entering into a negligible pool. The author, while cooperating with Litres, can earn additional funds. In the future, there will most likely be two types of contractual relations with publishers. Part of the publishing houses will redeem the rights for both paper editions and Internet publications. This will allow them to profit from the distribution of books by the author, including the Internet. Other publishers will focus only on real paper books.

In the West, the authors are not so soulless, the attitude to electronic libraries there is very loyal.

Western authors to the Russian market are only eyeing, studying its features and prospects. After all, the book publishing pirate lawlessness of the 90s is still in the memory of many. This is recalled by Ray Bradbury and Simon Clark, Stephen King generally refuses to communicate with our press. In the West, there are really free electronic libraries, which usually place either classics or novice authors who give their consent. Almost every author has his own site, where he can publish part of his works for advertising purposes – usually these are short stories. In the rest, electronic versions of books are successfully sold in paid electronic libraries or corresponding resources.

The advent of paid libraries will destroy free resources, soon we will not be able to freely read texts written long ago by our classics, or rare books in printed form.

This statement is wrong at the root, the fact is that the Copyright Law translates 70 years later the author’s works into the public domain, then they can be completely legalized, both for profit and for free. And you can earn money either directly (sell them) or indirectly (by posting free libraries on the sites). We should expect in the future either the appearance of sections of classics in existing libraries or specialized resources with classics and rare texts. By the way, such sites already exist.

Pirate libraries allow authors to live comfortably, advertising their creativity.

It is from such resources that people learn about new writers and their creations. Most of the visitors to free libraries are looking for new books by the author, who is already known to them, who is sorry to buy in paper form or who has not yet appeared on the counter. Given the system of distribution of books, there is an option that the reader, even if he wants to buy a paper version, simply can not do it. Thus, it is the well-known authors and their works that give libraries the bulk of visitors. It’s naive to think that Internet libraries give writers readers, buyers and fame to writers. If a popular author has a new bestseller, then such an event is usually advertised on the main pages of the site, maybe even a small advertising company on this matter. But a little-known author is not a fact that he will get to the resource at all, but he will not be advertised separately either.

Finding books in the pirate library writer does not harm at all, because his books are still sold in real life, for which he receives royalties, which should be enough for everything.

The average average writer receives a penny fee for his books or a small percentage of the publishing price from the sale. Note that the store price is much higher than the publishing price, so the income is not so high. Therefore it is not surprising that few people can afford to live comfortably only with money earned by writing skills. Naturally, venerable writers with good circulation earn more. It’s no wonder that many authors in principle are against placing their texts on the Internet, especially in pirate libraries. After all, they live on royalties and royalties, the more books they buy, the more opportunities to write more without being distracted in search of other work. Dozens of authors can not even afford to live on royalties, so they write slowly, devoting their weekends and lunch breaks to it. The same Lilys allows the author to receive income from publications on the Internet, pirate resources only reduce the number of books sold by the author, thereby reducing income. This is due to the limited ability of the library client. If we assume that the reader has the means to buy 5 books a month, then most likely he will acquire new items that have not yet been read, rather than those 5 books that have been read on a pirated resource. In fact, pirates kill those cows that feed them. If the author’s books are not sold, then he is looking for additional sources of income, being distracted from creativity, it becomes either slower or worse than quality.



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