(from the Greek diaita – lifestyle, diet), a specially designed diet with respect to quantity, chemical composition, physical properties, culinary processing and intervals in the intake of food. The diet of a healthy person, corresponding to the profession, sex, age, etc. (rational diet), is the subject of the study of food hygiene. Development and recommendations of diets for the patient is engaged in dietology – the science of therapeutic nutrition. With the appointment of diets come from functional, pathomorphological, metabolic, enzymatic and other disorders in the human body. Correctly selected diet determines the most beneficial background for the use of various therapeutic agents, enhances the effect of these drugs or has a therapeutic effect. The preventive value of the diet is that it delays the transition of acute diseases to chronic ones.
Do not eat after six in the evening.
One of the most common myths. In fact, it’s not how much you eat, but how much you eat and how active you are. If you ate at eight, and went to bed at 12, then this is nothing to worry about. Especially if your dinner was easy.
The more difficult it is to sustain a diet, the more effective it is.
The effectiveness of any diet is determined by the ability of more people to use it and achieving better results for losing weight or improving health.
There is a medicine that can lead to weight loss without any diets and pains.
There are no drugs that can lead to weight loss if a person does not follow a diet. After all, the basis of weight gain is a completely normal process – the accumulation of fat fat tissue. And the body does this at every opportunity. Accordingly, there are no and can not be medicines from physiological processes. All drugs for weight loss either enhance the effectiveness of the diet, or improve its tolerability.
The less we sleep, the more active we lose weight.
It looks quite logical. After all, in a dream, our metabolism slows down and energy is consumed less. So if you sleep less, fat will disappear faster. All just the opposite. Scientists believe that a full sleep is an absolutely essential component of the program of weight loss. During sleep, the level of the hormone that signals the brain of hunger decreases. Researchers came to the conclusion that if you sleep at least an hour less than expected, this can lead to hormonal imbalance.
Extra weight from what you eat a lot.
This is not quite true. As a rule, overweight, obesity, cellulite are consequences of an incorrect lifestyle or the onset of a disease.
If parents are obese, then excess weight in their children is almost inevitable.
Indeed, such children are prone to fatness. But if they eat properly, do not abuse fats, they will stay in shape for a long time. Conversely, if the daily menu has a lot of fatty and high-calorie dishes, then an increase in weight is inevitable. Even in the absence of a tendency to fullness.
Limiting the amount of food leads to weight loss.
Opinion is wrong. Normal is three meals a meal at regular intervals. Skipping one of the meals results in the following being plentiful. And since the body is not able to burn the increased number of calories, it “lays” them in the form of fat. Experiments on rodents have shown that the same amount of food given to them in three divided doses daily did not affect the change in weight, while the one given only in one measure led to a sharp increase in weight. If we are forced to abandon any food intake, we should evenly distribute the calorie content to the remaining, and also to drink more.
Weight loss is incompatible with eating enough.
This is not true. The main thing is the correct selection of the diet, good tolerance of the diet, its physiological and harmlessness. The perfect menu keeps a person feeling the inner comfort throughout the period of weight reduction.And only in this case, weight loss will be successful, and the result is persistent.
From fruits do not get fat.
Opinion is wrong. All fruits contain sugar, some (grapes, bananas, and also dried fruits) contain it more than others. Sitting on a diet, however, we must consume a certain amount of fresh fruit because of the content of vitamins, mineral salts and fiber in them. If possible, choose less sweet, such as watermelons, grapefruits, peaches, strawberries and raspberries. It must also be remembered that an apple, eaten between meals, effectively “deceives” our hunger.
You can not drink juice during diets.
Here you need to clarify what counts as juice. Juices or juice-based drinks from the store contain sugar and concentrated substances. If you can not do without juice, try to drink freshly squeezed juices, they are much more useful. And even better, replace them with fruits. After all, they contain fiber, it will improve the digestive tract and relieve the incoming feelings of hunger.
A salt-free diet will help to get rid of leakages and other skin problems.
A complete refusal to eat salt can be detrimental to your health. With a lack of salt in the body, the internal balance is disturbed and the body begins to protest. If in the fight against slags that prevent you from looking good, you will consume about 5 liters of water, you will have bad consequences, namely the occurrence of seizures, weakness of the body, even a heart attack is possible.
A large amount of water will help to lose weight.
Drinking plenty of water will not lead to weight loss. It is useful for health, but the information that people are thin with water is not. Probably, they simply replaced high-calorie juices or soda with ordinary drinking water. Our body needs from one and a half to two liters of water every day, it is worth remembering that a glass of water, drunk twenty minutes before a meal, reduces the feeling of hunger.
Diuretics and laxatives accelerate the process of losing weight.
These funds only stimulate the excretion of water and in no way contribute to more intensive consumption of fat. Application of them with excess weight is meaningless. And also harmful to the body.
Physical loads uniquely contribute to weight loss.
There are serious scientific studies proving that intensive loads lead to a weight gain rather than a decrease in weight. To exercise, of course, is necessary, but the intensity of the load must be selected individually.
Exercises on an empty stomach will help burn more fat.
When you do exercises, your body burns fat, as does the carbohydrate supply from the food you ate. If you do not eat or snack easily, you do not have carbohydrates to burn. But this does not mean that you will burn all the fat (physical characteristics). In addition, the nutrients needed for muscle work are burned. The deterioration of metabolism is not the goal of a diet. Pursuing on an empty stomach, you burn a few more calories than if you ate. But it will not benefit you, t. you are faster and tired. Ideally, if you eat 3-4 hours before exercise, or lightly snack in 1-2 hours.
Wearing warm clothes with strong physical activity helps to lose weight.
In fact, heat can reduce the risk of rupture of ligaments and muscles during heavy physical activities. But if you wear an excessive amount of clothes, this can lead to rapid fatigue of the respiratory and cardiovascular system. And, of course, this does not affect how the contours of the figure change.
Moderate food is a sufficient measure for weight control.
Weight gain can also be observed with a moderate diet, if the proportion of fats exceeds 50% or when you have an unhealthy lifestyle.
To lose weight, you need a lot of willpower.
Yes, willpower plays a role.But much more your weight depends on the genetic predisposition, on the health, the environment surrounding you, the level of activity.
Sharp weight loss is unsafe.
The opinion is fair. Too strong weight loss can by and large have a detrimental effect on the body. Rational weight loss should be planned for several months, because the weekly weight reduction should not exceed one kilogram.