Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases associated with insulin hormone deficiency or a violation of its interaction with the body. For this reason, there is a constant increase in the number of sugars in the blood, which, in turn, leads to a breakdown in all types of metabolism.
Not only humans, but also some animals, for example, cats, are affected by diabetes. The first descriptions of this state date back to the 2nd century BC. This disease affects 1-3% of the population. In 2002 there were about 120 million diseases registered.
Every 10-15 years the number of patients doubles, referring in large part to the number of poor countries. Thus, the problem becomes medical and social. There are several types of diabetes, the most common are the first and second type.
The wide spread of the disease has led to the fact that many people know about its existence, but poorly represent the causes of the onset, the course of the disease. Consider the same basic myths about diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus can be transmitted from one person to another.
Fortunately, diabetes is not transmitted as a cold through the air, or as others – through food. However, one should not forget that a person has a genetic predisposition to this disease, and also that a sedentary lifestyle and nutritional excesses, coupled with obesity, significantly increase the risk of this disease.
Chocolate and sweets can not be consumed by diabetics, their excessive consumption can cause disease.
Actually, people with diabetes can easily eat chocolate and other sweets without harming themselves. However, care must be taken – this is the source of digestible carbohydrates, so the amount of sweet must not exceed acceptable standards of rational nutrition. It is also desirable to correlate the intake of such food with physical activity. For the prevention of diabetes, it is important not just to limit the sweet, but regular movement, proper nutrition and control over your own weight.
Patients with diabetes should eat special foods.
The rules for compiling a diet for each day for a sick person are no different from the usual rules. Fats should be limited, especially fats should be feared, which are modified structurally during cooking, for example during frying. It is necessary to limit the intake of salt and sugar, to provide a sufficient number of fruits, vegetables, vitamins, hard varieties of cereals that will give fiber. The experience of international studies has shown that nutrition, based on special products with glucose substitutes, does not give the expected effect. After the consumption of such products, the level of glucose in the blood still rises, besides, the products themselves are much more expensive, and the sorbitol (sugar substitute) that it contains has a laxative effect.
A diabetic patient should avoid foods rich in starch: potatoes, pasta and bakery products.
Do not limit the consumption of foods containing starch! After all, such food is a source of not only carbohydrates, but also vitamins and dietary fiber, which are required for the body to normal life. The main thing is to control the volume and quantity of such products. For most diabetics, it is perfectly acceptable to take 3-4 meals a day rich in starch within a week.
People with diabetes are more susceptible to colds.
Statistics show that the same number of people with diabetes suffer from acute respiratory illnesses, as well as among other people. But with acute colds in diabetics, the glucose level can be significantly increased, which in turn can lead to the development of ketoacidosis. This is especially critical for patients with type 1 diabetes.
Insulin treatment carries more harm than good, since this medicine causes arteriosclerosis of blood vessels, increased blood pressure and weight gain.
Scientists at the moment can not clinically confirm the role of insulin in the development of atherosclerosis or increased pressure.Studies have shown that the effective level of glucose in the blood of diabetics in terms of its usefulness significantly exceeds the possible troubles from excess weight gain. So do not be afraid of the use of conventional medicine.
Diabetics can consume fruits in unlimited quantities.
Fruits are really very useful, because they contain a lot of minerals, fiber and vitamins. But some of them are very rich in sugars and, with their frequent use, a significant increase in the level of glucose in the blood. Data on the possible consumption of fruit, quantity and frequency should be provided by the attending physician.
If the level of glycohemoglobin (A1C) 8% is exceeded, the treatment regimen should be changed.
The possibility of complications in diabetes is directly related to the control of blood glucose levels. American doctors recommend that the A1C level does not exceed 7% (in a healthy person this figure does not exceed 6%). But for patients with type 1 diabetes, even at a normal level of gliogemaglobin, there is a high risk of hypoglycemia associated with a sharp drop in blood glucose. Therefore, it is better for patients with diabetes to individually tailor their target glucose level to the attending physician.
Diabetes mellitus can get sick if there is a lot of sugar.
Not excessive consumption of sugar is the cause of diabetes. Despite the presence of a sweet substance in the name, the cause of diabetes is the lack or absence of a special insulin hormone, which helps the sugar to enter the cells from the blood. Where does sugar come from, you ask? The fact is that when you eat food, it is converted into a substance like sugar, but this is not the product that we eat or with tea. With sports and proper nutrition, sugar and sweet can be eaten. However, it is always necessary to maintain a measure, maintaining the necessary balance of carbohydrates, proteins and fats that enter the body during the day.
When you have diabetes, you immediately feel sick.
On the contrary, many patients do not even suspect about their disease. But there is a danger in this – if you do not treat the disease, then the blood vessels, other organs will be destroyed. Even if the presentation of a disappointing diagnosis is normal, it is still necessary to undergo a course of treatment. After all, harm from diabetes can appear not immediately, but after a few years. The consequences of the same disease can be exposed to the heart, nerve cells, it will be difficult to correct the situation. So you should trust the doctor, listen to his instructions for treatment.
An easy form of diabetes is possible.
Many patients, based on their own well-being, believe that their form of diabetes is easy. In fact, diabetes is not easy. Sometimes there is no need to inject insulin and take medicine, but the disease still needs to be kept under observation.
You can not go in for sports with diabetes, as this can lead to complications.
There are no prohibitions on doing sports for people with diabetes. On the contrary, doctors even encourage active life. Regular training will help to contain the development of the disease, while the body can more effectively absorb insulin. Naturally, individual deviations are possible, so it is better to consult the doctor.
If the blood glucose level is less than 8%, then the course of treatment should not be changed.
Any treatment aims to stabilize blood glucose at a normal level of about 7%. Therefore, the approach to this indicator minimizes the risk of complications, including eye diseases, nerve cell damage. It is worth choosing such a treatment, which will give the result as close to the desired.
If I did not have diabetics in my family, then nothing threatens me.
It happens that people who are already predisposed to diabetes are born. However, more often a person tolerates this disease, although none of his relatives had him.The weight of a person and his way of life can greatly influence the development of diabetes.