Cyprus



Cyprus

(Republic of Cyprus) is an island nation that is located on the east of the Mediterranean Sea. Since May 1, 2004, Cyprus is a member of the European Union. The capital of the Republic of Cyprus is the city of Nicosia.

Officially only 98% of the island’s territory belongs to the Republic of Cyprus. As for the remaining two percent, they are occupied by British military bases. In addition, the state of Cyprus includes the following nearby islands: Mazaki, Cordillia, Cades, Kila, Glukiotissa, Geronisos, Agios, Georgios. In fact, after 1974 the island of Cyprus was divided into two parts. The first part occupies about sixty percent of the territory administered by the authorities of the Republic of Cyprus.


The remaining forty percent is administered by the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. The total population of the state is approximately seven hundred and ninety thousand people. Out of this number, one hundred and sixty thousand are Turks.

Cyprus

The Turks settled in the north of the island, and mostly all Greek Cypriots live in the south. Both groups live together only in the town of Pyla. As for other nationalities, in Cyprus there are thirty-five thousand Russians, seventeen thousand Englishmen, four thousand Armenians.

Orthodox Christianity is the main religion that the overwhelming majority of the population of the state profess (it is about ethnic Greeks). The religion of ethnic Turks is Islam.

In the administrative division plan, Cyprus is divided into six districts. These are Paphos, Limassol, Larnaca, Cyrene, Famagusta and Nicosia.

The working day of many banks and shops in Cyprus in the summer is limited to the time from 16:00 to 19:00, and in the winter – from 8:00 to 13:00 and from 15:00 to 17:30. In addition, for many of them, Wednesdays and Saturdays are days off.

There are six universities in the Republic of Cyprus, including three private and three public (Cyprus University of Technology, Open University of Cyprus and the University of Cyprus). In addition, there are several institutions in Cyprus. This is the Cyprus International Management Institute, the Higher School of Hotel Business, etc.

Cyprus attracts tourists and financiers, because this is Europe’s main offshore with the lowest taxes. Warm climate, the sea and loyalty to Russian guests are beckoning guests here. But the more reviews about the country, the more among them and the myths. We will try to debunk some of the misconceptions about Cyprus.

Cyprus is Europe. Politically, Cyprus is the most southern country in the European Union. But from the geological point of view, the island still belongs to Asia.

In Cyprus, a unique wine.

At one time in Europe appeared Philloxera’s beetle, which destroyed in the same France the unique grapes. But in view of the autonomy of Cyprus, the pest did not get here. So in any local village with pride will be shown live vines, which already for 100 years. It is here that the grapes are grown in the Guinness Book of Records – the vine for more than 150 years. The resulting drink is exactly the same as it was a century ago.

Cyprus has developed fishing.

Despite the fact that there is a sea around Cyprus, fishing is not developed here. Strong currents around the island frighten large fish.

Cypriots love to travel.

Local residents are large homebodies. Many of them never saw their island completely. Traveling to a neighboring republic in general for them is akin to a risky journey. Yes, here and in the neighboring cities, many do not go. And when he saw the picturesque mountain village in his old age, the people of Cyprus are surprised by the beauty of their island, a recognized tourist center.

Cyprus

There is no snow in Cyprus.

On the island itself can open the swimming season, while on Mount Olympus, the highest point of Cyprus, will lie snow. There is even a ski center where you can go skiing, tobogganing, children play snowballs. But it will not be possible to climb to the very top of the mountain – there is a military base.

Sharks are found off the coast of Cyprus.

In the Eastern Mediterranean, sharks are an atypical phenomenon.In Cyprus, since 1958, there have been no recorded cases of attacks by marine predators on humans. On the contrary, sharks themselves become victims – falling into the network or as objects of hunting for tourists. The main food for large sharks are pinnipeds, which are not in this region.

There are many mosquitoes in Cyprus.

In Cyprus, a fairly diverse small living creatures, but mosquitoes are not annoying. In summer, they are nailed with heat, and in winter – with rains. Mosquitoes are active only two times a year – in April-May and in September-October. And these bloodsuckers differ greatly from ours. They are inaudible and can not be seen, but they bite no worse than domestic ones. In general, local mosquitoes are not a disaster, and you can always buy fumitox.

The Cypriots are a heartfelt and hospitable people.

If you come here as a tourist, then you really will indulge in every way, create a good mood and desire to return here again. Go back and spend the money again. Those who stayed here to live will have to see how quickly the hospitality disappears. Russians are openly disliked because of high prices for real estate. And the Cypriots themselves are honest about this. Because of the massive buying up of houses and apartments, prices for them have grown 4-6 times, and in some places even more. As a result, local residents have become quite difficult to buy a home. Cypriots are quite jealous of women with Slavic appearance, perceiving them as competitors in the struggle for the hearts of the islanders. And no one even thinks of hiding women’s rivalry.

In Cyprus, cheap real estate.

On this cozy island, away from the center of the continent, in fact, some of the highest prices for real estate in Europe. And this does not take into account exclusive housing, but considers the average options. The sea, the sun, fresh air and the roof of the head are not so cheap. A direct alternative can be seen in Spain, where similar housing will cost half as much. However, the difference in the quality of life and in the cultural level is not in favor of Cyprus. And if the housing itself is normal, then with the architecture of the problem. The first impression is that this is the most natural backwater. Nobody thinks about uniformity and common style. Here, as in the south of Russia, everyone builds, as he pleases. The situation is saved except that strawberries, wine and oranges. They help to escape from impressions.


Buying property in Cyprus is easy.

This issue is extremely difficult, accompanied by problems. First you have to wait for the title of the property. So here is a certificate of ownership. The timing can be prolonged even for 10 years, by local standards this is normal, but this expectation will be unnerving. Ignorance of local laws can turn into their violation. Cyprus intermediaries may, for their own benefit, resell the property to several private individuals. Responsibility for this is borne by all parties to the transaction. And although realtors say the opposite, the immigration service for the visa will have to go regularly. And not the fact that it will still be given. In the immigration service, the foreigner will pay special attention, all his finances will be carefully considered. He will have to justify himself and prove his financial solvency, which is rather humiliating for a respectable person. Then you will have to deal with predatory utility bills, so cunning that even Russian colleagues can learn. It seems that local lawyers have an unofficial agreement between themselves and all employees. All questions can be significantly speeded up by call, but for this the client will have to pay. Those who have taken a mortgage from a local bank should be prepared for any miracles. These documents are designed in such a way that the client can be easily manipulated, and no lawyer will undertake to improve the conditions in favor of his ward.

Cyprus

In Cyprus, a foreigner can easily find a legal job.

You can see a lot of vacancies on the island, but most of the time you’ll have to work for pennies, with a high probability, even illegally.The employer offers not to issue a work visa. To combine paid work and a pleasant place to work, it is necessary to look for jobs in Russia. As an employer, it is worth choosing a large international company. Local small firmochki and should not be considered. You have to respect yourself as a specialist, and not work for a penny.

Thousands of euros a month will suffice for life in Cyprus.

In reality, everything is not so much rosy. This amount is enough for only a couple of weeks. 200-250 euros will have to pay for utilities, 400-500 for rent, another 150-200 euros for gasoline or road. The remaining amount is not even enough for food. You can only get a fishing rod to catch fish in the sea.

You can get a good education in Cyprus.

It is not worth traveling here for a good education. Schools here are frankly weak. Even English private schools – a beautiful cover in the form of a rich history. But behind this lies bloated prices “especially for Russians.” For such money you can get an education in England itself. In Greek schools, the level of education is inferior to that of the Russian, and foreign children will also be oppressed. The administration prefers not to take such cases to the public, transferring children to other schools. But in local Russian schools, secondary education is quite strong. Sometimes it’s funny to watch parents of students in an elite English school send their children to the Russian rivals for the second half of the day. But the difference in the price of training is 5-7 times. Parents themselves say that the high-sounding names of English schools are needed only for documents. And the English language is improving. But Russian schools give knowledge and general erudition. It is worth noting that many Cypriots are proud of the Russian diploma of higher education, especially in the field of medicine. This fact puts everything in its place and testifies to the level of local universities. And wealthy citizens try to study in England or America, but definitely not at home.

There are no problems with crime in Cyprus.

Over the past couple of years, the once iridescent statistic has deteriorated. The area of ​​Germasogeia is regularly subjected to looting, as is the neighborhood of Paphos and the historical part of the capital. There are no cars with open windows. Houses are increasingly equipped with security, video surveillance systems, grilles and shutters. The cases of robbery for years are gathering dust in the police without a chance to be disclosed.

Cyprus is a tourist paradise.

This is a really good place to relax, but not the cheapest. Tourists who traveled half the world, nothing unique local industry can not offer. Most hotels on this island are appropriating stars for themselves at personal discretion, without trying to comply with generally accepted standards. Excursions in Cyprus are only 3-4 interesting and useful. You can take a look at Orthodox Cyprus, Zenobia, Lefkara and Kykkos-Troodos. The rest of the excursions are thought up on an equal place. Zoo favorably differs from domestic analogues, but it will not be able to amaze with diversity. For diving Zenobia is suitable, but here authorities are trying to limit diving. The tourist is left to admire the village color, excellent wines and simple but delicious Mediterranean cuisine. Recreation will be pleasant except for a lowly tourist, but he will have to fork out.

Cyprus

Cyprus is an expensive resort.

When people start collecting information about Cyprus in preparation for the holidays, they come up against this myth. But when buying trips, they turn out to be suspiciously cheap, in comparison not with Turkey or Bulgaria, but with Spain. For a reasonable amount you can get a bungalow hotel by the sea, with its own beach and free sunbeds with towels. In the large room, in addition to the bedroom there will be a living room, a kitchen and a bathroom. Comparing with other popular European destinations, Cyprus will look preferable to the price-quality parameter. There is no special high cost in shops – the prices in supermarkets are comparable to what is in St. Petersburg and Moscow.Talk about the prices of clothing and equipment, there is no sense, because at the resort you need to rest, but do not shop.

Guides and tour operators just think how to deceive the tourist.

Preparing for a trip to Cyprus you can hear that it is not worth buying tours from operators, not exchanging money for guides. But why such a negative? Nobody forces you to buy additional excursions. And groups are usually formed on the basis of language. You can save and get into the company of the Chinese. Would that be better? Usually it is possible to purchase several excursions and the operator without any penalties will return the money for those where it did not work. In this regard, operators and guides are no different from other Europeans.

You can not change money in hotels and guides.

People collect bits of information, preparing to give a hard fight to speculators. In practice, the difference in the exchange rate of the euro to the local pound in the hotel, the guide and the bank is 1-2 percent. Yes, the local currency is especially not needed. It can pay off with taxi drivers, leave a tip, make purchases in small shops. Everywhere you can pay with a credit card, while the rate will be significantly better than in the exchanger. Even the guide can take payment with the help of a special cash register.

Calls from Cyprus are very expensive.

If the call is made using cellular communication, then this is indeed the case. If you call a landline phone from a number, it will be very profitable. This is sure to tell the guide, which tourists do not believe. After the first short-term calls it will turn out that it is so cheap that you can fully communicate with your relatives. Even cheaper you can call from the payphone by buying a card. But tourists often live far out of town. The prices for the same machine from the hotel and from the rooms are the same. So you can communicate right from the room, comfortably sitting in bed.

In Ayia Napa, chic beaches with white sand.

Travel guides advise these beaches, promising clean sand, clear water and entertainment. In fact, there is nothing unusual in the local beaches, they are rather narrow. And the entrance to the sea is not sand. The Spanish coast of Costa Dorada in this regard is much more interesting.

You can enter Cyprus without a visa. For Russians, visa-free regime has been canceled since 2004.

But it’s not difficult to get permission to enter. We need standard documents, they will consider them in a gentle manner. Permission is usually issued in a few days, but if you want, you can get a visa for a working day. This is the only EU country where you can get permission to enter by e-mail and without a personal visit to the consulate. The document is printed on the printer and presented on arrival.

In Cyprus, you can take photos without limits.

In order to shoot photos or video local attractions in museums, you must first obtain permission from the municipality. For this, a written request is sent there. But in places of excavation you can safely shoot, trying not to take other people into the frame. They may be indignant that they did not give permission for the survey. It is strictly forbidden to remove the border zone between two parts of Cyprus, soldiers and military installations.

Choose the hotel is located on the first line.

Many three-star hotels in Ayia Napa are enticed by the fact that they are located on the first line. And indeed, there are no other buildings between them and the sea. But only the distance to the reservoir can be significant – 200-300 meters. It is necessary to clarify the manager in advance this question. And in Limassol many hotels are located directly on the beach.

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Holidays in Cyprus are similar to Turkish.

Turkey is famous for its animators. You can spend your entire vacation in the hotel. But in Cyprus it is not very common. Fans of the option “all inclusive” in Cyprus will not like it.

There are paid beaches in Cyprus.

All beaches on the island belong to municipalities. The entrance to any of them, even if it is near the fashionable hotel, is free for anyone who wants.

Northern Cyprus is a dangerous and wild place.

There is an unrecognized Turkish Republic on the territory of Cyprus. It seems that such a status generates anarchy and lawlessness in this part of the island. In 1974, the northern part of the island was captured by the Turkish army, which led to the division of the country. Southern Cyprus is a member of the European Union, but North Cyprus is quite a civilized country. Here people do not disappear in the middle of a white day. Crossing the border, you immediately understand that there is no particular difference between the countries. Just in one half hang Greek flags, and in the other – Turkish. The population is not much different from each other – the same kind and relaxed. The Turks are even more hospitable, since their Greek neighbors are more spoiled by tourists. In the northern part, foreigners are sometimes accepted as personal guests. Unrecognized state does not mean its complete isolation. The embassies of Turkey, the USA, Germany and Australia, France, Great Britain and the EU mission work here. Many Europeans do not just prefer to rest here, but also buy real estate. Moreover, the status of the republic keeps prices much lower than in the southern part of the island.

On the North Cyprus domestic tourist does not get.

Our tourists are confused by the lack of direct flights and the Russian consulate in Northern Cyprus. True, many do not stop it. The reward for the passion for adventure will be the cleanest beaches, classy and inexpensive hotels and the opportunity to visit a unique country that many people do not know about. To get here, you must first visit Istanbul, get a local visa and directly at the airport to buy a ticket for a plane to North Cyprus. There are no problems with the seats – six passengers carry out the transportation of passengers at once.

Orthodox Christianity is the official religion of the Republic of Cyprus.

This is so, because in the territory of this state there is a large number of monasteries and many churches. Archbishopric is located in the central part of Nicosia, in front of the building you can see a monument to Archbishop Makarios. It should be noted that there are many monuments to Makarios, the first president of free Cyprus. However, the majestic monument in front of the archbishopric is among the others leading in importance and height. It is necessary to get acquainted with the Cathedral of St. John the Theologian located near the archbishopric. This cathedral was erected in the seventeenth century, and at the present time its iconostasis is striking to the eye of modern man. The iconostasis is majestic and grandiose. In the recent past, the frescoes of the cathedral were restored, which depicts stories from the life of saints. In the immediate vicinity of the Archbishop’s Palace there are a number of museums. The Museum of Folk Art and the Museum of Byzantine Art dominate. The city of Nicosia is the capital of the Republic of Cyprus. At the same time it is the largest city of the state. Nicosia is located in the center of Cyprus.

Tourism is the main source of the national income of the Republic of Cyprus.

One of the main. A large part of the population is employed in the tourism sector. Tourism gives the largest income to the state budget of foreign currency. Over the past four years, tourism profit has increased by forty percent, and the number of people wishing to visit the country – by twenty-nine percent. The largest resorts in Cyprus are: Paphos, Larnaca, Protaras, Ayia Napa, Limassol. Also under the control of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus are the following resorts: Kyrenia and Famagusta. The largest cities of the Republic of Cyprus are Nicosia, Limassol. The centers of club life oriented to the youth are recognized as the resorts of Ibiza and Ayia Napa, while the rest of the family is more suitable for Protaras and Paphos. As for the city of Paphos, its cultural heritage is protected by UNESCO, so you can visit it also because of curiosity about local attractions. By the way, not far from this city is the bay of Aphrodite. The legend says that it was here that the goddess of love and beauty was born from sea foam.The geographical position of Cyprus is such that it gives an opportunity to organize sea cruises for tourists in Jordan, on the island of Rhodes or in Israel and Egypt. The seaports of Limassol and Larnaca are the point of departure of liners, the time of one cruise, as a rule, is 48 hours. However, one should take into account the visa regime of some countries (for example, Israel), in which cruises are organized.

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The Cyprus region of Nicosia is a mixture of historical attractions from different eras.

The tourist will be able to get acquainted with the Church of Chrysaliniotissa, built in the middle of the fifteenth century, erected in 1662 by the Cathedral of Sts. St. John, as well as the churches of Tripiotis and Fanereni, the Omeriye Mosque, the Venetian fortress walls (sixteenth century), the Statue of Liberty and the Ammochostos Gate, the Archbishop’s Palace (which is located on the Archbishop’s Square), the Applied Arts Center and many others.

Limassol is Cyprus’s largest resort.

More precisely, the southern coast of the island. Moreover, Limassol is the second largest city in the country. Even in winter, when other cities are resting from the tourist life, in Limassol all are also open doors for visitors. This city gives tourists the opportunity to choose their pastime: luxury hotels for passive holidaymakers, a huge number of attractions for lovers of antiquity, because Limassol is a major cultural center. Interested in history can visit churches, museums, fortresses. And of course, Lisbon offers a rich selection of night bars, youth clubs, discos, taverns, restaurants for every taste. For those who do not like to sit still, there are three excellent water parks in which you can relax with the whole family. It is worth noting the fact that Limassol is also a major commercial, business and commercial center.

Ayia Napa is an ideal place for avid bathers.

It’s easy to get a bronze tan and sweat in plenty, enjoy white soft sand and warm, unusually clean sea. Tourist will enjoy the amazing beauty of azure bays. Interestingly, Ayia Napa recently was a very small fishing village. At the present time it is the capital of tourist attractions in Cyprus, which every year attracts more and more tourists from all over the world. The network of cultural entertainment in Ayia Napa is well developed. The resort allows you to find yourself to the liking of water activities, restaurants and bars, karaoke and discos. Ayia Napa is ideal for families. For children there are beaches in shallow water. On the coast are Dolphinarium, the Moon – and water parks. To get to the resort, it takes approximately two and a half hours to drive from Paphos or within an hour – from Larnaca airport.

Paphos is the most beautiful city in the Republic of Cyprus.

This small port city is also one of the oldest cities in Cyprus. Moreover, at a certain historical stage, Paphos was recognized as the capital of the country. The city is really very beautiful, tourists first of all pay attention to stunning scenery. One of the most famous bays of the coastal line of the city is Coral Bay. One of the local attractions is Fort Kato. Originally it was intended to protect the harbor. This fort was built by the Byzantines. In the thirteenth century, the fort was rebuilt by the Lusignans. As a defensive fort, Fort Kato ceased to function in the sixteenth century – after the Turks of Osman came to Cyprus. Since then, the fort has become one of the main attractions of Paphos. The most significant attraction of Paphos are the mosaics located in the villa of Dionysus, some of which are considered the most beautiful, preserved from the time of antiquity to the present time, mosaics. Dionysus, the god of winemaking, is depicted on many of them. On well-preserved mosaics, one can also see stories from Greek mythology and hunting scenes.At some distance from this villa during the archaeological excavations was found Villa Theseus. One of the mosaics of this villa depicts the first bathing of Achilles, and on the other – Theseus in Crete. Not far from this place is Villa Hercules. There are several mosaics of the fourth century. Villa Hercules was discovered in 1982, and the following year the house of Aeon was found. The latter contains five mosaic panels.

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The main natural attraction of the Republic of Cyprus is Pissouri.

This is truly a very beautiful place, which will attract a large number of tourists in the near future. Pissouri is located between two Cypriot cities – Paphos and Limassol. The advantage of this village is the virginity of the local nature. The magnificent landscape was not touched by man, and now Pissouri is buried in fragrant greenery. Here you can get the most unforgettable emotions and feel like a free person. The holidaymaker will be delighted with the picturesque coves and many exotic trees. You can make a romantic walk in the mountains, which will also remain in your memory for a long time.

High popularity among tourists enjoys a place called “stone of the Romans”.

In the heyday of Byzantium, the Greeks called themselves “Romans” or “Romans”. This fact makes it possible to translate the name “Romei stone” as “Greek stone”. You can see it twenty-five kilometers from Pafos. As the legend says, the goddess of love Aphrodite in this place came ashore from the sea foam, but this circumstance caused its name. The birthplace of Aphrodite is associated with another event. In the battle with the Saracens, Digenis Akrit – a semi-legendary Byzantine hero – launched a piece of rock into an enemy ship. The abandoned stone smashed the ship into chips.

Royal tombs are another attraction of Paphos.

These monumental structures, dating from the fourth century BC, are famous for their carved in the solid stone Doric columns. “Royal” they are called because of the unusually royal majesty of the whole complex. Buryed in these boundaries are dignitaries of high rank, but not kings.

In Cyprus there are bad roads.

In fact, the roads on the island are recognized as one of the best in the European Union. Roads are divided into motorways, country roads, main (four of them, run along the southern coast) and auxiliary asphalted roads. In Cyprus, introduced a left-hand traffic. If desired, citizens of the Russian Federation can rent a car on the island. This will require a standard driving license. However, some companies put forward a restriction on age. You should know that the driver is obliged to skip pedestrians walking along the pedestrian crossing. Public transport is represented only by buses. In 1905, Cyprus also opened a railway, which was built by British colonial authorities. It included about forty stations and stops, but in the middle of the twentieth century due to low payback was closed. Currently, two airports of international importance operate in Cyprus. One airport is sixteen kilometers from Paphos, and the second is two kilometers from Larnaca (opened in 1975).

There are many long-livers in Cyprus.

This is so. One of the reasons is a healthy climate. Eighty-five years is the average life expectancy in Cyprus.

The national cuisine of Cyprus includes Mediterranean dishes.

And this is not surprising. First of all, we are talking, of course, about Greek and Turkish dishes, including meze and kleftiko. Meze is cooked both in Greece and in Turkey – this name means a whole range of dishes and snacks (and there are many of them) that are prepared from fish and meat. Kleftiko (which means “stolen meat”) is a dish made of lamb or goat meat. The name of the last dish came from life.The fact is that in the past the shepherds hid stolen meat in the ground. Spreading a bonfire on top of the hidden meat, they thus prepared it. Currently, the kleftiko is prepared in a tightly closed oven, whereby the meat becomes very tender. It is not difficult to separate it from bones. Among the Cypriots, Suvlaki and Suva, dishes cooked on the grill as well as seafood dishes, are popular. The latter include, for example, squid and octopus in red wine. The local population eats with pleasure the nuts and grape syrup prepared from the churchkhela. Cooking Cyprus does not imagine itself without rose water. Practically not one dish of Cypriot cuisine can not do without the addition of cinnamon. This seasoning is used both in the preparation of sweets, and in the preparation of vegetable stews, cutlets and meat.

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Cyprus is famous for its winemaking.

Every year, with the onset of autumn, a wine festival is held in Cyprus. The traditions of this holiday go back to the times of antiquity. Legends connect this with Dionysus, the god of winemaking.



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