This problem is one of those that are preferred to be shyly concealed. Meanwhile, mankind has faced the problem of constipation even at the dawn of its existence. Digestion malfunctioned both the poor and the rich. However, the problem was seriously tackled only in the last century. And yet Avicenna described in detail and scientifically this illness.
When the crash starts, it can go to the chronic stage. Such a diagnosis can be made if, for three months or more, the stool is observed less than three times a week, more than a quarter of the bowel movement time is needed, as it becomes dense, and in the intestine there is a feeling of incomplete emptying.
It is interesting that in developing countries such a problem is of little relevance, but in developed countries a whole epidemic of constipation has appeared. There, periodic constipation suffers from 10 to 50% of the population, while women are three times more likely than men. But only 3-5% of patients turn to doctors.
In England alone, the population spends on laxatives up to 40 million pounds every year. Although life expectancy from constipation does not decrease, the quality still suffers. This problem is rather delicate, they prefer to talk about it in a whisper. Not surprisingly, this gives the ground for the emergence of dubious miraculous means, as well as for myths and legends.
A person should have a chair every day.
There is no concept of “normality” as such. Some people go to the toilet 2-3 times a day, and someone is enough and three times a week. Of course, daily bowel movement, which happens most often, is good, but there is nothing wrong if a person can not go to the toilet for several days. But if the trip there happens less than two or three times a week, then an occasion to think about constipation. If such a deviation occurs suddenly and without special reasons, and also if it lasts for more than two weeks, you should already seek help from a doctor.
As a result of constipation, self-poisoning of the organism takes place.
There is an opinion that with constipation the body will begin to suck in the poisonous substances that are present in the feces. Also, this situation can give rise to some diseases, such as colon cancer, bronchial asthma or arthritis. However, it has not been scientifically proven anywhere that toxins are released from feces. There is no evidence that cleaning the large intestine by taking laxatives or enemas will help prevent the appearance of cancer or other diseases.
The appearance of constipation means that you need to eat more food fibers.
Often with constipation, dietary fiber or fiber actually helps. However, there are situations when the disorder becomes a cause of serious diseases – diabetes, stroke, Parkinson’s disease or thyroid disorders. Very rarely constipation can even tell about autoimmune diseases and colorectal cancer. So if the constipation lasts more than two weeks, if there are impurities of blood in the stool, and when the defecation feels painful sensations, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Dairy products can cause constipation.
It is believed that a large amount of milk can cause this kind of trouble or aggravate them. However, how correctly to estimate the volume here? For an average adult person, the daily portion is a glass of milk, about 40 grams of cheese or half a cup of ice cream. For a day you can take up to three such servings. If constipation is also observed with less consumption of dairy products, then it’s time to pay a visit to the doctor.
Swallowed chewing gum can cause constipation.
We are afraid that the chewing gum will stick to the entrails just as it sticks to the sole. Because of this, constipation may occur. In fact, the gum is partially digested and will leave the body naturally in a few days. However, the ingestion of a large amount of chewing gum in a short time interval can actually clog the site of the gastrointestinal tract.Especially the probability of danger is especially great if the gum is swallowed with food. But such options are quite rare.
Constipation often happens during vacation.
When a person on the road or changes the image and place of life, the daily routine and diet are different. This is what can cause constipation. To avoid it due to dehydration, you can simply drink plain water. This advice will be relevant to those who fly a lot in airplanes. It is also necessary to move more, perform some simple movements while waiting for a landing or stopping on the road. There are other recommendations for vacationers – do not abuse alcohol, do not forget about physical activity and pay attention to fruits and vegetables.
The regularity of the stool may be compromised due to poor mood.
Emotional stress can actually cause constipation and even strengthen it. Fight this with a massage of the abdomen. This will relax the muscles that support the intestines. As a result, he will begin to work more actively. Benefit may be acupressure, shiatsu massage. From nervous tension it is better to be saved by means of relaxation – yoga, meditation, biological feedback.
There is nothing wrong with restraining desires.
Some are too busy at work or shy to go to the toilet there, postponing this procedure for the home. However, ignoring the urge will not only cause discomfort, but can still cause constipation or even aggravate it. That’s why some people even allocate special time for going to the toilet, for example, immediately after breakfast. So if nature gave a signal, you should listen to it.
Constipation may be caused by medications.
Indeed, there are some pain killers, as well as antidepressants, medications for Parkinson’s disease or hypertension that can lead to constipation. Large doses of preparations containing iron or vitamins D, can have the same consequences. Constipation can also form with the intake of dietary supplements with calcium, especially if they are taken with other dietary supplements or with fixing medications. In any case – the appearance of constipation after taking medication is an occasion to consult a doctor.
Constipation may be formed due to a lack of fiber in the diet.
This is indeed so. Few amounts of dietary fiber in food leads to the appearance of constipation. To avoid such a problem, you must include in your daily diet products with fiber. It can be cereals, whole wheat bread or pasta. But products with low fiber content and high content of sugar and fats are better to exclude. We are talking about not useful for digestion semi-finished products. Unfortunately, the usual problem is when the fiber is lacking in the diet. Then you should add them gradually and gradually. This will help avoid bloating and gas formation.
There is no difference in dietary fiber.
This is not true. Thus, insoluble dietary fibers help to increase the volume of fecal matter, while also the peristalsis of the intestine is carried out. Thus, constipation can be avoided. The best sources of such fibers are cereals, pasta and whole wheat bread. But those soluble fibers that are found in fresh vegetables and fruits do not have such properties. To keep the bacteria in the intestine and those bacteria that help maintain a healthy microflora, the diet should include beans and citrus, beans.
To avoid constipation, one should eat more prunes.
Unnatural-looking dried fruit has long won the glory of an excellent remedy for constipation. And such recognition has appeared not on an empty place – the prunes can really relieve the symptoms of constipation or even prevent it. And the explanations here are quite scientific. The fact is that in such dried fruit there are many dietary fibers that increase the volume of feces and help it to pass through the colon more quickly. Prunes also contain a natural laxative, like sorbitol.Its advantage is safety even with prolonged use. For children, instead of prunes, you can try to freeze plum juice in the form of ice cream or mix it with other juices to diversify the taste.
Even ordinary drinking water can help with constipation.
And it really is. After all, the lack of fluid in the body is one of the possible causes of constipation. In the case of dehydration, copious drinking is a simple and effective solution. Normal water or some kind of drinks will do, all this will help to relieve constipation or prevent it. To understand how much moisture it is necessary to use, the doctor will help. The large intestine can suck up to 5-6 liters of liquid per day, and exceeding this rate (familiar, for example, to beer lovers) can lead to water diarrhea. The large intestine simply can not absorb so much. Also, you should limit drinks with alcohol or caffeine, because immoderation in their use can cause dehydration.
In order to avoid constipation, you have to go in for sports.
If the body does not receive proper physical activity, this can actually lead to constipation. Such activities push the intestine to work, relieving general stress. But it is known that the negative psychological state of a person can badly affect the regularity of the stool. However, it is better not to start the exercises immediately after eating, but after waiting an hour – the body needs to be given time to digest food. To begin with it is necessary to include in the daily routine 10-15 minute daily jog. With constipation, stretching and yoga exercises can be a good solution. But it is worth remembering that excessive physical activity (for example, marathon running) can badly affect the motor function of the intestine.
Coffee can help with constipation.
This statement is rather controversial. It’s no secret that caffeine really stimulates the muscles of the digestive tract, which are responsible for working with the stool. But for some reason, doctors do not recommend coffee as a remedy for constipation. The fact that caffeine is also a strong diuretic, which binds the fluid in the body, including in feces. A lack of fluid – a direct path to constipation. So people with this problem should stop taking diuretics, as well as drinks with such characteristics. In addition to coffee, it is strong tea, cola and alcohol.
To get rid of constipation, you need to cleanse the intestines with an enema.
Enema and irrigation of the colon can indeed remove from the body accumulated waste of life. However, they are not a means for treating constipation or preventing it. On the contrary, elderly people who regularly resort to such procedures complain that they eventually lead to constipation. Even if the irrigation of the intestine is carried out by a specialist, there is a risk of damaging the colon, which is fraught with the appearance of other problems. So, before trying to deal with constipation in this way, you should consult a doctor. The enema can get rid of the consequences of the problem, but not from it.
Castor oil is the solution to problems with constipation.
Indeed, castor oil is a strong laxative. But as in the case of other similar means, it can not be used for a long time. After all, the hobby of such “convenient” assistants can lead to the fact that the body will lose the ability to absorb nutrients and medicines. Castor oil itself in case of abuse of it can lead to damage to the intestine, its muscular and nervous tissue, which will become the cause of constipation in the future. So in this case, resort to such funds should be on the advice of a doctor and under his supervision.
Constipation occurs in the elderly.
Indeed, older people have a high chance of encountering such a problem. But this is possible not because of the past years, as such, but because of some diseases, poor nutrition, weak physical activity or a wide use of medications.Constipation is generally a fairly common deviation in the work of the gastrointestinal tract for many age groups. For example, this problem often appears after surgery, childbirth, during pregnancy. In the latter case, the fight against constipation in general is quite a delicate matter, requiring mandatory consultation with specialists.
Constipation can cause blood in the stool.
Having seen blood in your feces, you should not be frightened – this symptom is not always worrying. However, there is still a reason to see a doctor. The appearance of droplets of blood can indicate hemorrhoids or cracks in the rectal mucosa. The cause here may be constipation and subsequent stiffness during defecation. If the stool turns out to be dark-colored or even with clots of blood, this indicates that the source of bleeding is located in the upper segments of the gastrointestinal tract. In such cases, the reasons can be much more serious.
Constipation is an indispensable condition of pregnancy.
Admittedly, about two-thirds of expectant mothers complain about problems with bowel movement. However, the number of lucky ones who avoided constipation is not that small – about 40%.
Constipation appears literally in all expectant mothers in the second half of pregnancy.
By the end of the second trimester in the body, the concentration of progesterone increases severalfold, maintaining it until the very birth. During the same period, the uterus actively grows, violating the natural motility of the large intestine. So constipations during this period should not be surprised. It’s difficult to say when exactly it can appear, usually it’s 26-32 weeks of pregnancy, but it happens that constipation is formed and at the 15th week of bearing the fetus.
Pregnant with constipation is better to give up gymnastics.
A future mom really does not need to actively lift weights or even stand with them. But physical exercises aimed at strengthening the muscles of the pelvic floor, can help solve the situation with constipation.
During pregnancy, you can fight with constipation with a diet.
First of all, it is worthwhile to understand that it is impossible to fight with constipation with laxatives during this period – this can cause a threat of termination of pregnancy. And we are talking not only about strong medicines, but also natural, weaker ones – rhubarb, bark of buckthorn, leaves of Senna. In consultation with a doctor, tinctures from flowers of chamomile, mint, dill and cumin seeds, activated charcoal can help. Another option is a laxative-based laxative. But from physiotherapy methods it is better to refuse, as they can stimulate uterine contractions and badly affect the fetus.
The cause of constipation may become dolichokolon.
This disease is characterized by an excess of the colon excessively large, while the diameter of the lumen remains unchanged. However, a study among patients showed that there are no differences in the incidence of constipation among those who have this gut short or long. This suggests that there is no need to treat constipation operatively by imposing detours or performing a gut resection.
It is safe to take secretory laxatives with constipation.
Unfortunately, this way of solving the problem has its drawbacks. The systematic use of such drugs leads to the development of inertia of the digestive organs, the need to constantly increase doses. Stimulation of receptors can lead to painful sensations, especially if irritation exists in the bowel. The most physiological effect of volume-forming laxatives. They will increase the contents of the intestine and intensify its activity without irritation of the mucous membranes. Similarly, osmotic agents act.
Patients with chronic constipation present intestinal dysbacteriosis.
It is believed that the correction of this violation of microflora and can lead to a normalization of the work to get rid of stool. Nobody denies that the bacterial component of those who suffer from constipation is different than that of ordinary people.Only these changes are secondary in most cases. To treat them, it’s like helping leukocytes with pneumonia. Yes, and some significant effect on the constipation itself does not have dysbiosis. That’s why there is no need for a difficult chair to take probiotics.