Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis

is a severe liver disease, which is accompanied by a replacement of the liver tissue with a connective tissue. The liver changes in size, it becomes denser, bumpy and rougher.

The danger of cirrhosis is great – in developed countries this is one of the six main causes of death, 40 million people die of this disease every year in the world. However, many people are skeptical about this disease, believing that there is no danger from it, so we will consider more popular myths.

In fact, there is no special danger from cirrhosis, it’s just a horror story to disaccustom citizens from bad habits.

When the expression “propyl liver” is used, this is not an exaggeration. The facts of the death of this organ from cirrhosis are documented by doctors of Ancient India. The very term cirrhosis of the liver (or “red liver”) officially appeared in the early nineteenth century, when the clinical picture of the disease was described. Little has changed since then, in the case of cirrhosis, chronic alcohol intoxication is to blame. Statistics say that every third alcoholic is sick with this disease after 10-15 of the beginning of his destructive activity. Among the sick men in 2 times more, it is not difficult to guess why. The essence of the disease is that the destruction of liver tissue due to necrosis and fibrosis of hepatocytes – the cells of the body are dying, they are replaced by collagen fibers. The liver ceases to perform its basic functions – to purify the blood, the organ turns into a useless clot of connective tissue.

Cirrhosis is dangerous only for those who drink low-quality alcoholic beverages, because it is harmful not alcohol, but poisonous fusel oils.

No qualitative booze of harm for the liver. This statement can be heard from the producer of alcohol. In fact, any ethanol, even the best quality and clean, destroys the liver. A feature of alcohol is the activation of fibrogenesis in the liver tissues. In other words, it is under its action that cells begin to produce collagen, a useful liver tissue is replaced with an unnecessary connective tissue. A dangerous dose of alcohol for a person is well known: 200-250 grams of vodka or 40-45 grams of ethanol per day. 15-year drunkenness increases the risk of cirrhosis 8 times compared to the 5-year drinking-bout period. Although there is still some truth in the myth, if poisonous oils are added to ethanol, the risk of cirrhosis will increase significantly.

Only a drinking person can suffer from cirrhosis.

If a person does not drink at all, then this will save him only from one of the main factors in the development of cirrhosis, and all of them about a dozen. The cause of liver disease can be viral hepatitis, toxins, biliary tract disease, drug overdose, some infectious and parasitic diseases (brucellosis, toxoplasmosis, echinococcosis). So no one is immune from the disease and do not immediately suspect a sick person in drinking.

Cirrhosis – sounds like a sentence, it’s impossible to fight a disease, because without a liver you will not live long.

Surrender ahead of time certainly not worth it. The quality of life and its duration depend on where the disease came from, the degree of abnormalities in the functioning of the liver, the treatment and the stage of the disease. After all, early diagnosis of the disease gives the patient more chances in his difficult struggle. If cirrhosis has an alcoholic origin, then in the early stages of the refusal of alcohol and timely quality treatment can generally lead to recovery, in the case of a viral source – the process can be suspended, long-term remission is possible. Do not wait for clinical symptoms – swelling of the liver, blood from the nose or yellowing. This speaks not of the onset of the disease, but of its unfolded stage. Any disease of the gastrointestinal tract or an increase in temperature of unknown origin should entail the surrender of blood for biochemical analysis and ultrasound of the liver.This is especially critical for people at risk – those who have had viral hepatitis or have been in contact with such patients who have undergone blood transfusions, surgeons’ interventions, and, of course, those who are addicted to alcohol.

Modern medicine successfully fights against cirrhosis.

To a great misfortune, those changes that occur with the liver during illness are irreversible. And this must be taken into account. In medicine, a classification is accepted according to which the causes of cirrhosis can be: improvement, steady state, deterioration or death. As we can see, there is no full recovery. Getting rid of cirrhosis can only be done with the liver, only desperate optimists can hope for it. Turning to the previous myth, we emphasize that at an early stage of alcoholic cirrhosis, rapid measures can still restore liver tissues, but if destruction is irreversible, it remains only to hope that the disease will reach an inactive and not developing stage.

There is a miracle cure that restores the structure of the liver.

Usually as such mention “Essentiale forte”, “Essentiale-N” or “Essliver”, the so-called hepatoprotectors. In them, the active substance is lecithin, which is a part of the membranes of the liver cells. These drugs are usually administered intravenously and orally to patients whose liver is affected by alcohol to repair the destroyed membranes. However, recently, many scientists have come to the conclusion that lecithin is not so effective – only half of the phospholipids added are incorporated into the cell membranes. But the tissues, in which irreversible changes have already occurred, can not be restored, it is not necessary to expect a miracle.

Any hepatitis will eventually lead to cirrhosis of the liver.

Not everything is so pessimistic. First, acute viral hepatitis should be transformed into chronic, while being active. With timely and proper treatment this does not happen very often. And even if this did happen, only in half of the cases does cirrhosis occur. The medicine cites data on which cirrhosis develops in about 1% of patients with symptomatic or jaundiced form of hepatitis B or C during 5 years. But forms of hepatitis D and G are much more harmful, significantly increasing the risk of cirrhosis, but there is also no 100 percent probability of occurrence of the consequences.

So ​​what if I die early, but until the last I will remain a man.

Those who are going to go on sexual adventures against the background of the illness are forced to disappoint. Cirrhosis in general, and especially the form associated with alcohol, causes changes in the hormonal sphere. In the body, an excess of estrogen is formed, the amount of testosterone decreases. A man can wait impotence and testicular atrophy, possibly gynecomastia or breast augmentation to female sizes.

Cirrhosis of the liver is in geese, which the farmers specially fatten, and then from their liver make foie gras for gourmets.

This is not entirely true, the birds actually insert a hose into the throat, through which supercapital feeds are fed into the stomach. But as a result of this treatment, cirrhosis does not form, the liver only grows and becomes fatter. Yes, and cirrhous liver is hardly liked by gourmets – it is too hard. It should be a reasonable conclusion – abundant, tasty and fatty food to cirrhosis is unlikely to result, but from foie gras you can refuse for moral reasons. From an unbalanced diet, the pancreas and blood vessels first of all suffer. Although a diet with a deficiency of protein and fat can lead to so-called alimentary cirrhosis, but this requires a long time to sit on a very meager diet of only cereals and fruits.

With cirrhosis of the liver, this organ is atrophied and the person quietly dies.

Usually in the final stage comes the hepatic coma and encephalopathy, gastrointestinal bleeding or ascites with possible subsequent peritonitis. Much does not sound clear, we will uncover unpleasant details.Encephalopathy is a complex of neuromuscular disorders, during which severe hepatic insufficiency is observed. First comes a decline in activity and apathy. Soon, the patient comes to an inexplicable aggression, untidiness, meaningless actions. Then the consciousness becomes confused, the cramps come to the muscles, the movements lose coordination. At the last stage, a hepatic coma occurs, first the person is in clear consciousness, then reflexes and sensitivity to pain are denied him. From this point on, it is really possible to consider the extinction quiet and painless. In the course of Gastrointestinal bleeding have the following reasons. The fact is that in healthy people the liver processes the blood passing through it, in contact with villi of hepatocytes, as a result of which blood purification takes place. Due to the replacement of healthy connective tissue, the blood flow becomes difficult, the blood looks for other ways, forming connections where the arteries and veins are close to each other. These places are the mucosa of the rectum and the membrane of the stomach, as well as the straight abdominal wall. As a result, on the abdomen above the navel, a pattern is formed from the vessels like a jellyfish head, which is so characteristic of patients with cirrhosis. When the anastomosis ruptures, there are dark bleedings from the gastrointestinal tract, the stool is tarry in nature. In the course of ascites, there is a violation of water-salt metabolism, up to 3-6 liters of fluid accumulates in the body, and sometimes almost a bucket. This fluid can spontaneously become infected with intestinal bacteria, in which case ascites flows into peritonitis, in which case the mortality reaches 80-100%.

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *