Children’s nutrition



The normal physical and neuro-psychological development of the child, the development of immunity to various diseases, depends on the properly constructed nutrition. A special feature of the development of children of all ages is their high need for all food and biological components. The food of the child must contain all the necessary nutrients (proteins, fats, carbohydrates, mineral salts, vitamins, etc.) in the required quantity with the correct ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates (1: 1: 4, respectively). In children of senior school age (12-15 years), due to increased energy costs, the need for carbohydrates increases, and this ratio should be 1: 1: 5.

“Spoon for your mother …”

Do not make children eat when they do not want to. Even if you think they are hungry. Some mothers (and dads) think that the main thing is for a child to eat everything that was put to him, and then he will be full. In the course are persuasion (“Spoon for Mom”, etc.), requests (“Well eat, please”), orders (“Eat, to whom I say”), threats (“Until you eat, you can not get out of the table “). And the child has to eat, even if he does not want to eat. Alas, it’s not necessary to talk about the benefits here, because the food in this case is poorly digested, which means that the child takes one more step towards gastrointestinal pathology. Vladimir Levy writes: “Firmly expressed conviction must be repeated:” You can not force to eat. To force to eat is unnatural. No living creature in nature eats under compulsion and does not force young people to eat … “


You need to eat according to the regime.

In reality, the child needs to be fed when he wants to eat, and not according to the time of the” mythical ” the regime B. Doctor Spock describes this experience: children from nine months to one and a half years were given the opportunity to eat what they want by placing various dishes before them.The combination of the selected products turned out to be somewhat unusual (for example, herring with a cake, etc.) , but the selection of nutrients (proteins, fats, carbohydrates, etc.) coo I finally developed a diet that corresponds to my nature. “

” Bite it, it’s very useful … “

Do not make the children eat what they do not want. the taste of the child is not distorted and the metabolism is not broken yet, it is worth asking what he would like to eat.The child often feels intuitively what products his body needs at the moment. Listen to his desires.

“Why do you eat so slowly …”

Do not drive children: “Eat soon!”, “Well, what are you pulling there!” etc. Even if you are late, the harm from being late will be incomparably less than the harm that hurts not only the digestive system, but also the psyche of the child.

“Well done, eat this candy …”

Try not to use food (usually in such cases, sweets are used) as a reward, reward for good behavior. Also, do not use food (the same sweets) as consolation – this can lead to the fact that, as an adult, with his troubles, he will seek to find consolation in food, which in most cases leads to obesity.

To grow a child, meat is needed every day.

Every day, eating meat is harmful to adults, not to mention children. The fact is that meat is digested hard and slowly, it can overtax the digestive system. In addition, the excess of heavy food allergizes the body. According to experts, children need at least two fasting days a week. Doctors say that it is undesirable to introduce meat into the baby’s diet before the 8th month of life. The later you do it, the better for the child.

In order for the child to recover, he needs to eat more.

It is not recommended to eat more than you want, more than you need to satisfy hunger. This is a fairly common mistake. Many people think that you need to eat more, even through strength, forcing yourself, and then you can gain weight.But this is not quite so, the excess food is usually not properly absorbed in such cases and leads only to a clogging of the body. If a child has a lot and moves with pleasure, successfully goes in for sports and eats a little, then he simply recycles everything. We should be happy.

In order for a child to recover, one must eat sweet.

Strangely enough, but if you want your child to recover, it is recommended to completely exclude sweets from his diet. This is explained by the fact that sweet people in lean people are directly used as fuel, and the body, having got used to getting energy in ready form, “does not want” to postpone nutrients for future use. And, very importantly, do not force the child to eat by force.

You must limit fatty foods.

Recently, nutritionists recommend reducing the amount of fat in food. Many adults “tolerate” these recommendations and children. However, it should be remembered that the diet of children and adults should be different. As for fats, American researchers have established that a fat-free diet reduces visual acuity in children and restrains brain development and leads to an increased content of cholesterol in adulthood. The fact is that for the growth of the brain and the development of the eye retina, essential fatty acids, such as omega-3, are contained in fish and vegetable oil. There is no evidence that reducing fat has a beneficial effect on the child’s body. But we know a lot of cases when the lack of fat becomes dangerous for children’s health.

The child is the best.

Parents often like to repeat that they are trying to give the children “the best”, and they often refuse to eat it. Here it is sometimes necessary to force. This is explained by concern for the health of the baby. However, this practice has nothing to do with caring for the child’s physical and mental health. Studies of experts from the American Association of Dieticians have shown that even those children who are worst of all ate receive a 100 per cent norm of vitamins, nutrients recommended by pediatricians. How does it work? Scientists believe that the distinguishing feature of the organism of young children is a high ability to self-regulation, which, as it grows older, is lost. In addition, our ideas about “the best” are often built on illusions. Spiking children with delicacies, we do not even suspect that they need a slightly different food. American scientists who compared the data of the detailed menu of 4600 examined in those years of four-year-olds and their peers, born four decades later, concluded: “The preschoolers’ ration in the early 50’s gave them a much better life start than modern food for their children and grandchildren” . It was that food that was homemade, cooked in small quantities and not designed for long storage. It was boiled meat, cereals, bread, potatoes, vegetables, milk and tea. Vitamins, minerals, etc., the children then received directly from food, and not in the form of tablets or vitamins dissolved in “soda”.



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