Children’s allergies



It would seem that there can be a common in such externally different diseases as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis and pollinosis? In fact, they are related by the fact that they are all based on the same mechanism – a malfunction of the immune system. It is she who tries to answer the presence, as it seems to us, of ordinary substances around. So there are allergic diseases. And the number of them among children is inexorably growing. Parents, in their search for answers, often themselves generate a whole series of myths that interfere with the effective fight against diseases.

The child’s allergy is related to the sterile purity around it.

This myth is based on the theory of epidemiologist David Strachan, nominated by him in 1989. The scientist linked the risk of allergy with a weak immune load in childhood. Allegedly, with sterile purity near the baby, the body’s learning ability goes away in the fight against allergens. Over time, this leads to the fact that the likelihood of allergies will increase. David seems to be hinting that moderate dirt, natural conditions, is not so bad – it’s protection for the child. Today, doctors confirm that such observations exist. It is noted that in large families and in those that have pets, the allergy in children appears much less often. In third world countries, the allergy is not a particular problem, perhaps because of low standards of living and hygiene? After all, in the prosperous developed countries, including in Russia, an allergy epidemic is a common thing. Only now there is no scientific explanation for such a hypothesis. In addition, there are many other reasons that provoke a characteristic reaction of the body. Doctors say that they face them every day. First of all, we can talk about heredity. If adults are allergic, then the appearance of such reactions in children is not surprising. Playing a role and pregnancy. If her mother was malnourished during the course of her life, smoked and took strong medicines, then the baby’s risk of allergies is significantly increased. The role is also played by the way the infant is nurtured – artificially or naturally. Important and the environment. It is worth talking about the pollution of air, water and food. The baby is born with an undeveloped protection system. If in the first years of his life to do a lot wrong, the consequences may later turn out to be incorrigible.


Eating a pregnant woman does not affect the appearance of an allergy in a child.

According to this myth, the future mother can eat whatever she wants. A diet should be used after birth. It is not true! A pregnant woman should know that she should avoid the so-called mandatory allergens. These include ketchup and mayonnaise, chips and crackers, as well as store sweets. After all, they contain dyes, taste enhancers and simply allergenic preservatives. You should give up coffee, cocoa and chocolate, bright fruits and vegetables. These include carrots, beets, strawberries, tomatoes, citrus fruits and so on. With caution should be taken to chicken, fish, eggs, exotic foods, which are probably handled by chemicals. Do not worry, you can eat an omelet, just do not do it every day. Usually future mummies abuse their position. If you want eggs – they eat dozens, chocolate – tiles. There is nothing to worry about if the egg is part of another product. Eat little and varied food, avoiding excessive load of any one product. It is necessary to pay special attention to milk. It is believed that dairy products for pregnant women are very useful in any quantity. This is necessary and the fetus, and will help with future lactation. But cow’s milk protein becomes the first allergen the child faces. So in this matter, you should follow the measure. Pregnant and lactating mothers are recommended to drink kefir and milk with a short shelf life. This practically guarantees the absence of preservatives. And then – no more than two glasses a day.And to enhance lactation milk does not affect, for this it will be enough to drink a warm liquid before feeding.

A real antiallergenic diet can be considered bread and water.

To get rid of allergies to eat like an ascetic is not necessary. Both pregnant and lactating mothers have meat, vegetables and cereals. Of vegetables, the same is recommended potatoes, zucchini, squash, white, Brussels or cauliflower. If you want cucumbers, you should give preference to home, and not store. Of meat, you must give preference to a turkey or lean pork. But veal or beef is better to avoid. If children are allergic, then meat soups for them should be cooked on a secondary broth. For this, the meat should be washed, finely chopped and poured with water. Boil broth should be 5 minutes, after which it should be drained and used for those people who do not suffer from allergies. Meat should be poured with a new portion of water and already now cook until ready. Although hypoallergenic diet is complex and strict, it is desirable to observe it. Although not all maternity hospitals adhere to it. There’s a common egg phenomenon for breakfast, and fish soup for lunch. For allergy sufferers, in fact, there is only one way out – home food, when the origin of the products and their composition are known in advance.

Allergy can result in even one bottle of a mixture given to an infant.

Often, mothers are afraid that in their absence someone will give the babies a complementary formula that can cause allergies. However, this is not quite true. Indeed, it is worth mentioning that sensitization is possible, during which the sensitivity of the organism to the effects of allergens in the components of the mixture will increase. However, the allergy itself does not immediately manifest itself. But if you continue to feed the baby with the same mixture, then the reaction may manifest. That’s why doctors advise to breastfeed exclusively at least four months. If one of the parents is allergic, then it is better to continue breastfeeding for up to six months. In this case, complementary foods, even juices, are not recommended. Today, it is common to talk about the importance of breastfeeding, but mothers still hold their own views, sometimes paradoxical. One day, a preterm baby had already been fed red caviar from infancy to make her stronger. The result is a strong toxicoallergic reaction. In another case, my mother, being a very allergic person, began to give the baby carrot juice on the advice of relatives. The result was similar. Stereotypes a hundred years ago, settled in the minds of grandmothers, who advise their young mothers to properly feed their children. In today’s life, such instructions can be not only superfluous, but also dangerous.

If breastfeeding is not possible, you can avoid allergies with goat milk and soy mixtures.

About 15 years ago artificial mixtures based on soya were used, this partially solved the problem of allergy. Now such products are practically not used. The reason is that today soy protein is present in almost any kind of everyday food. The simplest example is sausages that mothers eat during pregnancy. As a result, the baby is already in the mother’s womb already sensitizing to the soy protein. And when it starts to feed the mixture with its content, there is an allergic reaction. But an allergy to goat’s milk is much less common. Although the people say that it has some miraculous properties, it’s not entirely true. Just in everyday eating it is rare. If in the products goat’s milk was consumed as often as the cow’s, then it would most likely be observed an allergy. If your baby still needs artificial mixtures, then it is worth giving preference to hypoallergenic mixtures with partially or fully hydrolyzed milk protein of cows or mixtures in whose base goat milk lies.

Atopic dermatitis (allergies) should not be treated, with age, everything will go away.

It is often assumed that the allergy is especially pronounced up to three years, and then gradually disappears. Modern medicine says that in these cases it is necessary to talk about dermatitis, which need treatment. To understand why, let’s look at the mechanism of the formation in time of allergies. Suppose that the baby already has a hereditary predisposition to allergy, and during pregnancy and feeding, the mother also made some mistakes. It is then that the child acquires food allergy. It is usually expressed in the form of skin reactions to a certain food allergen. Over time, the immune system ripens, the allergy to this substance can disappear and by itself. It seems like people’s faith and right. But a different option is more often developed. With aging, after six months, the allergy to this food allergen is reduced. Instead, there are reactions to other products. Soon allergic reactions to air allergens start to appear and form: home and book dust, dust mites, saliva, animal skin residues, plant pollen, animal feed, etc. With this form of allergies, rhinitis, cough, and conjunctivitis can occur. Doctors note that the air allergies significantly younger. If earlier they began at the age of five, today they are often noted up to three. But this is fraught with the formation of bronchial asthma, as in the most extreme version of the development of events. Therefore, in order to avoid the worst scenario, one must be treated. When taking drugs, the main thing is to separate the child from the allergen.

Allergy can not be defeated at all.

But this statement is not a myth. Both atopic dermatitis and bronchial asthma are chronic diseases. You can not cure them, you can only achieve a stable remission. During this period, the disease “fall asleep”, will cease to manifest.

You can get rid of allergies to cats.

To do this, you just have to start this pet and the body will eventually get used to it. In this statement there is some truth. There is a special method of treatment – allergen-specific immunotherapy. Its meaning is that the allergen in low concentration is introduced into the body under the supervision of an allergist. It may be a drop under the tongue, or maybe an injection. Every day the concentration of the allergen is gradually increased, bringing to the level with which the child can face in their daily activities. This is how you treat allergies to dust, mold or pollen. Completely remove these allergens from our lives is impossible, so you have to get used to them. It is also theoretically possible to get used to cats, other pets. But doctors do not recommend exposing the child’s body to unnecessary strain. Still, you should try to disunite it with an allergen, and the cat simply does not start. Why put experiments on your own child?

In children with Helicobacter pilori, the allergy is less common.

This bacterium provokes a stomach ulcer, but it is impossible to ascribe to it the properties of fighting allergies. Quite the opposite, in medical practice, it is described how allergies are directly related to the disturbance of the digestive system. If the usual treatment of allergy symptoms does not help, the child is referred for examination to the gastroenterologist. But Helicobacter pylori is not the only parasite that can provoke an allergy. It can be and worms (ascarids or pinworms), and lyelly (intracellular parasite). They, unfortunately, meet quite often. And it’s easy to get infected – through cats and dogs, kisses from loved ones, dishes, etc. if a parasitic infection is found in a child, then the whole family needs treatment. Parents often experience the excitement that after treatment, children can again become infected in the kindergarten. Indeed, such a scenario is possible.

Visiting kindergarten promotes the development of allergies.

Unfortunately, this statement has a basis. At the very beginning of a visit to a pre-school institution, any kid goes through the stage of his adaptation.Children’s institution has an abundant variety of bacteria, to which the immune system of the child is accustomed. It is not surprising that in the first months of visiting the kindergarten children often get sick with endless SARS, but this is natural. If the child is initially healthy, then through this stage it passes without consequences. But if a baby already has a hereditary predisposition to an allergy, then it can manifest itself. The fact is that the already unformed immune system is overloaded and weakened by viruses. Therefore, for a normal child, a viral infection is expressed as a banal runny nose, but for a child with a predisposition to bronchial asthma can lead to bronchospasm.



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