Blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) – a shallow (15-30 cm tall) long-term half-shrub of the cowberry family. The stalks of the bilberry are smooth, branched, rhizome long, creeping, elliptical leaves with a smooth light green color, sparse hairs and margins in the form of denticles 1 to 3 cm in length.
Blooms in late spring and early summer solitary, greenish- white flowers, ripens in July – August. Blackberry berries are black with a casting bluish-gray glistening coating on the outside and dark red inside.
Its name is blueberries because of its black berries.
Which are not only black themselves, but also have the property of blackening the mouth of the person who eats them. The people noticed this property of blueberry for a long time and invariably gave it the name with the common etymological root of “black”: a black-hen, a black-legged woman, a bilberry, a chickens, etc.
Blueberries grow well only in natural conditions.
Where there is no disturbance in the soil cover. Favorite subsoil of blueberries is acidic, stony loamy.
Blueberries can be found only in the Northern Hemisphere.
This is true, but it grows everywhere: from the Arctic to the Mediterranean, but especially likes coniferous and mixed wet or swamp forests of the Russian North, eastern and western Siberia, the Far East. Perhaps, that is why blueberries are called “Russian berries”.
Blueberries need to be collected in dry weather and preferably by hand.
Wet after dew, fog or rain, the berry easily creases, but the dry remains elastic and strong. Shoots with blueberry leaves are harvested until the end of fruiting, thereby preserving as much as possible healthy substances in them.
Blueberry berries favorably affect vision, improve its acuity and blood supply to the retina of the eye.
In fact, increasing the acidity of gastric juice, blueberries have a beneficial effect on digestion and metabolism, remove harmful elements from the body. As an additional tool, along with antibiotics, blueberries are used for beriberi and dysentery. Fresh fruits of blueberries will be useful for rheumatism and many skin diseases. Especially useful is blueberries for people with diabetes, as it helps reduce blood sugar.
Blueberry improves memory.
To this conclusion, scientists from the Peninsula Medical School came very recently when, after twelve-week experiments, they found out that flavonoids contained in blueberry phytochemicals, normalizing the connection between nerve cells, improve the memory and concentration of human attention.
In a dried form, blueberries are no less useful than fresh ones.
In dried leaves of bilberry contains organic acids and vitamin C, fruits are just a storehouse of various vitamins: they contain various sugars (glucose, fructose, sucrose), essential oils and numerous trace elements.
Blueberries are used as a natural colorant.
Previously, ripe blueberry fruit was used to make violet and purple paint for drawing, and in combination with other colorants – for dyeing fabrics. The yellow and brown color of the blueberry leaves and shoots went to the coloring of the skins. In modern times, the juice obtained from blueberries is used as a food color for soft drinks and fruit-berry wines.
Blueberry honey is delicious.
Indeed, during flowering, bees in one day are able to collect from blueberry flowers to 2.5 kilograms of honey. Honey made from blueberries is very fragrant and differs from other honey with its reddish tinge.