is a sparkling grape wine saturated with carbon dioxide as a result of secondary fermentation of specially prepared and processed wine material in hermetically sealed bottles or tanks. The high content of carbonic acid in champagne causes frothing of wine and its game at opening of a bottle.
The name Champagne was obtained from the province of Champagne (France), where it was first prepared in the mid-17th century, and the process of saturation of wine with carbon dioxide by secondary fermentation was called champagnation. According to French legislation champagne is called a sparkling wine, obtained only in Champagne and only in a bottle method (sparkling wines of other wine-growing regions of France are called mousseaux).
вино Wine materials obtained from special grape varieties are used for making sparkling wines. Champagne of wine is carried out by bottle method, and also by tank – periodical and continuous.
Champagne is distinguished by the sugar content: brut (up to 0.3%), the driest (0.8%), dry (3%), semi-dry (5%), semisweet (8%), sweet (10%). Bottle champagne has the label “aged” on the labels.
Champagne is a low-alcohol drink …
Many people think that champagne is a low-alcohol beverage, in which there are very few degrees. In fact, this is not so. Suffice it to recall another name for champagne – sparkling wine. And any wine, as is known, gives a pronounced intoxicating effect. At champagne it is even more appreciable due to the maintenance of carbonic gas. Its vesicles contribute to the absorption of alcohol. That’s why a favorite New Year’s drink quickly hits the head. It becomes fun, easy and free. But this is only after the first two, maximum – three glasses. Then come the more severe stages of intoxication. Therefore, do not underestimate champagne, ranking it to low-alcohol beverages.
Champagne is any sparkling wine …
Only sparkling wine produced in France, in Champagne, has the right to wear a patented name – “Champagne”. According to the Treaty of Versailles, this term is approved solely for reasons of classification of wine as such, and only then, the National Institute of Original Names – registered champagne as a trademark protected by law. For example in Italy sparkling wine sounds like – “spumante”, in Spain – “Cava”, and in Germany – “Sekt”. Russia in this regard, took the path of least resistance. This is either the use of the term as a secondary name, the type of “Russian golden” semi-dry champagne, or by adding a participial turnover – “Soviet champagne.” However, real champagne is produced only in Champagne!
Champagne – does not give a hangover …
One of the most severe hangover syndromes is given by champagne. In this respect, sparkling wines overtake most strong drinks. The fault is the sparkling wine, in other words, the huge content of carbon dioxide. This explains one interesting fact. People who love “exhausted” champagne, get drunk slower, and feel better than those who follow the canons of drinking. On them, a sparkling wine should be drunk immediately after the foam settles. After all, the main taste of champagne is due to his “game”. But it just gives champagne negative qualities. One of them is the ability to cause a severe hangover.
Champagne – like wine, the longer, the more delicious …
If the main indicator of the quality of wine is – its endurance, then with champagne things are somewhat different. According to the rules for the production of sparkling wines, only wine that lasts 18 months is allowed for sale. In contrast to traditional wines, champagne contains carbon dioxide, for this reason, champagne exists, the so-called expiration date, during which the wine will best match its taste.Many collectors buy champagne for one year, but they taste in different time intervals. What is most interesting, the flavor bouquet of the drink varies considerably. Of course, in order to feel it, one must be a real connoisseur of wine …
Champagne – contains special bubbles …
Many people have noticed that when champagne is spilled, some of the bubbles seem to “stick” to the sides of the glass. The fact is that the real glasses for champagne have internal walls with a microscopic relief layer. All for the sake of such a specific mission. Agree, it’s nice to watch bubbles, breaking through obstacles, eventually break free.
Champagne is a safe drink …
The “game” of champagne causes its other negative property. This is an irritating effect on the digestive tract. The gas bubbles contribute to an increase in acidity, so drinking champagne on an empty stomach is undesirable. In this case, the appearance of unpleasant sensations under the spoon is simply guaranteed. Because of stimulation of gastric secretion, champagne is not recommended for gastritis and peptic ulcer.
Champagne is a low-calorie drink …
That’s what almost everyone thinks. Moreover, there are even diets based on champagne. One of them involves the consumption of fresh fruit, which must be washed down with sparkling wine. Such a diet does not stand up to any criticism. The fact is that any alcohol-containing beverage is energetically saturated. Sparkling wine is no exception. The most caloric are sweet and semisweet varieties of the drink.
Champagne is good for the heart …
This statement applies in part to any alcohol. It prevents the “overgrowth” of blood vessels and increase blood pressure. The same action is provided by champagne. In this regard – red wine is much more useful.
Champagne is exclusively a bottle of 0.75 …
The most common variants of bottles for champagne are bottles with the volume: 0,75 l. – standard or 1.5 liters. – Magnum. Although this does not mean that manufacturers are limited to these two options. At least 10 or more bottles are counted. Interestingly, some are named after the biblical characters:
Quart, split or piccolo bottle – 187.5 or 200 ml, used mainly by airlines and nightclubs
Half – 375 ml, used in restaurants
Bottle (Bouteille) – 750 ml
Magnum – 1.5 l
Jeroboam – 3 l
Rehoboam – 4.5 l
Methuselah – 6 l
Salmanazar – 9 l
Balthazar – 12 l
Nebuchadnezzar – 15 l
Melchior – 18 l
Solomon – 25 l
Primat (Primat) – 27 liters
Melchizedek – 30 l
Champagne – Exclusively Weddings bny and New Year drink …
Generally champagne – a triumphant drink. First of all, this is due to the property of the departure of the cork and the subsequent frothy shower. I am convinced, many have probably seen how the winning athletes arrange a victorious volley of champagne. The first who used this idea in practice was racer Dan Garni. It was he who in 1967, becoming the winner of a series of car races, in his hearts uncorked a bottle given to him and arranged a faery fountain from this aristocratic drink. Gradually, the tradition went first to the class of racing competitions, and only then became a comprehensive attribute of champions. Do not forget about the tradition of “launching”, the spreading rule of “hard corps.” The bottle should break the first time! Although for many of us, champagne is still a presentiment of the New Year!