Breast-feeding



Each mother, having given birth to a child, encounters a lot of advice from relatives, relatives, doctors, neighbors, etc. And almost everyone noted that the information given by “knowledgeable” people is very different from each other. Consider the most frequent advice to determine which ones should be avoided.

Frequent application leads to insufficient milk production.

If the baby is given the opportunity to suck as often as he asks (due to hunger, thirst, psycho-emotional discomfort, etc.), the amount of milk corresponds to the child’s needs. The volume of breast milk depends on the hormone prolactin, which is produced when the baby suckles the breast (if properly seized!). Therefore, if the baby sucks 6 times – tomorrow, 6 servings of milk are produced in the breast, if 15 times – and, therefore, 15 times the milk.


It is necessary to make long intervals between feeds, so that the breast can fill.

Breast milk is produced continuously. It is proved that the more often the baby empties the breast, the faster and more it will synthesize the milk. And the fuller the breast, the slower the production of milk. In addition, breast milk contains a substance that reduces or inhibits the production of milk. In the case when a lot of milk remains in the breast, the inhibitor stops its further secretion. This protects the mammary glands from excessive filling. If the breast milk is sucked or squeezed from the mammary glands, the inhibitor is also removed. And then the mammary glands produce more milk.

If the baby is not good in weight, the cause is “bad” milk from the mother (“pale”, “lean”, etc.).

Studies have shown that the quality of milk changes only with extreme exhaustion of the mother. In other cases, even with a shortage of food, a woman is able to produce milk in sufficient quantity and quality. And the composition of milk is different for different women. And even in one, depending on the weather, the health of the child and during feeding. In the beginning – “front”, rich in water and immunoglobulins, later – “back”, saturated with fats.

After getting to know the nipple, the baby begins to be lazy and give up breast, because the breast suck is heavier.

Actually, when sucking the chest and bottle involved different muscles, different work is performed (the muscles of the cheeks – when sucking the nipples, and the tongue – when sucking the breast). A child who knows how to suck a nipple, captures the “bottle” way and chest. (Only a small part of children can suck at the same time in two ways) After such feeding, problems begin – trauma and soreness of the nipple, lactostasis and mastitis, a decrease in milk production. The baby spends a lot of energy with this sucking, gets tired and worried. In addition, an insufficient amount of milk flows from the breast, so the baby does not eat. Therefore, most of the children, even after a short experience acquaintance with the nipple, give up breast. This problem often occurs, if before acquaintance with my mother’s breast, a baby in the hospital was given a bottle (pre-lactation feeding). Some mothers believe that this will not happen to them, because they do not give a bottle, but only a pacifier. In fact, studies have shown that 65% of children regularly sucking a pacifier give up their breasts by the 3rd month. This is explained by the confusion of the nipples. In addition, a decrease in the number of attachments to the breast when using a pacifier leads to a decrease in milk production.

For the duration of a child’s illness, it is worth switching to artificial feeding.

Following this advice will only hurt the baby, because The most important part of the treatment of a sick baby is the continuation of breastfeeding. Breast milk contains anti-infectious factors that prevent the spread of infection. Therefore, a crumb who gets breast milk during an illness, recovers more quickly than a child on artificial feeding. Breast milk is an easily digestible food (unlike a mixture), which is especially important for a sick kid.Because of illness the child experiences pain, fear. Breastfeeding will soothe him, give relief (the development of endorphins in breast sucking) and a sense of comfort (“paradise” on the ground for crumbs is under the mother’s breast). Soring the baby’s breast with its correct grip is much easier than sucking from a bottle. In addition, as studies have shown, sucking from the chest does not lead to a breach of breath, in contrast to bottle feeding.

After the baby is 1 year old, there is no need to feed him later on with breast milk.

In the second year of life, breast milk is still necessary for the baby. And although it no longer satisfies the child’s 100% needs, it is still an important source of nutrients. For example, 31% of the daily energy, 38% protein, 95% of vitamin C in the second year of life, the baby gets from breast milk. In addition, anti-infectious factors of breast milk (leukocytes, immunoglobulins, bifidus factor, lactoferrin) protect crumbs from infection. Undoubted proof of the need for mother’s milk in the second year is the presence in it of the necessary hormones, tissue growth factors, biologically active substances, which are not present either in artificial mixtures or in adult food. This explains the best indicators of health, intellectual and physical development in children with breastfeeding for more than a year.

The child should stop breastfeeding until the symptoms of jaundice have passed. It should be doped with water with glucose during this period.

Jaundice is the yellow coloration of the skin and conjunctiva of the eyes. There are several types of jaundice found in newborns. Physiological jaundice. It arises as a result of normal physiological processes (additional red blood cells are destroyed). As a result, there is an additional bilirubin, which the liver of the baby can not cope with. It also stains skin and eyes yellow. Bilirubin is excreted with a stool, so the more often it is, the sooner the jaundice will pass. If the child is limited in breast sucking, he will not receive enough colostrum, which speeds up the excretion of bilirubin. This can be dangerous for the child, because in high concentrations, bilirubin is toxic to healthy cells. Now it is proved that the best prevention and treatment of jaundice is an early attachment to the breast (in the delivery room) and frequent feeding (on demand). Sometimes you can hear advice to add a crumb of glucose solution to “dilute” bilirubin. But modern studies indicate that glucose solution can worsen the situation by holding back the stool and reducing the amount of milk drunk by the baby. In the first week of life, the baby should be fed at least every 2-3 hours during the day and every 3-4 hours and more often at night. If the baby sleeps, it should be woken up. It is very important that the baby get the “back” milk, rich in fat. This stimulates the stool, accelerates the excretion of bilirubin, and also leads to a good weight gain. To accelerate the resolution of jaundice, it is often necessary to substitute the child with indirect sunlight. In rare cases, phototherapy is required. This method of treatment can lead to dehydration of the body, which means that the child needs a sufficient amount of fluid. Undoubtedly, the best liquid for crumbs, is Mom’s milk.
Hemolitic icterus. It develops on the 1st day or immediately after birth. It is the result of the incompatibility of blood groups of the mother and child. This condition requires treatment. But, despite this, breastfeeding should be continued. Jaundice of breast milk. A rare form occurs in about 2-4% of cases of all jaundice of newborns. Unlike other forms begins 5-7 days after birth and reaches a peak at 7-10 days. This condition lasts for several weeks, sometimes months. But it is easy, but usually without consequences.If the level of bilirubin is dangerously high, then stop breastfeeding for a maximum of a day, and feed the crumb with your own heated milk (heating the milk to 56 ° C for 15 minutes helps to lower the level of bilirubin), or by milk mixtures.

Modern artificial mixtures are identical in composition and use of breast milk.

Mother’s milk is a unique product created by nature itself. Blends are inferior copies, based on incomplete knowledge of what breast milk is. Currently, the composition of artificial mixtures contains about 30-40 components, in women’s milk is about 100 (this is only those that are known to science, it is assumed that in fact there are about 300-400). Most mixtures are based on cow’s milk. However, the nature of cow milk is provided for the calf, for which the growth rate is important, and not the quality of development processes. For the human calf, on the contrary, so the composition of human and cow’s milk differ.
Breast milk of every woman corresponds to the needs of her baby. Therefore, the milk of different women is different. In addition, the composition of milk varies depending on the weather, health and age of the baby, time of day and even during one feeding (“front” and “back” milk). The composition of the mixture is the same constant and can not fully meet the needs of crumbs. Artificial milk does not contain antibodies, living cells and other protective factors that protect the body from infections that inhibit the growth of pathogenic microbes that promote the growth of beneficial microflora, which increase the level of protection of the child’s cells. It contains much more protein, aluminum, manganese, cadmium, iron and salt than in breast milk, so the load on the digestive system, liver and kidneys of the baby, which is on artificial feeding, increases 3 times. And another quality of maternal milk that is irreplaceable by artificial mixtures is the content of a whole complex of growth factors, special hormones that regulate the growth and development of the child. Therefore, in children receiving breast milk, optimal rates of physical and neuropsychic development are observed. In Europe, regularly reviews of infant formulas from the market due to errors in the formulation or industrial and bacterial contamination.
Heavy metals such as lead, aluminum, cadmium and mercury are found in mixtures, chemical residues of pesticides and fertilizers. In addition, 70% of the samples of popular baby food found genetically modified components. And now there is more and more scientific evidence that it is dangerous and harmful. When breastfeeding between the child and the mother, a special emotional contact is established, forming a child’s sense of security and tranquility. Now it is proved that children who are breastfed are much less likely to have rickets, anemia, pneumonia, acute respiratory and other infectious diseases, they do not allergic reactions so often. They are distinguished by good physical development, they are more calm, balanced, friendly and benevolent, they have better development of intelligence, they are more contact, more attached to mother and loved ones. When breastfeeding, not only the baby but also the mother win. Lactation helps to quickly overcome the consequences of childbirth, reliably protects mother from pregnancy (under several conditions), reduces the risk of cancer of female genital organs, breast cancer, osteoporosis, etc. In addition, it saves money in the family budget. Mixtures are the way out when there is no other way out. You must weigh the pros and cons.

Introduction of lure should be started in 3-4 months.

The World Health Organization states that children who are exclusively breastfed for up to 6 months (i.e.receive only breast milk and no other food or drink) are less susceptible to infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, among them there has not been a backlog in physical development. Thus, if the mother feeds the baby only with the breast, then the lure should be introduced after 6 months. But there should be individual terms for the introduction of complementary foods for children who are mixed or artificially fed.

Breastfeeding can spoil the shape of the breast.

The shape of the breast, of course, varies – both during pregnancy and during the period of feeding. But in women who do not feed any children, the breast also loses its shape after 30 years.

During breastfeeding, the woman is greatly recovered.

Sometimes it does happen. But usually due to the fact that women have an opinion: during feeding, you need to eat twice as much as usual. Previously, doctors recommended consuming about 500 additional calories. Now came to the conclusion that you should not change your diet. To produce milk, the female body needs a lot of liquid, about 2 liters a day. If you are concerned about a figure, give preference to water.

Breastfeeding is a painful process. I’ll have to endure and suffer.

Actually: completely wrong. Pain during feeding is primarily associated with the wrong attachment of the baby to the chest. To suffer a pain at feeding in no event it is impossible. First, it can lead to mastitis, and secondly, the child will remain hungry. If the baby is in the right position, then at first the pain may occur only when the child grasps the breast. This pain lasts only a few minutes and stops with the onset of sucking.

During breastfeeding, you can eat only a certain set of foods so that your mother’s diet does not damage the baby.

One of the greatest merits of breast milk is the opportunity to give the child a palette of various tastes: the more varied your menu is, the more taste the baby gets. Some foods, such as garlic, onions, cantaloupe, herring, etc., give the taste a certain piquancy, and this may not please the child. If you, for example, are accustomed to eating onions during pregnancy, most likely, it will not bother your child. If you include these meals in your diet from time to time, this can provoke a baby’s bowel disorder.

Children who were breastfed are strongly attached to their mother.

Indeed, children who have been breastfed have a deeper emotional contact with their mother. As practice shows, such children are better adapted to life, feel more confident and protected, easier to establish contacts with people. But this is more the dignity of breastfeeding than its lack.

Breastfeeding severely limits the “freedom of movement” of mothers. After all, you need to feed your child strictly by the hour and keep the chest at a certain time, so as not to overfeed the baby.

Indeed, in the period of breastfeeding – until the introduction of complementary foods (up to about 6 months), the mother is almost permanently near the baby. But this is necessary for many reasons. It is believed that the “postpartum period” continues for about half a year, when hormonal restructuring occurs in the female body, and during this time it is better for a woman to take care of herself. As for feeding “by the hour” – this is another very common misconception. The child himself determines when he needs an “increase”.



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