The morning of any normal person begins with breakfast. And here comes the inevitable dilemma – what exactly is there? Someone drinks coffee with sandwiches, someone adores scrambled eggs or muesli. It is important, what exactly is for breakfast from the point of view of dietology. After all, scientists say that this is the best time for food rich in carbohydrates. So it’s best to eat complex carbohydrates in the morning – porridge, cereal bread or muesli. They will for a long time give satiety and will maintain a normal level of sugar in the blood.
Simple carbohydrates from the morning ration, if not excluded, then limited. It’s about sugar, sweets, sweets. Protein food is also allowed if it is natural. Meat, fish and chicken should take the place of sausages and pâtés. After all, they will be processed longer, rewarding the body with a sense of fatigue.
I must say that in each country its traditions of breakfast, sometimes even very explainable. For example, African countries have become accustomed to their breakfast forms thanks to the colonial past. Island countries prefer fish. So, we will make a small culinary trip and find out what is eaten for breakfast in different countries of the world.
Many people associate breakfast with the sunrise, so we will start from the Land of the Rising Sun. Long ago in Japan, the first dish for breakfast is served with miso-soup. It is prepared on the basis of fish broth, as well as soy or rice miso-paste. In the soup, this taste can add mushrooms or cheese, seafood or seaweed, tofu. The second dish in the breakfast is usually fried fish, but it can be rice with seaweed and seafood. In the morning, the Japanese also eat pickled vegetables and a raw egg. In this country they believe that such food helps people to remain full for most of the day, to be active. And for health and longevity, this diet is very useful. In Japan, the traditions are generally strong, the approach to breakfast in this regard is no exception.
This country has its own culinary traditions, here they honor rice and noodles. Breakfast in China is an important and thorough event. On the table they serve the rice or noodles mentioned above with nourishing additives – meat, chicken or at least vegetables. It is also possible that a simple soup will be served for breakfast. Traditional elements of breakfast in China are rice flour pies, something similar to manta rays. They do not bake, but cook. The morning meals are used together with numerous seasonings and soy sauce. In China, the morning meal is so satisfying that it differs little from the subsequent meal. On Sundays, breakfast can be varied by using deep-fried pies, pancakes and rolls. They, it happens, fry directly on the frying pan installed in the middle of the table. As a result, the banal meal turns into a kind of ritual, which also provides for a leisurely conversation.
In this country, the taste of food is largely determined by spices. In general, it’s pretty hard to stay hungry, because bananas and other fruits are growing everywhere. The Indians, even the poorest, have any breakfast consisting of several dishes. Must be present cake baked from unleavened dough, rice with seasonings. Spices are used depending on the season. The Indian doctrine of ayurveda says that spices, like foods, can warm the body and cool it. In the country there are very strong traditions of Ayurveda, although in large cities there are many ordinary cafes, restaurants of snack bars and fast food.
This turkish breakfast differs markedly from what is offered under this name to tourists. In this country it is customary to start the morning with simple, but also useful products. It can be cereal bread, goat cheese, olives, tomatoes, olives, boiled eggs. But the most important element of the Turkish breakfast is honey. He is spread on bread, and they just eat a snack together with tea.Although the Turks are considered coffee fans, the day for them usually starts with another strong drink. Tea is not just boiled, but boiled, then drunk hot from small glass cups.
In this country, the main acting heroes of breakfast are dairy products. This means that all meat is excluded. Of course, this rule applies to orthodox families, where the rules of nutrition correspond to kashrut. But other foods are acceptable, which are quite suitable for milk. It can be about baking, coffee, salads, fresh vegetables, fish, eggs, juices, fruits. Although it seems that the milk diet is easy, it will still easily saturate the person.
Breakfast of an ordinary Egyptian consists of two main courses – a ful and a felafil. The first is the beans boiled in sour sauce, they are served with spices, herbs, and sometimes with finely chopped vegetables. The filigree is a small vegetarian cutlet made from ground beans. In addition to this dish, sesame-nut sauce tequin is served. In the course of breakfast, it can dunk bread, salad of vegetables and goat cheese, mixed with vegetables. A drink this food in Egypt is usually a cold tea-karkade.
This country is known to the whole supplier of oranges and tangerines, but in it the morning meal itself usually does without these citrus fruits. In Morocco, they prefer to start the day with baked goods, honey, cheeses and almonds. Also, here are prepared puree mixtures of legumes, which in northern Africa are considered a source of cheerfulness and health. That’s why such food is often served in the morning, washed down with juice, coffee or green tea. In Morocco, people quite often have breakfast outside the house. You can do this, for example, on the Medina. In this huge bazaar, you can buy everything you like, including portable serving meals.
For Italians to eat – a common thing, it seems that they do it everywhere and constantly. At the same time, volumes of food do not matter, but the aesthetic side, beauty, is extremely important. However, these feasts are still lunch and dinner, but the Italian breakfast is much more modest. Usually it’s just a cup of coffee with milk and a roll, occasionally a piece of cheese or sausage is added to it. The ascetic nature of the dinner is explained simply – for a five-course dinner, the Apennine inhabitant eats up to the dump and until dinner the next day. Of course, such a diet regime negatively affects the figure and the state of the cardiovascular system.
And in France it is not accepted in the morning to have a hearty breakfast. The first meal is so modest that it is even called a small breakfast “le petit déjeuner”. As in Italy, these Europeans prefer coffee with a small bun. It can be a traditional croissant for France, a bagel or just an ordinary sandwich. Appetite will come already at dinner, when the meal will become more nutritious, and more diverse – salads, meat and fish dishes, cheeses will appear. Well and where without mandatory coffee?
In this country breakfast is quite similar to what is eaten in the neighborhood – in France. Strangely enough, the Belgians do not eat their famous wafers early in the morning. Instead, they serve bread, sometimes toasted, marmalade, jam, nut pastes. And all this is washed down with coffee, cocoa, juices or just water. Also in Belgium it became fashionable in the morning to eat sandwiches with cheese, sausages, and also eat sweets. The Danish dessert hagelslag, which happens to be chocolate and fruit, is very suitable for this role. Other traditional drinks are tea and milk.
In this country English breakfast is sometimes called the English brunch. In fact, this is a set of heavy and fatty dishes that are served to numerous tourists in England. Guests are invited to try fried bacon with a crust, a few fried sausages, fried eggs and toast with butter.In fact, if the true English were eating such a breakfast, then there would be no trace of their famous waistline. This morning feast in England can not afford more than once a week, on the weekends. A truly English and traditional daily breakfast includes the famous oatmeal, hard-boiled egg, and as a drink – juice, coffee or tea.
The diet of northerners is attended by the severe climate and the proximity of the sea. The usual Scandinavian breakfast consists of fish dishes – perch, herring, cod or Baltic herring. Garnish comes to them cereals, potatoes, vegetables, eggs. In Sweden, a cold sandwich will be served tomorrow. Fresh butter is smeared with fresh bread, and a piece of cold meat or smoked fish is placed on top. Supposes breakfast and a second sandwich – this time bread is smeared with berry jam from cranberries or cranberries. And the morning meal of the severe Scandinavians ends with obligatory hot and strong coffee.
America is a country with a high rate of life, that’s why fast food here plays such a role. Most often breakfast here consists of a hamburger or a bun, a donut with a filling and a cardboard cup of coffee (without caffeine!), Purchased at some diner on the way to work. If an American can afford not to rush in the morning on business, the breakfast consists of muesli or cornflakes with milk, as well as toast with peanut butter. Like Russians, Americans do not see anything wrong, so that in the morning they will eat up the remnants of dinner – warm up pasta, pizza, eat cutlets.
In the south of Europe its attitude towards breakfast. In Spain, they prefer to eat chocolate y churros in the morning. These are such chopsticks from a custard batter in sugar, but it is consumed with a sweet chocolate drink. In Madrid, churros make more refined, a little less, and giving them the shape of a charity ribbon.
In this country tomorrow is called pequeno-almoco, it can be of two types. One is prepared quickly, literally just before going to work, and the other, much more carefully, giving more time. This situation is typical for days off. Before work, the Portuguese have a snack with a cup of yogurt, coffee or milk, for the sake of satiety they can use bread and butter, cheese or jam. If there is time, southerners prepare orange juice, croissants and pamper themselves with delicious pastries.
Initially, the population of this country was mainly engaged in agriculture. Here they got used to breakfast early, with the first rays of the sun. First follows the early breakfast, desayuno, people ate bread and drank something hot. Later, with the onset of the day, it was time for almuerzo. At this breakfast, they ate dishes with eggs, meat, beans, tortilla, fruit and pastries, as well as traditional huevos rancheros. Now almuzerzo means only a light lunch, and the Mexicans have a hearty breakfast or lightly, depending on the circumstances. In this country in the morning, sometimes prepare a dish Menudo. This goulash is among other things an excellent remedy for a hangover.
French roots are strong in this country. Breakfast here usually consists of a French loaf, with jam and butter.
But in this African country in the morning it is accepted to eat nourishingly. Here they prepare pancakes pancakes, which they eat either with beans or with syrup. Also in Cameroon, breakfast is served with omelettes and fried eggs.
In this country, the concept of breakfast, as such, is not at all. Morning meal is no different from what is served at other times of the day. At the heart of the morning meal, there is usually a mixture of pickled vegetables, kimchi, and rice. But recently, Koreans are increasingly adopting the European style of breakfast.
In this country of Southeast Asia, a popular dish of neno lemak is often served for breakfast. It is rice brewed in milk, served with anchovies, hard-boiled eggs, cucumbers and roasted peanuts.Other popular morning dishes here are toasted kaya, wonton noodles and thin cakes roti kanay.
A typical Australian breakfast is very similar to what is cooked in Western countries. So in most parts of the mainland the weather is warm, then the morning meal is usually easy. It can be toast, sandwiches with fruit or juices. On weekends, Australians sometimes go to breakfast at a cafe where they order a hot English breakfast, but this is not a tradition.
In this country a traditional breakfast consists of buns, butter, jam, boiled soft-boiled eggs, ham and coffee. But lately breakfasts have become increasingly popular. At the same time, each region is characterized by its own additives – somewhere more on cheese, and somewhere on pates or fruits.
In this country breakfast is quite similar to German. Then they eat toast with butter and different Danish cheeses, it does not do without jam and coffee. There is also a more satisfying option. It includes ham, sausage, soft boiled eggs, buns and muesli. And on holidays, the Danes allow themselves to relax in the morning with a local alcoholic beverage Gammel Dansk.
In Holland, it is not difficult to name the traditional morning meal. These are poached eggs, bacon or sausages, pastries and chocolate powder.
In this country in the morning they serve rolls to traditional coffee. But quite often the guest of the breakfast is Bugatsa pie. This is a puff dish with a filling of custard or a minced meat, or even spinach. By the principle of cooking, this dish is very similar to the Austrian strudel, but it has Turkish roots.