The Bible is a collection of sacred texts for Christians, consisting of the Old and New Testaments. The Old Testament is also sacred to the Jews. If the Old Testament is written in Hebrew, then the New Testament is written in ancient Greek.
The Bible has been translated into more than 2000 languages of the world, fully published in 420 languages. By itself, the Bible, its composition, history and riddles are the subject of thousands of studies that began from time immemorial.
However, the book is interesting in that some canonical places in it, known to everyone, are not so unambiguous in the careful reading of the Holy Book. The book itself is woven from many myths, the plausibility of which is still debated. Consider the main biblical riddles-myths.
The first man was Adam.
This statement is known to everyone and everyone, foresee your indignation, when I note that this is not true. However, information about Adam is only about biblical. Try to find in the first chapters of the book of Genesis the place where Adam is directly called the first person on Earth. I wonder how the Bible tells about the fate of Cain. He in the east in the land of Noda “knew his wife,” later building the city of Enoch. But who gave the name to this land, and who settled the new city, and where did Cain’s wife come from? It is often said that Cain’s wife was his sister, also the daughter of Adam, and this confirms his primacy. But this is only a fantasy, since the Bible does not say anything about the daughter of Adam and Eve, Cain is mentioned as a wanderer on Earth, where he met the nameless narrowed in Noda. Yes, and marriages between brothers and sisters are fraught, it is unlikely that mankind could have come from such a pair, having completed its genus in this case already in the fifth generation of a maximum. There is also an important argument in favor of the fact that the land of Nod was already inhabited – the construction of a city there. Nobody could call a city a settlement of one family, so Enoch had to build someone, and populate. Therefore verses 16 and 17 of the chapter of Genesis can be interpreted in the only reasonable variant – the land of Nod was already populated by some people who did not come from either Eve or Adam. Let’s see if this contradicts the Bible. In the first chapter it is said that man and woman were created simultaneously, but their names are not named, it is not told and in what area it happened. Already in the second chapter it is said that the first man was called Adam, the woman was created later. Long since the differences in the first two chapters have put researchers at a dead end. Why not accept the fact that it says about different creations – in the first chapter that the world and people were created, and in the second – a man named Adam, for whom the Garden of Eden was also created.
The Bible “knows” only one God.
Again, it would seem, this idea does not require consideration, because the Bible itself is a source of monotheism. Both Christians and Jews claim. That the Holy Book was sent by the One Lord, it is written in the Bible itself. However, in the first chapter of Genesis, the original text did not speak of God, but of the Elohim, which is the plural of the word “Eloah” or “God.” And the Bible says about the creation in the image of God, and not in the image of “His” man and woman, but this means that at least there were two Gods, since in their image were created two such different human beings! But the polytheism does not end there – the evil serpent says to the woman: “and you will be like the” Gods. “(Gen 3: 4) And the Lord Himself says to Adam” Behold, Adam became as one of Us “(Gen 3: 22), but in the story of the Tower of Babel: “Let us go down and mix their language therein” (Gen. 11: 7) .The adherents of monotheism argue that there is a self-denotation like the august persons who speak of themselves in the plural. in the Bible, no king speaks of himself, and God himself often speaks of himself in the singular, even at the moment of the higher self-glorification in the book of Job: “I will ask thee, and thou shalt speak unto me” (Job 40: 2), and there are many such references to polytheism in the Bible.The Lord of the Jews, Yahweh, is a tribal patron god. The kingdom of the Jews became, Yahweh began to rise above other rivals, it was called “God of the gods”, “King over the gods”, etc. In the Talmud there is only one God for Judaism, as well as one chosen people. So the tribal God became the Most High for all Christianity, and the tribal progenitor, Adam – the progenitor of all mankind.
The devil seduced Eve with an apple, after which she committed adultery with Adam.
First of all, it’s worth noting that the woman seduced by the snake was not called Eve, this name she received after the fall. By the way, Eve means “life” in Hebrew. Further, nowhere in the Bible is it said that the fruit was an apple. It is doubtful at all that the ever growing apples in the Middle East. Most likely the myth of this fruit arose under the influence of the pagan idols of the goddesses of love – Aphrodite, Zhiva, Idunn were portrayed with apples in their hands. Who became the tempter? The devil or Satan, you will say, but nowhere in the Bible does it say that the serpent was Satan. The serpent in the Bible is not always a symbol of the devil, the same Jacob foretold the judge-his son: “Dan will be a serpent on the road, an aspidum on the way” (Gen. 49:17). Hardly a beloved father would call his son a devil. And Moses, at the direction of the Lord, placed it on the banner of the bronze serpent (Numbers 21: 9). Jesus himself advises his disciples to be “wise as serpents” (Matthew 10:16). In the book of being it is said that “the serpent was more cunning than all the beasts of the field” (Genesis 3: 1), hence it is quite clear that the seducer was only an animal, and not a fallen angel. Yes, and the curses of the Lord that follow the serpent are more like a serpent animal, not Satan, for the car has passed the devil, which flies safely, but the snakes continue to creep and sting, being cursed before cattle and beasts. The Jews, by the way, know nothing about the perfect adultery. The Bible says that “Adam knew Eve, his wife,” after the exile from Paradise (Genesis 4: 1). Meanwhile, “adultery” came into everyday speech, expressions appeared: “forbidden fruit of intimacy”, “to taste forbidden fruit with someone”, etc.
It was for original sin that people were banished from paradise.
That this sin was not adultery is already clear. The Bible clearly says that the cause of the expulsion was the eating of the fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Gen. 2: 16-17; 3: 4-6,17). Of course, from the ethical point of view, it is hard to consider the crime committed, because those who ate the fruit were more naive than the child and did not really know what is evil and what is good. In the children’s environment, in such a case, the teacher or parents are to blame, but the Lord who created the people does not think so, although he even created the tempter-tempter. God punished a couple of people, damning them. And expulsion, you ask? The expulsion was no longer a punishment, the Lord actually confirmed the rightness of the serpent, who promised that “on the day you eat them, your eyes will open, and you will be like gods who know good and evil” (Gen. 3: 5). Moreover, the Lord promised Adam “on the day you taste of it (the fruit), you will die by death” (Gen. 2:17), and the serpent had his own point of view: “No, you will not die” (Gen. 3: 4 ). After the Fall, Adam lived another hundred and thirty years, so what – God simply intimidated Adam? In fact, the Lord expresses the fear that Adam, having learned good and evil, will live forever, being equal in this parameter to God. That is why Adam was banished from paradise, and the way back is guarded by a cherub with a fiery sword.
The Lord rejected the sacrifice of Cain, because it was not made with a pure heart.
The sacrifice of Cain, rejected by God, was rejected by the Lord, whereas God accepted the sacrifice of Abel. This was the reason for the subsequent fratricide. We re-read the Bible: “… And Abel was a shepherd of sheep, and Cain was a farmer.” After a while Cain brought a gift from the fruits of the earth to the Lord. ” And Abel also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the “Lord” saw the name of Abel and his gift, but he did not see Cain and his gift “(Gen. 4: 2-5).In this passage, nothing is said about Cain’s evil intentions, everything is simple-the bloodless vegetable food of the farmer Cain was not to God’s liking, but the sacrifice with meat, fat and blood, brought by the sheep breeder Abel, was just right. Such tastes of God are also said elsewhere: “And Noah built an altar to the Lord: and he took of all clean beasts, and of all clean birds, and offered a burnt offering.” “The Lord smelled a sweet savor” (Gen. 8: 20-21 ). And in the future, up to the construction of the temple of the Jerusalem heroes, blood sacrifices of livestock were made, in the Bible sacrifices to God were accompanied by bloodshed everywhere, so the reason for displeasing God with the offering of Cain became clear.
Cain killed Abel because of envy.
This fact is mentioned even in the children’s version of the Bible. Let’s return to the original source – the Bible. “Cain was very angry, and his face fell down” (Gen. 4: 5). But nowhere a word is said about envy, this is the fantasy of subsequent interpreters. The Lord calms Cain, encouraging him to do good deeds. But what does this “good deed” mean? The brothers performed only one act – a sacrifice, Cain did not do good, but Abel did, it is logical to assume that the Lord understands by “good” – a blood sacrifice. By abstracting from the fact that traditionally God appears to be peace-loving and merciful, what should a person do, from which God demands a bloody sacrifice? It is not surprising that after a conversation with the Lord, Cain kills his brother Abel. Yes, and human sacrifices in general are present in the Bible – Abraham nearly killed Isaac, and Jephthah all the same laid his daughter on the altar. And this is a question of his people, and as regards foreigners, one can recall the sacrifice of the four hundred and fifty prophets of the Baal or the senseless and ruthless extermination of prisoners in Exodus, Numbers and other books. It is worth admitting that there is nothing surprising in that the Lord, who demanded human sacrifices repeatedly in the Bible in this case did the same. One can believe that Cain was envious, that God saw and allowed fratricide, but this will not have anything to do with the Bible.
Fratricide Cain was punished.
First of all, the Lord cursed Cain, everyone knows. However, the Bible says: “And now you are cursed from the earth, which opened its mouth to receive the blood of your brother from your hand” (Gen. 4:11). That is, it is explicitly said that God does not curse Cain for his sacrifice, the fratricide curses and rejects the earth for the blood of an innocent man. The allegiance of the Lord, too, should not be taken into account, as usually he directly speaks of his curses: “I will destroy man and beast, I will destroy the birds of the air and the fish of the sea, and the temptations with the wicked: I will cut off people from the face of the earth,” says the Lord “(Sof 1 : 2-3). In anger, from someone else’s face is nowhere mentioned. Cain in reply tells God: “My punishment is greater than that I can … I … will be an outcast and a wanderer on the earth, and anyone who meets me will kill me” (Gen. 4: 13-14). By the way, another mention of the fact that there were still people behind the earth, because according to the myths only Cain’s parents on Earth should remain. The Lord does not consider the death of Cain as the reparation of sins: “And the Lord said to him,” Therefore, anyone who kills Cain will be avenged sevenfold. “And the” Lord “made Cain a sign so that no one met him and killed him” (Gen., 4:15). It is customary to mention a kind of “Cain print”, which marks the scoundrels, but in fact the divine seal protected Cain from just retribution. But the promise to wander and be exiled did not come true – Cain in the land of Nod married and founded the city, that somehow does not fit in with the promised punishment. In fact, for his crime Cain is not only not punished and not damned, but even rewarded. The thought that he acted at the prompt of the Lord is creeping in.It is interesting that after some time the descendant of Cain, Lamech, committed such an act, only he killed two people, saying: “If Cain is avenged sevenfold, then Lamech is seventy times seven” (Gen. 4: 23-24). And again the Bible does not mention anything about the celestial punishment of a criminal.
Cain was descended from the devil.
According to this myth, the devil seduced Eve in the literal sense, becoming the father of Cain, in which the paternal origin pushed him to a crime. At first such a version appeared in medieval heretics, later – among the Satanists. However, as it was already said, in the history of the Fall the devil was not involved, and the very fall was not adultery. Finally, the Bible clearly states: “Adam knew Eve, his wife, and she conceived, and gave birth to Cain” (Gen. 4: 1). Therefore, one should consider the thought of the unclean origins of Cain as blasphemy.
The Flood destroyed all life except the Ark.
Move forward a bit ahead of time. When the Jews were preparing to enter the Promised Land, their scouts discovered there giants, whose growth exceeded 4 meters. And there lived giants from the time of David. There are suggestions that giants or rephaims appeared on the planet before the flood, for it is said: “The sons (God” saw the daughters of men, that they are beautiful, and took to themselves wives, which one they chose “(Genesis 6: 2). unequivocally determine who were the sons of God, if they are angels, can they possess mortal women and have offspring of them? If we are talking about Jews, then why in other parts of the Bible are they called the sons of the Lord God? We risk to assume that the sons of God the descendants of the first pair of people are named and the human daughters, Adam’s offspring, such “interracial” marriages could have spawned a tribe of giants, which may have caused the wrath of the Lord to corrupt people on earth.The Bible directly indicates that the giants continued to exist after the flood, but they could not be saved on the Ark, first, nothing is said, and secondly, what is the point of saving those who are actually behind it? Noah himself could not have been a giant because of the size of the Ark. Perhaps the key lies in the following lines: “And the Lord said:” I will destroy from the face of the earth the men I created, from men to beasts, and creepers and birds of the heavens, for I repented that I created them “(Gen. 6: 7 ). “The end of all flesh came before my face” (Gen. 6:13). If we assume that the Lord was of a tribal character, and the creatures of man were two, then he destroyed only what the Lord created, and not on the whole planet, but only “in the face of the Lord,” that is, in a particular region of the Middle East. calmly survived the cataclysm in the land of Nod, and in the mountains of Palestine giants erected fortress
the Promised land -. holy blessed land
Promised land for many sounds synonymous with an earthly paradise, where there is no war, people, and their thoughts are pure but the Bible.. speaks of another. I really promised Moses to lead the people to the land where milk and honey would flow.It is interesting that even in the first promises of God to Abraham and Jacob, it is a land that was already inhabited by different tribes – Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites and others. obviously commands: “You will defeat them, then betray them, do not enter into an alliance with them and do not spare them” (Deuteronomy 7: 1-2) .After that, as a result: “And they took at that time all his cities and betrayed the curse of all the cities, men and women and children, left no one alive “(Deuteronomy 2:34). That is, there is either a slaughter, a ritual sacrifice of thousands of people, or an incantation, which means the massacre. In the Bible, there are many places where Jews killed people without being left alive, for example: “All the spoil of these cities and the cattle were ransacked by the sons of Israel, but they killed all the people with the sword, so they destroyed them: they left not a single one soul “(Nab. 11:14).You can certainly refer to the fact that such times were, but no, the extermination of entire tribes, with women and the elderly was never considered normal. Cruel Vikings in their epic consider the fighter a kind of villain, who certainly carries a penalty for it from the avenger. Ferocious Mongols, carving out all the men of the tribe, did not kill women, taking them prisoner, often men continued to live, imposed tribute. In the Bible: “And Moses said unto them, Wherefore have ye left all the living women alive?” Now, kill all the male children and all women “(Numbers 31: 15,17). As regards charity and nobility, the elect of the Lord was far from the wild pagans Genghis Khan and Batu. The term “promised land” literally means – the land promised. The tribal god promised his chosen people the land on which other tribes lived and worked. The indigenous population was ruthlessly carved in the name of the Lord, the land for the glory of God is flooded with rivers of blood. Therefore, it is necessary to be more cautious with this term, remembering what is behind it.
Biblical commandments are the same for everyone.
For many, the ten biblical commandments are a measure of behavior and morality. However, it is worth asking – why is the most important commandment “Do not kill” so often in the Bible violate the positive heroes – sages, prophets, saints and kings? Moses himself literally the day after the commandment he ordered: “To the sons of Levi” to go with swords through the camp of the Jews “from the gate to the gate back, and kill every brother, every friend, every neighbor … And it fell that day from the people are about three thousand people “(Exodus 32: 27-28). When reading into the Bible, bewilderment only grows, in laws proclaimed on behalf of the Lord, literally every third crime is punishable by death – witchcraft, blasphemy and even disrespect to parents! And this applies to fellow tribesmen! To representatives of foreign tribes in general, the relationship is clear – they should be cut. You should carefully read the commandments given to Moses. Surprisingly, “Do not kill” is not the first of them, but only the sixth! Perhaps this is the reason that all the articles of the Hebrew law, which punish death, relate to the previous five commandments, which, it turned out, were more important, as they followed earlier “by status.” Therefore, “do not kill”, in fact, concerned those who observe the first 5 commandments. According to the commandments brought by Moses, according to the Bible, only those who worship the Lord and only him are entitled to life, respectively, from the number of those who can exist, all nations except one, the One, are automatically excluded. The subsequent Christianity with its bloody history did not depart from ancient traditions.