Beer – a low-alcoholic fragrant frothy drink with hop bitterness, is made by alcoholic fermentation of wort from barley malt, hops and water. For certain types of beer barley malt is partially replaced by rice, corn or barley flour, as well as sugar.
Depending on the variety, beer contains 4-10% easily digestible nutrients, mainly carbohydrates, a small amount of amino acids, other protein degradation products and minerals. In addition, beer contains 1.8-6% of alcohol, 0.3-0.4% of carbon dioxide, bitter and tannin substances of hops, organic acids.
The history of beer probably has the same number of years as agronomic science. As soon as a person learned to harvest crops from grain plants, he began to consume cereals for food; bread and beer were among the first food products of the farmer.
Historical monuments testify that in Mesopotamia 6000 years ago beer was prepared from bread specially baked for this purpose; bread was brewed with barley malt, and this mixture was fermented. Prepared and consumed beer also by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans.
Distinguish between light and dark beer. Light beer has a fine, well-pronounced hop bitterness and aroma, dark – has a moderate bitterness bitterness and malt taste. For the preparation of light beers, light malt is used, and for dark – specially made dark or caramel malt.
There are no degrees in non-alcoholic beer.
It all depends on what to compare, if with ordinary beer or any other alcoholic beverage, then we can say that the degrees that cause intoxication are not there and you can sit down at the wheel. But the special guardians of sobriety will have to give up alcohol-free beer, since the content of ethyl alcohol in the foam drink, which has lost the alcohol status at the manufacturer’s will, can reach 0.5%. The truth in this case will have to limit ourselves to the use of kefir with its alcohol content of 1.5%, and kvass with its alcohol content of 1.2%.
A non-sexual belly appears from the beer.
This common belief is not true. In itself, beer is by no means a high-calorie product. The energy value of a foamy drink ranges from 24 kcal in soft drinks to 50 kcal in dark varieties. For comparison – in fruit juices contains the same number of calories. However, fans of cubes on the press should take into account that beer is a great aperitif, which means that the appetite and, accordingly, the amount of high-calorie snack traditionally consumed with beer only increases.
Beer is a useful vitamin drink.
Quite right, that vitamin, but here the advantage of these vitamins is very doubtful. In general, beer is rich in B vitamins, but to provide a daily requirement of the body, for example, vitamin B1, it is necessary to consume up to 10 liters of foam drink.
Breast increases from beer.
Young ladies dreaming of a lush bust should not be encouraged – the beer does not affect the female organism so fruitfully. Men, who abuse beer, reduce testosterone production and, as a result, the figure is rearranged according to the female type – hips and chest increase.
Warm beer is money to the wind.
Indeed, when the temperature of the foam beverage rises, its most valuable, refreshing effect is lost. Experts recommend to cool the beer to a temperature in the range of 6 to 12 degrees Celsius. If you overdo it, the drink can change the taste and get a muddy color. Plastic tableware does not spoil the beer. Myth for true connoisseurs, who insist only on natural materials, claiming that beer, poured into the product of organic synthesis, changes the taste far from the best.
Beer should be drunk in small sips with long pauses.
Not quite right. Real aesthetes really recommend not to hurry, but most importantly – to observe a certain sequence of drinking.To begin with, it is necessary to drain half the capacity of beer, then half of what is left and only then drink to the bottom.
A lot of foam – unprofessional pouring.
Myth of pure water. Among the real connoisseurs of beer there is a rule of “two fours.” The height of the foam in a glass with a drink should be at least 4 centimeters and should be kept in its original form for at least four minutes.
In a glass of beer it is necessary to pour on the wall.
The delusion that flows smoothly from the myth of the absence of foam in a mug with a drink by a good bartender. In fact, the beer should be poured into the center of the glass from a height of about 2-2.5 centimeters above its edge. The amount of beer with competent bottling should be three quarters of the height of the glass or mug. Often manufacturers of special dishes for beer make a mark, to which the height of the filled drink should reach.
Before the first sip, it is necessary to blow off the foam from the beer.
This is partly true, in any case, it is absolutely necessary to try. This is a reliable test of beer quality. If the foam flew in two counts, then the conscience of the brewer failed. It is known that if you blow on good beer, the foam will simply curl, forming a wave over a glass.
Beer causes impotence.
Myth of pure water, but it is proved that beer significantly reduces libido both in men and women.
Beer is not addictive, unlike spirits.
This is not true. Moreover, it is proved that beer alcoholism develops much faster depending on strong alcoholic beverages. This is due to the fact that with the use of low-alcohol beer in addition to intoxicating effects on humans, sedative, that is calming effect, has a great influence. This is what makes it more addictive. It aggravates beer alcoholism and a persistent belief that barley drink is almost not alcohol. To achieve the desired relaxation, daily doses of beer are increased. In addition, narcologists say that beer alcoholism is more difficult to treat.
Beer is a man’s drink.
A fairly common misconception, given the role of women in the history of brewing. Even in ancient Babylon, priestesses in the temples were female brewers. And it is not by chance that the emblem of the beer festival in London was chosen the goddess Ninkashi – the Sumerian patroness of the Brewers. Every year the number of fans of a foamy drink only increases. In the Czech Republic, for example, more than half of the female population – 60%, admit that they drink beer. In Russia, according to 2008 data, 41% of the beautiful half of humanity drink beer. Some manufacturers, focusing on women, specially produce beer with fruit flavors.
Oktoberfest starts in October.
Despite the fact that from German the name of the holiday, which drives all beer fans crazy, literally translates as “October folk festivals”, the Oktoberfest itself begins in September as early as 1872.
A commercial with a brewer, embarrassed with a bench and a goat, is a fiction of modern advertisers.
In fact, this way of checking the quality of beer did exist in the Middle Ages. Beer was recognized soundly only in the event that a wooden bench with a freshly brewed foam drink spilled on it tightly adhered to the leather pants of the inspector.
If the beer is too light, then it is diluted with water.
Quite often misleading visitors to pubs. Beer professionals are judged by color. It is believed that light beer should not shine and should be strictly golden without reddish or brown shades. Thus, the main quality indicator for light beer – the lighter, the better, since brewers often mask not too good beer, darkening it.
You can make excellent cocktails from beer of different strengths.
It is not recommended to mix a foamy drink by adjusting the color and strength independently. Different degrees of beer even one manufacturer should drink separately, so as not to spoil its taste.