Autism is a brain disorder that is characterized by abnormalities in the social behavior of a person, as well as by restrictions and repetitions in it. These signs usually appear already in childhood, up to three years. In the course of the disease, milder symptoms may appear, which are referred to as autism spectrum disorders.
In autism, changes are observed in many parts of the brain, but the course of their development is unclear. With early detection and intervention in a child’s behavior, it can help him acquire self-help, communication and social behavior skills, but there are no guaranteed ways to cure autism. Only a few children can exist on their own when they reach adulthood.
At the moment, the causes of autism are not entirely clear, it is clear only that they are related to genes. Perhaps their multiple interaction is guilty, and perhaps rare mutations. There are also controversial theories of the origin of the disease, for example, vaccination of children. Doctors estimate the prevalence of disorders of this spectrum in 0.6% of the total population.
It is interesting that in boys, autism occurs 4 times more often than in girls. Mysterious reasons for this occurrence of this disease, its current, have generated around it a lot of myths, which will be partially discredited.
The cause of autism can be a poor attitude on the part of parents.
I want to believe that this myth has already been eradicated, because it has long been proven that this is not true. Autism is a neurological condition, so it can not arise for psychological reasons. After all, if bad education and rigid attitude of parents would cause autism, then there were many more sick in the world.
Low-function and highly-functional autism are totally different diseases.
Even following from the title it is clear that the diseases are still different. However, studies have shown that there are no fundamental differences between the patients of these two forms except the level of IQ. With both diagnoses, the main deficits coincide, they simply express themselves in their own way.
All autistics are the same.
Usually such a myth is based on comparing one familiar autist to everyone else. It is believed that others behave similarly. Of course, patients have some common features of deviations, as a result of which some of their gestures and manners may coincide. But these people have their own personality, like all of us. This myth includes the following three statements.
Autists think only in pictures.
Indeed, visual thinking in such people is much more common than in ordinary people, but one can not unequivocally consider such brain work as a universal or unique characteristic. Not all autistic people think in this way, although books and scientific works are written about this way of thinking.
Autistics have sensory problems, which are expressed in an increased sensitivity to sounds and touches.
Sensory problems can also occur in the fact that mild irritants are generally not perceived or hypo-sensitive, in the presence of synaesthesia, when one senses is mistaken for another and other abnormalities. It is interesting that these problems can relate to any feeling, including sensations of space or the vestibular apparatus.
All autistics have special abilities.
According to statistics, unusual abilities are inherent only 10% of autistics. This indicator is higher than that of other people thousands of times, but still, it is rather an exception, not a rule. It happens that unusual abilities manifest themselves in childhood, and then, with the experience of communicating with people, the possibilities disappear. By the way, not necessarily such abilities are useless, some autistics successfully use them, say, at job placement. Autistic people can not really talk.
This is not true, often even happening, that the occurrence of autism in children is ignored, as they quite successfully communicate, but after a few years the disease still makes itself felt.Many autistics even begin to speak early enough.
Autistic people have serious intellectual disabilities.
Autists can have any kind of intellect, without differing in this characteristic from ordinary people. First, children’s intellectual achievements can be treated as side deviations, and later they are treated as features of a gifted person. Therefore, the IQ test is not indicative for autistic people, nor for other people. Although it should be noted that in autistics, the gap between intellectual deficits and abilities can be much greater than that of ordinary people. It is not necessary to consider the absence of abilities in one area as an indicator of the fact that there are no abilities at all or they necessarily have a different direction.
All autistic people have problems with other people.
Parents of sick children are often taught that their children will never be able to experience feelings such as love. However, many autistics have full-fledged families, children. Sometimes even severe forms of autism do not prevent people from showing affection, showing concern about the feelings of others.
Behind the sink of autism lies a normal normal person.
It is believed that you can take some measures that will release a normal person, breaking through the wall of autism. However, this is not true, autism penetrates into a person, significantly affecting its ability to feel, perceive events, information, reactions, interactions. The disappearance of autism from a person will radically change him, so that you can see a completely new personality.
Autism, especially low-functioning, in itself is completely negative.
Patients with autism remember their non-verbal children’s experience, but many do not perceive it as negative. This state was not accompanied by feelings of loneliness or fear. Yes, the world can be incomprehensible or somewhat frightening, but it is perceived as a reality. Usually the perception of the aspects of autism depends on the attitude of people towards them. For example, hyperfocus may seem a problem, if you consider it as a quality that makes you focus on the feet, while passing the traffic light signal. But with intensive work with projects, this quality can be irreplaceable. This applies when a person works as a freelancer or needs more attention when working at a computer. You can not perceive autism solely as something bad or different. Yes, on the whole, autism leads to disability, but many people are satisfied with this state of affairs, because healing can lead to the loss of a person by oneself, entails serious psychological problems.
Autists are often obsessed with something, are prone to rituals, self-stimulating behavior, this must be fought.
Indeed, this behavior is characteristic of an autistic person, but it is usually completely harmless. Patients with autism relieve their tension and regulate information coming from the senses using self-stimulating behavior. There is a direct relationship between the increase in self-stimulation and the reduction of self-mutilation in patients, which can hardly be explained by chance. Is it worth to identify stimulating movements as “strange”, to fight against them, if by itself a person seems strange to society? Such a modification may be desirable for those highly functional autistics that may want to merge with the crowd. To make the appropriate decision to change behavior, you need to understand whether there will be problems in an autistic person? Once again we emphasize – the propensity to specific interests is inherent in autism, irritating others, but this feature is harmless! Sometimes obsession even helps in career growth. For example, if a person is passionate about computers, then employers will undoubtedly be impressed by the obsession in this environment. With autism, there may be an obsessive-compulsive disorder, but this is another phenomenon.In conclusion, it can be said that behavior, which is socially unacceptable, and not just bizarre and annoying, really needs correction, as it can be harmful or illegal.
If children tease each other, then there is nothing wrong with that.
Many people think that it is precisely in such skirmishes that the nature of the child is tempered, not paying attention to how the real persecution arises. There is also an opinion that children themselves are to blame for this behavior of peers, or simply it all boils down to the fact that “children are children.” For the most detached autistic children, there is nothing wrong with abuse, they simply do not perceive them, having generally a poor perception of people in general. But with age comes the awareness of the place to such mockeries and social exclusion. As a result, depressed people may develop depression, which can provoke suicidal thoughts and intentions, possibly self-mutilation. Therefore, hounding each other’s children, teasers are better to warn, these are not harmless games, as a result of such a relationship between children there can be serious consequences.
Autistics, like all other ordinary people, need and want the same thing.
Many judge the life of autists from their point of view. Like, I would be in such a situation would be unhappy, which means that they, too, are probably unhappy. It should be noted that autistic people often make an unusual choice regarding their leisure, entertainment and social life in general. To many it seems strange that autists do not go and do not tend to attend parties, dances and other entertainment activities. Often, autists prefer active rest to fuss with designer cubes or small objects. Let it be strange, but no harm to anyone from such behavior. The main thing is that it is like sick people, bringing them a bit of fun. Ordinary people consider themselves completely independent, for them this feeling is important, although in reality they bear the burden of social responsibility and dependence. But autistics are really independent, and their feelings are different from ordinary people. We must try to look at the life of autistic people and their values precisely through the eyes of sick people, and not to impose on them the point of view of those who do not understand and do not accept another’s world.
Autism is a common childhood illness.
Few realize that autistic children grow up, and the disease stays with them. The society receives autistic adults. These people learn, develop and grow, like everyone else, maybe even more. Only here for autistic adults, especially those who lead an active social life and perform certain functions, there are practically no specialized services.
The presence of “easy” autism should not affect human behavior.
Actually, there is no such thing as easy autism. Even a highly functioning autist spends a lot of time to adapt to society. Many people minimize Asperger’s syndrome, calling it the “botany” syndrome. However, there is a clear difference between a normal healthy person, albeit a strange and sick autism, albeit highly functional. The border passes where certain traits lead to disability. For example, a sick person has a guest mode. In it, an autist is virtually indistinguishable from an ordinary person, but prolonged work in this mode can lead to a serious nervous breakdown. This is why the autism may need rest intervals. For others, this behavior may seem a sign of laziness or lack of motivation, irritating those who are nearby. Autists only need to be reminded of their illness, so that people understand that high functionality still has certain limitations.
In life, a high-functioning autistic is easier and better than a low-functioning autistic.
In a child, a sick person does not have needs for communication, nor an understanding of why this is necessary. Accordingly, there is no frustration from lack of it.Many autistics even regret that they have learned to communicate with the rest of the world, because they have lost their unique fairy-tale nonverbal world. They often miss him, unable to return. Parents of autistic children claim that low-functioning children are usually happy. For the sick, it is not the lack of the opportunity to do something, but the realization that the desire for action is not backed up by the possibilities for implementing them. Therefore, many autistics are easier to be lowfunctional than to be in a state in which they can not get the desired result.