Arthritis – is a disease associated with inflammation of the joints. This disease is accompanied by the appearance of pain during movement of a person and physical exertion. This is explained by the processes of changing the shape of the joint – it swells, it becomes much less mobile.
Arthritis is often accompanied by a fever. If the disease spreads to only one joint, then it is a monoarthritis. If the disease affects many joints, it is polyarthritis.
There are chronic arthritis (in this case, the development of the disease is slow and gradual), as well as acute arthritis (when the onset of the disease is sudden and abrupt). Arthritis is either an independently developing disease, or it can accompany others.
Inflammatory arthritis and degenerative arthritis are the most common types of this disease. Also there are arthritis, which accompany various diseases. To such kinds of arthritis it is possible to attribute arthritis, arising as a result of influenza or Lyme disease.
Arthritis requires multi-faceted treatment, different types of it have characteristic features in treatment. The need for surgical treatment often occurs with rheumatoid arthritis. Of great importance are physical therapy, massage and physiotherapy. Treatment of arthritis in children and adults is somewhat different, as is the course of the disease itself.
Arthritis is a common disease.
Relatively. This disease is diagnosed in one person out of a hundred. This disease can develop in a person of any age. However, most often arthritis is observed in the elderly – statistics show that approximately 80% of people who are over sixty-five years old are ill with arthritis.
Arthritis is not only a medical, but also a social problem.
Quite serious, because if the arthritis takes on a chronic form, then a person may lose his ability to work.
Risk factors for developing arthritis are divided into genetic and acquired.
The first group includes, for example, the pathology of the joints, which is inherited. Genetic factors of arthritis development are found only in women. Acquired factors (arising from exposure to the external environment) include smoking, joint injuries, joint stress (for example, as a result of physical activity), and allergic diseases.
Arthritis is not a serious disease.
This is not true. However, arguing this way, many people do not hurry to see a doctor, and in vain – because arthritis requires urgent intervention of specialists. It is known that the pain in this disease is more pronounced in the morning (and towards the end of the night). The intensity of pain significantly decreases when a person paces. Therefore, having endured the “morning” pain, a person lives peacefully all day, another, the third – a visit to the doctor is postponed and postponed, and the illness is aggravated and aggravated. Such a frivolous attitude towards health should not be tolerated by any person. Therefore, in no case should not wait for the appearance of severe pain and limitation of mobility of the joint. This disease can lead to both non-dangerous changes in the composition, and to very serious changes in the synovial membrane of the cartilage, capsules, bones and ligaments of the joints, as a result of which deformation of the joints may occur. Arthritis can be started up to the point that surgical treatment is needed – surgery to replace cartilage, joint replacement. This surgical operation is very laborious and is used in extreme cases.
Arthritis is an insidious disease.
It’s hard to predict and predict. However, the joint, which has been exposed to this disease, can quickly change its structure. This change is irreversible and may well be the cause of disability.It is for this reason, if a person begins to feel pain in the joint or spine (as the main symptoms of arthritis), then he must urgently seek specialist treatment to slow the development of the disease at the initial stage.
Restricting joint mobility and pain are the main symptoms of arthritis.
In case of their appearance, you should not think about visiting a doctor, as it is necessary. At the initial stage of the disease, it is not so difficult to reduce its activity – however, the treatment takes time from several days to several months, with proper treatment the mobility of the spine and joints becomes normal, the pain disappears.
Arthritis is a disease that requires a fairly long treatment.
The main task in the treatment of this disease is not only to reduce its activity, but also to prevent re-inflammation. For this reason, patients with arthritis should always be under the supervision of a specialist and follow preventive measures.
Sport is contraindicated in arthritis.
As you know, movement is life. However, if a person has brought arthritis to a pronounced form, that is, the disease has formed, then the employment of running, tennis and other sports activities that are associated with sudden and rapid movements is harmful. Even to be in a standing position for a long period of time is undesirable. Benefits to a person who is sick with arthritis can bring such sports activities as swimming, dosed walking – that is, those exercises (exercise complexes) that help stretch muscles. It is possible to train on simulators, but only if they are supervised by the instructor.
A crunch in the joints is a sign of arthritis.
Not always. It’s a delusion. In simple terms, the joint is an articulation of bones. If a crunch appears in the joints, then there is no need to panic. If the crunch is not accompanied by the appearance of pain, swelling, body temperature remains normal, then it is not even worth remembering about arthritis. Some scientists who deal with this problem say that the cause of the crunch in the joints and clicks is the gas bubbles. They arise in the fluid filling the joint bag and burst there. Why does it crunch? Because when the joint is stretched (a common phenomenon when it moves), the joint bag grows in volume. This significantly reduces the pressure in this bag, and the gas bubbles burst, merging with each other, with a characteristic sound. Other scientists call the cause of the appearance of a crunch and clicks in the joints friction of the joint surfaces. This friction is due to a lack of joint fluid. The latter can arise as a result of increased physical exertion on the body.
Crunch in the joints – a harbinger of arthrosis.
Quite often. The appearance of this joint disease can not be guessed long enough, as the cartilage of the joints are gradually destroyed – this process can last for many years.
Inflammatory arthritis is a kind of arthritis.
One of the main. Inflammatory arthritis is associated with the processes of inflammation of the membrane, which covers the joint from the inside. The subspecies of inflammatory arthritis include: purulent arthritis (or infectious), gout and rheumatoid arthritis.
Purulent arthritis, associated with penetration into the joint of pathogens of pyogenic infection, is divided into primary and secondary.
Primary purulent arthritis can develop if there is a wound. Secondary arthritis occurs if the infection enters the joint from the blood or from neighboring tissues. Purulent arthritis is characterized by damage and the articular cartilage arising from its destruction. This type of disease can provoke the development of periarticular phlegmon (phlegmon is an acute inflammation of fatty tissue that is diffuse – unlimited) – in this case the patient has severe pains, chills, and the temperature is markedly increased.
The exact causes of rheumatoid arthritis are unknown.
The defeat of the joints in this subspecies of arthritis is similar to that of polyarthritis. The most common cause of rheumatoid arthritis is the influence of microorganisms: such as viruses, streptococci and others. It is believed that a certain role in the development of rheumatoid arthritis has genetic factors (that is, due to heredity), as well as damage to the human immune system. The onset of rheumatoid arthritis is usually acute – most often the lesion begins with a single joint (that is, it is a monoarthritis), and then spreads to others, and the inflammation in this case is more susceptible to the small joints of the hand. This subspecies of arthritis is characterized by the presence of severe pain, which tends to increase with movement and physical activity. The intensity of pain decreases at night. Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with the process of muscular tissue atrophy. In this case, the subspecies of arthritis in the skin is formed by rheumatoid nodules. For rheumatoid arthritis, there is a high disability – about 70% of all cases. Disability comes early. Rheumatoid arthritis can lead to death as a result of renal failure and the infectious complications that arthritis gives.
Degenerative arthritis is another type of arthritis.
Inflammatory arthritis and degenerative arthritis are the most common types of this disease. For degenerative arthritis, the articular cartilage is damaged. The subspecies of generative arthritis include osteoarthritis and traumatic arthritis.
Joint bruising is the main cause of traumatic arthritis.
This disease can also occur as a result of movement, which exceeds the physiological limits of the joint. Most often, traumatic arthritis affects the ulnar, brachial, knee and ankle joints, the course of arthritis is associated with the appearance of pain and swelling. Treatment of traumatic arthritis depends directly on the location of the damaged joint and the nature of its damage.
Arthritis accompanies the flu.
A significant number of people with influenza have a feeling of joint and muscle damage, and the likelihood of developing arthritis is greatest in ten to fifteen days after the onset of the flu. Such arthritis, as a rule, develops as a result of allergic nature. Often, arthritis takes on a chronic form.
Arthritis is associated with Lyme disease.
Lyme disease can develop after a tick bite – it is caused by spirochaetes. In the initial stage of the disease in patients there is some stiff neck. A few months after the onset of Lyme’s disease, the patient develops arthritis.
There are several methods for diagnosing arthritis.
A patient with suspected arthritis is given an X-ray examination. It is a radiograph of the affected joint, which is performed in two projections – according to this study it is possible to determine if the patient has arthritis or not. In addition, tomography, atrography and some other studies are frequently used to help the specialist to more accurately diagnose. If arthritis is spread more in small vessels, then it is advisable to use radiography with an increase in the image. The doctor can obtain additional information due to thermography data. This study allows you to determine the changes in local heat transfer. These changes are peculiar to arthritis.
Arthritis requires multilateral treatment.
This is indeed so. The use of antibacterial drugs (i.e., etiotropic therapy) is advisable only in certain forms of the disease. These include allergic, infectious and gouty arthritis. When acute inflammation in the joints decreases, it is advisable to use physiotherapy procedures.The latter reduce the intensity of the pain syndrome, and also can prevent the disruption of the normal functioning of the joints. Great value in arthritis is therapeutic exercise (LPC) and therapeutic massage. Their purpose is to preserve the correct functioning of the affected joint and prevent contractures. Contracture is a restriction of joint mobility. Surgical treatment is not always required, in particular, it is often necessary for rheumatoid arthritis.
Arthritis in children has its own characteristics.
The main of them is a pronounced exudative component of inflammation. In addition, arthritis in childhood often begins sharply (it is in children that the development of rheumatic arthritis, which is marked by its acute course), is more often than in the adult part of the population. This disease affects a large number of organs.
In the treatment of arthritis, children have their own characteristics.
In the case of childhood incidence of arthritis, comprehensive treatment should necessarily be provided. It should include a course of inpatient, sanatorium-and-spa treatment, as well as a regular outpatient monitoring of the child’s health, which is performed by the district pediatrician or cardiothoratologist. The treatment prescribed to the child is subject to adjustment every three to six months, thereby choosing the most effective and effective treatment, a great role is played by physical therapy and physiotherapy.
Joint pain and arthritis are quite common in humans.
Arthritis is a common name for any joint disease. The causes of the emergence of diseases are many – it’s infections, and metabolic disorders. Arthritis is a fairly common disease, only in the US it affects more than 40 million people, with one in every six becoming disabled. It is this disease – the main cause of disability in the country, the treatment of the disease annually in America is spent more than $ 60 billion. The disease is so widespread, so it is shrouded in myths. Harvard Medical School experts describe the most common misconceptions associated with arthritis, in particular, disclose the differences between it and joint pain, which is based on other factors.
Arthritis is an independent disease.
There are more than 100 types of arthritis or its causes. It is customary to refer to this group of diseases and gout, and systemic lupus erythematosus. In this case, for some arthritis, special treatment methods have been developed that allow you to completely get rid of the disease. It is worth knowing that in treating many types of arthritis, almost identical methods are used. Doctors use analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs (tilfen, roxicam, diclonate, orthophene and others). We must not forget that arthritis can be inherited.
The first sign of arthritis is pain in the joints.
Not always arthralgia (articular pain) is a sign of arthritis, inflammation of the joints. Much more often these unpleasant sensations are caused by inflammation of the tendon (tendenitis), inflammation of the joint bag (bursitis), degenerative diseases of the joints (osteoarthritis) or injuries received from the mechanical action on the joints. The causes can be covered in general outside the joints, so the source may be banal flu or fibromyalgia, which cause these unpleasant sensations.
All arthritis is extremely painful.
Ideally, of course, it is better to do without such diseases, but they should not be afraid of them. After all, often arthritis acquires mild forms. The quality of life in this case worsens, but discomfort does not result in a loss of ability to work or severe suffering. But rheumatoid arthritis just can lead to disability. In general, this whole myth is generated by the fact that in the medical literature, mostly complex types of arthritis are considered, and not lungs, and that adds a general impression of the serious nature of the disease.
All the factors causing arthritic and arthritic specific diseases have long been known.
Arthritis is considered an autoimmune disease. Therefore, it is not entirely clear what factors cause many types of arthritis. Scientists, naturally, put forth a lot of theories that explain the causes of the appearance of diseases. For example, osteoarthritis, which is a degenerative form, can be inherited, a consequence of various injuries or obesity. Only here is to explain why some people have a disease, and others do not, doctors are not yet able. A similar picture with other types of arthritis.
All arthritis, as well as general joint diseases, is an imminent sign of old age.
Arthritis can be affected not only by people in old age, but also by young people. In elderly patients, degenerative diseases (osteoarthritis) are quite common, although many people over the age of 70 have no such disease or signs of disease at all. Even children have arthritis, although naturally, much less often than adults. In such cases, treatment is much more difficult, as it affects the formation of joints and bones, as well as the psychological background of children.
Osteoporosis must necessarily be accompanied by pain in the spine or back.
This type of arthritis most often occurs painlessly. However, the disease leads to a decrease in strength of bones, which significantly increases the risk of fractures. Most often, the patient before the fracture at all does not suspect about the disease, because it is asymptomatic. Then there is pain, which lasts several weeks. Also, unpleasant sensations in osteoporosis can occur due to compression of the nerves, since the disease can lead to curvature of the spine. That is why in the prevention of this disease and its treatment, it is not at all necessary to wait for painful symptoms, since more often they will testify to already neglected osteoporosis. Doctors recommend that many patients (mostly men of age appropriate for menopause) do a screening that will determine the density of the bones in order to further determine the time of the onset of the disease and to exclude possible fractures.
The use of high-calorie and fatty foods is a significant prerequisite for the occurrence of gout and arthritis.
This misconception has been several centuries old. Once upon a time people noticed that lavish feasts with lots of food and wine lead to gout attacks. But as scientists have found out, the diet does not have a particular effect on gout attacks, but alcohol and some products can cause pain. Today it is known that the cause of attacks can be even drugs used, for example, with hypertension and kidney disease. The caloric or fatty food in this case absolutely at anything. But the substances rich in hondoprotectors included in the patient’s daily diet can be useful. So it’s worth recommending to eat chicken and meat cartilage. Yes, and fish dishes also carry in themselves useful substances for joints. Not surprisingly, in countries with a large number of seafood in the national cuisine, the number of arthroses is significantly lower.
Modern research can identify the causes of damage to the joint.
These tools are usually “experts” include nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) or computer tomography. In fact, these studies only help diagnose fractures or problems, identify cancer tumors in patients, or detect all kinds of relapses. Not surprisingly, these studies are not used to determine the causes of pain in the joints, as well as related diseases – tendenitis, bursitis. Gout, lupus erythematosus, early stage of rheumatoid arthritis and others. On the radiographs, cartilages, ligaments and tendons are virtually invisible, besides, some people have inherent changes in the joints, which do not cause the owners any inconvenience.Radiographic examination or NMR may reveal some changes in the body, but it is not known whether the source, for example, is back pain. Doctors can prescribe such studies, but they do it selectively. And besides practice shows that they are of little use as a result, they only distract the doctor and the patient from the true cause.
You can diagnose arthritis with a blood test.
In fact, there are certain blood tests that give accurate results. However, do not forget about the existence of some restrictions on the conduct of such studies for the diagnosis of joint diseases. So, the determination of the level of ESR promotes the diagnosis of inflammation, the definition of rheumatoid factor may indicate the likelihood of rheumatoid arthritis, and antinuclear bodies contribute to the diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus. However, such an analysis is fraught with obtaining erroneous results, because the results can show violations, although the disease itself will not be. Statistics state that in 30% of healthy people there are antinuclear antibodies in the blood, and OSE generally rises with the simplest common cold. Therefore, doctors try not to resort to blood tests, as they can only make confusion and give incorrect results.
Arthritis is generally incurable.
As already mentioned, there are a large number of forms of arthritis, the most important in the treatment is diagnosing the type of disease. It is necessary to admit that the list of drugs that are used to treat different forms is far from optimal, often drugs do not eradicate the disease, cause, besides, side effects, and not always the means for the price are available to patients. Nevertheless, today there are effective and safe methods of fighting arthritis, the research of this disease also gives hope for the appearance of new options to combat it. For example, it turned out that drugs that are used to neutralize tumors also successfully help in the fight against rheumatoid arthritis.
Arthritis can be caused by ticks.
But this statement is true. The fact is that the bite of such insects can cause Lyme disease. First, stiffness forms on the site of the bite (for example, on the neck), then arthritis also develops.
You can not treat arthritis with hormones, because they get fat and addiction develops.
Also, patients are afraid that hormones will destroy the bones. In fact, hormones used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis are natural anti-inflammatory drugs. One of the side effects they can really become weight gain, and high doses can reduce bone mass. However, it should be noted that such treatment is prescribed for only a few months, adherence to the regimen and dosage indicated by the doctor will preserve bone mass.
Injections inside the joints destroy the cartilage, besides, people become dependent on such treatment.
If this were true, the injections would not have been authorized by the health authorities. The joint can actually collapse because of misdirection and frequent injections (more than 3-4 times per year).
Men are more often ill with arthritis.
In fact, it is the weaker sex that is more prone to such diseases. All the guilt developed by them during the evolution of a special protective mechanism, which provokes the appearance of immune reactions to inflammatory processes in the body. This is especially evident after the onset of menopause in women, when their hormonal protection disappears. But men also have their Achilles’ heel. They are more prone to infectious reactive arthritis and Bechterew’s disease, which affects the ligaments of the spine.
Diseases of the joints occur due to injuries.
This is only partly true. In athletes, arthrosis is usually the case. Their body is constantly experiencing overload, as a result of the surface of the joints bare, as the cartilage wears out and crackes much faster than ordinary people. The same picture can be observed in people who are overweight.But reactive arthritis in general is the result of a transferred infection. For example, chlamydia can affect the genitourinary system and tissues, including articular. To cure this infection is very difficult, but you can get infected not only with sexual contact, but also when wiping someone else’s washcloth or towel. There is a whole group of arthritis having genitourinary origin. Few can connect knee pain with intestinal dysfunction shortly before. But a rheumatologist can, with the help of detailed information on the patient’s well-being and his way of life, determine further treatment.
It is impossible to determine the form of arthritis on your own.
In fact, you have to learn how to listen to your body, first of all to determine the nature of pain. With arthrosis, the joints of the legs most often suffer, which account for the maximum load. Also this kind of arthritis is characterized by a mechanical rhythm of pain accompanying the movement. But rheumatoid arthritis claims its existence as a sharp pain in the joints of the feet and brushes, it is at the same time symmetrical in nature. Reactive arthritis of an infectious nature is usually asymmetric, only one joint is aching. The pain can jump from one foot to the other. Completely confirm the diagnosis can only comprehensive and professional examination of doctors.
Diagnosis of arthritis automatically puts a “cross” in sports.
So to think – it is erroneous, because the hypodynamia is harmful to the sick joints as well as healthy. To strengthen the muscular frame is very useful training bicycle, swimming, skiing. This will improve the metabolism in the patient’s joint and prevent it from becoming “stiffened”. Of course, from a number of types of loads will have to be abandoned. It’s about running, jumping, squatting and lifting weights. It is best, in the final analysis, to consult with the attending physician in this matter.