Apiculture. Myths about beekeeping

Any beginner or experienced beekeeper is constantly confronted with the fact that others do not fully understand the specifics of working with bees, replacing knowledge with superficial myths.

Yes, and the specialized press does not pay much attention to the aspects of beekeeping, its place in the life of society, as it does narcissism and self-praise.

By leafing through such magazines, it may seem that everyone around is simply happy with bees, they eat only honey and appreciate the hard work of beekeepers. In fact, there are many people who simply hate bees and everything that is associated with them.

Therefore, it is worth paying attention to debunking the most persistent myths about beekeeping, after all, taking root, they cause and practical harm – create an atmosphere of distrust, cause resistance and misunderstanding.

The beekeeper exploits bees, squeezing out of them all the juices and thinking only about the largest amount of honey.

To begin with, we note that people come to beekeepers in different ways. Someone is attached from childhood, and someone comes to this occupation already in adulthood, making a deliberate choice. In any case, everyone subsequently understands that breeding bees and keeping them is a very hard, laborious and time-consuming job. But, regardless of the motives, the occupation of beekeeping, whether selfish or noble, in any case, it will be necessary to take care of the bees, maximize their livelihoods, treat them and protect them in every possible way. Otherwise, the beekeeper will not receive any material benefit and satisfaction from the work. Bee can not just be exploited, it will immediately affect their lives. If in the autumn insects take more honey than laid, then it will not be enough for the bees to winter, they will die. Therefore, unreasonable actions against insects will harm the environment, because bees are the main pollen pollen, including fruits and vegetables. Many people do not realize such a simple fact that bees are one of the factors of the availability of crops in our cottages and kitchen gardens. Perhaps the discovery will be the fact that in many advanced countries the main source of income for beekeepers is not the sale of honey, but the payment for a pollination contract for fields and gardens.

Beekeepers receive honey by feeding insects sugar syrup.

The modern theory of rational beekeeping provides for the feeding of bees with sugar syrup, but it is stipulated that this is possible only in certain seasonal periods, for a specific purpose. For example, if the year was lean, then it is possible to replenish reserves in this way, in the case of feeding through a syrup of medicines. In most of the usual cases, the lure of sugar syrup is not justified, especially during the mass gathering of flower nectar. Yes, using such a trick will really increase the amount of honey, but its quality will deteriorate noticeably. Applying sugar syrup or not is the moral choice of each beekeeper. And to reveal the consequences of using syrup in finished honey can be done with the help of laboratory tests, which, undoubtedly, will affect the reputation of the beekeeper. I remember the case with a man who kept ordinary honey for himself, and honey, which was produced by bees, eaten syrup, went for sale. So, the implementation of such honey was extremely difficult.

Bees recognize their master and do not sting him.

This myth is very old and relatively innocuous. Although beekeeping is a branch of animal husbandry, it is impossible to call these insects domesticated animals. There is no fundamental difference between wild bees and those who live on apiaries. Accordingly, there is nowhere to take another organization of the nervous system, the presence of reason, consciousness. Therefore, do not rely on the gratitude or affection of bees. Bees are ordinary insects, therefore, despite our attitude towards them, they retain the instinct of pity.It would seem that bees should be obliged to the fact that the beekeeper patiently creates new families, regulates the number, but this is not so, insects live by themselves, according to their laws and do not feel obliged to anyone. Therefore, if the situation develops appropriately, the bee, without hesitation, will sting its master. There is simply a difference in how these bites are borne. By definition, the beekeeper tolerates bites more easily and quickly forgets about it. The environment seems to be that if the beekeeper does not run in the apiary in horror and does not cry from the numerous bites, it is only because the bees recognize their master and do not sting him.

The usual harvest from one beehive is one jar (canister).

How many hive there are in the apiary, so many jars of honey and it will turn out. In fact, if such a productivity would be in Russia, then the country would be overwhelmed with cheap honey, while this yield is only to be dreamed of. For example, not in the most successful region for bees, in Bashkortostan the collection from one family of 10 to 15 kg of honey is already considered successful. At the same time, it should also be taken into account that it is not necessary to have a healthy family in the hive, it is likely that there is a brood or a sick family there. And the hive can be completely abandoned. So the myth about the hive, which steadily brings a jar of honey, is most likely spawned by envious neighbors.

Propolis is actually a bee stool, so it can not be treated.

In fact, propolis is nothing more than a resinous product that bees are harvested from the kidneys and bark of some tree species, from bushes and grass. The name includes particles “pro” (front) and “polis” (fortress), which is due to the fact that propolis is used to narrow the passage into the hive. The very same means used in medicine for a long time, which already speaks volumes. And in modern medicine, propolis is successfully used as a remedy with antimicrobial, regenerating, antiviral and other useful abilities. The complex effect of this product is better than any modern medicine. It is not surprising that preparations containing propolis are successfully and justifiably used in various fields of medicine – in dentistry, surgery, dermatology, pediatrics, therapy and so on. Therefore, to assert about the harm of propolis means not to understand obvious things, to try to discredit a useful remedy.

Any beekeeper can drink his bees to steal honey in neighboring hives.

This myth is based on the unshakable faith of our people due to alcoholic beverages. Indeed, many miracles are possible under the influence of vodka, but bees robbed honey from their own sisters – this is complete nonsense. Surprisingly, this myth lives among the beekeepers themselves, who periodically reproach each other for using such a device. Industrious insects can really be addicted to alcohol artificially. In liquid sugar syrup, initially 0.1% of vodka is added, then the dose and frequency are increased, resulting in bees becoming “alcoholics”. But the result also becomes corresponding – the bees cease to deal with their immediate duties, the relationships are broken. Instead of feeding the offspring, transferring the pollen and flying outwards, the bees begin to mound around the tap, conflicting with each other. Departure from the hive occurs only in order to find the source of alcohol in nature, which can be spoiled jam, fermented fruit, etc. In this situation, the hive itself can be robbed, which will sadly affect its future fate. Then follows the mass death of bees, which will result in the inability to defend themselves against uninvited guests. Even if the hive remains intact, the consequences of drinking alcohol will not go unnoticed. The family will no longer be fully-fledged, since it is not interested in the time of the collection. In such a situation, it remains only to dispel or destroy, or in general to create a new family by changing the uterus. So this myth is absolutely groundless, the real facts refute it.Concerning the same theft, it should be noted that this happens infrequently, and even then – through the fault of the beekeeper himself, who did not take the necessary precautions. The worms are not necessarily insects from the neighboring apiary, it may well be bees from neighboring hives. After all, for them there is no difference in whether their apiary or a stranger, any bees from the neighboring hive are perceived as outsiders.

Beekeeping is quite easy, because the main thing is to put the hives, to pump out honey in the summer, and in autumn to remove them in the podpol or oshshnik.

Of course, those who professionally deal with bees do not hold such an opinion, arguing that working with bees requires a lot of effort, materials and nerves. For example, new diseases of bees constantly appear, old, seemingly already forgotten, come back, all this causes economic harm. Do not forget that beekeeping in many respects depends on the weather, which means that no one will give guarantees for the harvest, and the bad harvest can drag on. It is not necessary to consider beekeeping as a seasonal occupation, since directly or otherwise they will have to practice almost all the year round. In winter, it’s time to prepare the inventory, make new hives, frames, cores, it is necessary to control how the bees hibernate, prepare waxes, be provided with medicines and this is not all. Only here all this is often not seen by others who see only a part of the iceberg – the setting up of hives in the spring and working with them throughout the summer. And it’s not so easy – to control the growth of families, to organize the cuttings and all this in the very heat, later you will have to collect frames full of honey, pump it out, fight wax moth, rodents, ants, wasps and so on. Problems like and insignificant, but can quite affect the final result, if you do not give them due attention. Of course, in beekeeping there are also pleasant moments, such may be the merging of gold honey from a honey extractor into a jar, this action is accompanied by a delicious aroma containing the smells of summer. But, of course, it will be a mistake to consider that this is the main job of the beekeeper.

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