Not all people are ready to join in the benefits of civilization, considering them questionable. Some do not knowingly use mobile phones, computers, modern modes of transport. There was also a social movement, like anti-vaccination. It challenges the achievements of medicine and the need for vaccinations.
медицинские Medical workers and officials are fighting with the parents of children who refuse vaccinations. They argue that such a step leads to a weakening of immunity and increases the risk of outbreaks of infectious diseases. Themselves antivaktsinatory consider themselves to be advanced people, but the public discusses them. Angry exclamations make it difficult to look at the problem objectively and listen to the parents themselves.
Anti-vaccination has been enveloped in numerous myths. To err in this matter is as dangerous as in the question of vaccinations. It is worthwhile to understand in detail what is behind this phenomenon, why people avoid vaccination and how they can be reassured.
Any parent who does not want to vaccinate his child is an antiv vaccinator.
There is an interlayer of people who do not trust vaccines. A decisive rejection of them is an extreme measure in this group, based on simply doubting and entangled in the advice of numerous experts. Most parents who do not fully vaccinate their children can not be considered anti-vaccination. These are just living people who are trying to find the best solution for their offspring here and now. Some do not want to get vaccinated, and nothing in principle will make them do it. And others simply do not dare or fear consequences. Someone does not trust a particular vaccine, especially if there are bad reviews on her account. But it is impossible to rank them all as anti-vaccines. Such a measure will only aggravate the situation and will not give an opportunity to convince parents of the fallacy of their opinion.
The anti-vaccination movement began in 1998 after fraud in the Wakefield case and attempts to link vaccination with autism.
People who refuse vaccinations, appeared along with the vaccines themselves. It’s pretty easy to know when exactly this story began. In 1796, Edward Jenner was first vaccinated. The experimental was the 9-year-old James Phipps, who was administered a cowpox virus. As soon as mankind received the vaccine, its opponents were immediately found. In those days, it seemed inconceivable to inject into your blood, even if weakened, but a virus. And these arguments have lasted not the first century. However, the reason for fears for this time has changed. Few believe that vaccination is capable of killing babies, as previously thought. In the 1980s, anti-vaccines fought with DPT vaccines. Attorney Barbara Fisher even founded an influential organization that struggles with vaccinations. So in 1982 appeared the sounded-orwellian National Vaccine Information Center. The publication of Wakefield’s materials was just another reason for the entrenched community to abandon the vaccine.
The advocates of anti-vaccination are becoming more and more.
There is no evidence to prove this myth. Yes, and this group of people can hardly be called a movement. In fact, they are simply organized activists who disseminate frankly false information and nourish parental fears. The next layer is the parents who in social networks discuss vaccination issues and share their thoughts. However, the overwhelming majority of people are simply engaged in their own business and do what is best for their children. The number can be estimated with the help of non-medical exemptions, which allow parents in the West to send their children to schools without the necessary vaccinations. Nothing is known about the increase in the number of such norms. And the new laws in the US states have reduced the state’s control in this matter. But even such data will not say anything about the number of refuseniks. The child could have been released, since his mother did not want to miss the vaccination, but he fell ill with something else.Parents could not have time to receive liberation, although this was not difficult to do. It happens that adults refuse the vaccine, waiting for another drug. Despite everything, childhood vaccination rates in the US are everywhere uniformly high. The number of those who refuse the vaccine does not exceed half a percent. It is so little that it is impossible to talk about a certain number of such people. They might as well be unicorns and get lost in the general mass. This is the level of error.
Parents who do not vaccinate their children are either dirty hippies, or believe in a conspiracy of pharmaceutical companies.
Those people who refuse vaccinations are extremely heterogeneous group. It is impossible to talk about any specific political predilections. Studies have shown that most people, regardless of their views, support vaccination. Believing in a conspiracy of companies or government – an absolute minority, even among those who refused to vaccinate. Someone is struggling with GMOs, breastfeeding for 7 years, refuses essential oils – are there so few freaks in the community? Attempts to find a common identity of the group of those who refused vaccinations were unsuccessful. One of the recent stories was associated with the Amish, and the previous one – with orthodox Jews. Researchers tried to find out the reasons for the refusal on the basis of 70 cases. It turned out that the context is determining: time, place, type of vaccine. The factors that unite wavering people are not easy to categorize. Parents think more about what can happen to a child in case of side effects of the injection, rather than assess the imminent danger in refusing it. A strong factor is the age of the mother. The younger women are more likely to hesitate, not having enough experience. As a group, anti-vaccination agents have only one common feature: they refuse vaccinations. And that’s all.
Parents who do not vaccinate their children want them to recover naturally.
The desire for illness of their children sounds like a joke. In fact, anti-vaccines are afraid of disease, but even more they are afraid of the vaccine and its possible consequences. There is indeed a tiny number of those who want natural diseases for children, but these are real crazy with whom the appropriate social services need to work. There are mothers who allow children to be vaccinated against tetanus, but not from meningitis. After all, this vaccine will not protect against all possible strains. Here we are talking about assessing the degree of risk. It seems to people that serious illnesses gradually disappear. So why risk the vaccine and defend yourself against what is no longer a threat? But the disease would have disappeared altogether if people had been using the vaccine. This is what happened with smallpox. The risk of the disease still remains higher than the risks from the side effects of the vaccine. And then the health authorities should already work and conduct educational work. Otherwise, parents make their decision based on their own experience and suspicions. Disinformation is to blame, not the parents’ desire to survive the illness of their children.
Non-parents of their children are simply stupid and uninformed.
Often these are very intelligent, educated and sociable people. The fact is that the information they have is simply incorrect. Studies have shown that motivated reasoning determines the attitude of people towards threats. There is a defense of one’s own system of views. It’s not about education (sometimes even high-intellectual people refuse the vaccine), but how much a person believes in something. And the fact that some non-parenting parents can be highly educated is part of the problem. People with high incomes and good education are aware of themselves as smart and possessing certain knowledge in life, who are able to make decisions and manage processes. Such people feel their rightness, as well as those who have studied the vaccine for years. They become victims of a reassessment of their own research skills.Repair of household appliances for them is complicated and requires a call of a specialist, but the question of the vaccine is understandable and does not need specialized knowledge. This topic is considered not from the position of science, but from the point of view of publicly available information. It should be considered a pride, but not stupidity. It is important to separate the uninformed person from the misinformed. Many parents who refused to vaccinate spend days in search of better means. To call them stupid is to miss the crux of the problem. Those who do not believe in this, it is worth trying to convince such a parent. In response, you can hear a lot of arguments with links to relevant medical research, from which the head will go around. In fact, these studies either speak quite differently, or are atypical examples, poorly conducted experiments, disproved by subsequent studies or simply biased. The very existence of anti-vaccination sites Serry Tenpenny and Collie Brogan discredits the myth of their stupidity. There are carefully selected studies that purposefully suggest the idea of the harm of vaccinations. This pseudo-intellectual set will be very convincing for non-specialists.
Parents who do not vaccinate children consider themselves smarter than doctors.
This does not always happen. Such people do not consider themselves more intelligent or stupid than doctors. Simply, there is confidence in possessing better information on this subject, even if it is not in fact. Doctors are good and bad, someone had to graduate with the worst marks on the course. Similarly, in the issue of vaccine, opinions can be different. Just disinformation is spread by doctors. If the doctor prescribes antibiotics, then there is nothing wrong with asking about the need for such a course. Similarly, there may be questions about vaccines. Answers from the series: “I decided so” and “listen to the doctor” do not inspire confidence. No doctor can track all the stuff on the vaccination topic, new articles appear every week, and parents know this. They are with a pile of research, pointing out the possible risks and expressing their claims. Of course, these doctors did not see the research before. Reasonable answer is part of the doctor’s work. Any parent wants his doubts dispelled. This is not an insult to a specialist, but a form of communication between a doctor and a patient. Doctors usually try not to dive into these questions, cursing meticulous parents. Doctors often do not have enough time to learn and solve also the questions of restless parents. This is the root of the problem, parents begin to consider themselves smarter than specialists. High information needs, alas, are not being realized. It happens that doctors who are initially trusted by people start to get nervous and even show aggression when it comes to vaccination. This attitude repels and forces to postpone the decision.
Anti-vaccination agents fear that their children will become autistic.
The myth that vaccination can lead to childhood autism is quite popular. In fact, parents have a lot of fears about the vaccine, but this disease is on the list in a low place, if at all. Again, we can recall the fraudulent study of Dr. Wakefield, who tried to link vaccinations with autism. Then it caused people’s concern. But since then, dozens of studies have been carried out that did not confirm the existence of such a connection. But still there are those who believe in this myth. But for most, this fear has long since passed, now more often there are fears from the series “too much,” “too early,” or “toxic components.” The use of the myth of autism is offensive to families with this problem, as well as for those who need to consider their situation.
Antivatives are afraid or believe in the same thing.
Parents refuse to vaccinate for a variety of reasons. Doubts and beliefs can have their own reasons. Uncertainty about vaccination is complex.Some are afraid of side effects, others refuse for religious or philosophical reasons, the third – do not trust the authorities or pharmaceutical companies, and someone considers the disease to be frivolous. People may have fears about certain components of the vaccine, there may be an unstable state of health in the child. Someone who is familiar with the unpleasant personal experience of vaccination, may experience a bad experience with a past doctor. There are those who have not been vaccinated themselves as a child and do not want their children to do it, someone has a bad reaction to drugs. It even happens that the doctor himself dissuades from vaccination! One study identified as many as 147 factors that somehow related to the abandonment of the vaccine, the delay in the decision or its final acceptance. This is important to understand, since otherwise the problem can not be solved. If you collect all anti-vaccines in a single mass and attach one label, you do not know the real reason. Unfortunately for health care, while there is no single problem, there is no single solution.
Antivirus vaccinators are narcissistic selfish.
The most active non-parenting parents are crazy about their children, taking care of their safety. And this is for every normal person – a priority measure. Nature itself has genetically taught us to take care of our offspring. Tara Norman, the mother of two unvaccinated children from Maryland, said that her first children had been successfully vaccinated. Doctors were forced to do this, accusing the mother of selfishness. Now she understands that in case of an outbreak of the disease, she will be forced to keep the children at home. But this is not because she is a narcissist or a bad person. Mother believes that for her children this will be better in the long run. Are there egoists who do not vaccinate children and do not care for them? Of course have. Some send children to school with peanut butter and a sandwich with jelly, although classmates have an allergy to these foods. Parents can show their egoism in different spheres, no one can say that the narcissists among the non-vaccinated are more than among the grafters. And the alienation of such egoists will not solve the problem. Are anti-vaccinators bad people? Again, it is worth emphasizing misinformation and delusion, but this is neither a proof of selfishness. People do the best for their children, fulfilling their parental duty, as they understand it.
You can blame the anti-vaccination and make them change their mind and get vaccinated.
Forcing someone to feel bad when trying to protect their child will not help change behavior, especially if people are already outside traditional views. In blogs, many comments and charges of anti-vaccination in the promotion of epidemics across the country. But this anger is not justified. Accusations and insults do not solve the problem. There are articles that accuse the movement itself, but not of individual parents. But such an approach is doomed to failure, given the lack of a unified society and the idea of anti-vaccination. It is difficult to debunk the idea, when each family has its own, determined by the environment and circumstances. Attacks only increase distrust and refusal to discuss the issue, increasing polarization in society. The accusations are in fashion today. Studies have shown that abandoned vaccines are a small group, combined geographically. Help communicate and social networks. People who are convinced of their rightness communicate with like-minded people. Accusations and criticism just do not get inside the circle. Attempts to attack a society can provoke a response. People are social beings who rely on their social group for protection.
Anti-vaccinators just listen to the opinion of Jenny McCarthy and Andrew Wakefield.
Many charlatans disseminate disinformation about vaccination. Parents can face any material, perhaps, just not enough quality. Wakefield deserves all censures for his work on denigrating vaccinations. Her role was played by actress Jenny McCarthy.But many parents came to this idea on their own, do not look for a scapegoat. There are many other respected authors who deny the importance of vaccinations: Joseph Mercola, Mike Adams, Sherry Tenpenny, Barbara Low Fisher, Dan Olmsted, Brian Hooker and many others. These people seem to prove the existence of a conspiracy of anti-vaccination. Acting out of good motives, they only fill up trusting people with disinformation. Highly educated citizens go to the Internet to find the truth there and find numerous studies of the above figures. It’s easy to think that people succumbed to the opinion of such a celebrity as McCarthy. However, there are examples of Amanda Pete, Keri Russell, Salma Hayek, Sarah Michelle Gellar, Jennifer Garner and others who also refused vaccinations. For them, the show business star of the second-third magnitude is certainly not an authority. In fact, one of the most influential factors for making this decision is its own close social ties.
You just need to give your parents convincing facts about the vaccine, and this will convince them.
Simply providing information is not enough to change the solution and may even have the opposite effect. If the problem was only in poor awareness, then its health officials would have decided long ago. In open access in abundance and so there is reliable and verified information. However, in many people the brain works differently. People believe that basic information is understandable to everyone, but we need to find additional justification for it. They do not understand that they already have everything they need. Studies have shown that when anti-vaccination agents encounter factors that are contrary to their belief, they further deny the obvious and disown vaccines. Corrective information has somehow counterproductive effect. There is another study that shows people’s desire to participate in motivated reasoning to defend their own beliefs, including fears. In order for a person to change his mind and change his behavior, one must learn his values and fears and help him fit the vaccines into the current coordinate system, not allowing vaccinations to join phobias.
It is necessary to make vaccination mandatory for everyone, this will solve the problem.
People have a short memory. The practice of America has shown that in some states the program of universal immunization was adopted. Laws seemed logical after the measles epidemic in 1989-1991. However, soon the clamor subsided, at once there were those who at the highest level began lobbying for the abolition of such laws. When there are rules that are mandatory for everyone, there will always be opponents of such norms. And when the negative basis for them is forgotten, so much the more. Negative perception of decisions refers to those risks that have been artificially imposed. And the risks, in which a person participates consciously, are perceived as due. Of these, even some benefit is derived, since a person tries to control the situation. Even the most stringent vaccination laws may not work if they are poorly implemented. So, in California, conditional vaccination was allowed. Parents promised to do it on their own, outside the school. As a result, 7.5% of children took advantage of this opportunity. Health authorities, even in a prosperous America, do not have the ability to monitor the implementation of such laws. The approach is constantly swinging like a pendulum. The authorities are thinking about how to preserve the existing system, but to make it more convenient.
Antivatives are hopeless – they will never change their minds.
This myth sounds fatalistic. If we are talking about the most zealous supporters of the concept, then they will not be able to change their minds. But many others are quite capable of changing their point of view. History has shown that the number of anti-vaccines is gradually decreasing. Such people will always be, but they will never be many. There are parents who refuse for non-medical reasons, but most simply hesitate or vaccinate children, but with selective vaccines.The work of doctors is to provide the required means and to prove to people the importance of the decision. The key moment is the recognition of the existence of different types of parents in relation to the vaccine. They can not be considered hopeless, because in the end they just try to make the best decision based on available information. Vaccination is an important achievement of modern medicine. But she became a hostage to her success. People forgot how severe epidemics were and what we are saving with vaccinations. Only a surge in morbidity can make some people think about the benefits and harm of vaccination. In this situation, you have to make a mature decision. And at this moment people open up and are ready to change their opinion about vaccinations.