Anorexia is a complete or partial refusal to eat. Most people found out about this disease because of the wave of deaths of mannequins that deliberately refused food to look skinny.
It turned out that anorexia is not that rare. At the same time, anorexia nervosa is isolated, in which the eating disorder is associated with the person’s desire to lose weight, as well as psychiatric anorexia, which is associated with refusal of food under the influence of depression, stress, ideas of poisoning.
About 90% of all anorexic patients are girls aged 12 to 24 years. Many do not take this disease seriously, content with myths about it, doctors are sounding the alarm, seeing the increasing scale of the problem. We spread the same basic misconceptions about anorexia.
A person with anorexia nervosa simply tries to attract attention.
Anorexia should be seen primarily as a serious disease, at the root of which are disorders in nutrition. It is incorrect to perceive this phenomenon as good or bad behavior, because anorexia is a mental illness. For many, it is anorexia that is the way out of difficult life situations, sometimes the only one.
Anorexia is a manifestation of selfishness.
According to this myth, a person suffering from anorexia and pronouncing “I’m fat” just wants to hear a compliment in his address. However, in fact, patients have a distorted perception of their own body, they seem to constantly look in a crooked mirror. Because of this, they do not let go of their own imperfection and ugliness. One of the indicative symptoms of anorexia is a constant sense of self-completeness, and the statements of friends that this is not true only exacerbate suspicion.
Anorexia can be quite successfully controlled by the person himself.
Unfortunately, the person himself can not control this process. Anorexia is not so harmless, this form of eating disorder is one of the serious psychological diseases. Cases of lethal outcomes are also noted, among the psychological diseases it is anorexia that keeps the leadership in terms of mortality rate.
Eating disorders are related only to weight and food.
With the development of anorexia, as well as other forms of eating disorders, patients get problems that are not only related to food intake. After all, fasting, cleansing the body, as well as constant control over the amount of food are gradually becoming an obsession, which is symptomatic for more serious mental disorders.
Anorexia can only be in white girls.
It is commonly believed that anorexia is a woman’s disease that manifests itself in adolescence, but only in white girls. However, numerous studies have refuted this view. Anorexia can be affected by both men and women, regardless of race, age and social status.
If a person is sick with anorexia, then he can not suffer from gluttony.
In fact, almost every second of the patients with anorexia nervosa has binge eating attacks, which are then “compensated” by laxatives, artificial vomiting, or exhausting themselves with excessive physical exertion.
If a person eats three meals a day, then he can not develop anorexia.
Much more important is not how often a person eats, but what he is and in what quantity. Some patients abandon a whole group of foods, while others severely restrict themselves to the total amount of food consumed. For example, a person can eat for several days quite normally, but then, in order to get rid of excess calories, considerably restricts himself in eating.
Anorexia patients use mostly healthy food, although not very often.
This statement is also incorrect, it is even noted that in order to give oneself vigor and fill the missing energy, patients abuse sweets and, in general, sugar-containing products.
Anorexia is not a threat to those who are constantly engaged in physical exercises, strengthening the body and heart.
Belief in this myth is fraught with those who suffer from anorexia and do not take their condition seriously. Many even believe that a simple and constant intake of vitamins is enough to fill the missing nutrients. But with great physical exertion, in combination with starvation, malnutrition, the most serious consequences and serious complications are possible.
Anorexia is a means of control.
This statement is partly true. People with anorexia already have the experience of defeat and helplessness in solving important life problems. These patients have an increased need for success and independence, but they have a tendency to satisfy this in a maladaptive manner. Some experts consider anorexia as a protest reaction to helplessness, which is based on the loss of control over life situations. With the diminution of the possibility of control over the state of affairs, the feeling of helplessness is growing, and the need to achieve control in at least one sphere is growing. In such a situation, it is the control over food intake and own weight that becomes the very area that compensates for the feeling of helplessness. At the same time refusal to eat food becomes the first successful attempt to compensate for the failure in life. Therefore, patients are afraid, under the influence of doctors, relatives, and their own appetite, to return to the usual meal, because this will mean a loss of control in this last sphere of their own dominion. This phenomenon prevents anorexic patients from returning to normal diet. To successfully resist anorexia and treat it, you should try to find in the life of the patient those spheres of life, in which he is able to fight and make decisions. This becomes an excellent alternative to those self-destructive efforts that are applied to the patient during starvation. Anyone has a lot of life opportunities, just sometimes they do not notice. Perhaps you just need to give the person the opportunity to touch them, then the need for anorexia will disappear.
Anorexia is a temporary phenomenon, just another life period.
Again it is worth recalling that anorexia is a serious mental illness of eating behavior, this phenomenon should be treated immediately. It can not be expected that anorexia will pass by itself. Delay in resolving this issue is fraught with complications.