Alcoholism (alcoholism) is a biopsychosocial disease, based on the dependence of a person on alcohol (“alcohol” in Arabic “intoxicating”). It is one of the forms of deviant behavior.
Alcoholism as a disease was first described in detail in the mid-19th century. Swedish doctor Magnus Guse, although it is known from antiquity. According to the International Classification of Diseases of the World Health Organization, alcoholism is a condition (mental and usually also physical) arising from the consumption of alcohol and characterized by a constant or periodic need in it. Alcoholic in the full sense of the word is a person for whom alcohol has become an essential component of life, like water and food.
A patient with alcoholism is ready to do anything to get alcohol, despite the negative consequences of his consumption for himself and others. The spread of alcoholism in society is one of the symptoms of social unhappiness. On the one hand, people are looking for an “outlet in a bottle” when they do not find a place in life, feel discord between themselves and the world around them. On the other hand, excessive consumption of alcohol in itself leads to the marginalization of the individual, his exclusion from normal life.
Therefore, alcoholism is both a consequence, and the cause of social unhappiness. Alone, the consumption of alcoholic beverages, as a rule, does not apply to deviant behavior (except for Muslim countries). Thus, the term “alcoholism” has two main meanings: it is the individual’s illness associated with his personal characteristics, and social pathology associated with the development of society as a whole.
You can always stop.
Indeed, it is possible, but very difficult. In the human body, alcohol is produced in scanty doses, it is vital for certain vital processes. But a lot of people who drink alcohol often do not work out: why try, if so be? In addition, at serious stages of alcoholism there comes such a time when a person is sick of not because he “drank”, but because he “did not finish it.” There comes the so-called abstinence syndrome (he is also a “break”, an irresistible desire to “hang out”). And, if it becomes easier after “drunk”, this is a very serious and alarming signal. This is psychophysical dependence, as a result of which a person can lose interest in everything in life except drinking, “drop” and lose his human face. And the way back for him will be extremely difficult. Earlier anxious symptoms: drinking more often than once or twice a week, let it be even a “drink for mood” or “for appetite,” loss of self-control, irritability and nervousness in a sober state, which are removed with a small dose of alcohol. When something like this occurs, it’s time to turn to professionals, that is doctors.
It is possible to cure without the knowledge of the patient.
Specialists categorically caution against “self-treatment” even with an elementary cold. Moreover, with such a severe and unpredictable disease as alcoholism. There are several reasons. First, organisms, the degree of their “wear”, the burden of the transferred or chronic sores in all are different, and therefore it is impossible to apply to all the same methods, each case is unique. Secondly, the same food additives and homeopathic remedies (which treat what is called “the same wedge”) can cause an acute allergic reaction, lead to severe consequences, sometimes even death. Only a well-trained specialist on the results of analyzes, interviews with the patient, consultations with a psychologist is able to select the most correct medication. He also prescribes a special regime, he can tell his family and friends how to behave properly in one or another difficult situation.
The alcoholic can be shamed or intimidated.
Practitioners distinguish two main types of behavior of the native alcoholic.The first is blackmail (if you’re thirsty, I’ll leave, I’ll die, I’ll drive you out into the street, and so on). The second is calling to conscience (see where you’re going, what an example you give to children, a bottle is more expensive for us, and so on). Both are extremely rarely able to really stop a drinker. Much more often the opposite effect is observed: a sense of guilt and shame drives the patient into such a severe depression, the “exit” of which is only one: to drink, to forget. Therefore, having noticed a person’s addiction to alcohol, get the courage to consult with a psychologist on your own, get expert advice, determine the correct line of conduct. If, of course, it is really dear to you.
“Coding” can solve everything.
The so-called “torpedo”, used for “coding”, is a powerful drug that, when ingested, causes an allergic reaction to the state of coma and death. Alternatively, a “numbered” injection is used. It has the same properties as the “torpedo”, because it’s not for nothing that physicians take a receipt from the patient before doing it, that they are not to blame if they die. This method of treatment is based on the fear of pain and death. But at the same time, one should not forget that an alcoholic (even a cured person who does not drink for several months or years) is a person with a disturbed psyche, subject to severe depression. In this state, the temptation to drink a glass of vodka and forever “get exhausted”, even as a result of banal quarrel, lack of money, trouble at work may prove to be stronger than the instinct of self-preservation.
The hospital will be cured.
Hospitals and dispensaries do not treat (for “normative term”, 3 weeks, it is impossible), but they are taken out of the state of drinking-bout and choose the best methods of treatment. Finding there, not a sanatorium. In the hospitals there are wards for violent (in fact, a real crazy house), finally lowered, often alcoholics are in close proximity to drug addicts (for those, as you know, “breaking” is much more difficult). On the windows of the lattice. Not every psyche will stand. The main treatment comes after leaving the hospital, “at will”, where a lot of irritating factors and temptations. And not less than half of the success depends on the surrounding sick people, their behavior and attitudes. By the way, getting into the clinic is very expensive for relatives, both in a direct and figurative sense. So, if a person is treated anonymously, more precisely under an assumed name, then being in a hospital can cost about a thousand rubles a day. If he falls down “officially”, according to his own documents, they are treated free of charge, but in this case he automatically gets on the account with a narcologist. And this several years of deprivation of the right to drive a car, carry and store firearms, other restrictions.
Alcoholism is not cure, all alcohol treatment offers are just a way to deflate money.
Treatment of alcoholism is a complex process, but recovery is possible and even inevitable in the implementation of all the recommendations of specialists and the targeted activity of the patient himself.
Treatment of alcoholism (reducing the need for alcohol, reducing the number of drunk, the final cessation of use) – is the taking of certain medications and medical procedures.
Dependence on alcohol has not only a biochemical, but also a psychological, social and spiritual basis, treatment of alcoholism requires changes in all these areas, which requires cooperation and conscious activity of the patient.
There are medicines (powders, potions, tinctures …) that treat alcoholism without the knowledge of the patient himself.
There are no such medicines, treatment of alcoholism is more like rehabilitation after a serious operation, a person learns to live in a new way, accepting inevitable restrictions (refusing alcohol) and realizing the opportunities that are opening up.
Treatment of alcoholism can return a person to “normal” use of alcoholic beverages.
If dependence is formed, drinking alcohol at any dose will always lead to loss of control; However, as a result of effective treatment of alcoholism, the patient is able to live happily and fruitfully without alcohol.
Refusal of alcohol during the treatment of alcoholism leads to a gray, dull, painful existence; depression, which comes after the abolition, there will be no end.
Feelings of depression, depression, hopelessness are characteristic of the initial stage of alcoholism treatment, but even in the worst case (in the absence of qualified care), depression lasts no more than a few months; just sobriety and helps to find the taste and completeness of life.
Treatment of alcoholism makes sense only at the initial stages of the disease, and if a person is already “completely drunk”, he will not be helped.
The patient can be helped at any stage of the disease, often at later stages, treatment of alcoholism is even more effective – losses and problems resulting from consumption help to keep in a sober life.
The alcoholic is a weak-willed person; treatment of alcoholism is the belief of the patient that he “is time to take up the mind.”
Both the mind and the will of the alcoholic are sufficient, they are simply subject to illness, the alcoholic does so because he simply can not do otherwise; treatment of alcoholism is a process of liberation from the disease, a person has the opportunity to choose and live differently.